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Fri Nov 27 17:41:04 2015 UTC (32 hours ago) by ph10
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Fix bug for isolated \E between an item and its qualifier when auto callout is 
1 ChangeLog for PCRE
2 ------------------
4 Note that the PCRE 8.xx series (PCRE1) is now in a bugfix-only state. All
5 development is happening in the PCRE2 10.xx series.
7 Version 8.39 xx-xxxxxx-201x
8 ---------------------------
10 1. If PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT was set on a pattern that had a (?# comment between
11 an item and its qualifier (for example, A(?#comment)?B) pcre_compile()
12 misbehaved. This bug was found by the LLVM fuzzer.
14 2. Similar to the above, if an isolated \E was present between an item and its
15 qualifier when PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT was set, pcre_compile() misbehaved. This
16 bug was found by the LLVM fuzzer.
18 3. Further to 8.38/46, negated classes such as [^[:^ascii:]\d] were also not
19 working correctly in UCP mode.
22 Version 8.38 23-November-2015
23 -----------------------------
25 1. If a group that contained a recursive back reference also contained a
26 forward reference subroutine call followed by a non-forward-reference
27 subroutine call, for example /.((?2)(?R)\1)()/, pcre2_compile() failed to
28 compile correct code, leading to undefined behaviour or an internally
29 detected error. This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
31 2. Quantification of certain items (e.g. atomic back references) could cause
32 incorrect code to be compiled when recursive forward references were
33 involved. For example, in this pattern: /(?1)()((((((\1++))\x85)+)|))/.
34 This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
36 3. A repeated conditional group whose condition was a reference by name caused
37 a buffer overflow if there was more than one group with the given name.
38 This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
40 4. A recursive back reference by name within a group that had the same name as
41 another group caused a buffer overflow. For example:
42 /(?J)(?'d'(?'d'\g{d}))/. This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
44 5. A forward reference by name to a group whose number is the same as the
45 current group, for example in this pattern: /(?|(\k'Pm')|(?'Pm'))/, caused
46 a buffer overflow at compile time. This bug was discovered by the LLVM
47 fuzzer.
49 6. A lookbehind assertion within a set of mutually recursive subpatterns could
50 provoke a buffer overflow. This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
52 7. Another buffer overflow bug involved duplicate named groups with a
53 reference between their definition, with a group that reset capture
54 numbers, for example: /(?J:(?|(?'R')(\k'R')|((?'R'))))/. This has been
55 fixed by always allowing for more memory, even if not needed. (A proper fix
56 is implemented in PCRE2, but it involves more refactoring.)
58 8. There was no check for integer overflow in subroutine calls such as (?123).
60 9. The table entry for \l in EBCDIC environments was incorrect, leading to its
61 being treated as a literal 'l' instead of causing an error.
63 10. There was a buffer overflow if pcre_exec() was called with an ovector of
64 size 1. This bug was found by american fuzzy lop.
66 11. If a non-capturing group containing a conditional group that could match
67 an empty string was repeated, it was not identified as matching an empty
68 string itself. For example: /^(?:(?(1)x|)+)+$()/.
70 12. In an EBCDIC environment, pcretest was mishandling the escape sequences
71 \a and \e in test subject lines.
73 13. In an EBCDIC environment, \a in a pattern was converted to the ASCII
74 instead of the EBCDIC value.
76 14. The handling of \c in an EBCDIC environment has been revised so that it is
77 now compatible with the specification in Perl's perlebcdic page.
79 15. The EBCDIC character 0x41 is a non-breaking space, equivalent to 0xa0 in
80 ASCII/Unicode. This has now been added to the list of characters that are
81 recognized as white space in EBCDIC.
83 16. When PCRE was compiled without UCP support, the use of \p and \P gave an
84 error (correctly) when used outside a class, but did not give an error
85 within a class.
87 17. \h within a class was incorrectly compiled in EBCDIC environments.
89 18. A pattern with an unmatched closing parenthesis that contained a backward
90 assertion which itself contained a forward reference caused buffer
91 overflow. And example pattern is: /(?=di(?<=(?1))|(?=(.))))/.
93 19. JIT should return with error when the compiled pattern requires more stack
94 space than the maximum.
96 20. A possessively repeated conditional group that could match an empty string,
97 for example, /(?(R))*+/, was incorrectly compiled.
99 21. Fix infinite recursion in the JIT compiler when certain patterns such as
100 /(?:|a|){100}x/ are analysed.
102 22. Some patterns with character classes involving [: and \\ were incorrectly
103 compiled and could cause reading from uninitialized memory or an incorrect
104 error diagnosis.
106 23. Pathological patterns containing many nested occurrences of [: caused
107 pcre_compile() to run for a very long time.
109 24. A conditional group with only one branch has an implicit empty alternative
110 branch and must therefore be treated as potentially matching an empty
111 string.
113 25. If (?R was followed by - or + incorrect behaviour happened instead of a
114 diagnostic.
116 26. Arrange to give up on finding the minimum matching length for overly
117 complex patterns.
119 27. Similar to (4) above: in a pattern with duplicated named groups and an
120 occurrence of (?| it is possible for an apparently non-recursive back
121 reference to become recursive if a later named group with the relevant
122 number is encountered. This could lead to a buffer overflow. Wen Guanxing
123 from Venustech ADLAB discovered this bug.
125 28. If pcregrep was given the -q option with -c or -l, or when handling a
126 binary file, it incorrectly wrote output to stdout.
128 29. The JIT compiler did not restore the control verb head in case of *THEN
129 control verbs. This issue was found by Karl Skomski with a custom LLVM
130 fuzzer.
132 30. Error messages for syntax errors following \g and \k were giving inaccurate
133 offsets in the pattern.
135 31. Added a check for integer overflow in conditions (?(<digits>) and
136 (?(R<digits>). This omission was discovered by Karl Skomski with the LLVM
137 fuzzer.
139 32. Handling recursive references such as (?2) when the reference is to a group
140 later in the pattern uses code that is very hacked about and error-prone.
141 It has been re-written for PCRE2. Here in PCRE1, a check has been added to
142 give an internal error if it is obvious that compiling has gone wrong.
144 33. The JIT compiler should not check repeats after a {0,1} repeat byte code.
145 This issue was found by Karl Skomski with a custom LLVM fuzzer.
147 34. The JIT compiler should restore the control chain for empty possessive
148 repeats. This issue was found by Karl Skomski with a custom LLVM fuzzer.
150 35. Match limit check added to JIT recursion. This issue was found by Karl
151 Skomski with a custom LLVM fuzzer.
153 36. Yet another case similar to 27 above has been circumvented by an
154 unconditional allocation of extra memory. This issue is fixed "properly" in
155 PCRE2 by refactoring the way references are handled. Wen Guanxing
156 from Venustech ADLAB discovered this bug.
158 37. Fix two assertion fails in JIT. These issues were found by Karl Skomski
159 with a custom LLVM fuzzer.
161 38. Fixed a corner case of range optimization in JIT.
163 39. An incorrect error "overran compiling workspace" was given if there were
164 exactly enough group forward references such that the last one extended
165 into the workspace safety margin. The next one would have expanded the
166 workspace. The test for overflow was not including the safety margin.
168 40. A match limit issue is fixed in JIT which was found by Karl Skomski
169 with a custom LLVM fuzzer.
171 41. Remove the use of /dev/null in testdata/testinput2, because it doesn't
172 work under Windows. (Why has it taken so long for anyone to notice?)
174 42. In a character class such as [\W\p{Any}] where both a negative-type escape
175 ("not a word character") and a property escape were present, the property
176 escape was being ignored.
178 43. Fix crash caused by very long (*MARK) or (*THEN) names.
180 44. A sequence such as [[:punct:]b] that is, a POSIX character class followed
181 by a single ASCII character in a class item, was incorrectly compiled in
182 UCP mode. The POSIX class got lost, but only if the single character
183 followed it.
185 45. [:punct:] in UCP mode was matching some characters in the range 128-255
186 that should not have been matched.
188 46. If [:^ascii:] or [:^xdigit:] or [:^cntrl:] are present in a non-negated
189 class, all characters with code points greater than 255 are in the class.
190 When a Unicode property was also in the class (if PCRE_UCP is set, escapes
191 such as \w are turned into Unicode properties), wide characters were not
192 correctly handled, and could fail to match.
195 Version 8.37 28-April-2015
196 --------------------------
198 1. When an (*ACCEPT) is triggered inside capturing parentheses, it arranges
199 for those parentheses to be closed with whatever has been captured so far.
200 However, it was failing to mark any other groups between the hightest
201 capture so far and the currrent group as "unset". Thus, the ovector for
202 those groups contained whatever was previously there. An example is the
203 pattern /(x)|((*ACCEPT))/ when matched against "abcd".
205 2. If an assertion condition was quantified with a minimum of zero (an odd
206 thing to do, but it happened), SIGSEGV or other misbehaviour could occur.
208 3. If a pattern in pcretest input had the P (POSIX) modifier followed by an
209 unrecognized modifier, a crash could occur.
211 4. An attempt to do global matching in pcretest with a zero-length ovector
212 caused a crash.
214 5. Fixed a memory leak during matching that could occur for a subpattern
215 subroutine call (recursive or otherwise) if the number of captured groups
216 that had to be saved was greater than ten.
218 6. Catch a bad opcode during auto-possessification after compiling a bad UTF
219 string with NO_UTF_CHECK. This is a tidyup, not a bug fix, as passing bad
220 UTF with NO_UTF_CHECK is documented as having an undefined outcome.
222 7. A UTF pattern containing a "not" match of a non-ASCII character and a
223 subroutine reference could loop at compile time. Example: /[^\xff]((?1))/.
225 8. When a pattern is compiled, it remembers the highest back reference so that
226 when matching, if the ovector is too small, extra memory can be obtained to
227 use instead. A conditional subpattern whose condition is a check on a
228 capture having happened, such as, for example in the pattern
229 /^(?:(a)|b)(?(1)A|B)/, is another kind of back reference, but it was not
230 setting the highest backreference number. This mattered only if pcre_exec()
231 was called with an ovector that was too small to hold the capture, and there
232 was no other kind of back reference (a situation which is probably quite
233 rare). The effect of the bug was that the condition was always treated as
234 FALSE when the capture could not be consulted, leading to a incorrect
235 behaviour by pcre_exec(). This bug has been fixed.
237 9. A reference to a duplicated named group (either a back reference or a test
238 for being set in a conditional) that occurred in a part of the pattern where
239 PCRE_DUPNAMES was not set caused the amount of memory needed for the pattern
240 to be incorrectly calculated, leading to overwriting.
242 10. A mutually recursive set of back references such as (\2)(\1) caused a
243 segfault at study time (while trying to find the minimum matching length).
244 The infinite loop is now broken (with the minimum length unset, that is,
245 zero).
247 11. If an assertion that was used as a condition was quantified with a minimum
248 of zero, matching went wrong. In particular, if the whole group had
249 unlimited repetition and could match an empty string, a segfault was
250 likely. The pattern (?(?=0)?)+ is an example that caused this. Perl allows
251 assertions to be quantified, but not if they are being used as conditions,
252 so the above pattern is faulted by Perl. PCRE has now been changed so that
253 it also rejects such patterns.
255 12. A possessive capturing group such as (a)*+ with a minimum repeat of zero
256 failed to allow the zero-repeat case if pcre2_exec() was called with an
257 ovector too small to capture the group.
259 13. Fixed two bugs in pcretest that were discovered by fuzzing and reported by
260 Red Hat Product Security:
262 (a) A crash if /K and /F were both set with the option to save the compiled
263 pattern.
265 (b) Another crash if the option to print captured substrings in a callout
266 was combined with setting a null ovector, for example \O\C+ as a subject
267 string.
269 14. A pattern such as "((?2){0,1999}())?", which has a group containing a
270 forward reference repeated a large (but limited) number of times within a
271 repeated outer group that has a zero minimum quantifier, caused incorrect
272 code to be compiled, leading to the error "internal error:
273 previously-checked referenced subpattern not found" when an incorrect
274 memory address was read. This bug was reported as "heap overflow",
275 discovered by Kai Lu of Fortinet's FortiGuard Labs and given the CVE number
276 CVE-2015-2325.
278 23. A pattern such as "((?+1)(\1))/" containing a forward reference subroutine
279 call within a group that also contained a recursive back reference caused
280 incorrect code to be compiled. This bug was reported as "heap overflow",
281 discovered by Kai Lu of Fortinet's FortiGuard Labs, and given the CVE
282 number CVE-2015-2326.
284 24. Computing the size of the JIT read-only data in advance has been a source
285 of various issues, and new ones are still appear unfortunately. To fix
286 existing and future issues, size computation is eliminated from the code,
287 and replaced by on-demand memory allocation.
289 25. A pattern such as /(?i)[A-`]/, where characters in the other case are
290 adjacent to the end of the range, and the range contained characters with
291 more than one other case, caused incorrect behaviour when compiled in UTF
292 mode. In that example, the range a-j was left out of the class.
294 26. Fix JIT compilation of conditional blocks, which assertion
295 is converted to (*FAIL). E.g: /(?(?!))/.
297 27. The pattern /(?(?!)^)/ caused references to random memory. This bug was
298 discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
300 28. The assertion (?!) is optimized to (*FAIL). This was not handled correctly
301 when this assertion was used as a condition, for example (?(?!)a|b). In
302 pcre2_match() it worked by luck; in pcre2_dfa_match() it gave an incorrect
303 error about an unsupported item.
305 29. For some types of pattern, for example /Z*(|d*){216}/, the auto-
306 possessification code could take exponential time to complete. A recursion
307 depth limit of 1000 has been imposed to limit the resources used by this
308 optimization.
310 30. A pattern such as /(*UTF)[\S\V\H]/, which contains a negated special class
311 such as \S in non-UCP mode, explicit wide characters (> 255) can be ignored
312 because \S ensures they are all in the class. The code for doing this was
313 interacting badly with the code for computing the amount of space needed to
314 compile the pattern, leading to a buffer overflow. This bug was discovered
315 by the LLVM fuzzer.
317 31. A pattern such as /((?2)+)((?1))/ which has mutual recursion nested inside
318 other kinds of group caused stack overflow at compile time. This bug was
319 discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
321 32. A pattern such as /(?1)(?#?'){8}(a)/ which had a parenthesized comment
322 between a subroutine call and its quantifier was incorrectly compiled,
323 leading to buffer overflow or other errors. This bug was discovered by the
324 LLVM fuzzer.
326 33. The illegal pattern /(?(?<E>.*!.*)?)/ was not being diagnosed as missing an
327 assertion after (?(. The code was failing to check the character after
328 (?(?< for the ! or = that would indicate a lookbehind assertion. This bug
329 was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
331 34. A pattern such as /X((?2)()*+){2}+/ which has a possessive quantifier with
332 a fixed maximum following a group that contains a subroutine reference was
333 incorrectly compiled and could trigger buffer overflow. This bug was
334 discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
336 35. A mutual recursion within a lookbehind assertion such as (?<=((?2))((?1)))
337 caused a stack overflow instead of the diagnosis of a non-fixed length
338 lookbehind assertion. This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
340 36. The use of \K in a positive lookbehind assertion in a non-anchored pattern
341 (e.g. /(?<=\Ka)/) could make pcregrep loop.
