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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4    Version 7.3 05-Jul-07
5    ---------------------
7     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
8        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
9        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
10        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
11        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
13          #include "pcre.h"
15        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
16        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
17        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
19     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
20        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
21        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
22        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
23        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
24        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
25        characters when looking for a newline.
27     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
31    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
32    ---------------------
34     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
35        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
37     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
38        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
40     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
42     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
43        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
44        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
45        usable with all link sizes.
47     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
48        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
49        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
50        in all cases.
52     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
54        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
55            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
57        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
58            to be opened parentheses.
60        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
61            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
63        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
64            is not part of it.
66        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
68        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
69            reference syntax.
71        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
72            alternative starts with the same number.
74        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
76     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
79     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
80        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
81        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
83     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
84        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
85        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
86        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
87        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
88        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
90    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
92    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
93        The report of the bug said:
95          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
96          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
97          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
99    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
100        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
103    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
104    ---------------------
106     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
107        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
108        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
109        on this.
111     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
112        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
113        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
114        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
115        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
116        alternative.
118     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
119        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
120        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
121        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
122        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
123        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
124        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
125        .br or .in.
127     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
128        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
129        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
130        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
132     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
133        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
134        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
135        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
137     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
138        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
139        copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
141     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
142        that is needed.
144     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
145        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
146        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
147        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
148        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
149        re-created.
151     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
152        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
153        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
154        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
155        some applications.
157        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
158        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
159        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
160        shared library.
162    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
164        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
166        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
167            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
169        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
170        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
171        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
173    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
174        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
175        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
176        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
177        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
178        before "make dist".
180    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
181        with Unicode property support.
183        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
184            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
185            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
186            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
187            were both the same length.
189        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
190            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
191            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
192            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
193            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
194            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
195            character.
197    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
199        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
200            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
201            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
202            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
203            relevant variables.
205        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
206            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
207            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
208            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
209            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
210            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
211            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
212            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
213            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
215    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
216        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
218    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
219        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
220        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
221        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
222        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
223        and then tried again after \r\n.
225    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
226        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
227        compare equal. This works on Linux.
229    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
230        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
232    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
233        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
234        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
235        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
236        it specially.
238    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
239        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
240        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
242    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
243        CRLF as a newline sequence.
245    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
246        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
247        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
249    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
251    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
254    Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
255    ---------------------
257     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
258        moving to gcc 4.1.1.
260     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
261        sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
262        seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
264     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
265        127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
266        default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
267        characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
268        to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
270        (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
271            other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
273        (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
274            it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
275            (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
277     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
278        required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
279        pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
280        length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
281        that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
282        either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
283        or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
284        size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
285        pcretest format) are:
287          /(?-x: )/x
288          /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
289          /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
290          /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
292        HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
293        is now done differently.
295     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
296        wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
297        more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
298        recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
299        for the FullMatch() function.
301     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
302        "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
303        that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
304        "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
306     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
307        was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
308        character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
309        line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
310        I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
312     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
313        C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
314        string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
315        argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
316        compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
317        reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
318        avoid this problem.
320     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
321        builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
322        instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
323        of them did).
325    10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
326        told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
327        5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
328        systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
329        now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
330        them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
332    11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
334    12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
335        of the options.
337    13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
338        and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
340    14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
342    15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
343        scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
344        on Linux.
346    16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
347        line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
348        necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
349        a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
350        than about 50K.
352    17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
353        amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
354        that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
355        OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
356        harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
357        have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
358        cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
359        enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
360        ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
361        tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
362        easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
363        depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
364        limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
365        runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
366        hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
368    18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
369        newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
370        pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
372    19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
373        matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
374        separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
375        repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
376        precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
378    20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
379        subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
380        previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
381        first character must be a, b, c, or d.
383    21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
384        a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
385        empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
386        For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
387        incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
389    22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
390        option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
391        it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
392        -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
393        is the same as /B/I).
