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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 8.32  Version 8.37 xx-xxx-2015
5  ------------  ------------------------
6    
7    1.  When an (*ACCEPT) is triggered inside capturing parentheses, it arranges
8        for those parentheses to be closed with whatever has been captured so far.
9        However, it was failing to mark any other groups between the hightest
10        capture so far and the currrent group as "unset". Thus, the ovector for
11        those groups contained whatever was previously there. An example is the
12        pattern /(x)|((*ACCEPT))/ when matched against "abcd".
13    
14    2.  If an assertion condition was quantified with a minimum of zero (an odd
15        thing to do, but it happened), SIGSEGV or other misbehaviour could occur.
16    
17    3.  If a pattern in pcretest input had the P (POSIX) modifier followed by an
18        unrecognized modifier, a crash could occur.
19    
20    4.  An attempt to do global matching in pcretest with a zero-length ovector
21        caused a crash.
22    
23    5.  Fixed a memory leak during matching that could occur for a subpattern
24        subroutine call (recursive or otherwise) if the number of captured groups
25        that had to be saved was greater than ten.
26    
27    6.  Catch a bad opcode during auto-possessification after compiling a bad UTF
28        string with NO_UTF_CHECK. This is a tidyup, not a bug fix, as passing bad
29        UTF with NO_UTF_CHECK is documented as having an undefined outcome.
30    
31    7.  A UTF pattern containing a "not" match of a non-ASCII character and a
32        subroutine reference could loop at compile time. Example: /[^\xff]((?1))/.
33    
34    8. When a pattern is compiled, it remembers the highest back reference so that
35       when matching, if the ovector is too small, extra memory can be obtained to
36       use instead. A conditional subpattern whose condition is a check on a
37       capture having happened, such as, for example in the pattern
38       /^(?:(a)|b)(?(1)A|B)/, is another kind of back reference, but it was not
39       setting the highest backreference number. This mattered only if pcre_exec()
40       was called with an ovector that was too small to hold the capture, and there
41       was no other kind of back reference (a situation which is probably quite
42       rare). The effect of the bug was that the condition was always treated as
43       FALSE when the capture could not be consulted, leading to a incorrect
44       behaviour by pcre2_match(). This bug has been fixed.
45    
46    9. A reference to a duplicated named group (either a back reference or a test
47       for being set in a conditional) that occurred in a part of the pattern where
48       PCRE_DUPNAMES was not set caused the amount of memory needed for the pattern
49       to be incorrectly calculated, leading to overwriting.
50    
51    10. A mutually recursive set of back references such as (\2)(\1) caused a
52        segfault at study time (while trying to find the minimum matching length).
53        The infinite loop is now broken (with the minimum length unset, that is,
54        zero).
55    
56    11. If an assertion that was used as a condition was quantified with a minimum
57        of zero, matching went wrong. In particular, if the whole group had
58        unlimited repetition and could match an empty string, a segfault was
59        likely. The pattern (?(?=0)?)+ is an example that caused this. Perl allows
60        assertions to be quantified, but not if they are being used as conditions,
61        so the above pattern is faulted by Perl. PCRE has now been changed so that
62        it also rejects such patterns.
63    
64    12. A possessive capturing group such as (a)*+ with a minimum repeat of zero
65        failed to allow the zero-repeat case if pcre2_exec() was called with an
66        ovector too small to capture the group.
67    
68    13. Fixed two bugs in pcretest that were discovered by fuzzing and reported by
69        Red Hat Product Security:
70    
71        (a) A crash if /K and /F were both set with the option to save the compiled
72        pattern.
73    
74        (b) Another crash if the option to print captured substrings in a callout
75        was combined with setting a null ovector, for example \O\C+ as a subject
76        string.
77    
78    
79    Version 8.36 26-September-2014
80    ------------------------------
81    
82    1.  Got rid of some compiler warnings in the C++ modules that were shown up by
83        -Wmissing-field-initializers and -Wunused-parameter.
84    
85    2.  The tests for quantifiers being too big (greater than 65535) were being
86        applied after reading the number, and stupidly assuming that integer
87        overflow would give a negative number. The tests are now applied as the
88        numbers are read.
89    
90    3.  Tidy code in pcre_exec.c where two branches that used to be different are
91        now the same.
92    
93    4.  The JIT compiler did not generate match limit checks for certain
94        bracketed expressions with quantifiers. This may lead to exponential
95        backtracking, instead of returning with PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT. This
96        issue should be resolved now.
97    
98    5.  Fixed an issue, which occures when nested alternatives are optimized
99        with table jumps.
100    
101    6.  Inserted two casts and changed some ints to size_t in the light of some
102        reported 64-bit compiler warnings (Bugzilla 1477).