343 37. There was a similar problem to 36 in pcretest for global matches.
345 38. If a greedy quantified \X was preceded by \C in UTF mode (e.g. \C\X*),
346 and a subsequent item in the pattern caused a non-match, backtracking over
347 the repeated \X did not stop, but carried on past the start of the subject,
348 causing reference to random memory and/or a segfault. There were also some
349 other cases where backtracking after \C could crash. This set of bugs was
350 discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
352 39. The function for finding the minimum length of a matching string could take
353 a very long time if mutual recursion was present many times in a pattern,
354 for example, /((?2){73}(?2))((?1))/. A better mutual recursion detection
355 method has been implemented. This infelicity was discovered by the LLVM
356 fuzzer.
358 40. Static linking against the PCRE library using the pkg-config module was
359 failing on missing pthread symbols.
362 Version 8.36 26-September-2014
363 ------------------------------
365 1. Got rid of some compiler warnings in the C++ modules that were shown up by
366 -Wmissing-field-initializers and -Wunused-parameter.
368 2. The tests for quantifiers being too big (greater than 65535) were being
369 applied after reading the number, and stupidly assuming that integer
370 overflow would give a negative number. The tests are now applied as the
371 numbers are read.
373 3. Tidy code in pcre_exec.c where two branches that used to be different are
374 now the same.
376 4. The JIT compiler did not generate match limit checks for certain
377 bracketed expressions with quantifiers. This may lead to exponential
378 backtracking, instead of returning with PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT. This
379 issue should be resolved now.
381 5. Fixed an issue, which occures when nested alternatives are optimized
382 with table jumps.
384 6. Inserted two casts and changed some ints to size_t in the light of some
385 reported 64-bit compiler warnings (Bugzilla 1477).
387 7. Fixed a bug concerned with zero-minimum possessive groups that could match
388 an empty string, which sometimes were behaving incorrectly in the
389 interpreter (though correctly in the JIT matcher). This pcretest input is
390 an example:
392 '\A(?:[^"]++|"(?:[^"]*+|"")*+")++'
395 the interpreter was reporting a match of 'NON QUOTED ' only, whereas the
396 JIT matcher and Perl both matched 'NON QUOTED "QUOT""ED" AFTER '. The test
397 for an empty string was breaking the inner loop and carrying on at a lower
398 level, when possessive repeated groups should always return to a higher
399 level as they have no backtrack points in them. The empty string test now
400 occurs at the outer level.
402 8. Fixed a bug that was incorrectly auto-possessifying \w+ in the pattern
403 ^\w+(?>\s*)(?<=\w) which caused it not to match "test test".
405 9. Give a compile-time error for \o{} (as Perl does) and for \x{} (which Perl
406 doesn't).
408 10. Change 8.34/15 introduced a bug that caused the amount of memory needed
409 to hold a pattern to be incorrectly computed (too small) when there were
410 named back references to duplicated names. This could cause "internal
411 error: code overflow" or "double free or corruption" or other memory
412 handling errors.
414 11. When named subpatterns had the same prefixes, back references could be
415 confused. For example, in this pattern:
417 /(?P<Name>a)?(?P<Name2>b)?(?(<Name>)c|d)*l/
419 the reference to 'Name' was incorrectly treated as a reference to a
420 duplicate name.
422 12. A pattern such as /^s?c/mi8 where the optional character has more than
423 one "other case" was incorrectly compiled such that it would only try to
424 match starting at "c".
426 13. When a pattern starting with \s was studied, VT was not included in the
427 list of possible starting characters; this should have been part of the
428 8.34/18 patch.
430 14. If a character class started [\Qx]... where x is any character, the class
431 was incorrectly terminated at the ].
433 15. If a pattern that started with a caseless match for a character with more
434 than one "other case" was studied, PCRE did not set up the starting code
435 unit bit map for the list of possible characters. Now it does. This is an
436 optimization improvement, not a bug fix.
438 16. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 7.0.0.
440 17. Fixed a number of memory leaks in pcregrep.
442 18. Avoid a compiler warning (from some compilers) for a function call with
443 a cast that removes "const" from an lvalue by using an intermediate
444 variable (to which the compiler does not object).
446 19. Incorrect code was compiled if a group that contained an internal recursive
447 back reference was optional (had quantifier with a minimum of zero). This
448 example compiled incorrect code: /(((a\2)|(a*)\g<-1>))*/ and other examples
449 caused segmentation faults because of stack overflows at compile time.
451 20. A pattern such as /((?(R)a|(?1)))+/, which contains a recursion within a
452 group that is quantified with an indefinite repeat, caused a compile-time
453 loop which used up all the system stack and provoked a segmentation fault.
454 This was not the same bug as 19 above.
456 21. Add PCRECPP_EXP_DECL declaration to operator<< in pcre_stringpiece.h.
457 Patch by Mike Frysinger.
460 Version 8.35 04-April-2014
461 --------------------------
463 1. A new flag is set, when property checks are present in an XCLASS.
464 When this flag is not set, PCRE can perform certain optimizations
465 such as studying these XCLASS-es.
467 2. The auto-possessification of character sets were improved: a normal
468 and an extended character set can be compared now. Furthermore
469 the JIT compiler optimizes more character set checks.
471 3. Got rid of some compiler warnings for potentially uninitialized variables
472 that show up only when compiled with -O2.
474 4. A pattern such as (?=ab\K) that uses \K in an assertion can set the start
475 of a match later then the end of the match. The pcretest program was not
476 handling the case sensibly - it was outputting from the start to the next
477 binary zero. It now reports this situation in a message, and outputs the
478 text from the end to the start.
480 5. Fast forward search is improved in JIT. Instead of the first three
481 characters, any three characters with fixed position can be searched.
482 Search order: first, last, middle.
484 6. Improve character range checks in JIT. Characters are read by an inprecise
485 function now, which returns with an unknown value if the character code is
486 above a certain threshold (e.g: 256). The only limitation is that the value
487 must be bigger than the threshold as well. This function is useful when
488 the characters above the threshold are handled in the same way.
490 7. The macros whose names start with RAWUCHAR are placeholders for a future
491 mode in which only the bottom 21 bits of 32-bit data items are used. To
492 make this more memorable for those maintaining the code, the names have
493 been changed to start with UCHAR21, and an extensive comment has been added
494 to their definition.
496 8. Add missing (new) files sljitNativeTILEGX.c and sljitNativeTILEGX-encoder.c
497 to the export list in Makefile.am (they were accidentally omitted from the
498 8.34 tarball).
500 9. The informational output from pcretest used the phrase "starting byte set"
501 which is inappropriate for the 16-bit and 32-bit libraries. As the output
502 for "first char" and "need char" really means "non-UTF-char", I've changed
503 "byte" to "char", and slightly reworded the output. The documentation about
504 these values has also been (I hope) clarified.
506 10. Another JIT related optimization: use table jumps for selecting the correct
507 backtracking path, when more than four alternatives are present inside a
508 bracket.
510 11. Empty match is not possible, when the minimum length is greater than zero,
511 and there is no \K in the pattern. JIT should avoid empty match checks in
512 such cases.
514 12. In a caseless character class with UCP support, when a character with more
515 than one alternative case was not the first character of a range, not all
516 the alternative cases were added to the class. For example, s and \x{17f}
517 are both alternative cases for S: the class [RST] was handled correctly,
518 but [R-T] was not.
520 13. The configure.ac file always checked for pthread support when JIT was
521 enabled. This is not used in Windows, so I have put this test inside a
522 check for the presence of windows.h (which was already tested for).
524 14. Improve pattern prefix search by a simplified Boyer-Moore algorithm in JIT.
525 The algorithm provides a way to skip certain starting offsets, and usually
526 faster than linear prefix searches.
528 15. Change 13 for 8.20 updated RunTest to check for the 'fr' locale as well
529 as for 'fr_FR' and 'french'. For some reason, however, it then used the
530 Windows-specific input and output files, which have 'french' screwed in.
531 So this could never have worked. One of the problems with locales is that
532 they aren't always the same. I have now updated RunTest so that it checks
533 the output of the locale test (test 3) against three different output
534 files, and it allows the test to pass if any one of them matches. With luck
535 this should make the test pass on some versions of Solaris where it was
536 failing. Because of the uncertainty, the script did not used to stop if
537 test 3 failed; it now does. If further versions of a French locale ever
538 come to light, they can now easily be added.
540 16. If --with-pcregrep-bufsize was given a non-integer value such as "50K",
541 there was a message during ./configure, but it did not stop. This now
542 provokes an error. The invalid example in README has been corrected.
543 If a value less than the minimum is given, the minimum value has always
544 been used, but now a warning is given.
546 17. If --enable-bsr-anycrlf was set, the special 16/32-bit test failed. This
547 was a bug in the test system, which is now fixed. Also, the list of various
548 configurations that are tested for each release did not have one with both
549 16/32 bits and --enable-bar-anycrlf. It now does.
551 18. pcretest was missing "-C bsr" for displaying the \R default setting.
553 19. Little endian PowerPC systems are supported now by the JIT compiler.
555 20. The fast forward newline mechanism could enter to an infinite loop on
556 certain invalid UTF-8 input. Although we don't support these cases
557 this issue can be fixed by a performance optimization.
559 21. Change 33 of 8.34 is not sufficient to ensure stack safety because it does
560 not take account if existing stack usage. There is now a new global
561 variable called pcre_stack_guard that can be set to point to an external
562 function to check stack availability. It is called at the start of
563 processing every parenthesized group.
565 22. A typo in the code meant that in ungreedy mode the max/min qualifier
566 behaved like a min-possessive qualifier, and, for example, /a{1,3}b/U did
567 not match "ab".
569 23. When UTF was disabled, the JIT program reported some incorrect compile
570 errors. These messages are silenced now.
572 24. Experimental support for ARM-64 and MIPS-64 has been added to the JIT
573 compiler.
575 25. Change all the temporary files used in RunGrepTest to be different to those
576 used by RunTest so that the tests can be run simultaneously, for example by
577 "make -j check".
580 Version 8.34 15-December-2013
581 -----------------------------
583 1. Add pcre[16|32]_jit_free_unused_memory to forcibly free unused JIT
584 executable memory. Patch inspired by Carsten Klein.
586 2. ./configure --enable-coverage defined SUPPORT_GCOV in config.h, although
587 this macro is never tested and has no effect, because the work to support
588 coverage involves only compiling and linking options and special targets in
589 the Makefile. The comment in config.h implied that defining the macro would
590 enable coverage support, which is totally false. There was also support for
591 setting this macro in the CMake files (my fault, I just copied it from
592 configure). SUPPORT_GCOV has now been removed.
594 3. Make a small performance improvement in strlen16() and strlen32() in
595 pcretest.
597 4. Change 36 for 8.33 left some unreachable statements in pcre_exec.c,
598 detected by the Solaris compiler (gcc doesn't seem to be able to diagnose
599 these cases). There was also one in pcretest.c.
601 5. Cleaned up a "may be uninitialized" compiler warning in pcre_exec.c.
603 6. In UTF mode, the code for checking whether a group could match an empty
604 string (which is used for indefinitely repeated groups to allow for
605 breaking an infinite loop) was broken when the group contained a repeated
606 negated single-character class with a character that occupied more than one
607 data item and had a minimum repetition of zero (for example, [^\x{100}]* in
608 UTF-8 mode). The effect was undefined: the group might or might not be
609 deemed as matching an empty string, or the program might have crashed.
611 7. The code for checking whether a group could match an empty string was not
612 recognizing that \h, \H, \v, \V, and \R must match a character.
614 8. Implemented PCRE_INFO_MATCH_EMPTY, which yields 1 if the pattern can match
615 an empty string. If it can, pcretest shows this in its information output.
617 9. Fixed two related bugs that applied to Unicode extended grapheme clusters
618 that were repeated with a maximizing qualifier (e.g. \X* or \X{2,5}) when
619 matched by pcre_exec() without using JIT:
621 (a) If the rest of the pattern did not match after a maximal run of
622 grapheme clusters, the code for backing up to try with fewer of them
623 did not always back up over a full grapheme when characters that do not
624 have the modifier quality were involved, e.g. Hangul syllables.
626 (b) If the match point in a subject started with modifier character, and
627 there was no match, the code could incorrectly back up beyond the match
628 point, and potentially beyond the first character in the subject,
629 leading to a segfault or an incorrect match result.
631 10. A conditional group with an assertion condition could lead to PCRE
632 recording an incorrect first data item for a match if no other first data
633 item was recorded. For example, the pattern (?(?=ab)ab) recorded "a" as a
634 first data item, and therefore matched "ca" after "c" instead of at the
635 start.
637 11. Change 40 for 8.33 (allowing pcregrep to find empty strings) showed up a
638 bug that caused the command "echo a | ./pcregrep -M '|a'" to loop.
640 12. The source of pcregrep now includes z/OS-specific code so that it can be
641 compiled for z/OS as part of the special z/OS distribution.
643 13. Added the -T and -TM options to pcretest.
645 14. The code in pcre_compile.c for creating the table of named capturing groups
646 has been refactored. Instead of creating the table dynamically during the
647 actual compiling pass, the information is remembered during the pre-compile
648 pass (on the stack unless there are more than 20 named groups, in which
649 case malloc() is used) and the whole table is created before the actual
650 compile happens. This has simplified the code (it is now nearly 150 lines
651 shorter) and prepared the way for better handling of references to groups
652 with duplicate names.
654 15. A back reference to a named subpattern when there is more than one of the
655 same name now checks them in the order in which they appear in the pattern.
656 The first one that is set is used for the reference. Previously only the
657 first one was inspected. This change makes PCRE more compatible with Perl.
659 16. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.3.0.
661 17. The compile-time code for auto-possessification has been refactored, based
662 on a patch by Zoltan Herczeg. It now happens after instead of during
663 compilation. The code is cleaner, and more cases are handled. The option
664 PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS is added for testing purposes, and the -O and /O
665 options in pcretest are provided to set it. It can also be set by
666 (*NO_AUTO_POSSESS) at the start of a pattern.
668 18. The character VT has been added to the default ("C" locale) set of
669 characters that match \s and are generally treated as white space,
670 following this same change in Perl 5.18. There is now no difference between
671 "Perl space" and "POSIX space". Whether VT is treated as white space in
672 other locales depends on the locale.
674 19. The code for checking named groups as conditions, either for being set or
675 for being recursed, has been refactored (this is related to 14 and 15
676 above). Processing unduplicated named groups should now be as fast at
677 numerical groups, and processing duplicated groups should be faster than
678 before.
680 20. Two patches to the CMake build system, by Alexander Barkov:
682 (1) Replace the "source" command by "." in CMakeLists.txt because
683 "source" is a bash-ism.
685 (2) Add missing HAVE_STDINT_H and HAVE_INTTYPES_H to config-cmake.h.in;
686 without these the CMake build does not work on Solaris.
688 21. Perl has changed its handling of \8 and \9. If there is no previously
689 encountered capturing group of those numbers, they are treated as the
690 literal characters 8 and 9 instead of a binary zero followed by the
691 literals. PCRE now does the same.
693 22. Following Perl, added \o{} to specify codepoints in octal, making it
694 possible to specify values greater than 0777 and also making them
695 unambiguous.