395    23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
396        as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
397        or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
398        something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
399        is automatically "possessified".
401    24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
402        went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
403        have affected the operation of pcre_study().
405    25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
406        (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
408    26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
410    27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
411        them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
412        which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
413        from 23 above.
415    28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
416        lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
417        the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
418        numbered groups.
420    29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
422    30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
423        building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
425    31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
426        returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
427        loop, the loop is abandoned.
429    32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
430        subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
431        the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
432        when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
433        escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
435    33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
436        referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
437        been removed.
439    34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
440        whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
441        previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
442        other formats are all retained for compatibility.
444        (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
445            as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
446            also .NET compatible.
448        (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
449            (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
451        (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
452            \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
453            5.10, are also .NET compatible.
455        (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
456            (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
458        (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
459            groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
460            called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
461            is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
463        (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
464            as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
465            recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
466            through the entire recursion stack.
468        (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
469            negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
471    35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
472        some "unreachable code" warnings.
474    36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
475        things, this adds five new scripts.
477    37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
478        There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
479        character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
480        hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
482    38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
483        matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
484        this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as  ^(a()*)*  matched
485        against  aaaa  the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
486        separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
487        fixed.
489    39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
490        capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
491        removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
492        The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
493        memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
495    40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
496        sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
497        processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
498        mode.
500    41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
501        report.
503    42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
504        copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
506    43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
507        couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
508        case.
510    44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
511        variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
512        "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
514    45. Arranged for dftables to add
516          #include "pcre_internal.h"
518        to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
519        definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
520        dead code stripping is activated.
522    46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
523        newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
524        characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
527    Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
528    ---------------------
530     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
531        been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
532        necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
533        default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
535     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
536        testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
537        won't be NULL.)
539     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
540        systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
541        was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
543     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
544        containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
545        because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
546        [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
547        pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
548        [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
549        extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
550        previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
551        correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
553     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
554        in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
555        compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
557     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
558        between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
559        write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
560        byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
561        do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
562        can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
563        or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
564        "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
566     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
567        the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
568        Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
569        the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
571     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
572        a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
573        caused problems on 64-bit systems.
575     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
576        instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
578    10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
579        length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
580        the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
581        long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
582        computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
583        the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
584        to 10,000.
586    11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
587        the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
588        length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
589        65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
590        could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
591        now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
593    12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
595    13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
596        Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
597        are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
599    14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
601    15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
602        pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
603        "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
605    16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
606        PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
607        or *.
609    17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
610        but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
611        correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
613    18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
614        class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
615        pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
616        in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
617        the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
618        letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
620    19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
621        over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
622        bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
623        output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
625          The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes.  That
626          is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
627          the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
628          instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
629          data.
631        Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
632        no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
633        Thus, in Perl, the pattern  /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
634        /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
635        Unicode string.
637        I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
638        the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
639        values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
640        translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
642    29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
643        and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
644        seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
645        a warning about an unused variable.
647    21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
648        characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
649        [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
650        with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
651        pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
652        as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
653        caused an unnecessary match attempt.
655    22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
656        dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
657        byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
658        bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
659        significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
660        the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
661        the future.
663    23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
664        default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
665        via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
666        specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
668    24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
669        LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
671    25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
672        recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
674    26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
675        as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
676        the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
677        value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
678        error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
679        corruption" errors.
681    27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
682        advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
684    28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
685        difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
687    29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
689        \q<number>   in a data line sets the "match limit" value
690        \Q<number>   in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
691        -S <number>  sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
693        The -S option isn't available for Windows.
696    Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
697    ---------------------
699     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
700        in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
702     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
703        because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
705     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
706        not normally included in the compiled code.
709    Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
710    ---------------------
712     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
713        anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
714        point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
715        /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
717     2. Changes to pcregrep:
719        (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
720            to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
721            error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
722            PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
723            probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
724            specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
725            If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
727        (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
728            output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
729            are now no different to any other data bytes.