103    
104    7.  Fixed a bug concerned with zero-minimum possessive groups that could match
105        an empty string, which sometimes were behaving incorrectly in the
106        interpreter (though correctly in the JIT matcher). This pcretest input is
107        an example:
108    
109          '\A(?:[^"]++|"(?:[^"]*+|"")*+")++'
110          NON QUOTED "QUOT""ED" AFTER "NOT MATCHED
111    
112        the interpreter was reporting a match of 'NON QUOTED ' only, whereas the
113        JIT matcher and Perl both matched 'NON QUOTED "QUOT""ED" AFTER '. The test
114        for an empty string was breaking the inner loop and carrying on at a lower
115        level, when possessive repeated groups should always return to a higher
116        level as they have no backtrack points in them. The empty string test now
117        occurs at the outer level.
118    
119    8.  Fixed a bug that was incorrectly auto-possessifying \w+ in the pattern
120        ^\w+(?>\s*)(?<=\w) which caused it not to match "test test".
121    
122    9.  Give a compile-time error for \o{} (as Perl does) and for \x{} (which Perl
123        doesn't).
124    
125    10. Change 8.34/15 introduced a bug that caused the amount of memory needed
126        to hold a pattern to be incorrectly computed (too small) when there were
127        named back references to duplicated names. This could cause "internal
128        error: code overflow" or "double free or corruption" or other memory
129        handling errors.
130    
131    11. When named subpatterns had the same prefixes, back references could be
132        confused. For example, in this pattern:
133    
134          /(?P<Name>a)?(?P<Name2>b)?(?(<Name>)c|d)*l/
135    
136        the reference to 'Name' was incorrectly treated as a reference to a
137        duplicate name.
138    
139    12. A pattern such as /^s?c/mi8 where the optional character has more than
140        one "other case" was incorrectly compiled such that it would only try to
141        match starting at "c".
142    
143    13. When a pattern starting with \s was studied, VT was not included in the
144        list of possible starting characters; this should have been part of the
145        8.34/18 patch.
146    
147    14. If a character class started [\Qx]... where x is any character, the class
148        was incorrectly terminated at the ].
149    
150    15. If a pattern that started with a caseless match for a character with more
151        than one "other case" was studied, PCRE did not set up the starting code
152        unit bit map for the list of possible characters. Now it does. This is an
153        optimization improvement, not a bug fix.
154    
155    16. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 7.0.0.
156    
157    17. Fixed a number of memory leaks in pcregrep.
158    
159    18. Avoid a compiler warning (from some compilers) for a function call with
160        a cast that removes "const" from an lvalue by using an intermediate
161        variable (to which the compiler does not object).
162    
163    19. Incorrect code was compiled if a group that contained an internal recursive
164        back reference was optional (had quantifier with a minimum of zero). This
165        example compiled incorrect code: /(((a\2)|(a*)\g<-1>))*/ and other examples
166        caused segmentation faults because of stack overflows at compile time.
167    
168    20. A pattern such as /((?(R)a|(?1)))+/, which contains a recursion within a
169        group that is quantified with an indefinite repeat, caused a compile-time
170        loop which used up all the system stack and provoked a segmentation fault.
171        This was not the same bug as 19 above.
172    
173    21. Add PCRECPP_EXP_DECL declaration to operator<< in pcre_stringpiece.h.
174        Patch by Mike Frysinger.
175    
176    
177    Version 8.35 04-April-2014
178    --------------------------
179    
180    1.  A new flag is set, when property checks are present in an XCLASS.
181        When this flag is not set, PCRE can perform certain optimizations
182        such as studying these XCLASS-es.
183    
184    2.  The auto-possessification of character sets were improved: a normal
185        and an extended character set can be compared now. Furthermore
186        the JIT compiler optimizes more character set checks.
187    
188    3.  Got rid of some compiler warnings for potentially uninitialized variables
189        that show up only when compiled with -O2.
190    
191    4.  A pattern such as (?=ab\K) that uses \K in an assertion can set the start
192        of a match later then the end of the match. The pcretest program was not
193        handling the case sensibly - it was outputting from the start to the next
194        binary zero. It now reports this situation in a message, and outputs the
195        text from the end to the start.
196    
197    5.  Fast forward search is improved in JIT. Instead of the first three
198        characters, any three characters with fixed position can be searched.
199        Search order: first, last, middle.
200    
201    6.  Improve character range checks in JIT. Characters are read by an inprecise
202        function now, which returns with an unknown value if the character code is
203        above a certain threshold (e.g: 256). The only limitation is that the value
204        must be bigger than the threshold as well. This function is useful when
205        the characters above the threshold are handled in the same way.
206    
207    7.  The macros whose names start with RAWUCHAR are placeholders for a future
208        mode in which only the bottom 21 bits of 32-bit data items are used. To
209        make this more memorable for those maintaining the code, the names have
210        been changed to start with UCHAR21, and an extensive comment has been added
211        to their definition.
212    
213    8.  Add missing (new) files sljitNativeTILEGX.c and sljitNativeTILEGX-encoder.c
214        to the export list in Makefile.am (they were accidentally omitted from the
215        8.34 tarball).
216    
217    9.  The informational output from pcretest used the phrase "starting byte set"
218        which is inappropriate for the 16-bit and 32-bit libraries. As the output
219        for "first char" and "need char" really means "non-UTF-char", I've changed
220        "byte" to "char", and slightly reworded the output. The documentation about
221        these values has also been (I hope) clarified.