697 23. Perl now gives an error for missing closing braces after \x{... instead of
698 treating the string as literal. PCRE now does the same.
700 24. RunTest used to grumble if an inappropriate test was selected explicitly,
701 but just skip it when running all tests. This make it awkward to run ranges
702 of tests when one of them was inappropriate. Now it just skips any
703 inappropriate tests, as it always did when running all tests.
705 25. If PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT and PCRE_UCP were set for a pattern that contained
706 character types such as \d or \w, too many callouts were inserted, and the
707 data that they returned was rubbish.
709 26. In UCP mode, \s was not matching two of the characters that Perl matches,
710 namely NEL (U+0085) and MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR (U+180E), though they
711 were matched by \h. The code has now been refactored so that the lists of
712 the horizontal and vertical whitespace characters used for \h and \v (which
713 are defined only in one place) are now also used for \s.
715 27. Add JIT support for the 64 bit TileGX architecture.
716 Patch by Jiong Wang (Tilera Corporation).
718 28. Possessive quantifiers for classes (both explicit and automatically
719 generated) now use special opcodes instead of wrapping in ONCE brackets.
721 29. Whereas an item such as A{4}+ ignored the possessivenes of the quantifier
722 (because it's meaningless), this was not happening when PCRE_CASELESS was
723 set. Not wrong, but inefficient.
725 30. Updated perltest.pl to add /u (force Unicode mode) when /W (use Unicode
726 properties for \w, \d, etc) is present in a test regex. Otherwise if the
727 test contains no characters greater than 255, Perl doesn't realise it
728 should be using Unicode semantics.
730 31. Upgraded the handling of the POSIX classes [:graph:], [:print:], and
731 [:punct:] when PCRE_UCP is set so as to include the same characters as Perl
732 does in Unicode mode.
734 32. Added the "forbid" facility to pcretest so that putting tests into the
735 wrong test files can sometimes be quickly detected.
737 33. There is now a limit (default 250) on the depth of nesting of parentheses.
738 This limit is imposed to control the amount of system stack used at compile
739 time. It can be changed at build time by --with-parens-nest-limit=xxx or
740 the equivalent in CMake.
742 34. Character classes such as [A-\d] or [a-[:digit:]] now cause compile-time
743 errors. Perl warns for these when in warning mode, but PCRE has no facility
744 for giving warnings.
746 35. Change 34 for 8.13 allowed quantifiers on assertions, because Perl does.
747 However, this was not working for (?!) because it is optimized to (*FAIL),
748 for which PCRE does not allow quantifiers. The optimization is now disabled
749 when a quantifier follows (?!). I can't see any use for this, but it makes
750 things uniform.
752 36. Perl no longer allows group names to start with digits, so I have made this
753 change also in PCRE. It simplifies the code a bit.
755 37. In extended mode, Perl ignores spaces before a + that indicates a
756 possessive quantifier. PCRE allowed a space before the quantifier, but not
757 before the possessive +. It now does.
759 38. The use of \K (reset reported match start) within a repeated possessive
760 group such as (a\Kb)*+ was not working.
762 40. Document that the same character tables must be used at compile time and
763 run time, and that the facility to pass tables to pcre_exec() and
764 pcre_dfa_exec() is for use only with saved/restored patterns.
766 41. Applied Jeff Trawick's patch CMakeLists.txt, which "provides two new
767 features for Builds with MSVC:
769 1. Support pcre.rc and/or pcreposix.rc (as is already done for MinGW
770 builds). The .rc files can be used to set FileDescription and many other
771 attributes.
773 2. Add an option (-DINSTALL_MSVC_PDB) to enable installation of .pdb files.
774 This allows higher-level build scripts which want .pdb files to avoid
775 hard-coding the exact files needed."
777 42. Added support for [[:<:]] and [[:>:]] as used in the BSD POSIX library to
778 mean "start of word" and "end of word", respectively, as a transition aid.
780 43. A minimizing repeat of a class containing codepoints greater than 255 in
781 non-UTF 16-bit or 32-bit modes caused an internal error when PCRE was
782 compiled to use the heap for recursion.
784 44. Got rid of some compiler warnings for unused variables when UTF but not UCP
785 is configured.
788 Version 8.33 28-May-2013
789 ------------------------
791 1. Added 'U' to some constants that are compared to unsigned integers, to
792 avoid compiler signed/unsigned warnings. Added (int) casts to unsigned
793 variables that are added to signed variables, to ensure the result is
794 signed and can be negated.
796 2. Applied patch by Daniel Richard G for quashing MSVC warnings to the
797 CMake config files.
799 3. Revise the creation of config.h.generic so that all boolean macros are
800 #undefined, whereas non-boolean macros are #ifndef/#endif-ed. This makes
801 overriding via -D on the command line possible.
803 4. Changing the definition of the variable "op" in pcre_exec.c from pcre_uchar
804 to unsigned int is reported to make a quite noticeable speed difference in
805 a specific Windows environment. Testing on Linux did also appear to show
806 some benefit (and it is clearly not harmful). Also fixed the definition of
807 Xop which should be unsigned.
809 5. Related to (4), changing the definition of the intermediate variable cc
810 in repeated character loops from pcre_uchar to pcre_uint32 also gave speed
811 improvements.
813 6. Fix forward search in JIT when link size is 3 or greater. Also removed some
814 unnecessary spaces.
816 7. Adjust autogen.sh and configure.ac to lose warnings given by automake 1.12
817 and later.
819 8. Fix two buffer over read issues in 16 and 32 bit modes. Affects JIT only.
821 9. Optimizing fast_forward_start_bits in JIT.
823 10. Adding support for callouts in JIT, and fixing some issues revealed
824 during this work. Namely:
826 (a) Unoptimized capturing brackets incorrectly reset on backtrack.
828 (b) Minimum length was not checked before the matching is started.
830 11. The value of capture_last that is passed to callouts was incorrect in some
831 cases when there was a capture on one path that was subsequently abandoned
832 after a backtrack. Also, the capture_last value is now reset after a
833 recursion, since all captures are also reset in this case.
835 12. The interpreter no longer returns the "too many substrings" error in the
836 case when an overflowing capture is in a branch that is subsequently
837 abandoned after a backtrack.
839 13. In the pathological case when an offset vector of size 2 is used, pcretest
840 now prints out the matched string after a yield of 0 or 1.
842 14. Inlining subpatterns in recursions, when certain conditions are fulfilled.
843 Only supported by the JIT compiler at the moment.
845 15. JIT compiler now supports 32 bit Macs thanks to Lawrence Velazquez.
847 16. Partial matches now set offsets[2] to the "bumpalong" value, that is, the
848 offset of the starting point of the matching process, provided the offsets
849 vector is large enough.
851 17. The \A escape now records a lookbehind value of 1, though its execution
852 does not actually inspect the previous character. This is to ensure that,
853 in partial multi-segment matching, at least one character from the old
854 segment is retained when a new segment is processed. Otherwise, if there
855 are no lookbehinds in the pattern, \A might match incorrectly at the start
856 of a new segment.
858 18. Added some #ifdef __VMS code into pcretest.c to help VMS implementations.
860 19. Redefined some pcre_uchar variables in pcre_exec.c as pcre_uint32; this
861 gives some modest performance improvement in 8-bit mode.
863 20. Added the PCRE-specific property \p{Xuc} for matching characters that can
864 be expressed in certain programming languages using Universal Character
865 Names.
867 21. Unicode validation has been updated in the light of Unicode Corrigendum #9,
868 which points out that "non characters" are not "characters that may not
869 appear in Unicode strings" but rather "characters that are reserved for
870 internal use and have only local meaning".
872 22. When a pattern was compiled with automatic callouts (PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT) and
873 there was a conditional group that depended on an assertion, if the
874 assertion was false, the callout that immediately followed the alternation
875 in the condition was skipped when pcre_exec() was used for matching.
877 23. Allow an explicit callout to be inserted before an assertion that is the
878 condition for a conditional group, for compatibility with automatic
879 callouts, which always insert a callout at this point.
881 24. In 8.31, (*COMMIT) was confined to within a recursive subpattern. Perl also
882 confines (*SKIP) and (*PRUNE) in the same way, and this has now been done.
884 25. (*PRUNE) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
886 26. Fix infinite loop when /(?<=(*SKIP)ac)a/ is matched against aa.
888 27. Fix the case where there are two or more SKIPs with arguments that may be
889 ignored.
891 28. (*SKIP) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
893 29. (*THEN) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
895 30. Update RunTest with additional test selector options.
897 31. The way PCRE handles backtracking verbs has been changed in two ways.
899 (1) Previously, in something like (*COMMIT)(*SKIP), COMMIT would override
900 SKIP. Now, PCRE acts on whichever backtracking verb is reached first by
901 backtracking. In some cases this makes it more Perl-compatible, but Perl's
902 rather obscure rules do not always do the same thing.
904 (2) Previously, backtracking verbs were confined within assertions. This is
905 no longer the case for positive assertions, except for (*ACCEPT). Again,
906 this sometimes improves Perl compatibility, and sometimes does not.
908 32. A number of tests that were in test 2 because Perl did things differently
909 have been moved to test 1, because either Perl or PCRE has changed, and
910 these tests are now compatible.
912 32. Backtracking control verbs are now handled in the same way in JIT and
913 interpreter.
915 33. An opening parenthesis in a MARK/PRUNE/SKIP/THEN name in a pattern that
916 contained a forward subroutine reference caused a compile error.
918 34. Auto-detect and optimize limited repetitions in JIT.
920 35. Implement PCRE_NEVER_UTF to lock out the use of UTF, in particular,
921 blocking (*UTF) etc.
923 36. In the interpreter, maximizing pattern repetitions for characters and
924 character types now use tail recursion, which reduces stack usage.
926 37. The value of the max lookbehind was not correctly preserved if a compiled
927 and saved regex was reloaded on a host of different endianness.
929 38. Implemented (*LIMIT_MATCH) and (*LIMIT_RECURSION). As part of the extension
930 of the compiled pattern block, expand the flags field from 16 to 32 bits
931 because it was almost full.
933 39. Try madvise first before posix_madvise.
935 40. Change 7 for PCRE 7.9 made it impossible for pcregrep to find empty lines
936 with a pattern such as ^$. It has taken 4 years for anybody to notice! The
937 original change locked out all matches of empty strings. This has been
938 changed so that one match of an empty string per line is recognized.
939 Subsequent searches on the same line (for colouring or for --only-matching,
940 for example) do not recognize empty strings.
942 41. Applied a user patch to fix a number of spelling mistakes in comments.
944 42. Data lines longer than 65536 caused pcretest to crash.
946 43. Clarified the data type for length and startoffset arguments for pcre_exec
947 and pcre_dfa_exec in the function-specific man pages, where they were
948 explicitly stated to be in bytes, never having been updated. I also added
949 some clarification to the pcreapi man page.
951 44. A call to pcre_dfa_exec() with an output vector size less than 2 caused
952 a segmentation fault.
955 Version 8.32 30-November-2012
956 -----------------------------
958 1. Improved JIT compiler optimizations for first character search and single
959 character iterators.
961 2. Supporting IBM XL C compilers for PPC architectures in the JIT compiler.
962 Patch by Daniel Richard G.
964 3. Single character iterator optimizations in the JIT compiler.
966 4. Improved JIT compiler optimizations for character ranges.
968 5. Rename the "leave" variable names to "quit" to improve WinCE compatibility.
969 Reported by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
971 6. The PCRE_STARTLINE bit, indicating that a match can occur only at the start
972 of a line, was being set incorrectly in cases where .* appeared inside
973 atomic brackets at the start of a pattern, or where there was a subsequent
974 *PRUNE or *SKIP.
976 7. Improved instruction cache flush for POWER/PowerPC.
977 Patch by Daniel Richard G.
979 8. Fixed a number of issues in pcregrep, making it more compatible with GNU
980 grep:
982 (a) There is now no limit to the number of patterns to be matched.
984 (b) An error is given if a pattern is too long.
986 (c) Multiple uses of --exclude, --exclude-dir, --include, and --include-dir
987 are now supported.
989 (d) --exclude-from and --include-from (multiple use) have been added.
991 (e) Exclusions and inclusions now apply to all files and directories, not
992 just to those obtained from scanning a directory recursively.
994 (f) Multiple uses of -f and --file-list are now supported.
996 (g) In a Windows environment, the default for -d has been changed from
997 "read" (the GNU grep default) to "skip", because otherwise the presence
998 of a directory in the file list provokes an error.
1000 (h) The documentation has been revised and clarified in places.
1002 9. Improve the matching speed of capturing brackets.
1004 10. Changed the meaning of \X so that it now matches a Unicode extended
1005 grapheme cluster.
1007 11. Patch by Daniel Richard G to the autoconf files to add a macro for sorting
1008 out POSIX threads when JIT support is configured.
1010 12. Added support for PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED.
1012 13. In the POSIX wrapper regcomp() function, setting re_nsub field in the preg
1013 structure could go wrong in environments where size_t is not the same size
1014 as int.
1016 14. Applied user-supplied patch to pcrecpp.cc to allow PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK to be
1017 set.
1019 15. The EBCDIC support had decayed; later updates to the code had included
1020 explicit references to (e.g.) \x0a instead of CHAR_LF. There has been a
1021 general tidy up of EBCDIC-related issues, and the documentation was also
1022 not quite right. There is now a test that can be run on ASCII systems to
1023 check some of the EBCDIC-related things (but is it not a full test).
1025 16. The new PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED option is now used by pcregrep, resulting
1026 in a small tidy to the code.
1028 17. Fix JIT tests when UTF is disabled and both 8 and 16 bit mode are enabled.
1030 18. If the --only-matching (-o) option in pcregrep is specified multiple
1031 times, each one causes appropriate output. For example, -o1 -o2 outputs the
1032 substrings matched by the 1st and 2nd capturing parentheses. A separating
1033 string can be specified by --om-separator (default empty).
1035 19. Improving the first n character searches.
1037 20. Turn case lists for horizontal and vertical white space into macros so that
1038 they are defined only once.
1040 21. This set of changes together give more compatible Unicode case-folding
1041 behaviour for characters that have more than one other case when UCP
1042 support is available.
1044 (a) The Unicode property table now has offsets into a new table of sets of
1045 three or more characters that are case-equivalent. The MultiStage2.py
1046 script that generates these tables (the pcre_ucd.c file) now scans
1047 CaseFolding.txt instead of UnicodeData.txt for character case
1048 information.
1050 (b) The code for adding characters or ranges of characters to a character
1051 class has been abstracted into a generalized function that also handles
1052 case-independence. In UTF-mode with UCP support, this uses the new data
1053 to handle characters with more than one other case.
1055 (c) A bug that is fixed as a result of (b) is that codepoints less than 256
1056 whose other case is greater than 256 are now correctly matched
1057 caselessly. Previously, the high codepoint matched the low one, but not
1058 vice versa.
1060 (d) The processing of \h, \H, \v, and \ in character classes now makes use
1061 of the new class addition function, using character lists defined as
1062 macros alongside the case definitions of 20 above.
1064 (e) Caseless back references now work with characters that have more than
1065 one other case.
1067 (f) General caseless matching of characters with more than one other case
1068 is supported.
1070 22. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.2.0
1072 23. Improved CMake support under Windows. Patch by Daniel Richard G.
