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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.1 05-Mar-07  Version 7.9 xx-xxx-09
5  ---------------------  ---------------------
7   1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one  1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
8      that is more "standard", making use of automake and other autotools. There      (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
9      is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent      libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
10      on this.      libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
11        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
12        pcretest is linked with readline.
14    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
15        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
16        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
17        but BOOL is not.
19    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
20        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RETURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
22    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
23        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
24        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
25        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
27    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
28        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
29        the same.
31    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
32        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
33        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
35    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
36        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
37        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
38        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
40    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
41        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
42        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
43        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
45    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
46        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
47        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
49    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
50        used for matching.
52    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
53        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
55    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
57    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
59    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
61    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
62        wrapper.
64    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
65        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
66        string constants.
68   2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r  18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
69      for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files      SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
70      are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order      SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
71      was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the      these, but not everybody uses configure.
     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an  
73   3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's  19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
74      man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some      recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
75      people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems      enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
76      concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore      (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
77      removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could      with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
78      be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The maintain/132html script that I use to      nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
     generate HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it  
     encounters .br or .in.  
80   4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also  20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
81      arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, for the benefit      exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
     of those who have to compile without Autotools (compare pcre.h).  
83   5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan  21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
84      Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated      leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
85      makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files !compile.txt,      is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
86      !linklib.txt, and pcregexp.pas.      vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
87        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
88        error, in fact).
90   6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out  22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
91      to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his      heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
92        problem, but was untidy.
95    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
96    ---------------------
98    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
99        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
100        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
101        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
102        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
103        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
105    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
106        scripts.
108    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
109        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
110        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
112    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
113        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
114        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
116    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
117        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
118        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
119        truncation.
121    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
123    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
124        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
126    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
127        test 2 if it fails.
129    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
130        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
131        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
133    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
134        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
136    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
137        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
138        some environments:
140          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
142        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
144    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
145        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
146        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
147        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
148        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
150    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
151        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
153    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
154        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
155        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
157    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
158        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
160    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
162    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
163        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
165    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
167    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
168        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
169        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
170        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
173    Version 7.7 07-May-08
174    ---------------------
176    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
177        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
178        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
180    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
181        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
182        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
184    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
185        Lopes.
187    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
189        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
190            of files, instead of just to the final components.
192        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
193            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
194            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
195            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
196            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
197            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
199    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
200        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
202    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
203        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
204        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
206    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
207        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
209    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
210        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
211        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
213    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
215    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
216        matching function regexec().
218    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
219        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
220        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
221        Oniguruma does).
223    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
224        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
225        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
226        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
227        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
228        time.
230    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
231        to the way PCRE behaves:
233        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
235        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
236            (Perl fails the current match path).
238        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
239            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
240            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
241            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
242            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
243            of the DOTALL setting.
245    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
246        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
247        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
248        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
249        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
250        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
251        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
252        was subsequently set up correctly.)
254    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
255        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
256        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
257        (*FAIL).
259    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
260        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
261        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
262        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
263        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
264        on the OP_ANY path.
266    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
267        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
268        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
270    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
271        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
272        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
273        Daniel Bergström.
275    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
276        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
277        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
278        spotting this.
281    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
282    ---------------------
284    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
285        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
286        overflow.
288    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
289        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
291    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
292        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
294        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
295        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
296        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
297        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
298        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
299            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
300        - Added readline support for pcretest.
301        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
303    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
304        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
305        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
306        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
307        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
308        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
309        Configure/Make.
311    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
312        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
313        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
314        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
316    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
317        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
318        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
320    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
321        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
322        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
323        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
324        trouble in some build environments.
326    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
329    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
330    ---------------------
332    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
333        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
335    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
336        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
337        included.
339    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
340        [:^space:].
342    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
343        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
344        I have changed it.
346    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
347        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
348        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
349        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
350        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
351        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
352        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
354    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
355        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
356        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
358    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
359        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
360        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
361        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
362        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
364    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
365        and messages.
367    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
368        "backspace".
370    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
371        was moved elsewhere).
373    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
374        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
375        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
376        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
377        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
378        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
380          U+002b0 - U+002c1
381          U+0060c - U+0060d
382          U+0061e - U+00612
383          U+0064b - U+0065e
384          U+0074d - U+0076d
385          U+01800 - U+01805
386          U+01d00 - U+01d77
387          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
388          U+0200b - U+0200f
389          U+030fc - U+030fe
390          U+03260 - U+0327f
391          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
392          U+10450 - U+1049d
394    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
395        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
396        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
397        GNU grep.
399    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
400        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
401        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
402        non-matching lines.
404    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
406    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
407        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
408        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
409        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
411    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
412        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
413        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
415    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
416        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
417        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
418        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
419        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
421    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
423    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
425    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
426        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
427        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
428        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
429        that check the return values (which was not done before).