222    
223    10. Another JIT related optimization: use table jumps for selecting the correct
224        backtracking path, when more than four alternatives are present inside a
225        bracket.
226    
227    11. Empty match is not possible, when the minimum length is greater than zero,
228        and there is no \K in the pattern. JIT should avoid empty match checks in
229        such cases.
230    
231    12. In a caseless character class with UCP support, when a character with more
232        than one alternative case was not the first character of a range, not all
233        the alternative cases were added to the class. For example, s and \x{17f}
234        are both alternative cases for S: the class [RST] was handled correctly,
235        but [R-T] was not.
236    
237    13. The configure.ac file always checked for pthread support when JIT was
238        enabled. This is not used in Windows, so I have put this test inside a
239        check for the presence of windows.h (which was already tested for).
240    
241    14. Improve pattern prefix search by a simplified Boyer-Moore algorithm in JIT.
242        The algorithm provides a way to skip certain starting offsets, and usually
243        faster than linear prefix searches.
244    
245    15. Change 13 for 8.20 updated RunTest to check for the 'fr' locale as well
246        as for 'fr_FR' and 'french'. For some reason, however, it then used the
247        Windows-specific input and output files, which have 'french' screwed in.
248        So this could never have worked. One of the problems with locales is that
249        they aren't always the same. I have now updated RunTest so that it checks
250        the output of the locale test (test 3) against three different output
251        files, and it allows the test to pass if any one of them matches. With luck
252        this should make the test pass on some versions of Solaris where it was
253        failing. Because of the uncertainty, the script did not used to stop if
254        test 3 failed; it now does. If further versions of a French locale ever
255        come to light, they can now easily be added.
256    
257    16. If --with-pcregrep-bufsize was given a non-integer value such as "50K",
258        there was a message during ./configure, but it did not stop. This now
259        provokes an error. The invalid example in README has been corrected.
260        If a value less than the minimum is given, the minimum value has always
261        been used, but now a warning is given.
262    
263    17. If --enable-bsr-anycrlf was set, the special 16/32-bit test failed. This
264        was a bug in the test system, which is now fixed. Also, the list of various
265        configurations that are tested for each release did not have one with both
266        16/32 bits and --enable-bar-anycrlf. It now does.
267    
268    18. pcretest was missing "-C bsr" for displaying the \R default setting.
269    
270    19. Little endian PowerPC systems are supported now by the JIT compiler.
271    
272    20. The fast forward newline mechanism could enter to an infinite loop on
273        certain invalid UTF-8 input. Although we don't support these cases
274        this issue can be fixed by a performance optimization.
275    
276    21. Change 33 of 8.34 is not sufficient to ensure stack safety because it does
277        not take account if existing stack usage. There is now a new global
278        variable called pcre_stack_guard that can be set to point to an external
279        function to check stack availability. It is called at the start of
280        processing every parenthesized group.
281    
282    22. A typo in the code meant that in ungreedy mode the max/min qualifier
283        behaved like a min-possessive qualifier, and, for example, /a{1,3}b/U did
284        not match "ab".
285    
286    23. When UTF was disabled, the JIT program reported some incorrect compile
287        errors. These messages are silenced now.
288    
289    24. Experimental support for ARM-64 and MIPS-64 has been added to the JIT
290        compiler.
291    
292    25. Change all the temporary files used in RunGrepTest to be different to those
293        used by RunTest so that the tests can be run simultaneously, for example by
294        "make -j check".
295    
296    
297    Version 8.34 15-December-2013
298    -----------------------------
299    
300    1.  Add pcre[16|32]_jit_free_unused_memory to forcibly free unused JIT
301        executable memory. Patch inspired by Carsten Klein.
302    
303    2.  ./configure --enable-coverage defined SUPPORT_GCOV in config.h, although
304        this macro is never tested and has no effect, because the work to support
305        coverage involves only compiling and linking options and special targets in
306        the Makefile. The comment in config.h implied that defining the macro would
307        enable coverage support, which is totally false. There was also support for
308        setting this macro in the CMake files (my fault, I just copied it from
309        configure). SUPPORT_GCOV has now been removed.
310    
311    3.  Make a small performance improvement in strlen16() and strlen32() in
312        pcretest.
313    
314    4.  Change 36 for 8.33 left some unreachable statements in pcre_exec.c,
315        detected by the Solaris compiler (gcc doesn't seem to be able to diagnose
316        these cases). There was also one in pcretest.c.
317    
318    5.  Cleaned up a "may be uninitialized" compiler warning in pcre_exec.c.
319    
320    6.  In UTF mode, the code for checking whether a group could match an empty
321        string (which is used for indefinitely repeated groups to allow for
322        breaking an infinite loop) was broken when the group contained a repeated
323        negated single-character class with a character that occupied more than one
324        data item and had a minimum repetition of zero (for example, [^\x{100}]* in
325        UTF-8 mode). The effect was undefined: the group might or might not be
326        deemed as matching an empty string, or the program might have crashed.
327    
328    7.  The code for checking whether a group could match an empty string was not
329        recognizing that \h, \H, \v, \V, and \R must match a character.