731        (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
732            used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
733            been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
734            pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
736        (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
737            than they should have been.
739        (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
741        (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
742            accidentally printed for the final match.
744        (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
746        (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
747            that were found from directory arguments.
749        (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
751        (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
753        (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
755        (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
757        (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
758            is not present by default.
760     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
761        items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
762        alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
763        outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
764        the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
765        possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
767        In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
768        been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
769        atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
771     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
772        which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
773        the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
774        and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
775        when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
776        a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
777        separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
778        upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
780     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
781        [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
782        permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
783        created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
784        Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
785        its own bitmap.
787     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
788        It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
789        \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
790        subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
791        that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
792        be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
794     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
796          (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
797          real life, but is still worth protecting against".
799          (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
800          regular expressions".
802          (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
803          have it.
805          (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
806          "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
807          with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
809          (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
811          (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
813     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
814        have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
815        contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
816        returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
818     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
819        large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
820        returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
821        most likely cause subsequent chaos.
823    10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
825    11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
826        with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
827        ignored.
829    12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
830        provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
831        strings.
833    13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
834        C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
836    14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
837        (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
838        switch label when the default is to do nothing).
840    15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
841        library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
842        class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
844    16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
845        much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
846        to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
847        that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
848        for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
849        PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
850        defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
851        Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
852        SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
854        (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
855            I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
857        (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
858            but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
859            This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
860            (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
862    17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
863        of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
864        that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
865        the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
866        stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
867        when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
868        this functionality to the C++ interface.
870    18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
872        (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
874        (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
876        (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
877            which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
878            are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
879            characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
880            table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
881            considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
882            all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
883            number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
884            allow for more data.
886        (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
888    19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
889        matching that character.
891    20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
892        (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
893        reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
894        happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
895        there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
897    21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
898        allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
899        compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
900        \p or \P will have to recompile them.
902    22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
904    23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
905        but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
907    24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
908        accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
910    25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
911        made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
912        it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
913        "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
914        by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
915        no longer a pcre.h.in file.
917        However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
918        well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
919        release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
920        the release number by grepping pcre.h.
922    26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
925    Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
926    ---------------------
928     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
929        "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
930        -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
931        consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
933     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
935     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
936        whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
937        really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
938        possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
939        certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
941     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
942        file's purpose clearer.
944     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
947    Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
948    ---------------------
950     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
952     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
954        (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
955            tried to test it.
957        (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
958            changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
960        (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
962        (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
963            backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
964            versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
965            this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
967     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
968        (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
969        necessary on certain architectures.
971     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
972        those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
973        within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
974        "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
975        symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
976        available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
977        find a way round (a) in the future.
980    Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
981    ---------------------
983     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
984        such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
985        a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
986        negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
987        led to memory overwriting.
989     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
991     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
992        operating environments where this matters.
994     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
995        PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
997     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
998        was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
999        such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1000        compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1001        back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1002        not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1003        previous subpatterns.
1005     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1006        versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1009    Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1010    ---------------------
1012     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1013        surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1015     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1016        the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1017        cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1019     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1020        allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1021        patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1022        just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1024     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1025        from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1026        compile command.
1028     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1029        in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1030        C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1031        but no suitable headers.
1033     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1034        be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1035        retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1036        of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1038     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1039        files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1040        wrapper.
1043    Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1044    ---------------------
1046     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1048     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1049        didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1050        when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1051        not imported.
1053     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1054        different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1055        below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1056        unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1057        statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1058        relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1059        one application and matched in another.
1061        The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1062        functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1063        the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1064        names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1065        with other external names.
1067     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1068        a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1069        function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1070        problem.
1072     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1073        including restarting after a partial match.
1075     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1076        defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1077        code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1079     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1081     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1082        match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1083        the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1085     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1086        would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1088    10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1090        (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1091            PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1092            something similar for -w.
1094        (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1096        (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1097            than one at a time available.