1074 24. Add support for 32-bit character strings, and UTF-32
1076 25. Major JIT compiler update (code refactoring and bugfixing).
1077 Experimental Sparc 32 support is added.
1079 26. Applied a modified version of Daniel Richard G's patch to create
1080 pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic by "make" instead of in the
1081 PrepareRelease script.
1083 27. Added a definition for CHAR_NULL (helpful for the z/OS port), and use it in
1084 pcre_compile.c when checking for a zero character.
1086 28. Introducing a native interface for JIT. Through this interface, the compiled
1087 machine code can be directly executed. The purpose of this interface is to
1088 provide fast pattern matching, so several sanity checks are not performed.
1089 However, feature tests are still performed. The new interface provides
1090 1.4x speedup compared to the old one.
1092 29. If pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() was called with a negative value for
1093 the subject string length, the error given was PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which
1094 was confusing. There is now a new error PCRE_ERROR_BADLENGTH for this case.
1096 30. In 8-bit UTF-8 mode, pcretest failed to give an error for data codepoints
1097 greater than 0x7fffffff (which cannot be represented in UTF-8, even under
1098 the "old" RFC 2279). Instead, it ended up passing a negative length to
1099 pcre_exec().
1101 31. Add support for GCC's visibility feature to hide internal functions.
1103 32. Running "pcretest -C pcre8" or "pcretest -C pcre16" gave a spurious error
1104 "unknown -C option" after outputting 0 or 1.
1106 33. There is now support for generating a code coverage report for the test
1107 suite in environments where gcc is the compiler and lcov is installed. This
1108 is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
1110 34. If PCRE is built with --enable-valgrind, certain memory regions are marked
1111 unaddressable using valgrind annotations, allowing valgrind to detect
1112 invalid memory accesses. This is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
1114 25. (*UTF) can now be used to start a pattern in any of the three libraries.
1116 26. Give configure error if --enable-cpp but no C++ compiler found.
1119 Version 8.31 06-July-2012
1120 -------------------------
1122 1. Fixing a wrong JIT test case and some compiler warnings.
1124 2. Removed a bashism from the RunTest script.
1126 3. Add a cast to pcre_exec.c to fix the warning "unary minus operator applied
1127 to unsigned type, result still unsigned" that was given by an MS compiler
1128 on encountering the code "-sizeof(xxx)".
1130 4. Partial matching support is added to the JIT compiler.
1132 5. Fixed several bugs concerned with partial matching of items that consist
1133 of more than one character:
1135 (a) /^(..)\1/ did not partially match "aba" because checking references was
1136 done on an "all or nothing" basis. This also applied to repeated
1137 references.
1139 (b) \R did not give a hard partial match if \r was found at the end of the
1140 subject.
1142 (c) \X did not give a hard partial match after matching one or more
1143 characters at the end of the subject.
1145 (d) When newline was set to CRLF, a pattern such as /a$/ did not recognize
1146 a partial match for the string "\r".
1148 (e) When newline was set to CRLF, the metacharacter "." did not recognize
1149 a partial match for a CR character at the end of the subject string.
1151 6. If JIT is requested using /S++ or -s++ (instead of just /S+ or -s+) when
1152 running pcretest, the text "(JIT)" added to the output whenever JIT is
1153 actually used to run the match.
1155 7. Individual JIT compile options can be set in pcretest by following -s+[+]
1156 or /S+[+] with a digit between 1 and 7.
1158 8. OP_NOT now supports any UTF character not just single-byte ones.
1160 9. (*MARK) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
1162 10. The command "./RunTest list" lists the available tests without actually
1163 running any of them. (Because I keep forgetting what they all are.)
1167 12. Applied a (slightly modified) user-supplied patch that improves performance
1168 when the heap is used for recursion (compiled with --disable-stack-for-
1169 recursion). Instead of malloc and free for each heap frame each time a
1170 logical recursion happens, frames are retained on a chain and re-used where
1171 possible. This sometimes gives as much as 30% improvement.
1173 13. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a recursive subpattern
1174 call.
1176 14. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a positive assertion.
1178 15. It is now possible to link pcretest with libedit as an alternative to
1179 libreadline.
1181 16. (*COMMIT) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
1183 17. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.1.0.
1185 18. Added --file-list option to pcregrep.
1187 19. Added binary file support to pcregrep, including the -a, --binary-files,
1188 -I, and --text options.
1190 20. The madvise function is renamed for posix_madvise for QNX compatibility
1191 reasons. Fixed by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
1193 21. Fixed a bug for backward assertions with REVERSE 0 in the JIT compiler.
1195 22. Changed the option for creating symbolic links for 16-bit man pages from
1196 -s to -sf so that re-installing does not cause issues.
1198 23. Support PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE in JIT as (*MARK) support requires it.
1200 24. Fixed a very old bug in pcretest that caused errors with restarted DFA
1201 matches in certain environments (the workspace was not being correctly
1202 retained). Also added to pcre_dfa_exec() a simple plausibility check on
1203 some of the workspace data at the beginning of a restart.
1205 25. \s*\R was auto-possessifying the \s* when it should not, whereas \S*\R
1206 was not doing so when it should - probably a typo introduced by SVN 528
1207 (change 8.10/14).
1209 26. When PCRE_UCP was not set, \w+\x{c4} was incorrectly auto-possessifying the
1210 \w+ when the character tables indicated that \x{c4} was a word character.
1211 There were several related cases, all because the tests for doing a table
1212 lookup were testing for characters less than 127 instead of 255.
1214 27. If a pattern contains capturing parentheses that are not used in a match,
1215 their slots in the ovector are set to -1. For those that are higher than
1216 any matched groups, this happens at the end of processing. In the case when
1217 there were back references that the ovector was too small to contain
1218 (causing temporary malloc'd memory to be used during matching), and the
1219 highest capturing number was not used, memory off the end of the ovector
1220 was incorrectly being set to -1. (It was using the size of the temporary
1221 memory instead of the true size.)
1223 28. To catch bugs like 27 using valgrind, when pcretest is asked to specify an
1224 ovector size, it uses memory at the end of the block that it has got.
1226 29. Check for an overlong MARK name and give an error at compile time. The
1227 limit is 255 for the 8-bit library and 65535 for the 16-bit library.
1229 30. JIT compiler update.
1231 31. JIT is now supported on jailbroken iOS devices. Thanks for Ruiger
1232 Rill for the patch.
1234 32. Put spaces around SLJIT_PRINT_D in the JIT compiler. Required by CXX11.
1236 33. Variable renamings in the PCRE-JIT compiler. No functionality change.
1238 34. Fixed typos in pcregrep: in two places there was SUPPORT_LIBZ2 instead of
1239 SUPPORT_LIBBZ2. This caused a build problem when bzip2 but not gzip (zlib)
1240 was enabled.
1242 35. Improve JIT code generation for greedy plus quantifier.
1244 36. When /((?:a?)*)*c/ or /((?>a?)*)*c/ was matched against "aac", it set group
1245 1 to "aa" instead of to an empty string. The bug affected repeated groups
1246 that could potentially match an empty string.
1248 37. Optimizing single character iterators in JIT.
1250 38. Wide characters specified with \uxxxx in JavaScript mode are now subject to
1251 the same checks as \x{...} characters in non-JavaScript mode. Specifically,
1252 codepoints that are too big for the mode are faulted, and in a UTF mode,
1253 disallowed codepoints are also faulted.
1255 39. If PCRE was compiled with UTF support, in three places in the DFA
1256 matcher there was code that should only have been obeyed in UTF mode, but
1257 was being obeyed unconditionally. In 8-bit mode this could cause incorrect
1258 processing when bytes with values greater than 127 were present. In 16-bit
1259 mode the bug would be provoked by values in the range 0xfc00 to 0xdc00. In
1260 both cases the values are those that cannot be the first data item in a UTF
1261 character. The three items that might have provoked this were recursions,
1262 possessively repeated groups, and atomic groups.
1264 40. Ensure that libpcre is explicitly listed in the link commands for pcretest
1265 and pcregrep, because some OS require shared objects to be explicitly
1266 passed to ld, causing the link step to fail if they are not.
1268 41. There were two incorrect #ifdefs in pcre_study.c, meaning that, in 16-bit
1269 mode, patterns that started with \h* or \R* might be incorrectly matched.
1272 Version 8.30 04-February-2012
1273 -----------------------------
1275 1. Renamed "isnumber" as "is_a_number" because in some Mac environments this
1276 name is defined in ctype.h.
1278 2. Fixed a bug in fixed-length calculation for lookbehinds that would show up
1279 only in quite long subpatterns.
1281 3. Removed the function pcre_info(), which has been obsolete and deprecated
1282 since it was replaced by pcre_fullinfo() in February 2000.
1284 4. For a non-anchored pattern, if (*SKIP) was given with a name that did not
1285 match a (*MARK), and the match failed at the start of the subject, a
1286 reference to memory before the start of the subject could occur. This bug
1287 was introduced by fix 17 of release 8.21.
1289 5. A reference to an unset group with zero minimum repetition was giving
1290 totally wrong answers (in non-JavaScript-compatibility mode). For example,
1291 /(another)?(\1?)test/ matched against "hello world test". This bug was
1292 introduced in release 8.13.
1294 6. Add support for 16-bit character strings (a large amount of work involving
1295 many changes and refactorings).
1297 7. RunGrepTest failed on msys because \r\n was replaced by whitespace when the
1298 command "pattern=`printf 'xxx\r\njkl'`" was run. The pattern is now taken
1299 from a file.
1301 8. Ovector size of 2 is also supported by JIT based pcre_exec (the ovector size
1302 rounding is not applied in this particular case).
1304 9. The invalid Unicode surrogate codepoints U+D800 to U+DFFF are now rejected
1305 if they appear, or are escaped, in patterns.
1307 10. Get rid of a number of -Wunused-but-set-variable warnings.
1309 11. The pattern /(?=(*:x))(q|)/ matches an empty string, and returns the mark
1310 "x". The similar pattern /(?=(*:x))((*:y)q|)/ did not return a mark at all.
1311 Oddly, Perl behaves the same way. PCRE has been fixed so that this pattern
1312 also returns the mark "x". This bug applied to capturing parentheses,
1313 non-capturing parentheses, and atomic parentheses. It also applied to some
1314 assertions.
1316 12. Stephen Kelly's patch to CMakeLists.txt allows it to parse the version
1317 information out of configure.ac instead of relying on pcre.h.generic, which
1318 is not stored in the repository.
1320 13. Applied Dmitry V. Levin's patch for a more portable method for linking with
1321 -lreadline.
1323 14. ZH added PCRE_CONFIG_JITTARGET; added its output to pcretest -C.
1325 15. Applied Graycode's patch to put the top-level frame on the stack rather
1326 than the heap when not using the stack for recursion. This gives a
1327 performance improvement in many cases when recursion is not deep.
1329 16. Experimental code added to "pcretest -C" to output the stack frame size.
1332 Version 8.21 12-Dec-2011
1333 ------------------------
1335 1. Updating the JIT compiler.
1337 2. JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
1338 are added as well.
1340 3. Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
1341 PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
1342 calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
1344 4. (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
1345 parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
1346 was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
1348 5. Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
1349 ECMA-262 standard.
1351 6. Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
1352 erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
1353 This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
1355 7. While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
1356 incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
1357 opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
1358 corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
1359 error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
1360 length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
1361 rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
1362 (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
1363 repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
1365 8. A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
1366 being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
1368 9. A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
1369 one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
1370 (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
1371 the first (A) could occur when it should not.
1373 10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
1375 11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
1377 12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
1378 best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
1379 is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
1381 13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
1383 14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
1384 also gives an error.
1386 15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
1387 it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
1388 maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
1389 internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
1390 rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
1391 the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
1392 of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
1393 the filling in of repeated forward references.
1395 16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
1396 incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
1398 17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
1399 in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
1400 the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
1401 /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
1402 tested.
1404 18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
1405 now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
1406 is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
1407 /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
1408 "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
1409 change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
1410 returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
1411 Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
1412 refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
1413 the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
1415 19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
1416 subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
1418 21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
1419 some warnings.
1421 22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
1422 not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
1423 subject string.
1425 23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
1426 systems.
1428 24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
1429 output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
1431 25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
1432 an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
1433 because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
1435 26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
1436 "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
1437 never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
1438 complain.
1440 27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
1442 28. Fixed a possible uninitialized memory bug in pcre_jit_compile.c.
1444 29. Computation of memory usage for the table of capturing group names was
1445 giving an unnecessarily large value.
1448 Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
1449 ------------------------
1451 1. Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had
1452 a POSIX class. After further experiments with Perl, which convinced me that
1453 Perl has bugs and confusions, a closing square bracket is no longer allowed
1454 in a POSIX name. This bug also affected patterns with classes that started
1455 with full stops.
1457 2. If a pattern such as /(a)b|ac/ is matched against "ac", there is no
1458 captured substring, but while checking the failing first alternative,
1459 substring 1 is temporarily captured. If the output vector supplied to
1460 pcre_exec() was not big enough for this capture, the yield of the function
1461 was still zero ("insufficient space for captured substrings"). This cannot
1462 be totally fixed without adding another stack variable, which seems a lot
1463 of expense for a edge case. However, I have improved the situation in cases
1464 such as /(a)(b)x|abc/ matched against "abc", where the return code
1465 indicates that fewer than the maximum number of slots in the ovector have
1466 been set.
1468 3. Related to (2) above: when there are more back references in a pattern than
1469 slots in the output vector, pcre_exec() uses temporary memory during
1470 matching, and copies in the captures as far as possible afterwards. It was
1471 using the entire output vector, but this conflicts with the specification
1472 that only 2/3 is used for passing back captured substrings. Now it uses
1473 only the first 2/3, for compatibility. This is, of course, another edge
1474 case.
1476 4. Zoltan Herczeg's just-in-time compiler support has been integrated into the
1477 main code base, and can be used by building with --enable-jit. When this is
1478 done, pcregrep automatically uses it unless --disable-pcregrep-jit or the
1479 runtime --no-jit option is given.
1481 5. When the number of matches in a pcre_dfa_exec() run exactly filled the
1482 ovector, the return from the function was zero, implying that there were
1483 other matches that did not fit. The correct "exactly full" value is now
1484 returned.
1486 6. If a subpattern that was called recursively or as a subroutine contained
1487 (*PRUNE) or any other control that caused it to give a non-standard return,
1488 invalid errors such as "Error -26 (nested recursion at the same subject
1489 position)" or even infinite loops could occur.
1491 7. If a pattern such as /a(*SKIP)c|b(*ACCEPT)|/ was studied, it stopped
1492 computing the minimum length on reaching *ACCEPT, and so ended up with the
1493 wrong value of 1 rather than 0. Further investigation indicates that
1494 computing a minimum subject length in the presence of *ACCEPT is difficult
1495 (think back references, subroutine calls), and so I have changed the code
1496 so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.
1498 8. If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,
1499 it was not handled as intended. [But see 16 below.]
1501 9. Replaced RunTest.bat and CMakeLists.txt with improved versions provided by
1502 Sheri Pierce.
1504 10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that
1505 the first byte in a match must be "a".
1507 11. Change 17 for 8.13 increased the recursion depth for patterns like
1508 /a(?:.)*?a/ drastically. I've improved things by remembering whether a
1509 pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old
1510 optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group
1511 basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.