330    
331    8.  Implemented PCRE_INFO_MATCH_EMPTY, which yields 1 if the pattern can match
332        an empty string. If it can, pcretest shows this in its information output.
333    
334    9.  Fixed two related bugs that applied to Unicode extended grapheme clusters
335        that were repeated with a maximizing qualifier (e.g. \X* or \X{2,5}) when
336        matched by pcre_exec() without using JIT:
337    
338        (a) If the rest of the pattern did not match after a maximal run of
339            grapheme clusters, the code for backing up to try with fewer of them
340            did not always back up over a full grapheme when characters that do not
341            have the modifier quality were involved, e.g. Hangul syllables.
342    
343        (b) If the match point in a subject started with modifier character, and
344            there was no match, the code could incorrectly back up beyond the match
345            point, and potentially beyond the first character in the subject,
346            leading to a segfault or an incorrect match result.
347    
348    10. A conditional group with an assertion condition could lead to PCRE
349        recording an incorrect first data item for a match if no other first data
350        item was recorded. For example, the pattern (?(?=ab)ab) recorded "a" as a
351        first data item, and therefore matched "ca" after "c" instead of at the
352        start.
353    
354    11. Change 40 for 8.33 (allowing pcregrep to find empty strings) showed up a
355        bug that caused the command "echo a | ./pcregrep -M '|a'" to loop.
356    
357    12. The source of pcregrep now includes z/OS-specific code so that it can be
358        compiled for z/OS as part of the special z/OS distribution.
359    
360    13. Added the -T and -TM options to pcretest.
361    
362    14. The code in pcre_compile.c for creating the table of named capturing groups
363        has been refactored. Instead of creating the table dynamically during the
364        actual compiling pass, the information is remembered during the pre-compile
365        pass (on the stack unless there are more than 20 named groups, in which
366        case malloc() is used) and the whole table is created before the actual
367        compile happens. This has simplified the code (it is now nearly 150 lines
368        shorter) and prepared the way for better handling of references to groups
369        with duplicate names.
370    
371    15. A back reference to a named subpattern when there is more than one of the
372        same name now checks them in the order in which they appear in the pattern.
373        The first one that is set is used for the reference. Previously only the
374        first one was inspected. This change makes PCRE more compatible with Perl.
375    
376    16. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.3.0.
377    
378    17. The compile-time code for auto-possessification has been refactored, based
379        on a patch by Zoltan Herczeg. It now happens after instead of during
380        compilation. The code is cleaner, and more cases are handled. The option
381        PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS is added for testing purposes, and the -O and /O
382        options in pcretest are provided to set it. It can also be set by
383        (*NO_AUTO_POSSESS) at the start of a pattern.
384    
385    18. The character VT has been added to the default ("C" locale) set of
386        characters that match \s and are generally treated as white space,
387        following this same change in Perl 5.18. There is now no difference between
388        "Perl space" and "POSIX space". Whether VT is treated as white space in
389        other locales depends on the locale.
390    
391    19. The code for checking named groups as conditions, either for being set or
392        for being recursed, has been refactored (this is related to 14 and 15
393        above). Processing unduplicated named groups should now be as fast at
394        numerical groups, and processing duplicated groups should be faster than
395        before.
396    
397    20. Two patches to the CMake build system, by Alexander Barkov:
398    
399          (1) Replace the "source" command by "." in CMakeLists.txt because
400              "source" is a bash-ism.
401    
402          (2) Add missing HAVE_STDINT_H and HAVE_INTTYPES_H to config-cmake.h.in;
403              without these the CMake build does not work on Solaris.
404    
405    21. Perl has changed its handling of \8 and \9. If there is no previously
406        encountered capturing group of those numbers, they are treated as the
407        literal characters 8 and 9 instead of a binary zero followed by the
408        literals. PCRE now does the same.
409    
410    22. Following Perl, added \o{} to specify codepoints in octal, making it
411        possible to specify values greater than 0777 and also making them
412        unambiguous.
413    
414    23. Perl now gives an error for missing closing braces after \x{... instead of
415        treating the string as literal. PCRE now does the same.
416    
417    24. RunTest used to grumble if an inappropriate test was selected explicitly,
418        but just skip it when running all tests. This make it awkward to run ranges
419        of tests when one of them was inappropriate. Now it just skips any
420        inappropriate tests, as it always did when running all tests.
421    
422    25. If PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT and PCRE_UCP were set for a pattern that contained
423        character types such as \d or \w, too many callouts were inserted, and the
424        data that they returned was rubbish.
425    
426    26. In UCP mode, \s was not matching two of the characters that Perl matches,
427        namely NEL (U+0085) and MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR (U+180E), though they
428        were matched by \h. The code has now been refactored so that the lists of
429        the horizontal and vertical whitespace characters used for \h and \v (which
430        are defined only in one place) are now also used for \s.
431    
432    27. Add JIT support for the 64 bit TileGX architecture.
433        Patch by Jiong Wang (Tilera Corporation).
434    
435    28. Possessive quantifiers for classes (both explicit and automatically
436        generated) now use special opcodes instead of wrapping in ONCE brackets.