1099        (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1101        (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1102            over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1103            8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1104            for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1106        (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1108              -w, --word-regex(p)
1110            instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1111            because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1112            same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1113            automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1115        (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1116            option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1117            starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1119        (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1121        (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1122            the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1123            "<stdin>" was used.
1125        (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1126            stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1128        (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1129            two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1130            different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1132        (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1133            around matches be printed.
1135        (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1136            any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1138        (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1139            continue to scan other files.
1141        (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1142            greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1143            accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1144            -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1145            previously doing.
1147        (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1148            and exclusion when recursing.
1150    11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1151        Hopefully, it now does.
1153    12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1155    13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1157    14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1158        "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1159        world, but is set differently for Windows.
1161    15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1162        difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1163        integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1164        non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1165        error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1166        (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1167        wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1168        numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1169        compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1171    16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1172        prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1173        knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1175    17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1176        passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1177        match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1178        somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1179        both the P and the s flags.
1181    18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1183    19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1185    20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1186        it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1188    21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1190    22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1191        Electric Fence happy when testing.
1195    Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1196    ---------------------
1198     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1199        containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1200        is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1201        byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1203     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1204        next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1205        item, and its length, respectively.
1207     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1208        insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1209        pcretest to make use of this.
1211     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1213          #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1214          _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1215          #endif  /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1217        have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1218        magic in relation to line terminators.
1220     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1221        for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1223     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1224        to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1225        to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1226        generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1227        compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1228        whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1229        generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1231        LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1232        seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1233        this hack in configure.in.
1235     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1237     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1238        were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1239        [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1240        POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1242     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1243        to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1244        start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1245        patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1246        preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1247        character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1249    10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1250        starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1251        string were read.
1253    11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1254        users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1255        enough.)
1257    12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1258        in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1259        a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1260        program that might have everything at different addresses.
1262    13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1263        -R library as well as a -L library.
1265    14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1266        pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1267        that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1269    15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1270        via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1271        support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1272        inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1274    16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1275        compiled pattern.
1277    17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1278        instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1279        source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1280        read-only.
1282    18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1283        file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1284        Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1286    19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1287        pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1289    20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1291        (i)   A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1292              write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1293              This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1294              the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1295              written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1297        (ii)  If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1298              compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1299              occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1300              pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1301              After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1302              usual.
1304        (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1305              and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1306              was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1308    21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1309        hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1311          As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
1312          pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
1313          to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
1314          other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
1316    22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
1317        now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
1318        would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
1319        NULL, a crash could occur.
1321    23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
1322        new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
1323        a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
1324        "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
1325        had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
1326        workstation).
1328    24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
1331    Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
1332    ---------------------
1334     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
1335        that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
1336        Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
1337        each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
1338        needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
1339        of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
1340        hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
1341        NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
1342        "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
1343        operating.
1345        To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
1346        functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
1347        pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
1348        and the size of block requested is always the same.
1350        The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
1351        PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
1352        -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
1354        A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
1355        obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
1356        to the output.
1358     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
1359        what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
1361     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
1362        been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
1363        to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
1364        PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
1365        this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
1366        When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
1367        PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
1369     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
1370        that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
1371        containing "overlong sequences".
1373     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
1374        I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
1375        should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
1376        through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
1378     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
1379        some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
1381     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
1382        prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
1383        so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
1385     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
1387     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
1388        size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
1389        moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
1391    10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
1392        special systems:
1394          (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
1395          (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
1396              is defined to be empty.
1397          (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
1398              that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
1399              to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
1401    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
1402        class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
1403        went into a loop.
1405    12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
1406        that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
1407        (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
1408        recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
1409        that was OK.
1411    13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
1412        buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
1413        1024, so long lines caused crashes.
1415    14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
1416        "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
1417        that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
1419    15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
1420        libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
1421        work.