1513 12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This
1514 broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space
1515 character after the value is now allowed for.
1517 13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".
1518 For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.
1520 14. If (*THEN) appeared in a group that was called recursively or as a
1521 subroutine, it did not work as intended. [But see next item.]
1523 15. Consider the pattern /A (B(*THEN)C) | D/ where A, B, C, and D are complex
1524 pattern fragments (but not containing any | characters). If A and B are
1525 matched, but there is a failure in C so that it backtracks to (*THEN), PCRE
1526 was behaving differently to Perl. PCRE backtracked into A, but Perl goes to
1527 D. In other words, Perl considers parentheses that do not contain any |
1528 characters to be part of a surrounding alternative, whereas PCRE was
1529 treading (B(*THEN)C) the same as (B(*THEN)C|(*FAIL)) -- which Perl handles
1530 differently. PCRE now behaves in the same way as Perl, except in the case
1531 of subroutine/recursion calls such as (?1) which have in any case always
1532 been different (but PCRE had them first :-).
1534 16. Related to 15 above: Perl does not treat the | in a conditional group as
1535 creating alternatives. Such a group is treated in the same way as an
1536 ordinary group without any | characters when processing (*THEN). PCRE has
1537 been changed to match Perl's behaviour.
1539 17. If a user had set PCREGREP_COLO(U)R to something other than 1:31, the
1540 RunGrepTest script failed.
1542 18. Change 22 for version 13 caused atomic groups to use more stack. This is
1543 inevitable for groups that contain captures, but it can lead to a lot of
1544 stack use in large patterns. The old behaviour has been restored for atomic
1545 groups that do not contain any capturing parentheses.
1547 19. If the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE option was set for pcre_compile(), it did not
1548 suppress the check for a minimum subject length at run time. (If it was
1549 given to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() it did work.)
1551 20. Fixed an ASCII-dependent infelicity in pcretest that would have made it
1552 fail to work when decoding hex characters in data strings in EBCDIC
1553 environments.
1555 21. It appears that in at least one Mac OS environment, the isxdigit() function
1556 is implemented as a macro that evaluates to its argument more than once,
1557 contravening the C 90 Standard (I haven't checked a later standard). There
1558 was an instance in pcretest which caused it to go wrong when processing
1559 \x{...} escapes in subject strings. The has been rewritten to avoid using
1560 things like p++ in the argument of isxdigit().
1563 Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011
1564 ------------------------
1566 1. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
1568 2. Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
1570 3. Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
1571 pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
1572 in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
1574 4. There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
1575 caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
1576 different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
1577 and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
1578 (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
1579 code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
1580 2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
1581 left).
1583 5. Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
1584 pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
1585 as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
1586 the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
1588 6. When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
1589 now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
1590 last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
1591 enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
1592 pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
1594 7. pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
1595 pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
1596 failure, the offset and reason code are output.
1598 8. When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
1599 over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
1600 back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
1601 two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
1602 documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
1603 behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
1604 has been changed.
1606 9. Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
1607 of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
1608 time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
1609 7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
1610 which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
1611 argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
1612 slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
1613 (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
1615 10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
1616 calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
1617 using pcre_exec().
1619 11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
1620 discovered and fixed:
1622 (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
1623 (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
1624 ((a|)+)+ did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
1625 (^a|^)+ was not marked as anchored.
1626 (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
1628 12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
1629 function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
1630 value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
1632 13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
1633 opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
1634 ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
1635 pick them up.
1637 14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
1638 synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
1639 for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
1640 and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
1641 using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
1642 study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
1643 tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
1644 "never study" - see 20 below).
1646 15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
1647 restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
1648 correctly.
1650 16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
1651 empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
1652 pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
1653 match.
1655 17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
1656 and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
1657 tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, now that there is
1658 the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
1659 no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
1660 two optimizations have therefore been removed. [But see 8.20/11 above.]
1662 18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
1663 matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
1664 incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
1666 19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
1667 was incorrectly computed.
1669 20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it now
1670 *disables* studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line
1671 (see 14 above). This is necessary for one or two tests to keep the output
1672 identical in both cases.
1674 21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
1675 PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
1677 22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
1678 successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
1679 capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
1680 captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
1681 group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
1682 branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
1683 positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions does not happen
1684 in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
1686 23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
1687 subject after a captured substring, to make it easier to tell which of a
1688 number of identical substrings has been captured.
1690 24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
1691 if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
1692 values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
1693 "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
1694 "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
1695 refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
1697 25. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
1698 back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
1699 (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
1701 26. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
1702 the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
1703 direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
1704 group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
1705 1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
1706 the recursion depth to 10.
1708 27. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
1709 Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
1710 argument validation and error reporting.
1712 28. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
1713 first character it looked at was a mark character.
1715 29. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
1716 should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
1718 30. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
1719 slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
1720 not included in the return count.
1722 31. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
1723 compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
1724 Perl).
1726 32. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
1727 recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
1729 33. If --only-matching or --colour was set on a pcregrep call whose pattern
1730 had alternative anchored branches, the search for a second match in a line
1731 was done as if at the line start. Thus, for example, /^01|^02/ incorrectly
1732 matched the line "0102" twice. The same bug affected patterns that started
1733 with a backwards assertion. For example /\b01|\b02/ also matched "0102"
1734 twice.
1736 34. Previously, PCRE did not allow quantification of assertions. However, Perl
1737 does, and because of capturing effects, quantifying parenthesized
1738 assertions may at times be useful. Quantifiers are now allowed for
1739 parenthesized assertions.
1741 35. A minor code tidy in pcre_compile() when checking options for \R usage.
1743 36. \g was being checked for fancy things in a character class, when it should
1744 just be a literal "g".
1746 37. PCRE was rejecting [:a[:digit:]] whereas Perl was not. It seems that the
1747 appearance of a nested POSIX class supersedes an apparent external class.
1748 For example, [:a[:digit:]b:] matches "a", "b", ":", or a digit. Also,
1749 unescaped square brackets may also appear as part of class names. For
1750 example, [:a[:abc]b:] gives unknown class "[:abc]b:]". PCRE now behaves
1751 more like Perl. (But see 8.20/1 above.)
1753 38. PCRE was giving an error for \N with a braced quantifier such as {1,} (this
1754 was because it thought it was \N{name}, which is not supported).
1756 39. Add minix to OS list not supporting the -S option in pcretest.
1758 40. PCRE tries to detect cases of infinite recursion at compile time, but it
1759 cannot analyze patterns in sufficient detail to catch mutual recursions
1760 such as ((?1))((?2)). There is now a runtime test that gives an error if a
1761 subgroup is called recursively as a subpattern for a second time at the
1762 same position in the subject string. In previous releases this might have
1763 been caught by the recursion limit, or it might have run out of stack.
1765 41. A pattern such as /(?(R)a+|(?R)b)/ is quite safe, as the recursion can
1766 happen only once. PCRE was, however incorrectly giving a compile time error
1767 "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because it cannot analyze the
1768 pattern in sufficient detail. The compile time test no longer happens when
1769 PCRE is compiling a conditional subpattern, but actual runaway loops are
1770 now caught at runtime (see 40 above).
1772 42. It seems that Perl allows any characters other than a closing parenthesis
1773 to be part of the NAME in (*MARK:NAME) and other backtracking verbs. PCRE
1774 has been changed to be the same.
1776 43. Updated configure.ac to put in more quoting round AC_LANG_PROGRAM etc. so
1777 as not to get warnings when autogen.sh is called. Also changed
1778 AC_PROG_LIBTOOL (deprecated) to LT_INIT (the current macro).
1780 44. To help people who use pcregrep to scan files containing exceedingly long
1781 lines, the following changes have been made:
1783 (a) The default value of the buffer size parameter has been increased from
1784 8K to 20K. (The actual buffer used is three times this size.)
1786 (b) The default can be changed by ./configure --with-pcregrep-bufsize when
1787 PCRE is built.
1789 (c) A --buffer-size=n option has been added to pcregrep, to allow the size
1790 to be set at run time.
1792 (d) Numerical values in pcregrep options can be followed by K or M, for
1793 example --buffer-size=50K.
1795 (e) If a line being scanned overflows pcregrep's buffer, an error is now
1796 given and the return code is set to 2.
1798 45. Add a pointer to the latest mark to the callout data block.
1800 46. The pattern /.(*F)/, when applied to "abc" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
1801 partial match of an empty string instead of no match. This was specific to
1802 the use of ".".
1804 47. The pattern /f.*/8s, when applied to "for" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
1805 complete match instead of a partial match. This bug was dependent on both
1806 the PCRE_UTF8 and PCRE_DOTALL options being set.
1808 48. For a pattern such as /\babc|\bdef/ pcre_study() was failing to set up the
1809 starting byte set, because \b was not being ignored.
1812 Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
1813 ------------------------
1815 1. Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
1816 checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
1818 2. On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
1819 --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
1820 particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
1821 went into the wrong half of a long int.)
1823 3. If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
1824 did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
1825 of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
1826 match.
1828 4. Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
1829 -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
1831 5. In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
1832 matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
1833 match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
1835 6. Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
1836 the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
1837 to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
1838 incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
1840 7. If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
1841 function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
1842 the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
1843 reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
1846 Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
1847 ------------------------
1849 1. (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
1850 to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
1851 backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
1852 at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
1853 is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
1854 alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
1856 2. (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
1857 such as (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D) any failure after matching A should
1858 result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
1859 (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
1860 (*THEN).
1862 3. If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
1863 the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
1864 in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
1865 of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
1867 4. A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
1868 match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
1869 an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
1870 changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
1871 data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
1872 example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
1873 (previously it gave "no match").
1875 5. Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
1876 of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
1877 previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
1878 has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
1879 match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
1880 give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
1881 /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
1882 match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
1883 now correct.]
1885 6. There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
1886 PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
1887 If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
1888 UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
1889 scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
1890 but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
1891 places in pcre_compile().
1893 7. Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
1894 comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
1895 the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
1896 according to the set newline convention.
1898 8. SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
1899 former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
1900 cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
1902 9. Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
1904 10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
1906 11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
1907 when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
1909 12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
1910 of pcregrep.
1912 13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
1913 can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
1914 needed fixing:
1916 (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
1917 only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
1918 just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
1920 (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
1921 mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
1922 a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
1923 than one byte was nonsense.)
1925 (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
1926 the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
1928 14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
1929 as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
1930 error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
1931 negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
1932 pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
1934 15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
1935 starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
1936 unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
1938 16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
1939 bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
1941 17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
1942 release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
1943 for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
1944 left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
1945 --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
1946 release 2.5.4.
1948 18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
1949 characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
1950 loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
1951 time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
1952 repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
1954 19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
1955 compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
1956 character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
1957 different, and any byte value is allowed.)
1959 20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
1960 START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
1961 passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
1962 to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
1963 options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
1964 pcre_compile().
1966 21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
1967 back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
1968 be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
1969 memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
1970 error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
1972 22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
1973 pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
1976 Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
1977 ------------------------
1979 1. Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
1980 THEN.
1982 2. (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
1984 3. Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
1985 faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
1986 causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
1988 4. Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
1989 whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
1990 that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
1992 5. Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
1993 newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
1995 6. When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
1996 FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
1997 declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
1998 result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
1999 needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
2001 7. Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
2003 8. Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
2004 \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
2005 (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
2007 9. Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
2008 use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
2009 this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
2010 REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
2012 10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
2014 11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
2015 studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
2016 127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
2017 the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
2018 (#976).
2020 12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
2021 test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
2022 setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
2023 not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
2024 added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
2026 13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
2027 possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
2029 14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
2030 \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
2031 explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
2033 15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
2034 input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
2035 greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
2036 UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
2038 16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
2039 size_t is 64-bit (#991).
2041 17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
2042 --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
2044 18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
2045 the end, a newline was missing in the output.
2047 19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
2048 less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
2049 generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
2050 turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
2051 characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
2052 these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
2053 caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
2054 of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
2055 which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
2056 that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
2057 bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
2058 UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
2059 altogether.)
2061 20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
2062 standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
2063 used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
2065 21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
2066 reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
2067 opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
2068 reference to the wrong subpattern.
2071 Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
2072 ------------------------
2074 1. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
2076 2. Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
2077 configured.
2079 3. Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
2080 original author of that file, following a query about its status.
2082 4. On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
2083 inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
2085 5. A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
2086 quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
2087 incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
2088 referenced subpattern not found".
2090 6. Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
2091 variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
2092 pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
2093 relevant global functions.
2095 7. There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
2096 in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
2097 I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
2098 the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
2100 8. Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
2101 eint vector in pcreposix.c.
2103 9. Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
2104 much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
2105 counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
2106 which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
2107 string.
2109 10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
2111 11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
2112 was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
2113 \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
2114 the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
2116 12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
2117 "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
2118 implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
2119 stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
2120 decrease.
2122 13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
2123 item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
2124 second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
2125 time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
2126 was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
2128 14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
2129 overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
2130 triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
2131 The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
2133 15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
2136 Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
2137 ------------------------
2139 1. If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
2140 particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
2141 computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
2142 subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
2144 2. For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
2145 the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
2146 "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
2147 the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
2148 abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
2149 cause of this.)
2151 3. A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
2152 of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
2153 assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
2154 was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
2155 matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
2157 4. If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
2158 assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
2159 unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
2162 5. The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
2163 situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
2164 stuff that is necessary.
2166 6. In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
2167 removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
2169 7. Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
2170 as part of something else:
2172 (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
2174 (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
2175 called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
2176 Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
2178 (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
2179 prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
2180 module.
2182 8. In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
2183 cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
2184 when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
2185 instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
2186 other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
2187 double.
2189 9. Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
2190 2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
2192 10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
2193 custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
2195 - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
2196 under Win32.
2197 - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
2198 therefore missing the function definition.
2199 - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
2200 - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
2201 - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
2203 11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
2204 messages were output:
2206 Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
2207 rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
2208 Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
2210 I have done both of these things.
2212 12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
2213 most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
2214 runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
2215 page.
2217 13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
2218 version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
2219 might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
2220 interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
2221 configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
2222 used.
2224 14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
2225 causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
2226 in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
2228 15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
2229 of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
2230 their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
2231 definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
2232 unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
2233 reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
2234 example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
2235 generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
2236 USPTR.
2238 16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
2239 tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
2240 (FreeBSD).
2242 17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
2243 (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
2244 comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
2245 equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
2246 instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
2248 18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
2249 specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
2250 ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
2251 refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
2252 match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
2253 same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
2254 inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
2255 can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
2256 moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
2257 the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
2258 rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
2259 any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
2260 is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
2261 similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
2264 Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
2265 ----------------------
2267 1. The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
2268 was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
2269 being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
2270 error.
2272 2. Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
2273 "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
2274 in a Windows environment.
2276 3. The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
2277 zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
2278 --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
2279 counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
2280 prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
2281 more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
2282 combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
2284 4. The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
2285 --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
2286 but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
2287 the old behaviour.
2289 5. The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
2290 recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
2291 (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
2292 which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
2294 6. No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
2295 libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
2297 7. Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
2298 when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
2299 generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
2300 is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
2301 unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
2302 program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
2304 8. A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
2305 was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
2306 repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
2307 which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
2308 character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
2309 result.