437    
438    29. Whereas an item such as A{4}+ ignored the possessivenes of the quantifier
439        (because it's meaningless), this was not happening when PCRE_CASELESS was
440        set. Not wrong, but inefficient.
441    
442    30. Updated perltest.pl to add /u (force Unicode mode) when /W (use Unicode
443        properties for \w, \d, etc) is present in a test regex. Otherwise if the
444        test contains no characters greater than 255, Perl doesn't realise it
445        should be using Unicode semantics.
446    
447    31. Upgraded the handling of the POSIX classes [:graph:], [:print:], and
448        [:punct:] when PCRE_UCP is set so as to include the same characters as Perl
449        does in Unicode mode.
450    
451    32. Added the "forbid" facility to pcretest so that putting tests into the
452        wrong test files can sometimes be quickly detected.
453    
454    33. There is now a limit (default 250) on the depth of nesting of parentheses.
455        This limit is imposed to control the amount of system stack used at compile
456        time. It can be changed at build time by --with-parens-nest-limit=xxx or
457        the equivalent in CMake.
458    
459    34. Character classes such as [A-\d] or [a-[:digit:]] now cause compile-time
460        errors. Perl warns for these when in warning mode, but PCRE has no facility
461        for giving warnings.
462    
463    35. Change 34 for 8.13 allowed quantifiers on assertions, because Perl does.
464        However, this was not working for (?!) because it is optimized to (*FAIL),
465        for which PCRE does not allow quantifiers. The optimization is now disabled
466        when a quantifier follows (?!). I can't see any use for this, but it makes
467        things uniform.
468    
469    36. Perl no longer allows group names to start with digits, so I have made this
470        change also in PCRE. It simplifies the code a bit.
471    
472    37. In extended mode, Perl ignores spaces before a + that indicates a
473        possessive quantifier. PCRE allowed a space before the quantifier, but not
474        before the possessive +. It now does.
475    
476    38. The use of \K (reset reported match start) within a repeated possessive
477        group such as (a\Kb)*+ was not working.
478    
479    40. Document that the same character tables must be used at compile time and
480        run time, and that the facility to pass tables to pcre_exec() and
481        pcre_dfa_exec() is for use only with saved/restored patterns.
482    
483    41. Applied Jeff Trawick's patch CMakeLists.txt, which "provides two new
484        features for Builds with MSVC:
485    
486        1. Support pcre.rc and/or pcreposix.rc (as is already done for MinGW
487           builds). The .rc files can be used to set FileDescription and many other
488           attributes.
489    
490        2. Add an option (-DINSTALL_MSVC_PDB) to enable installation of .pdb files.
491           This allows higher-level build scripts which want .pdb files to avoid
492           hard-coding the exact files needed."
493    
494    42. Added support for [[:<:]] and [[:>:]] as used in the BSD POSIX library to
495        mean "start of word" and "end of word", respectively, as a transition aid.
496    
497    43. A minimizing repeat of a class containing codepoints greater than 255 in
498        non-UTF 16-bit or 32-bit modes caused an internal error when PCRE was
499        compiled to use the heap for recursion.
500    
501    44. Got rid of some compiler warnings for unused variables when UTF but not UCP
502        is configured.
503    
504    
505    Version 8.33 28-May-2013
506    ------------------------
507    
508    1.  Added 'U' to some constants that are compared to unsigned integers, to
509        avoid compiler signed/unsigned warnings. Added (int) casts to unsigned
510        variables that are added to signed variables, to ensure the result is
511        signed and can be negated.
512    
513    2.  Applied patch by Daniel Richard G for quashing MSVC warnings to the
514        CMake config files.
515    
516    3.  Revise the creation of config.h.generic so that all boolean macros are
517        #undefined, whereas non-boolean macros are #ifndef/#endif-ed. This makes
518        overriding via -D on the command line possible.
519    
520    4.  Changing the definition of the variable "op" in pcre_exec.c from pcre_uchar
521        to unsigned int is reported to make a quite noticeable speed difference in
522        a specific Windows environment. Testing on Linux did also appear to show
523        some benefit (and it is clearly not harmful). Also fixed the definition of
524        Xop which should be unsigned.
525    
526    5.  Related to (4), changing the definition of the intermediate variable cc
527        in repeated character loops from pcre_uchar to pcre_uint32 also gave speed
528        improvements.
529    
530    6.  Fix forward search in JIT when link size is 3 or greater. Also removed some
531        unnecessary spaces.
532    
533    7.  Adjust autogen.sh and configure.ac to lose warnings given by automake 1.12
534        and later.
535    
536    8.  Fix two buffer over read issues in 16 and 32 bit modes. Affects JIT only.
537    
538    9.  Optimizing fast_forward_start_bits in JIT.
539    
540    10. Adding support for callouts in JIT, and fixing some issues revealed
541        during this work. Namely:
542    
543        (a) Unoptimized capturing brackets incorrectly reset on backtrack.
544    
545        (b) Minimum length was not checked before the matching is started.