1423    16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
1424        studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
1425        errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
1426        matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
1427        this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
1430    Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
1431    ---------------------
1433     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
1434        127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
1435        In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
1436        classes (slightly).
1438     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
1439        might give a very teeny performance improvement.
1441     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
1442        more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
1444     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
1445        in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
1446        explicitly with libpcre.la.
1448     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
1450     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
1452     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
1453        pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
1454        output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
1455        size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
1456        showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
1457        this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
1458        I have just removed it.
1460     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
1461        Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
1462        standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
1464     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
1465        callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
1466        complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
1467        pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
1468        rid of the warnings.
1470    10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
1471        both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
1472        is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
1473        string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
1475    11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
1477            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
1478        to
1479            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
1481        to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
1482        is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
1483        if it's wrong...
1486    Version 4.3 21-May-03
1487    ---------------------
1489    1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
1490       Makefile.
1492    2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
1494       (i)   The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
1496       (ii)  The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
1497             lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
1498             but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
1499             reasonable.
1501       (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
1502             hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
1503             only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
1504             specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
1505             table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
1506             much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
1507             character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
1508             strings against \d.
1510       (iv)  Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
1511             ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
1513    3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
1514       defined as "const".
1516    4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
1517       Electric Fenced for debugging.
1519    5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
1520       to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
1521       had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
1522       provoke a segmentation fault.
1524    6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
1525       to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
1527    7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
1528       UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
1529       contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
1530       area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
1531       back over UTF-8 characters.)
1534    Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
1535    ---------------------
1537    1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
1539    2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
1540         [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
1541         [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
1542         [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
1543         * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
1544           and BUILD_EXEEXT
1545         Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
1546         set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
1547           compile-time but not at link-time
1548         [LINK]: use for linking executables only
1549         make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
1550         [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
1551           libraries
1552         [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
1553         [OBJEXT]: use throughout
1554         [EXEEXT]: use throughout
1555         <winshared>: new target
1556         <wininstall>: new target
1557         <dftables.o>: use native compiler
1558         <dftables>: use native linker
1559         <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
1560         <clean>: ditto
1561         <check>: ditto
1562         copy DLL to top builddir before testing
1564       As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
1565       to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
1566       in any case.
1568    3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
1570       . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
1571         match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
1573       . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
1574         a void * provoked a warning.
1576       . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
1577         and a few more missing casts.
1579    4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1580       option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
1581       and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
1583    5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1584       option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
1585       whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
1588    Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
1589    ---------------------
1591    1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
1592    needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
1593    required to support.
1595    2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
1596    be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
1598    3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
1599    first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
1600    CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
1601    compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
1602    analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
1604    4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
1605    apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
1606    linking step for the pcreposix library.
1608    5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
1609    name.
1611    6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
1612    literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
1613    ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
1614    saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
1615    Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
1616    megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
1617    amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
1619    7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
1620    first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
1621    right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
1622    fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
1623    follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
1624    fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
1625    unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
1628    Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
1629    ---------------------
1631    1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
1632    extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
1633    all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
1635    2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
1637    3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
1638    the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
1639    from a single perltest script.
1641    4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
1642    by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
1643    whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
1644    class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
1646    5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
1647    space and tab.
1649    6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
1650    its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
1652    7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
1653    were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
1654    /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
1655    only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
1656    finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
1657    the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
1659    8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
1660    treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
1661    also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
1662    interpolation. Note the following examples:
1664        Pattern            PCRE matches      Perl matches
1666        \Qabc$xyz\E        abc$xyz           abc followed by the contents of $xyz
1667        \Qabc\$xyz\E       abc\$xyz          abc\$xyz
1668        \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E   abc$xyz           abc$xyz
1670    For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
1671    classes as well as outside them.
1673    9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
1674    floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
1675    (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
1676    signed/unsigned warnings.
1678    10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
1679    option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
1680    that job.
1682    11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
1683    "pcregrep -".
1685    12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
1686    Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
1687    documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
1688    as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
1689    item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
1690    greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
1691    greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
1693    13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
1694    the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
1695    subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
1696    was abstracted outside.