2311 9. The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
2312 requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
2313 partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
2314 slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
2315 for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
2316 PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
2318 10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
2319 synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
2320 PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
2321 and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
2323 11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
2324 used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
2325 given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
2326 needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
2327 string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
2328 case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
2329 final character ended with (*FAIL).
2331 12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
2332 if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
2333 earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
2334 example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
2335 "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
2336 "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
2338 13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
2339 changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
2340 first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
2341 starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
2342 pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
2343 matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
2345 14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
2346 so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
2347 PCRE has not been installed from source.
2349 15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
2350 libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
2351 library.
2353 16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
2354 It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
2355 is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
2356 these options useful.
2358 17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
2359 value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
2360 nmatch is forced to zero.
2362 18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
2363 the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
2364 RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
2366 19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
2367 interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
2368 subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
2369 an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
2370 subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
2371 [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
2372 over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
2373 terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
2375 20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
2376 /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
2377 to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
2378 anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
2380 21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
2381 than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
2382 with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
2383 now given.
2385 22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
2386 PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
2387 make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
2388 compatible with Perl.
2390 23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
2391 possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
2393 24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
2394 pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
2395 does. Neither allows recursion.
2397 25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
2398 length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
2399 (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
2400 on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
2401 to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
2402 bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
2403 some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
2404 pcre_fullinfo().
2406 26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
2407 not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
2408 study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
2409 Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
2410 pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
2411 were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
2413 27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
2414 allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
2415 on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
2416 names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
2417 confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
2419 28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
2420 numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
2421 conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
2422 recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
2423 tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
2424 one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
2425 testing by number works.
2428 Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
2429 ---------------------
2431 1. When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
2432 (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
2433 libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
2434 libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
2435 has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
2436 pcretest is linked with readline.
2438 2. The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
2439 "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
2440 moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
2441 but BOOL is not.
2443 3. The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
2444 PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
2446 4. The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
2447 hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
2448 lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
2449 wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
2451 5. In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
2452 was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
2453 the same.
2455 6. When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
2456 each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
2457 of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
2459 7. A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
2460 doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
2461 locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
2462 seems to be how GNU grep behaves. [But see later change 40 for release
2463 8.33.]
2465 8. The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
2466 start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
2467 correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
2468 in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
2470 9. If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
2471 condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
2472 pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
2474 10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
2475 used for matching.
2477 11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
2478 characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
2480 12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
2482 14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
2484 15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
2486 16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
2487 wrapper.
2489 17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
2490 from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
2491 string constants.
2493 18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
2494 SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
2495 SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
2496 these, but not everybody uses configure.
2498 19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
2499 recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
2500 enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
2501 (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
2502 with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
2503 nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
2505 20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
2506 exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
2508 21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
2509 leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
2510 is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
2511 vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
2512 when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
2513 error, in fact).
2515 22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
2516 heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
2517 problem, but was untidy.
2519 23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
2520 CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
2521 included within another project.
2523 24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
2524 slightly modified by me:
2526 (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
2527 not building pcregrep.
2529 (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
2530 if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
2532 25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
2533 duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
2534 because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
2535 taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
2536 ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
2538 26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
2539 the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
2541 27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
2542 pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
2543 pre-defined.
2545 28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
2547 29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
2548 in the configuration summary.
2551 Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
2552 ---------------------
2554 1. Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
2555 Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
2556 stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
2557 to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
2558 distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
2559 the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
2561 2. Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
2562 scripts.
2564 3. Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
2565 a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
2566 or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
2568 4. Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
2569 references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
2570 It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
2572 5. In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
2573 a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
2574 non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
2575 truncation.
2577 6. Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
2579 7. Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
2580 pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
2582 8. Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
2583 test 2 if it fails.
2585 9. Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
2586 and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
2587 allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
2589 10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
2590 the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
2592 11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
2593 could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
2594 some environments:
2596 printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
2598 This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
2600 12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
2601 after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
2602 pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
2603 no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
2604 pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
2606 13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
2607 exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
2609 14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
2610 the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
2611 first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
2613 15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
2614 /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
2616 16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
2618 17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
2619 pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
2621 18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
2623 19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
2624 supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
2625 there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
2626 replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
2629 Version 7.7 07-May-08
2630 ---------------------
2632 1. Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
2633 a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
2634 done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
2636 2. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
2637 pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
2638 it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
2640 3. Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
2641 Lopes.
2643 4. Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
2645 (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
2646 of files, instead of just to the final components.
2648 (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
2649 skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
2650 inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
2651 pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
2652 The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
2653 apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
2655 5. Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
2656 --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
2658 6. Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
2659 NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
2660 doesn't support NULs in patterns.
2662 7. Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
2663 pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
2665 8. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
2666 caused by fix #2 above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
2667 first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
2669 9. Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
2671 10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
2672 matching function regexec().
2674 11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
2675 which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
2676 references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
2677 Oniguruma does).
2679 12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
2680 omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
2681 was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
2682 (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
2683 pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
2684 time.
2686 13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
2687 to the way PCRE behaves:
2689 (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
2691 (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
2692 (Perl fails the current match path).
2694 (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
2695 first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
2696 Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
2697 never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
2698 The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
2699 of the DOTALL setting.
2701 14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
2702 non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
2703 containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
2704 non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
2705 compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
2706 existence of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
2707 the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
2708 was subsequently set up correctly.)
2710 15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
2711 it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
2712 other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
2713 (*FAIL).
2715 16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
2716 OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
2717 cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
2718 improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
2719 OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
2720 on the OP_ANY path.
2722 17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
2723 following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
2724 HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
2726 18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
2727 ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
2728 requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
2729 Daniel Bergström.
2731 19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
2732 as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
2733 any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
2734 spotting this.
2737 Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
2738 ---------------------
2740 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
2741 codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
2742 overflow.
2744 2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
2745 HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
2747 3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
2748 bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
2750 - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
2751 - Fixed a problem with static linking.
2752 - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
2753 - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
2754 - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
2756 - Added readline support for pcretest.
2757 - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
2759 4. A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
2760 "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
2761 Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
2762 affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
2763 the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
2764 when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
2765 Configure/Make.
2767 5. Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
2768 This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
2769 exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
2770 solves the problem, but it does no harm.
2772 6. Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
2773 NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
2774 with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
2776 7. Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
2777 from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
2778 of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
2779 building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
2780 trouble in some build environments.
2782 8. Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
2785 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
2786 ---------------------
2788 1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
2789 values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
2791 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
2792 Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
2793 included.
2795 3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
2796 [:^space:].
2798 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
2799 defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
2800 I have changed it.
2802 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
2803 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
2804 first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
2805 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
2806 expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
2807 makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
2808 was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
2810 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
2811 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
2812 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
2814 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
2815 than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
2816 This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
2817 treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
2818 seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
2820 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
2821 and messages.
2823 9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
2824 "backspace".
2826 10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
2827 was moved elsewhere).
2829 11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
2830 which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
2831 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
2832 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
2833 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
2834 thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
2836 U+002b0 - U+002c1
2837 U+0060c - U+0060d
2838 U+0061e - U+00612
2839 U+0064b - U+0065e
2840 U+0074d - U+0076d
2841 U+01800 - U+01805
2842 U+01d00 - U+01d77
2843 U+01d9b - U+01dbf
2844 U+0200b - U+0200f
2845 U+030fc - U+030fe
2846 U+03260 - U+0327f
2847 U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
2848 U+10450 - U+1049d
2850 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
2851 compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
2852 line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
2853 GNU grep.
2855 13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
2856 line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
2857 does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
2858 non-matching lines.
2860 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
2862 15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
2863 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
2864 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
2865 and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
2867 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
2868 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
2869 INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
2871 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
2872 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
2873 runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
2874 are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
2875 caused the error; without that there was no problem.
2877 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
2879 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
2881 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
2882 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
2883 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
2884 later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
2885 that check the return values (which was not done before).
2887 21. Several CMake things:
2889 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
2890 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
2892 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
2893 linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
2897 22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
2898 crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
2899 UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
2900 this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
2901 newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
2902 checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
2903 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
2905 23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
2906 character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
2907 character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
2908 allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
2909 unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
2910 names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
2911 for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
2912 class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
2913 closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
2914 diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
2915 treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
2916 Perl does, and where it didn't before.
2918 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
2919 Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
2922 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
2923 ---------------------
2925 1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
2926 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
2927 LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
2928 help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
2929 the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
2930 encountered.
2932 2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
2933 of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
2934 Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
2935 moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
2936 bits.
2938 3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
2939 but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
2940 control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
2941 facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
2942 start sets both bits.
2944 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
2945 matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
2947 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
2949 6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
2950 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
2952 7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
2953 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
2954 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
2955 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
2957 8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
2958 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
2960 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
2961 sequence off the lines that it output.
2963 10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
2964 relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
2965 using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
2966 these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
2967 dramatic:
2969 Originally: 290
2970 After changing UCP table: 187
2971 After changing error message table: 43
2972 After changing table of "verbs" 36
2973 After changing table of Posix names 22
2975 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
2977 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
2978 unicode-properties was also set.
2980 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
2982 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
2983 checked only for CRLF.
2985 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
2987 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
2989 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
2990 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
2991 entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
2993 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
2994 building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
2997 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
2998 ---------------------
3000 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
3001 line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
3002 brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
3003 installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
3004 compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
3006 #include "pcre.h"
3008 I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
3009 different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
3010 by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
3012 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
3013 when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
3014 character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
3015 characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
3016 of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
3017 not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
3018 characters when looking for a newline.
3020 3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
3022 4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
3023 in debug output.
3025 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
3026 long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
3028 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
3030 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
3031 parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
3032 limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
3033 this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
3034 expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
3035 when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
3036 immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
3037 feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
3038 string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
3039 optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
3040 checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
3041 from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
3042 explicit limit, but more stack is used.
3044 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
3045 syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
3046 pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
3047 problem was solved for the main library.
3049 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
3050 the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
3051 limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
3052 set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
3053 32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
3054 are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
3055 Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
3056 made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
3057 dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
3058 length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
3059 the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
3061 10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
3062 duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
3063 functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
3064 empty string.
3066 11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
3067 instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
3068 because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
3069 terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
3070 regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
3071 cause memory overwriting.
3073 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
3074 string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
3075 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
3076 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
3077 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
3078 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
3080 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
3081 past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
3082 set, for example "\x8aBCD".
3084 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
3085 (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
3087 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
3089 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
3090 This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
3091 the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
3092 full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
3093 does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
3095 16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
3096 processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
3097 backslash processing.
3099 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
3100 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
3102 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
3103 caused an overrun.
3105 19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
3106 something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
3107 unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
3108 whether the group could match an empty string).
3110 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
3111 [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
3113 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
3115 22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
3116 reference during compilation.
3118 23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
3119 expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
3120 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
3121 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
3122 with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
3123 the compiled data. Specifically:
3125 (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
3126 length.
3128 (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
3129 loops.
3131 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
3132 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
3134 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
3136 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
3137 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
3139 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
3141 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
3142 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
3144 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
3145 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
3147 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
3148 break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
3149 "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
3150 characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
3151 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
3152 the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
3153 what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
3154 of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
3155 pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
3156 there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
3157 pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
3159 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
3162 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
3163 ---------------------
3165 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
3166 which is apparently normally available under Windows.
3168 2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
3169 to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
3171 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
3173 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
3174 was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
3175 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
3176 usable with all link sizes.
3178 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
3179 stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
3180 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
3181 in all cases.
3183 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
3185 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
3186 recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
3188 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
3189 to be opened parentheses.
3191 (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
3192 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
3194 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
3195 is not part of it.
3197 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
3199 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
3200 reference syntax.
3202 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
3203 alternative starts with the same number.
3205 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
3207 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
3210 8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
3211 terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
3212 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
3214 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
3215 hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
3216 phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
3217 bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
3218 alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
3219 workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
3221 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
3223 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
3224 The report of the bug said:
3226 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
3227 pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
3228 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
3230 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
3231 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
3234 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
3235 ---------------------
3237 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
3238 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
3239 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
3240 on this.
3242 2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
3243 for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
3244 are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
3245 was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
3246 approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
3247 alternative.
3249 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
3250 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
3251 people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
3252 concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
3253 removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
3254 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
3255 HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
3256 .br or .in.
3258 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
3259 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
3260 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
3261 Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
3263 5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
3264 Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
3265 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
3266 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
3268 6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
3269 to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
3270 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
3272 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
3273 that is needed.
3275 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
3276 as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
3277 maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
3278 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
3279 to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
3280 re-created.
3282 9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
3283 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
3284 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
3285 support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
3286 some applications.
3288 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
3289 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
3290 called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
3291 shared library.
3293 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
3295 (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
3297 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
3298 a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
3300 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
3301 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
3302 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
3304 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
3305 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
3306 pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
3307 pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
3308 case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
3309 before "make dist".
3311 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
3312 with Unicode property support.
3314 (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
3315 character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
3316 some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
3317 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
3318 were both the same length.
3320 (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
3321 recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
3322 the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
3323 while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
3324 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
3325 erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
3326 character.
3328 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
3330 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
3331 is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
3332 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
3333 this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
3334 relevant variables.
3336 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
3337 with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
3338 for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
3339 other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
3340 there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
3341 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
3342 I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
3343 offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
3344 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
3346 14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
3347 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
3349 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
3350 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
3351 This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
3352 ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
3353 that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
3354 and then tried again after \r\n.
3356 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
3357 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
3358 compare equal. This works on Linux.
3360 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
3361 as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
3363 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
3364 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
3365 was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
3366 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
3367 it specially.
3369 20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
3370 extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
3371 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
3373 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
3374 CRLF as a newline sequence.
3376 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
3377 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
3378 I have nevertheless tidied it up.
3380 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
3382 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
3385 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
3386 ---------------------
3388 1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
3389 moving to gcc 4.1.1.
3391 2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
3392 sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
3393 seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
3395 3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
3396 127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
3397 default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
3398 characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
3399 to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
3401 (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
3402 other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
3404 (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
3405 it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
3406 (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
3408 4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
3409 required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
3410 pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
3411 length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
3412 that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
3413 either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
3414 or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
3415 size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
3416 pcretest format) are:
3418 /(?-x: )/x
3419 /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
3420 /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
3421 /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
3423 HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
3424 is now done differently.
3426 5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
3427 wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
3428 more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
3429 recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
3430 for the FullMatch() function.
3432 6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
3433 "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
3434 that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
3435 "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
3437 7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
3438 was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
3439 character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
3440 line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
3441 I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
3443 8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
3444 C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
3445 string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
3446 argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
3447 compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
3448 reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
3449 avoid this problem.
3451 9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
3452 builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
3453 instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
3454 of them did).
3456 10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
3457 told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
3458 5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
3459 systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
3460 now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
3461 them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
3463 11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
3465 12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
3466 of the options.
3468 13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
3469 and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
3471 14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
3473 15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
3474 scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
3475 on Linux.
3477 16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
3478 line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
3479 necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
3480 a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
3481 than about 50K.