546    
547    11. The value of capture_last that is passed to callouts was incorrect in some
548        cases when there was a capture on one path that was subsequently abandoned
549        after a backtrack. Also, the capture_last value is now reset after a
550        recursion, since all captures are also reset in this case.
551    
552    12. The interpreter no longer returns the "too many substrings" error in the
553        case when an overflowing capture is in a branch that is subsequently
554        abandoned after a backtrack.
555    
556    13. In the pathological case when an offset vector of size 2 is used, pcretest
557        now prints out the matched string after a yield of 0 or 1.
558    
559    14. Inlining subpatterns in recursions, when certain conditions are fulfilled.
560        Only supported by the JIT compiler at the moment.
561    
562    15. JIT compiler now supports 32 bit Macs thanks to Lawrence Velazquez.
563    
564    16. Partial matches now set offsets[2] to the "bumpalong" value, that is, the
565        offset of the starting point of the matching process, provided the offsets
566        vector is large enough.
567    
568    17. The \A escape now records a lookbehind value of 1, though its execution
569        does not actually inspect the previous character. This is to ensure that,
570        in partial multi-segment matching, at least one character from the old
571        segment is retained when a new segment is processed. Otherwise, if there
572        are no lookbehinds in the pattern, \A might match incorrectly at the start
573        of a new segment.
574    
575    18. Added some #ifdef __VMS code into pcretest.c to help VMS implementations.
576    
577    19. Redefined some pcre_uchar variables in pcre_exec.c as pcre_uint32; this
578        gives some modest performance improvement in 8-bit mode.
579    
580    20. Added the PCRE-specific property \p{Xuc} for matching characters that can
581        be expressed in certain programming languages using Universal Character
582        Names.
583    
584    21. Unicode validation has been updated in the light of Unicode Corrigendum #9,
585        which points out that "non characters" are not "characters that may not
586        appear in Unicode strings" but rather "characters that are reserved for
587        internal use and have only local meaning".
588    
589    22. When a pattern was compiled with automatic callouts (PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT) and
590        there was a conditional group that depended on an assertion, if the
591        assertion was false, the callout that immediately followed the alternation
592        in the condition was skipped when pcre_exec() was used for matching.
593    
594    23. Allow an explicit callout to be inserted before an assertion that is the
595        condition for a conditional group, for compatibility with automatic
596        callouts, which always insert a callout at this point.
597    
598    24. In 8.31, (*COMMIT) was confined to within a recursive subpattern. Perl also
599        confines (*SKIP) and (*PRUNE) in the same way, and this has now been done.
600    
601    25. (*PRUNE) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
602    
603    26. Fix infinite loop when /(?<=(*SKIP)ac)a/ is matched against aa.
604    
605    27. Fix the case where there are two or more SKIPs with arguments that may be
606        ignored.
607    
608    28. (*SKIP) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
609    
610    29. (*THEN) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
611    
612    30. Update RunTest with additional test selector options.
613    
614    31. The way PCRE handles backtracking verbs has been changed in two ways.
615    
616        (1) Previously, in something like (*COMMIT)(*SKIP), COMMIT would override
617        SKIP. Now, PCRE acts on whichever backtracking verb is reached first by
618        backtracking. In some cases this makes it more Perl-compatible, but Perl's
619        rather obscure rules do not always do the same thing.
620    
621        (2) Previously, backtracking verbs were confined within assertions. This is
622        no longer the case for positive assertions, except for (*ACCEPT). Again,
623        this sometimes improves Perl compatibility, and sometimes does not.
624    
625    32. A number of tests that were in test 2 because Perl did things differently
626        have been moved to test 1, because either Perl or PCRE has changed, and
627        these tests are now compatible.
628    
629    32. Backtracking control verbs are now handled in the same way in JIT and
630        interpreter.
631    
632    33. An opening parenthesis in a MARK/PRUNE/SKIP/THEN name in a pattern that
633        contained a forward subroutine reference caused a compile error.
634    
635    34. Auto-detect and optimize limited repetitions in JIT.
636    
637    35. Implement PCRE_NEVER_UTF to lock out the use of UTF, in particular,
638        blocking (*UTF) etc.
639    
640    36. In the interpreter, maximizing pattern repetitions for characters and
641        character types now use tail recursion, which reduces stack usage.
642    
643    37. The value of the max lookbehind was not correctly preserved if a compiled
644        and saved regex was reloaded on a host of different endianness.
645    
646    38. Implemented (*LIMIT_MATCH) and (*LIMIT_RECURSION). As part of the extension
647        of the compiled pattern block, expand the flags field from 16 to 32 bits
648        because it was almost full.
649    
650    39. Try madvise first before posix_madvise.
651    
652    40. Change 7 for PCRE 7.9 made it impossible for pcregrep to find empty lines
653        with a pattern such as ^$. It has taken 4 years for anybody to notice! The
654        original change locked out all matches of empty strings. This has been
655        changed so that one match of an empty string per line is recognized.
656        Subsequent searches on the same line (for colouring or for --only-matching,
657        for example) do not recognize empty strings.
658    
659    41. Applied a user patch to fix a number of spelling mistakes in comments.