1698    14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
1699    position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
1700    starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
1701    code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
1702    alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
1703    match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
1705    15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
1706    have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
1707    "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
1708    been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
1710    16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
1711    features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
1712    and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
1713    POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
1715    17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
1716    mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
1717    PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
1718    assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
1719    calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
1720    5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
1721    future.
1723    18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
1724    \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
1726    19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
1727    reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
1729    20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
1730    contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
1732    21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
1733    compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
1735    22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
1736    outside the source tree.
1738    23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
1739    subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
1740    happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
1742    24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
1743    without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
1744    much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
1745    strange effects.
1747    25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
1748    start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
1749    there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
1750    example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
1751    possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
1752    optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
1753    references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
1755    26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
1756    non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
1757    match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
1758    failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
1760    27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
1762    28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
1763    provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
1764    in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
1765    pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
1766    global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
1767    the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
1768    is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
1769    This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
1770    reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
1771    function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
1772    pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
1773    matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
1774    point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
1775    later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
1777    29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
1778    callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
1779    the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
1780    to vary what happens:
1782        \C+         in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
1783        \C-         do not supply a callout function
1784        \C!n        return 1 when callout number n is reached
1785        \C!n!m      return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
1787    30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
1788    output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
1790    31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
1791    slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
1792    pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
1793    POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
1794    when configuring.
1796    32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
1797    few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
1798    storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
1799    links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
1800    configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
1801    debugging information about compiled patterns.
1803    33. Internal code re-arrangements:
1805    (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
1806        its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
1807        pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
1808        separate copies.
1810    (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
1811        internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
1813    (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
1814        code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
1815        definition of the opcodes.
1817    34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
1818    lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
1820    35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
1821    allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
1822    contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
1824    36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
1825    used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
1826    be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
1827    (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
1828    numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
1829    a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
1831      PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE        yields the size of each entry in the map
1832      PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT            yields the number of entries
1833      PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE            yields a pointer to the map.
1835    The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
1836    the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
1837    group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
1838    name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
1840    37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
1841    case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
1842    means that the same test output works with both.
1844    38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
1845    calling malloc() with a zero argument.
1847    39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
1848    optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
1849    numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
1850    fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
1851    relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
1852    the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
1853    31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
1855    40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
1856    of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
1857    not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
1858    can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
1859    way).
1861    41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
1862    that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
1863    failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
1864    PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
1866    42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
1867    function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
1868    limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
1869    obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
1870    circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
1871    string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
1872    large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
1874    (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
1875        to set a default value for the compiled library.
1877    (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
1878        a different value is set. See 45 below.
1880    If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
1882    43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
1883    of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
1884    what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
1885    The current list of available information is:
1887      PCRE_CONFIG_UTF8
1889    The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
1890    otherwise it is set to zero.
1894    The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
1895    newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
1899    The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
1900    linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
1904    The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
1905    interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
1909    The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
1910    of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
1912    44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
1913    to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
1914    output it. The program then exits immediately.
1916    45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
1917    order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
1918    pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
1919    extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
1920    be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
1921    is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
1923    The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
1924    contains the following fields:
1926      flags         a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
1927      study_data    opaque data from pcre_study()
1928      match_limit   a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
1929                      call to pcre_exec()
1930      callout_data  data for callouts (see 49 below)
1932    The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
1938    The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
1939    the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
1940    PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
1941    before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
1942    change to existing code.
1944    If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
1945    in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
1946    block.
1948    46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
1949    data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
1950    times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
1951    pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
1952    most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
1953    gets very large very quickly.
1955    47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
1956    returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
1957    pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
1958    pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
1959    created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
1960    pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
1961    pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
1963    48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
1964    because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
1965    is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
1966    components.)