3483 17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
3484 amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
3485 that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
3486 OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
3487 harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
3488 have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
3489 cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
3490 enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
3491 ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
3492 tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
3493 easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
3494 depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
3495 limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
3496 runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
3497 hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
3499 18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
3500 newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
3501 pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
3503 19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
3504 matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
3505 separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
3506 repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
3507 precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
3509 20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
3510 subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
3511 previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
3512 first character must be a, b, c, or d.
3514 21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
3515 a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
3516 empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
3517 For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
3518 incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
3520 22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
3521 option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
3522 it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
3523 -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
3524 is the same as /B/I).
3526 23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
3527 as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
3528 or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
3529 something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
3530 is automatically "possessified".
3532 24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
3533 went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
3534 have affected the operation of pcre_study().
3536 25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
3537 (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
3539 26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
3541 27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
3542 them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
3543 which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
3544 from 23 above.
3546 28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
3547 lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
3548 the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
3549 numbered groups.
3551 29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
3553 30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
3554 building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
3556 31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
3557 returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
3558 loop, the loop is abandoned.
3560 32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
3561 subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
3562 the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
3563 when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
3564 escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
3566 33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
3567 referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
3568 been removed.
3570 34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
3571 whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
3572 previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
3573 other formats are all retained for compatibility.
3575 (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
3576 as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
3577 also .NET compatible.
3579 (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
3580 (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
3582 (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
3583 \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
3584 5.10, are also .NET compatible.
3586 (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
3587 (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
3589 (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
3590 groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
3591 called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
3592 is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
3594 (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
3595 as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
3596 recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
3597 through the entire recursion stack.
3599 (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
3600 negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
3602 35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
3603 some "unreachable code" warnings.
3605 36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
3606 things, this adds five new scripts.
3608 37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
3609 There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
3610 character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
3611 hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
3613 38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
3614 matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
3615 this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
3616 against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
3617 separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
3618 fixed.
3620 39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
3621 capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
3622 removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
3623 The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
3624 memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
3626 40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
3627 sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
3628 processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
3629 mode.
3631 41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
3632 report.
3634 42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
3635 copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
3637 43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
3638 couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
3639 case.
3641 44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
3642 variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
3643 "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
3645 45. Arranged for dftables to add
3647 #include "pcre_internal.h"
3649 to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
3650 definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
3651 dead code stripping is activated.
3653 46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
3654 newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
3655 characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
3658 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
3659 ---------------------
3661 1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
3662 been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
3663 necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
3664 default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
3666 2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
3667 testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
3668 won't be NULL.)
3670 3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
3671 systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
3672 was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
3674 4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
3675 containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
3676 because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
3677 [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
3678 pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
3679 [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
3680 extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
3681 previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
3682 correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
3684 5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
3685 in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
3686 compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
3688 6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
3689 between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
3690 write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
3691 byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
3692 do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
3693 can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
3694 or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
3695 "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
3697 7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
3698 the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
3699 Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
3700 the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
3702 8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
3703 a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
3704 caused problems on 64-bit systems.
3706 9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
3707 instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
3709 10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
3710 length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
3711 the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
3712 long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
3713 computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
3714 the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
3715 to 10,000.
3717 11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
3718 the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
3719 length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
3720 65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
3721 could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
3722 now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
3724 12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
3726 13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
3727 Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
3728 are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
3730 14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
3732 15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
3733 pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
3734 "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
3736 16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
3737 PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
3738 or *.
3740 17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
3741 but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
3742 correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
3744 18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
3745 class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
3746 pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
3747 in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
3748 the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
3749 letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
3751 19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
3752 over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
3753 bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
3754 output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
3756 The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
3757 is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
3758 the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
3759 instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
3760 data.
3762 Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
3763 no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
3764 Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
3765 /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
3766 Unicode string.
3768 I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
3769 the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
3770 values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
3771 translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
3773 29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
3774 and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
3775 seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
3776 a warning about an unused variable.
3778 21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
3779 characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
3780 [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
3781 with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
3782 pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
3783 as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
3784 caused an unnecessary match attempt.
3786 22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
3787 dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
3788 byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
3789 bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
3790 significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
3791 the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
3792 the future.
3794 23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
3795 default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
3796 via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
3797 specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
3799 24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
3800 LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
3802 25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
3803 recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
3805 26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
3806 as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
3807 the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
3808 value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
3809 error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
3810 corruption" errors.
3812 27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
3813 advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
3815 28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
3816 difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
3818 29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
3820 \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
3821 \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
3822 -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
3824 The -S option isn't available for Windows.
3827 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
3828 ---------------------
3830 1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
3831 in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
3833 2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
3834 because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
3836 3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
3837 not normally included in the compiled code.
3840 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
3841 ---------------------
3843 1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
3844 anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
3845 point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
3846 /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
3848 2. Changes to pcregrep:
3850 (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
3851 to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
3852 error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
3854 probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
3855 specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
3856 If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
3858 (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
3859 output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
3860 are now no different to any other data bytes.
3862 (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
3863 used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
3864 been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
3865 pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
3867 (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
3868 than they should have been.
3870 (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
3872 (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
3873 accidentally printed for the final match.
3875 (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
3877 (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
3878 that were found from directory arguments.
3880 (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
3882 (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
3884 (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
3886 (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
3888 (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
3889 is not present by default.
3891 3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
3892 items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
3893 alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
3894 outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
3895 the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
3896 possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
3898 In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
3899 been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
3900 atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
3902 4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
3903 which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
3904 the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
3905 and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
3906 when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
3907 a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
3908 separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
3909 upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
3911 5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
3912 [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
3913 permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
3914 created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
3915 Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
3916 its own bitmap.
3918 6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
3919 It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
3920 \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
3921 subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
3922 that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
3923 be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
3925 7. Patches from the folks at Google:
3927 (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
3928 real life, but is still worth protecting against".
3930 (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
3931 regular expressions".
3933 (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
3934 have it.
3936 (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
3937 "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
3938 with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
3940 (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
3942 (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
3944 8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
3945 have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
3946 contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
3947 returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
3949 9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
3950 large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
3951 returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
3952 most likely cause subsequent chaos.
3954 10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
3956 11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
3957 with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
3958 ignored.
3960 12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
3961 provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
3962 strings.
3964 13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
3965 C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
3967 14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
3968 (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
3969 switch label when the default is to do nothing).
3971 15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
3972 library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
3973 class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
3975 16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
3976 much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
3977 to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
3978 that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
3979 for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
3980 PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
3981 defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
3982 Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
3983 SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
3985 (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
3986 I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
3988 (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
3989 but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
3990 This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
3991 (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
3993 17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
3994 of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
3995 that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
3996 the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
3997 stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
3998 when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
3999 this functionality to the C++ interface.
4001 18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
4003 (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
4005 (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
4007 (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
4008 which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
4009 are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
4010 characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
4011 table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
4012 considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
4013 all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
4014 number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
4015 allow for more data.
4017 (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
4019 19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
4020 matching that character.
4022 20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
4023 (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
4024 reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
4025 happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
4026 there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
4028 21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
4029 allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
4030 compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
4031 \p or \P will have to recompile them.
4033 22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
4035 23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
4036 but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
4038 24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
4039 accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
4041 25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
4042 made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
4043 it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
4044 "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
4045 by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
4046 no longer a pcre.h.in file.
4048 However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
4049 well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
4050 release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
4051 the release number by grepping pcre.h.
4053 26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
4056 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
4057 ---------------------
4059 1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
4060 "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
4061 -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
4062 consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
4064 2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
4066 3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
4067 whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
4068 really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
4069 possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
4070 certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
4072 4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
4073 file's purpose clearer.
4075 5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
4078 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
4079 ---------------------
4081 1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
4083 2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
4085 (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
4086 tried to test it.
4088 (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
4089 changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
4091 (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
4093 (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
4094 backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
4095 versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
4096 this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
4098 3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
4099 (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
4100 necessary on certain architectures.
4102 4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
4103 those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
4104 within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
4105 "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
4106 symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
4107 available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
4108 find a way round (a) in the future.
4111 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
4112 ---------------------
4114 1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
4115 such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
4116 a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
4117 negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
4118 led to memory overwriting.
4120 2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
4122 3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
4123 operating environments where this matters.
4125 4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
4126 PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
4128 5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
4129 was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
4130 such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
4131 compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
4132 back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
4133 not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
4134 previous subpatterns.
4136 6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
4137 versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
4140 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
4141 ---------------------
4143 1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
4144 surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
4146 2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
4147 the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
4148 cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
4150 3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
4151 allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
4152 patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
4153 just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
4155 4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
4156 from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
4157 compile command.
4159 5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
4160 in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
4161 C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
4162 but no suitable headers.
4164 6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
4165 be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
4166 retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
4167 of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
4169 7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
4170 files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
4171 wrapper.
4174 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
4175 ---------------------
4177 1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
4179 2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
4180 didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
4181 when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
4182 not imported.
4184 3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
4185 different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
4186 below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
4187 unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
4188 statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
4189 relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
4190 one application and matched in another.
4192 The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
4193 functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
4194 the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
4195 names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
4196 with other external names.
4198 4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
4199 a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
4200 function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
4201 problem.
4203 5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
4204 including restarting after a partial match.
4206 6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
4207 defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
4208 code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
4210 7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
4212 8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
4213 match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
4214 the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
4216 9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
4217 would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
4219 10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
4221 (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
4222 PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
4223 something similar for -w.
4225 (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
4227 (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
4228 than one at a time available.
4230 (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
4232 (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
4233 over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
4234 8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
4235 for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
4237 (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
4239 -w, --word-regex(p)
4241 instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
4242 because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
4243 same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
4244 automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
4246 (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
4247 option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
4248 starting with a hyphen, for instance.
4250 (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
4252 (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
4253 the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
4254 "<stdin>" was used.
4256 (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
4257 stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
4259 (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
4260 two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
4261 different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
4263 (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
4264 around matches be printed.
4266 (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
4267 any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
4269 (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
4270 continue to scan other files.
4272 (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
4273 greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
4274 accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
4275 -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
4276 previously doing.
4278 (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
4279 and exclusion when recursing.
4281 11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
4282 Hopefully, it now does.
4284 12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
4286 13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
4288 14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
4289 "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
4290 world, but is set differently for Windows.
4292 15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
4293 difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
4294 integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
4295 non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
4296 error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
4297 (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
4298 wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
4299 numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
4300 compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
4302 16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
4303 prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
4304 knows more about this stuff than I do.)
4306 17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
4307 passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
4308 match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
4309 somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
4310 both the P and the s flags.
4312 18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
4314 19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
4316 20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
4317 it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
4319 21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
4321 22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
4322 Electric Fence happy when testing.
4326 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
4327 ---------------------
4329 1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
4330 containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
4331 is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
4332 byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
4334 2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
4335 next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
4336 item, and its length, respectively.
4338 3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
4339 insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
4340 pcretest to make use of this.
4342 4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
4344 #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
4345 _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
4346 #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
4348 have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
4349 magic in relation to line terminators.
4351 5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
4352 for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
4354 6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
4355 to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
4356 to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
4357 generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
4358 compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
4359 whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
4360 generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
4362 LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
4363 seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
4364 this hack in configure.in.
4366 7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
4368 8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
4369 were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
4370 [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
4371 POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
4373 9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
4374 to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
4375 start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
4376 patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
4377 preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
4378 character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
4380 10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
4381 starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
4382 string were read.
4384 11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
4385 users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
4386 enough.)
4388 12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
4389 in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
4390 a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
4391 program that might have everything at different addresses.
4393 13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
4394 -R library as well as a -L library.
4396 14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
4397 pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
4398 that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
4400 15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
4401 via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
4402 support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
4403 inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
4405 16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
4406 compiled pattern.
4408 17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
4409 instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
4410 source directory was different from the building directory, and was
4411 read-only.
4413 18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
4414 file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
4415 Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
4417 19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
4418 pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
4420 20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
4422 (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
4423 write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
4424 This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
4425 the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
4426 written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
4428 (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
4429 compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
4430 occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
4431 pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
4432 After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
4433 usual.
4435 (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
4436 and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
4437 was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
4439 21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
4440 hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
4442 As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
4443 pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
4444 to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
4445 other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
4447 22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
4448 now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
4449 would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
4450 NULL, a crash could occur.
4452 23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
4453 new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
4454 a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
4455 "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
4456 had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
4457 workstation).
4459 24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
4462 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
4463 ---------------------
4465 1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
4466 that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
4467 Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
4468 each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
4469 needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
4470 of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
4471 hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
4472 NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
4473 "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
4474 operating.
4476 To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
4477 functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
4478 pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
4479 and the size of block requested is always the same.
4481 The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
4482 PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
4483 -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
4485 A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
4486 obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
4487 to the output.
4489 2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
4490 what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
4492 3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
4493 been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
4494 to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
4495 PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
4496 this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
4497 When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
4498 PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
4500 4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
4501 that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
4502 containing "overlong sequences".
4504 5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
4505 I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
4506 should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
4507 through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
4509 6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
4510 some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
4512 7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
4513 prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
4514 so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
4516 8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
4518 9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
4519 size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
4520 moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
4522 10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
4523 special systems:
4525 (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
4526 (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
4527 is defined to be empty.
4528 (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
4529 that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
4530 to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
4532 11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
4533 class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
4534 went into a loop.
4536 12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
4537 that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
4538 (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
4539 recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
4540 that was OK.
4542 13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
4543 buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
4544 1024, so long lines caused crashes.
4546 14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
4547 "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
4548 that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
4550 15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
4551 libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
4552 work.
4554 16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
4555 studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
4556 errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
4557 matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
4558 this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
4561 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
4562 ---------------------
4564 1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
4565 127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
4566 In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
4567 classes (slightly).
4569 2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
4570 might give a very teeny performance improvement.
4572 3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
4573 more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
4575 4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
4576 in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
4577 explicitly with libpcre.la.
4579 5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
4581 6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
4583 7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
4584 pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
4585 output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
4586 size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
4587 showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
4588 this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
4589 I have just removed it.
4591 8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
4592 Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
4593 standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
4595 9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
4596 callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
4597 complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
4598 pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
4599 rid of the warnings.
4601 10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
4602 both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
4603 is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
4604 string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
4606 11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
4608 -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
4609 to
4610 -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
4612 to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
4613 is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
4614 if it's wrong...
4617 Version 4.3 21-May-03
4618 ---------------------
4620 1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
4621 Makefile.
4623 2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
4625 (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
4627 (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
4628 lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
4629 but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
4630 reasonable.
4632 (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
4633 hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
4634 only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
4635 specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
4636 table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
4637 much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
4638 character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
4639 strings against \d.
4641 (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
4642 ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
4644 3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
4645 defined as "const".
4647 4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
4648 Electric Fenced for debugging.
4650 5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
4651 to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
4652 had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
4653 provoke a segmentation fault.
4655 6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
4656 to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
4658 7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
4659 UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
4660 contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
4661 area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
4662 back over UTF-8 characters.)