660    
661    42. Data lines longer than 65536 caused pcretest to crash.
662    
663    43. Clarified the data type for length and startoffset arguments for pcre_exec
664        and pcre_dfa_exec in the function-specific man pages, where they were
665        explicitly stated to be in bytes, never having been updated. I also added
666        some clarification to the pcreapi man page.
667    
668    44. A call to pcre_dfa_exec() with an output vector size less than 2 caused
669        a segmentation fault.
670    
671    
672    Version 8.32 30-November-2012
673    -----------------------------
674    
675  1.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for first character search and single  1.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for first character search and single
676      character iterators.      character iterators.
# Line 16  Version 8.32 Line 684  Version 8.32
684    
685  5.  Rename the "leave" variable names to "quit" to improve WinCE compatibility.  5.  Rename the "leave" variable names to "quit" to improve WinCE compatibility.
686      Reported by Giuseppe D'Angelo.      Reported by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
687    
688  6.  The PCRE_STARTLINE bit, indicating that a match can occur only at the start  6.  The PCRE_STARTLINE bit, indicating that a match can occur only at the start
689      of a line, was being set incorrectly in cases where .* appeared inside      of a line, was being set incorrectly in cases where .* appeared inside
690      atomic brackets at the start of a pattern, or where there was a subsequent      atomic brackets at the start of a pattern, or where there was a subsequent
691      *PRUNE or *SKIP.      *PRUNE or *SKIP.
692    
693  7.  Improved instruction cache flush for POWER/PowerPC.  7.  Improved instruction cache flush for POWER/PowerPC.
694      Patch by Daniel Richard G.      Patch by Daniel Richard G.
695    
696  8.  Fixed a number of issues in pcregrep, making it more compatible with GNU  8.  Fixed a number of issues in pcregrep, making it more compatible with GNU
697      grep:      grep:
698    
699      (a) There is now no limit to the number of patterns to be matched.      (a) There is now no limit to the number of patterns to be matched.
700    
701      (b) An error is given if a pattern is too long.      (b) An error is given if a pattern is too long.
702    
703      (c) Multiple uses of --exclude, --exclude-dir, --include, and --include-dir      (c) Multiple uses of --exclude, --exclude-dir, --include, and --include-dir
704          are now supported.          are now supported.
705    
706      (d) --exclude-from and --include-from (multiple use) have been added.      (d) --exclude-from and --include-from (multiple use) have been added.
707    
708      (e) Exclusions and inclusions now apply to all files and directories, not      (e) Exclusions and inclusions now apply to all files and directories, not
709          just to those obtained from scanning a directory recursively.          just to those obtained from scanning a directory recursively.
710    
711      (f) Multiple uses of -f and --file-list are now supported.      (f) Multiple uses of -f and --file-list are now supported.
712    
713      (g) In a Windows environment, the default for -d has been changed from      (g) In a Windows environment, the default for -d has been changed from
714          "read" (the GNU grep default) to "skip", because otherwise the presence          "read" (the GNU grep default) to "skip", because otherwise the presence
715          of a directory in the file list provokes an error.          of a directory in the file list provokes an error.
716    
717      (h) The documentation has been revised and clarified in places.      (h) The documentation has been revised and clarified in places.
718    
719  9.  Improve the matching speed of capturing brackets.  9.  Improve the matching speed of capturing brackets.
720    
721  10. Changed the meaning of \X so that it now matches a Unicode extended  10. Changed the meaning of \X so that it now matches a Unicode extended
722      grapheme cluster.      grapheme cluster.
723    
724  11. Patch by Daniel Richard G to the autoconf files to add a macro for sorting  11. Patch by Daniel Richard G to the autoconf files to add a macro for sorting
725      out POSIX threads when JIT support is configured.      out POSIX threads when JIT support is configured.
726    
727  12. Added support for PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED.  12. Added support for PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED.
728    
729  13. In the POSIX wrapper regcomp() function, setting re_nsub field in the preg  13. In the POSIX wrapper regcomp() function, setting re_nsub field in the preg
730      structure could go wrong in environments where size_t is not the same size      structure could go wrong in environments where size_t is not the same size
731      as int.      as int.
732    
733  14. Applied user-supplied patch to pcrecpp.cc to allow PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK to be  14. Applied user-supplied patch to pcrecpp.cc to allow PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK to be
734      set.      set.
735    
736  15. The EBCDIC support had decayed; later updates to the code had included  15. The EBCDIC support had decayed; later updates to the code had included
737      explicit references to (e.g.) \x0a instead of CHAR_LF. There has been a      explicit references to (e.g.) \x0a instead of CHAR_LF. There has been a
738      general tidy up of EBCDIC-related issues, and the documentation was also      general tidy up of EBCDIC-related issues, and the documentation was also
739      not quite right. There is now a test that can be run on ASCII systems to      not quite right. There is now a test that can be run on ASCII systems to
740      check some of the EBCDIC-related things (but is it not a full test).      check some of the EBCDIC-related things (but is it not a full test).
741    
742  16. The new PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED option is now used by pcregrep, resulting  16. The new PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED option is now used by pcregrep, resulting
743      in a small tidy to the code.      in a small tidy to the code.