1968    49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
1970    (i)  A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
1972           0  =>  success, carry on matching
1973         > 0  =>  failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
1974         < 0  =>  serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
1976         Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
1977         values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
1978         "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
1979         use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
1981    (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
1982         callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
1983         pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
1984         the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
1985         function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
1986         easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
1987         testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
1989           \C*n        pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
1991         If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
1992         callout_data, it returns that value.
1994    50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
1995    there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
1996    $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
1998    51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
1999    has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
2000    with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
2001    one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
2002    only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
2003    notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
2005    (i)   A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
2006          a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
2007          character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
2008          match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
2010    (ii)  A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
2011          "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
2012          character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
2014    (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
2015          mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
2017    (iv)  The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
2018          singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
2019          PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
2020          digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
2021          and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
2023    (v)   Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
2024          greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
2026    (vi)  pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
2027          PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
2029    52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
2030    PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
2031    retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
2032    value.)
2034    53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
2035    a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
2036    these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
2037    lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
2039    54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
2041    55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
2042    aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
2043    true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
2044    are faulted.
2046    56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
2047    calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
2048    which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
2049    default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
2050    you will need to set these values.
2052    57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2055    Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2056    ---------------------
2058    1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2060    2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2061    build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2062    them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2065    Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2066    ---------------------
2068    1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2069    bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2072    Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2073    ---------------------
2075    1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2076    This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2077    this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2079    2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2080    doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2081    isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2082    this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2085    Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2086    ---------------------
2088    1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2089    offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2091    2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2092    the latest autoconf.
2095    Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2096    ---------------------
2098    1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2099    had been forgotten.
2101    2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2102    definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2103    private.
2105    3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2106    user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2107    by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2108    handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2109    file.
2111    4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2112    useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2113    relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2114    there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2116    5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2117       (i)   Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2118       (ii)  Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2119       (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2120       (iv)  Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2122    6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2123    argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2125    7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2126    the source directory.
2128    8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2129    options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2130    long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2132    9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2133    generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2134    in several of the .c files.
2136    10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2137    because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2138    by using separate calls to printf().
2140    11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2141    script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2142    systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2144    12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2145    absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2146    likewise updated the man page.
2148    13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2149    The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2152    Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2153    ---------------------
2155    1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2157    2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2160    Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2161    ---------------------
2163    1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2164    was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2165    lead to crashes in some systems.
2167    2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2168    the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2170    3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
2171    These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
2172    because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
2173    but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
2175    4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
2176    the Makefile.
2178    5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
2179    Makefile.
2181    6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
2182    command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
2184    7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
2186    8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
2187    RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
2188    the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
2189    out for the ar command.)
2192    Version 3.2 12-May-00
2193    ---------------------
2195    This is purely a bug fixing release.
2197    1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
2198    of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
2199    which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
2200    infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
2201    correctly.
2203    2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
2204    when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
2205    wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
2206    caused it to match further down the string than it should.
2208    3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
2209    was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
2210    systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
2212    4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
2213    were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
2215      while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
2216    to
2217      while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
2219    Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
2221    5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
2222    available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
2223    HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
2224    assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
2226    6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
2227    was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
2228    faster code anyway.
2231    Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
2232    ---------------------
2234    The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
2235    the "install" target:
2237    (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
2239    (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
2242    Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
2243    ---------------------
2245    1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
2246    pcretest).
2248    2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
2250    3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
2251    matches null strings.
2253    4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
2254    pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
2255    pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
2256    effect.
2258    5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
2259    captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
2260    required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
2261    the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
2263    6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
2264    documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
2265    information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
2266    libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
2267    default.
2269    7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
2270    09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
2271    less than 10.
2273    8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
2274    existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
2275    modification.
2277    9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
2278    return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
2279    function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
2281    10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
2282    Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
2284    11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
2285    adopting.
2288    Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
2289    ----------------------
2291    1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
2292    trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
2293    the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
2295    2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
2296    and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
2297    of the subject.
2299    3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
2300    be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
2302    5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
2303    in GnuWin32 environments.
