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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 7.2 01-May-07  Version 8.37 28-April-2015
5    --------------------------
6    
7    1.  When an (*ACCEPT) is triggered inside capturing parentheses, it arranges
8        for those parentheses to be closed with whatever has been captured so far.
9        However, it was failing to mark any other groups between the hightest
10        capture so far and the currrent group as "unset". Thus, the ovector for
11        those groups contained whatever was previously there. An example is the
12        pattern /(x)|((*ACCEPT))/ when matched against "abcd".
13    
14    2.  If an assertion condition was quantified with a minimum of zero (an odd
15        thing to do, but it happened), SIGSEGV or other misbehaviour could occur.
16    
17    3.  If a pattern in pcretest input had the P (POSIX) modifier followed by an
18        unrecognized modifier, a crash could occur.
19    
20    4.  An attempt to do global matching in pcretest with a zero-length ovector
21        caused a crash.
22    
23    5.  Fixed a memory leak during matching that could occur for a subpattern
24        subroutine call (recursive or otherwise) if the number of captured groups
25        that had to be saved was greater than ten.
26    
27    6.  Catch a bad opcode during auto-possessification after compiling a bad UTF
28        string with NO_UTF_CHECK. This is a tidyup, not a bug fix, as passing bad
29        UTF with NO_UTF_CHECK is documented as having an undefined outcome.
30    
31    7.  A UTF pattern containing a "not" match of a non-ASCII character and a
32        subroutine reference could loop at compile time. Example: /[^\xff]((?1))/.
33    
34    8. When a pattern is compiled, it remembers the highest back reference so that
35       when matching, if the ovector is too small, extra memory can be obtained to
36       use instead. A conditional subpattern whose condition is a check on a
37       capture having happened, such as, for example in the pattern
38       /^(?:(a)|b)(?(1)A|B)/, is another kind of back reference, but it was not
39       setting the highest backreference number. This mattered only if pcre_exec()
40       was called with an ovector that was too small to hold the capture, and there
41       was no other kind of back reference (a situation which is probably quite
42       rare). The effect of the bug was that the condition was always treated as
43       FALSE when the capture could not be consulted, leading to a incorrect
44       behaviour by pcre_exec(). This bug has been fixed.
45    
46    9. A reference to a duplicated named group (either a back reference or a test
47       for being set in a conditional) that occurred in a part of the pattern where
48       PCRE_DUPNAMES was not set caused the amount of memory needed for the pattern
49       to be incorrectly calculated, leading to overwriting.
50    
51    10. A mutually recursive set of back references such as (\2)(\1) caused a
52        segfault at study time (while trying to find the minimum matching length).
53        The infinite loop is now broken (with the minimum length unset, that is,
54        zero).
55    
56    11. If an assertion that was used as a condition was quantified with a minimum
57        of zero, matching went wrong. In particular, if the whole group had
58        unlimited repetition and could match an empty string, a segfault was
59        likely. The pattern (?(?=0)?)+ is an example that caused this. Perl allows
60        assertions to be quantified, but not if they are being used as conditions,
61        so the above pattern is faulted by Perl. PCRE has now been changed so that
62        it also rejects such patterns.
63    
64    12. A possessive capturing group such as (a)*+ with a minimum repeat of zero
65        failed to allow the zero-repeat case if pcre2_exec() was called with an
66        ovector too small to capture the group.
67    
68    13. Fixed two bugs in pcretest that were discovered by fuzzing and reported by
69        Red Hat Product Security:
70    
71        (a) A crash if /K and /F were both set with the option to save the compiled
72        pattern.
73    
74        (b) Another crash if the option to print captured substrings in a callout
75        was combined with setting a null ovector, for example \O\C+ as a subject
76        string.
77    
78    14. A pattern such as "((?2){0,1999}())?", which has a group containing a
79        forward reference repeated a large (but limited) number of times within a
80        repeated outer group that has a zero minimum quantifier, caused incorrect
81        code to be compiled, leading to the error "internal error:
82        previously-checked referenced subpattern not found" when an incorrect
83        memory address was read. This bug was reported as "heap overflow",
84        discovered by Kai Lu of Fortinet's FortiGuard Labs and given the CVE number
85        CVE-2015-2325.
86    
87    23. A pattern such as "((?+1)(\1))/" containing a forward reference subroutine
88        call within a group that also contained a recursive back reference caused
89        incorrect code to be compiled. This bug was reported as "heap overflow",
90        discovered by Kai Lu of Fortinet's FortiGuard Labs, and given the CVE
91        number CVE-2015-2326.
92    
93    24. Computing the size of the JIT read-only data in advance has been a source
94        of various issues, and new ones are still appear unfortunately. To fix
95        existing and future issues, size computation is eliminated from the code,
96        and replaced by on-demand memory allocation.
97    
98    25. A pattern such as /(?i)[A-`]/, where characters in the other case are
99        adjacent to the end of the range, and the range contained characters with
100        more than one other case, caused incorrect behaviour when compiled in UTF
101        mode. In that example, the range a-j was left out of the class.