4665 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
4666 ---------------------
4668 1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
4670 2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
4671 [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
4672 [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
4673 [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
4674 * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
4676 Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
4677 set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
4678 compile-time but not at link-time
4679 [LINK]: use for linking executables only
4680 make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
4681 [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
4682 libraries
4683 [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
4684 [OBJEXT]: use throughout
4685 [EXEEXT]: use throughout
4686 <winshared>: new target
4687 <wininstall>: new target
4688 <dftables.o>: use native compiler
4689 <dftables>: use native linker
4690 <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
4691 <clean>: ditto
4692 <check>: ditto
4693 copy DLL to top builddir before testing
4695 As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
4696 to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
4697 in any case.
4699 3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
4701 . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
4702 match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
4704 . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
4705 a void * provoked a warning.
4707 . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
4708 and a few more missing casts.
4710 4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
4711 option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
4712 and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
4714 5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
4715 option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
4716 whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
4719 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
4720 ---------------------
4722 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
4723 needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
4724 required to support.
4726 2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
4727 be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
4729 3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
4730 first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
4731 CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
4732 compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
4733 analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
4735 4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
4736 apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
4737 linking step for the pcreposix library.
4739 5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
4740 name.
4742 6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
4743 literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
4744 ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
4745 saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
4746 Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
4747 megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
4748 amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
4750 7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
4751 first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
4752 right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
4753 fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
4754 follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
4755 fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
4756 unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
4759 Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
4760 ---------------------
4762 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
4763 extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
4764 all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
4766 2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
4768 3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
4769 the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
4770 from a single perltest script.
4772 4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
4773 by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
4774 whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
4775 class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
4777 5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
4778 space and tab.
4780 6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
4781 its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
4783 7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
4784 were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
4785 /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
4786 only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
4787 finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
4788 the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
4790 8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
4791 treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
4792 also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
4793 interpolation. Note the following examples:
4795 Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
4797 \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
4798 \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
4799 \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
4801 For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
4802 classes as well as outside them.
4804 9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
4805 floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
4806 (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
4807 signed/unsigned warnings.
4809 10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
4810 option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
4811 that job.
4813 11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
4814 "pcregrep -".
4816 12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
4817 Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
4818 documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
4819 as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
4820 item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
4821 greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
4822 greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
4824 13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
4825 the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
4826 subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
4827 was abstracted outside.
4829 14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
4830 position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
4831 starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
4832 code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
4833 alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
4834 match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
4836 15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
4837 have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
4838 "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
4839 been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
4841 16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
4842 features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
4843 and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
4844 POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
4846 17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
4847 mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
4848 PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
4849 assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
4850 calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
4851 5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
4852 future.
4854 18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
4855 \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
4857 19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
4858 reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
4860 20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
4861 contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
4863 21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
4864 compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
4866 22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
4867 outside the source tree.
4869 23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
4870 subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
4871 happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
4873 24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
4874 without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
4875 much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
4876 strange effects.
4878 25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
4879 start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
4880 there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
4881 example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
4882 possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
4883 optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
4884 references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
4886 26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
4887 non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
4888 match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
4889 failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
4891 27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
4893 28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
4894 provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
4895 in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
4896 pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
4897 global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
4898 the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
4899 is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
4900 This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
4901 reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
4902 function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
4903 pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
4904 matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
4905 point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
4906 later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
4908 29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
4909 callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
4910 the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
4911 to vary what happens:
4913 \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
4914 \C- do not supply a callout function
4915 \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
4916 \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
4918 30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
4919 output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
4921 31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
4922 slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
4923 pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
4924 POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
4925 when configuring.
4927 32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
4928 few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
4929 storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
4930 links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
4931 configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
4932 debugging information about compiled patterns.
4934 33. Internal code re-arrangements:
4936 (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
4937 its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
4938 pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
4939 separate copies.
4941 (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
4942 internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
4944 (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
4945 code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
4946 definition of the opcodes.
4948 34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
4949 lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
4951 35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
4952 allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
4953 contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
4955 36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
4956 used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
4957 be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
4958 (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
4959 numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
4960 a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
4962 PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
4963 PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
4964 PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
4966 The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
4967 the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
4968 group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
4969 name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
4971 37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
4972 case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
4973 means that the same test output works with both.
4975 38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
4976 calling malloc() with a zero argument.
4978 39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
4979 optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
4980 numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
4981 fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
4982 relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
4983 the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
4984 31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
4986 40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
4987 of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
4988 not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
4989 can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
4990 way).
4992 41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
4993 that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
4994 failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
4995 PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
4997 42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
4998 function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
4999 limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
5000 obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
5001 circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
5002 string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
5003 large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
5005 (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
5006 to set a default value for the compiled library.
5008 (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
5009 a different value is set. See 45 below.
5011 If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
5013 43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
5014 of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
5015 what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
5016 The current list of available information is:
5020 The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
5021 otherwise it is set to zero.
5025 The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
5026 newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
5030 The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
5031 linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
5035 The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
5036 interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
5040 The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
5041 of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
5043 44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
5044 to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
5045 output it. The program then exits immediately.
5047 45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
5048 order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
5049 pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
5050 extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
5051 be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
5052 is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
5054 The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
5055 contains the following fields:
5057 flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
5058 study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
5059 match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
5060 call to pcre_exec()
5061 callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
5063 The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
5069 The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
5070 the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
5071 PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
5072 before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
5073 change to existing code.
5075 If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
5076 in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
5077 block.
5079 46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
5080 data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
5081 times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
5082 pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
5083 most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
5084 gets very large very quickly.
5086 47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
5087 returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
5088 pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
5089 pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
5090 created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
5091 pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
5092 pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
5094 48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
5095 because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
5096 is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
5097 components.)
5099 49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
5101 (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
5103 0 => success, carry on matching
5104 > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
5105 < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
5107 Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
5108 values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
5109 "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
5110 use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
5112 (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
5113 callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
5114 pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
5115 the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
5116 function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
5117 easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
5118 testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
5120 \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
5122 If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
5123 callout_data, it returns that value.
5125 50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
5126 there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
5127 $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
5129 51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
5130 has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
5131 with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
5132 one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
5133 only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
5134 notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
5136 (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
5137 a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
5138 character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
5139 match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
5141 (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
5142 "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
5143 character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
5145 (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
5146 mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
5148 (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
5149 singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
5150 PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
5151 digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
5152 and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
5154 (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
5155 greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
5157 (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
5158 PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
5160 52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
5161 PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
5162 retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
5163 value.)
5165 53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
5166 a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
5167 these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
5168 lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
5170 54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
5172 55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
5173 aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
5174 true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
5175 are faulted.
5177 56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
5178 calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
5179 which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
5180 default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
5181 you will need to set these values.
5183 57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
5186 Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
5187 ---------------------
5189 1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
5191 2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
5192 build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
5193 them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
5196 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
5197 ---------------------
5199 1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
5200 bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
5203 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
5204 ---------------------
5206 1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
5207 This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
5208 this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
5210 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
5211 doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
5212 isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
5213 this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
5216 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
5217 ---------------------
5219 1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
5220 offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
5222 2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
5223 the latest autoconf.
5226 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
5227 ---------------------
5229 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
5230 had been forgotten.
5232 2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
5233 definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
5234 private.
5236 3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
5237 user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
5238 by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
5239 handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
5240 file.
5242 4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
5243 useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
5244 relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
5245 there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
5247 5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
5248 (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
5249 (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
5250 (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
5251 (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
5253 6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
5254 argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
5256 7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
5257 the source directory.
5259 8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
5260 options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
5261 long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
5263 9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
5264 generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
5265 in several of the .c files.
5267 10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
5268 because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
5269 by using separate calls to printf().
5271 11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
5272 script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
5273 systems, the value can be set in config.h.
5275 12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
5276 absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
5277 likewise updated the man page.
5279 13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
5280 The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
5283 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
5284 ---------------------
5286 1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
5288 2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
5291 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
5292 ---------------------
5294 1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
5295 was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
5296 lead to crashes in some systems.
5298 2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
5299 the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
5301 3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
5302 These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
5303 because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
5304 but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
5306 4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
5307 the Makefile.
5309 5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
5310 Makefile.
5312 6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
5313 command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
5315 7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
5317 8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
5318 RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
5319 the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
5320 out for the ar command.)
5323 Version 3.2 12-May-00
5324 ---------------------
5326 This is purely a bug fixing release.
5328 1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
5329 of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
5330 which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
5331 infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
5332 correctly.
5334 2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
5335 when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
5336 wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
5337 caused it to match further down the string than it should.
5339 3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
5340 was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
5341 systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
5343 4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
5344 were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
5346 while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
5347 to
5348 while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
5350 Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
5352 5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
5353 available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
5354 HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
5355 assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
5357 6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
5358 was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
5359 faster code anyway.
5362 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
5363 ---------------------
5365 The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
5366 the "install" target:
5368 (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
5370 (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
5373 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
5374 ---------------------
5376 1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
5377 pcretest).
5379 2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
5381 3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
5382 matches null strings.
5384 4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
5385 pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
5386 pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
5387 effect.
5389 5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
5390 captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
5391 required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
5392 the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
5394 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
5395 documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
5396 information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
5397 libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
5398 default.
5400 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
5401 09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
5402 less than 10.
5404 8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
5405 existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
5406 modification.
5408 9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
5409 return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
5410 function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
5412 10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
5413 Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
5415 11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
5416 adopting.
5419 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
5420 ----------------------
5422 1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
5423 trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
5424 the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
5426 2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
5427 and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
5428 of the subject.
5430 3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
5431 be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
5433 5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
5434 in GnuWin32 environments.
5437 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
5438 ----------------------
5440 1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
5441 the form of man page sources.
5443 2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
5444 In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
5445 C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
5447 3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
5448 should be (const char *).
5450 4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
5451 be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
5452 However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
5453 mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
5455 5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
5456 the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
5458 6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
5460 7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
5461 causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
5463 8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
5464 non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
5465 quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
5466 some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
5467 character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
5468 before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
5469 some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
5470 with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
5472 9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
5473 other alternatives are tried instead.
5476 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
5477 ----------------------
5479 1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
5480 space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
5481 64-bit systems.
5483 2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
5484 start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
5485 occurrences in a string.
5487 3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
5489 /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
5490 /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
5491 /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
5493 4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
5494 with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
5495 it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
5496 the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
5499 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
5500 ----------------------
5502 1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
5503 properly on 16-bit systems.
5505 2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
5506 when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
5507 anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
5508 not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
5509 DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
5510 must be retried after every newline in the subject.
5513 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
5514 ----------------------
5516 1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
5517 computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
5518 If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
5519 problem.
5521 2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
5522 pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
5524 3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
5525 compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
5526 pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
5527 ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
5530 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
5531 ----------------------
5533 1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
5535 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
5536 LICENCE file containing the conditions.
5538 3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
5539 Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
5540 pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
5541 the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
5543 4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
5544 match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
5547 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
5548 ----------------------
5550 1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
5551 their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
5553 2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
5554 compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
5555 fix the problem.
5557 3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
5558 calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
5559 default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
5560 times.
5562 4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
5564 5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
5565 a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
5568 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
5569 ----------------------
5571 1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
5572 to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
5573 is passed, the default tables are used.
5576 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
5577 ----------------------
5579 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
5580 it any more.
5582 2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
5584 3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
5586 4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
5587 end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
5588 very end of the subject.
5590 5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
5592 6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
5593 DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
5594 localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
5596 7. Add other new features from 5.005:
5598 $(?<= positive lookbehind
5599 $(?<! negative lookbehind
5600 (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
5601 such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
5602 (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
5603 (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
5605 A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
5606 captured string.
5608 8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
5609 consequential on the addition of new assertions.
5611 9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
5612 are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
5613 runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
5615 10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
5617 11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
5618 discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
5619 have now been fixed.
5622 Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
5623 ----------------------
5625 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
5626 value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
5627 program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
5628 containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
5631 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
5632 ----------------------
5634 1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
5636 2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
5637 latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
5640 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
5641 ----------------------
5643 1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
5644 repeat of a potentially empty string).
5647 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
5648 ----------------------
5650 1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
5652 2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
5655 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
5656 ----------------------
5658 1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
5659 PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
5662 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
5663 ----------------------
5665 1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
5667 2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
5668 input syntax.
5670 3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
5671 matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
5672 that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
5674 4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
5676 5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
5677 vector was exactly big enough.
5679 6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
5681 7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
5682 setjmp(). Now fixed.
5685 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
5686 ----------------------
5688 1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
5689 diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
5690 on some systems.
5692 2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
5693 it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
5694 also an independent variable.
5696 3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
5698 4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
5699 fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
5700 the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
5701 optimized code for single-character negative classes.
5703 5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
5705 + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
5707 + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
5708 the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
5709 it does no harm).
5711 + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
5712 most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
5713 allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
5715 + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
5716 pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
5718 6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
5719 from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
5721 7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
5722 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
5723 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
5724 which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
5726 8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
5727 form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
5728 curly-bracketed repeats.
5731 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
5732 ----------------------
5734 1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
5736 2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
5737 'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
5738 variable warnings.
5740 3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
5742 4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
5745 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
5746 ----------------------
5748 1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
5749 like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
5751 2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
5752 as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
5755 Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
5756 ----------------------
5758 1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
5759 memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
5761 2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
5764 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
5765 ----------------------
5767 1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
5768 initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
5769 of the memory it had got.
5771 2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
5774 Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
5775 ----------------------
5777 1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
5778 back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
5781 Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
5782 ----------------------
5784 1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
5786 2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
5788 3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
5789 fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
5790 escape sequence".
5792 4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
5794 5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
5796 6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
5797 pcretest.
5800 Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
5801 ----------------------
5803 1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
5805 2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
5806 unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
5807 where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
5809 3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
5810 pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
5811 identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
5812 of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
5813 the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
5814 backreferences always work.
5816 4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
5818 (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
5819 to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
5821 (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
5822 PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
5823 mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
5825 (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
5826 the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
5827 or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
5828 escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
5829 even if it is a single digit.
5831 (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
5832 unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
5833 escapes.
5835 (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
5836 pattern).
5838 5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
5839 than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
5841 6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
5842 bit map always.
5844 7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
5845 internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
5848 Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
5849 ----------------------
5851 1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
5852 \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
5853 real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
5856 Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
5857 ----------------------
5859 1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
5860 containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
5861 same for all threads.
5863 2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
5864 anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
5867 Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
5868 ----------------------
5870 1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
5872 2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
5873 but not actually doing anything yet.
5875 3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
5876 as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
5878 4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
5879 all possible positions.
5881 5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
5882 compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
5883 function is split off.
5885 6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
5886 by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
5887 now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
5888 toupper() in the code.
5890 7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
5891 make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
5892 set them directly.
5895 Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
5896 ----------------------
5898 1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
5899 (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
5901 2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
5902 the pattern were in upper case.
5904 3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
5906 4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
5908 5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
5909 PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
5910 pass them.
5912 6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
5914 7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
5915 pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
5917 8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
5918 options, and the first character, if set.
5920 9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
5923 Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
5924 ----------------------
5926 1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
5927 match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
5929 2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
5930 a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
5931 Perl does - treats the match as successful.
5933 ****


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