744    
745  17. Fix JIT tests when UTF is disabled and both 8 and 16 bit mode are enabled.  17. Fix JIT tests when UTF is disabled and both 8 and 16 bit mode are enabled.
746    
747  18. If the --only-matching (-o) option in pcregrep is specified multiple  18. If the --only-matching (-o) option in pcregrep is specified multiple
748      times, each one causes appropriate output. For example, -o1 -o2 outputs the      times, each one causes appropriate output. For example, -o1 -o2 outputs the
749      substrings matched by the 1st and 2nd capturing parentheses. A separating      substrings matched by the 1st and 2nd capturing parentheses. A separating
750      string can be specified by --om-separator (default empty).      string can be specified by --om-separator (default empty).
751    
752  19. Improving the first n character searches.  19. Improving the first n character searches.
753    
754  20. Turn case lists for horizontal and vertical white space into macros so that  20. Turn case lists for horizontal and vertical white space into macros so that
755      they are defined only once.      they are defined only once.
756    
757    21. This set of changes together give more compatible Unicode case-folding
758        behaviour for characters that have more than one other case when UCP
759        support is available.
760    
761        (a) The Unicode property table now has offsets into a new table of sets of
762            three or more characters that are case-equivalent. The MultiStage2.py
763            script that generates these tables (the pcre_ucd.c file) now scans
764            CaseFolding.txt instead of UnicodeData.txt for character case
765            information.
766    
767        (b) The code for adding characters or ranges of characters to a character
768            class has been abstracted into a generalized function that also handles
769            case-independence. In UTF-mode with UCP support, this uses the new data
770            to handle characters with more than one other case.
771    
772        (c) A bug that is fixed as a result of (b) is that codepoints less than 256
773            whose other case is greater than 256 are now correctly matched
774            caselessly. Previously, the high codepoint matched the low one, but not
775            vice versa.
776    
777        (d) The processing of \h, \H, \v, and \ in character classes now makes use
778            of the new class addition function, using character lists defined as
779            macros alongside the case definitions of 20 above.
780    
781        (e) Caseless back references now work with characters that have more than
782            one other case.
783    
784        (f) General caseless matching of characters with more than one other case
785            is supported.
786    
787    22. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.2.0
788    
789    23. Improved CMake support under Windows. Patch by Daniel Richard G.
790    
791    24. Add support for 32-bit character strings, and UTF-32
792    
793    25. Major JIT compiler update (code refactoring and bugfixing).
794        Experimental Sparc 32 support is added.
795    
796    26. Applied a modified version of Daniel Richard G's patch to create
797        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic by "make" instead of in the
798        PrepareRelease script.
799    
800    27. Added a definition for CHAR_NULL (helpful for the z/OS port), and use it in
801        pcre_compile.c when checking for a zero character.
802    
803    28. Introducing a native interface for JIT. Through this interface, the compiled
804        machine code can be directly executed. The purpose of this interface is to
805        provide fast pattern matching, so several sanity checks are not performed.
806        However, feature tests are still performed. The new interface provides
807        1.4x speedup compared to the old one.
808    
809    29. If pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() was called with a negative value for
810        the subject string length, the error given was PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which
811        was confusing. There is now a new error PCRE_ERROR_BADLENGTH for this case.
812    
813    30. In 8-bit UTF-8 mode, pcretest failed to give an error for data codepoints
814        greater than 0x7fffffff (which cannot be represented in UTF-8, even under
815        the "old" RFC 2279). Instead, it ended up passing a negative length to
816        pcre_exec().
817    
818    31. Add support for GCC's visibility feature to hide internal functions.
819    
820    32. Running "pcretest -C pcre8" or "pcretest -C pcre16" gave a spurious error
821        "unknown -C option" after outputting 0 or 1.
822    
823    33. There is now support for generating a code coverage report for the test
824        suite in environments where gcc is the compiler and lcov is installed. This
825        is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
826    
827    34. If PCRE is built with --enable-valgrind, certain memory regions are marked
828        unaddressable using valgrind annotations, allowing valgrind to detect
829        invalid memory accesses. This is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
830    
831    25. (*UTF) can now be used to start a pattern in any of the three libraries.
832    
833    26. Give configure error if --enable-cpp but no C++ compiler found.
834    
835    
836  Version 8.31 06-July-2012  Version 8.31 06-July-2012
837  -------------------------  -------------------------
# Line 1430  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09 Line 2176  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
2176  7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it  7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
2177      doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have      doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
2178      locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this      locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
2179      seems to be how GNU grep behaves.      seems to be how GNU grep behaves. [But see later change 40 for release
2180        8.33.]
2181    
2182  8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at  8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
2183      start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being      start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
# Line 1673  Version 7.7 07-May-08 Line 2420  Version 7.7 07-May-08
2420      containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to      containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
2421      non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the      non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
2422      compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the      compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
2423      existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating      existence of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
2424      the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference      the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
2425      was subsequently set up correctly.)      was subsequently set up correctly.)
2426    

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