102    
103    26. Fix JIT compilation of conditional blocks, which assertion
104        is converted to (*FAIL). E.g: /(?(?!))/.
105    
106    27. The pattern /(?(?!)^)/ caused references to random memory. This bug was
107        discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
108    
109    28. The assertion (?!) is optimized to (*FAIL). This was not handled correctly
110        when this assertion was used as a condition, for example (?(?!)a|b). In
111        pcre2_match() it worked by luck; in pcre2_dfa_match() it gave an incorrect
112        error about an unsupported item.
113    
114    29. For some types of pattern, for example /Z*(|d*){216}/, the auto-
115        possessification code could take exponential time to complete. A recursion
116        depth limit of 1000 has been imposed to limit the resources used by this
117        optimization.
118    
119    30. A pattern such as /(*UTF)[\S\V\H]/, which contains a negated special class
120        such as \S in non-UCP mode, explicit wide characters (> 255) can be ignored
121        because \S ensures they are all in the class. The code for doing this was
122        interacting badly with the code for computing the amount of space needed to
123        compile the pattern, leading to a buffer overflow. This bug was discovered
124        by the LLVM fuzzer.
125    
126    31. A pattern such as /((?2)+)((?1))/ which has mutual recursion nested inside
127        other kinds of group caused stack overflow at compile time. This bug was
128        discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
129    
130    32. A pattern such as /(?1)(?#?'){8}(a)/ which had a parenthesized comment
131        between a subroutine call and its quantifier was incorrectly compiled,
132        leading to buffer overflow or other errors. This bug was discovered by the
133        LLVM fuzzer.
134    
135    33. The illegal pattern /(?(?<E>.*!.*)?)/ was not being diagnosed as missing an
136        assertion after (?(. The code was failing to check the character after
137        (?(?< for the ! or = that would indicate a lookbehind assertion. This bug
138        was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
139    
140    34. A pattern such as /X((?2)()*+){2}+/ which has a possessive quantifier with
141        a fixed maximum following a group that contains a subroutine reference was
142        incorrectly compiled and could trigger buffer overflow. This bug was
143        discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
144    
145    35. A mutual recursion within a lookbehind assertion such as (?<=((?2))((?1)))
146        caused a stack overflow instead of the diagnosis of a non-fixed length
147        lookbehind assertion. This bug was discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
148    
149    36. The use of \K in a positive lookbehind assertion in a non-anchored pattern
150        (e.g. /(?<=\Ka)/) could make pcregrep loop.
151    
152    37. There was a similar problem to 36 in pcretest for global matches.
153    
154    38. If a greedy quantified \X was preceded by \C in UTF mode (e.g. \C\X*),
155        and a subsequent item in the pattern caused a non-match, backtracking over
156        the repeated \X did not stop, but carried on past the start of the subject,
157        causing reference to random memory and/or a segfault. There were also some
158        other cases where backtracking after \C could crash. This set of bugs was
159        discovered by the LLVM fuzzer.
160    
161    39. The function for finding the minimum length of a matching string could take
162        a very long time if mutual recursion was present many times in a pattern,
163        for example, /((?2){73}(?2))((?1))/. A better mutual recursion detection
164        method has been implemented. This infelicity was discovered by the LLVM
165        fuzzer.
166    
167    40. Static linking against the PCRE library using the pkg-config module was
168        failing on missing pthread symbols.
169    
170    
171    Version 8.36 26-September-2014
172    ------------------------------
173    
174    1.  Got rid of some compiler warnings in the C++ modules that were shown up by
175        -Wmissing-field-initializers and -Wunused-parameter.
176    
177    2.  The tests for quantifiers being too big (greater than 65535) were being
178        applied after reading the number, and stupidly assuming that integer
179        overflow would give a negative number. The tests are now applied as the
180        numbers are read.
181    
182    3.  Tidy code in pcre_exec.c where two branches that used to be different are
183        now the same.
184    
185    4.  The JIT compiler did not generate match limit checks for certain
186        bracketed expressions with quantifiers. This may lead to exponential
187        backtracking, instead of returning with PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT. This
188        issue should be resolved now.
189    
190    5.  Fixed an issue, which occures when nested alternatives are optimized
191        with table jumps.
192    
193    6.  Inserted two casts and changed some ints to size_t in the light of some
194        reported 64-bit compiler warnings (Bugzilla 1477).
195    
196    7.  Fixed a bug concerned with zero-minimum possessive groups that could match
197        an empty string, which sometimes were behaving incorrectly in the
198        interpreter (though correctly in the JIT matcher). This pcretest input is
199        an example:
200    
201          '\A(?:[^"]++|"(?:[^"]*+|"")*+")++'
202          NON QUOTED "QUOT""ED" AFTER "NOT MATCHED
203    
204        the interpreter was reporting a match of 'NON QUOTED ' only, whereas the
205        JIT matcher and Perl both matched 'NON QUOTED "QUOT""ED" AFTER '. The test
206        for an empty string was breaking the inner loop and carrying on at a lower
207        level, when possessive repeated groups should always return to a higher
208        level as they have no backtrack points in them. The empty string test now
209        occurs at the outer level.