2306    Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
2307    ----------------------
2309    1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
2310    the form of man page sources.
2312    2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
2313    In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
2314    C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
2316    3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
2317    should be (const char *).
2319    4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
2320    be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
2321    However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
2322    mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
2324    5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
2325    the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
2327    6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
2329    7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
2330    causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
2332    8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
2333    non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
2334    quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
2335    some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
2336    character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
2337    before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
2338    some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
2339    with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
2341    9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
2342    other alternatives are tried instead.
2345    Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
2346    ----------------------
2348    1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
2349    space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
2350    64-bit systems.
2352    2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
2353    start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
2354    occurrences in a string.
2356    3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
2358       /+   outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
2359       /g   loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
2360       /G   loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
2362    4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
2363    with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
2364    it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
2365    the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
2368    Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
2369    ----------------------
2371    1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
2372    properly on 16-bit systems.
2374    2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
2375    when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
2376    anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
2377    not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
2378    DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
2379    must be retried after every newline in the subject.
2382    Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
2383    ----------------------
2385    1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
2386    computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
2387    If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
2388    problem.
2390    2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
2391    pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
2393    3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
2394    compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
2395    pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
2396    ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
2399    Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
2400    ----------------------
2402    1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
2404    2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
2405    LICENCE file containing the conditions.
2407    3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
2408    Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
2409    pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
2410    the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
2412    4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
2413    match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
2416    Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
2417    ----------------------
2419    1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
2420    their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
2422    2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
2423    compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
2424    fix the problem.
2426    3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
2427    calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
2428    default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
2429    times.
2431    4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
2433    5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
2434    a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
2437    Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
2438    ----------------------
2440    1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
2441    to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
2442    is passed, the default tables are used.
2445    Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
2446    ----------------------
2448    1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
2449    it any more.
2451    2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
2453    3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
2455    4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
2456    end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
2457    very end of the subject.
2459    5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
2461    6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
2462    DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
2463    localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
2465    7. Add other new features from 5.005:
2467       $(?<=           positive lookbehind
2468       $(?<!           negative lookbehind
2469       (?imsx-imsx)    added the unsetting capability
2470                       such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
2471       (?imsx-imsx:)   non-capturing groups with option setting
2472       (?(cond)re|re)  conditional pattern matching
2474       A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
2475       captured string.
2477    8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
2478    consequential on the addition of new assertions.
2480    9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
2481    are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
2482    runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
2484    10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
2486    11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
2487    discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
2488    have now been fixed.
2491    Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
2492    ----------------------
2494    1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
2495    value of one (e.g.  [^x]{1,6}  ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
2496    program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
2497    containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
2500    Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
2501    ----------------------
2503    1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
2505    2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
2506    latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
2509    Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
2510    ----------------------
2512    1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
2513    repeat of a potentially empty string).
2516    Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
2517    ----------------------
2519    1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
2521    2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
2524    Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
2525    ----------------------
2527    1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
2528    PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
2531    Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
2532    ----------------------
2534    1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
2536    2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
2537    input syntax.
2539    3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
2540    matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
2541    that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
2543    4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
2545    5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
2546    vector was exactly big enough.
2548    6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
2550    7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
2551    setjmp(). Now fixed.
2554    Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
2555    ----------------------
2557    1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
2558    diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
2559    on some systems.
2561    2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
2562    it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
2563    also an independent variable.
2565    3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
2567    4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
2568    fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
2569    the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
2570    optimized code for single-character negative classes.
2572    5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
2574      + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
2576      + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
2577        the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
2578        it does no harm).
2580      + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
2581        most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
2582        allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
2584      + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
2585        pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
2587    6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
2588    from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
2590    7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
2591    \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
2592    outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
2593    which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
2595    8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
2596    form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
2597    curly-bracketed repeats.
2600    Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
2601    ----------------------
2603    1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
2605    2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
2606    'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
2607    variable warnings.
2609    3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
2611    4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
2614  Version 1.01 19-Nov-97  Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
2615  ----------------------  ----------------------

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