431    21. Several CMake things:
433        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
434            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
436        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
437            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
441    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
442        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
443        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
444        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
445        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
446        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
447        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
449    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
450        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
451        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
452        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
453        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
454        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
455        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
456        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
457        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
458        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
459        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
460        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
462    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
463        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
466    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
467    ---------------------
469    1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
470        means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
471        LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
472        help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
473        the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
474        encountered.
476    2.  The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
477        of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
478        Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
479        moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
480        bits.
482    3.  The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
483        but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
484        control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
485        facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
486        start sets both bits.
488    4.  Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
489        matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
491    5.  doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
493    6.  Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
494        compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
496    7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
497        strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
498        windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
499        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
501    8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
502        some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
504    9.  When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
505        sequence off the lines that it output.
507    10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
508        relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
509        using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
510        these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
511        dramatic:
513          Originally:                          290
514          After changing UCP table:            187
515          After changing error message table:   43
516          After changing table of "verbs"       36
517          After changing table of Posix names   22
519        Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
521    11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
522        unicode-properties was also set.
524    12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
526    13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
527        checked only for CRLF.
529    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
531    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
533    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
534        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
535        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
537    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
538        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
541    Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
542    ---------------------
544     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
545        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
546        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
547        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
548        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
550          #include "pcre.h"
552        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
553        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
554        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
556     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
557        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
558        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
559        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
560        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
561        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
562        characters when looking for a newline.
564     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
566     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
567        in debug output.
569     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
570        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
572     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
574     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
575        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
576        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
577        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
578        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
579        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
580        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
581        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
582        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
583        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
584        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
585        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
586        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
588     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
589        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
590        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
591        problem was solved for the main library.
593     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
594        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
595        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
596        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
597        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
598        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
599        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
600        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
601        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
602        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
603        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
605    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
606        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
607        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
608        empty string.
610    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
611        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
612        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
613        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
614        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
615        cause memory overwriting.
617    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
618        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
619        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
620        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
621        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
622        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
624    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
625        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
626        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
628    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
629        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
631    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
633    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
634        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
635        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
636        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
637        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
639    16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
640        processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
641        backslash processing.
643    17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
644        for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
646    18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
647        caused an overrun.
649    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
650        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
651        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
652        whether the group could match an empty string).
654    20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
655        [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
657    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
659    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
660        reference during compilation.
662    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
663        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
664        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
665        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
666        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
667        the compiled data. Specifically:
669        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
670            length.
672        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
673            loops.
675        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
676            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
678        (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
680    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
681        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
683    25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
685    26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
686        character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
688    27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
689        \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
691    28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
692        break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
693        "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
694        characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
695        *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
696        the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
697        what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
698        of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
699        pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
700        there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
701        pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
703    29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
706    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
707    ---------------------
709     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
710        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
712     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
713        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
715     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
717     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
718        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
719        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
720        usable with all link sizes.
722     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
723        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
724        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
725        in all cases.
727     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
729        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
730            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
732        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
733            to be opened parentheses.
735        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
736            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
738        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
739            is not part of it.
741        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
743        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
744            reference syntax.
746        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
747            alternative starts with the same number.
749        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
751     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
754     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
755        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
756        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
758     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
759        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
760        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
761        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
762        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
763        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
765    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
767    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
768        The report of the bug said:
770          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
771          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
772          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
774    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
775        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
778    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
779    ---------------------
781     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
782        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
783        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
784        on this.
786     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
787        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
788        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
789        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
790        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
791        alternative.
793     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
794        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
795        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
796        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
797        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
798        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
799        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
800        .br or .in.
802     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
803        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
804        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
805        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
807     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
808        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
809        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
810        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
812     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
813        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
814      copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.      copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
816     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
817        that is needed.
819     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
820        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
821        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
822        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
823        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
824        re-created.
826     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
827        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
828        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
829        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
830        some applications.
832        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
833        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
834        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
835        shared library.
837    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
839        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
841        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
842            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
844        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
845        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
846        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
848    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
849        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
850        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
851        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
852        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
853        before "make dist".
855    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
856        with Unicode property support.
858        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
859            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
860            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
861            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
862            were both the same length.
864        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
865            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
866            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
867            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
868            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
869            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
870            character.
872    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
874        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
875            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
876            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
877            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
878            relevant variables.
880        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
881            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
882            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
883            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
884            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
885            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
886            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
887            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
888            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
890    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
891        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
893    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
894        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
895        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
896        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
897        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
898        and then tried again after \r\n.
900    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
901        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
902        compare equal. This works on Linux.
904    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
905        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
907    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
908        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
909        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
910        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
911        it specially.
913    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
914        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
915        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
917    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
918        CRLF as a newline sequence.
920    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
921        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
922        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
924    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
926    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
929  Version 7.0 19-Dec-06  Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
930  ---------------------  ---------------------

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