210    
211    8.  Fixed a bug that was incorrectly auto-possessifying \w+ in the pattern
212        ^\w+(?>\s*)(?<=\w) which caused it not to match "test test".
213    
214    9.  Give a compile-time error for \o{} (as Perl does) and for \x{} (which Perl
215        doesn't).
216    
217    10. Change 8.34/15 introduced a bug that caused the amount of memory needed
218        to hold a pattern to be incorrectly computed (too small) when there were
219        named back references to duplicated names. This could cause "internal
220        error: code overflow" or "double free or corruption" or other memory
221        handling errors.
222    
223    11. When named subpatterns had the same prefixes, back references could be
224        confused. For example, in this pattern:
225    
226          /(?P<Name>a)?(?P<Name2>b)?(?(<Name>)c|d)*l/
227    
228        the reference to 'Name' was incorrectly treated as a reference to a
229        duplicate name.
230    
231    12. A pattern such as /^s?c/mi8 where the optional character has more than
232        one "other case" was incorrectly compiled such that it would only try to
233        match starting at "c".
234    
235    13. When a pattern starting with \s was studied, VT was not included in the
236        list of possible starting characters; this should have been part of the
237        8.34/18 patch.
238    
239    14. If a character class started [\Qx]... where x is any character, the class
240        was incorrectly terminated at the ].
241    
242    15. If a pattern that started with a caseless match for a character with more
243        than one "other case" was studied, PCRE did not set up the starting code
244        unit bit map for the list of possible characters. Now it does. This is an
245        optimization improvement, not a bug fix.
246    
247    16. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 7.0.0.
248    
249    17. Fixed a number of memory leaks in pcregrep.
250    
251    18. Avoid a compiler warning (from some compilers) for a function call with
252        a cast that removes "const" from an lvalue by using an intermediate
253        variable (to which the compiler does not object).
254    
255    19. Incorrect code was compiled if a group that contained an internal recursive
256        back reference was optional (had quantifier with a minimum of zero). This
257        example compiled incorrect code: /(((a\2)|(a*)\g<-1>))*/ and other examples
258        caused segmentation faults because of stack overflows at compile time.
259    
260    20. A pattern such as /((?(R)a|(?1)))+/, which contains a recursion within a
261        group that is quantified with an indefinite repeat, caused a compile-time
262        loop which used up all the system stack and provoked a segmentation fault.
263        This was not the same bug as 19 above.
264    
265    21. Add PCRECPP_EXP_DECL declaration to operator<< in pcre_stringpiece.h.
266        Patch by Mike Frysinger.
267    
268    
269    Version 8.35 04-April-2014
270    --------------------------
271    
272    1.  A new flag is set, when property checks are present in an XCLASS.
273        When this flag is not set, PCRE can perform certain optimizations
274        such as studying these XCLASS-es.
275    
276    2.  The auto-possessification of character sets were improved: a normal
277        and an extended character set can be compared now. Furthermore
278        the JIT compiler optimizes more character set checks.
279    
280    3.  Got rid of some compiler warnings for potentially uninitialized variables
281        that show up only when compiled with -O2.
282    
283    4.  A pattern such as (?=ab\K) that uses \K in an assertion can set the start
284        of a match later then the end of the match. The pcretest program was not
285        handling the case sensibly - it was outputting from the start to the next
286        binary zero. It now reports this situation in a message, and outputs the
287        text from the end to the start.
288    
289    5.  Fast forward search is improved in JIT. Instead of the first three
290        characters, any three characters with fixed position can be searched.
291        Search order: first, last, middle.
292    
293    6.  Improve character range checks in JIT. Characters are read by an inprecise
294        function now, which returns with an unknown value if the character code is
295        above a certain threshold (e.g: 256). The only limitation is that the value
296        must be bigger than the threshold as well. This function is useful when
297        the characters above the threshold are handled in the same way.
298    
299    7.  The macros whose names start with RAWUCHAR are placeholders for a future
300        mode in which only the bottom 21 bits of 32-bit data items are used. To
301        make this more memorable for those maintaining the code, the names have
302        been changed to start with UCHAR21, and an extensive comment has been added
303        to their definition.
304    
305    8.  Add missing (new) files sljitNativeTILEGX.c and sljitNativeTILEGX-encoder.c
306        to the export list in Makefile.am (they were accidentally omitted from the
307        8.34 tarball).
308    
309    9.  The informational output from pcretest used the phrase "starting byte set"
310        which is inappropriate for the 16-bit and 32-bit libraries. As the output
311        for "first char" and "need char" really means "non-UTF-char", I've changed
312        "byte" to "char", and slightly reworded the output. The documentation about
313        these values has also been (I hope) clarified.
314    
315    10. Another JIT related optimization: use table jumps for selecting the correct
316        backtracking path, when more than four alternatives are present inside a
317        bracket.
318    
319    11. Empty match is not possible, when the minimum length is greater than zero,
320        and there is no \K in the pattern. JIT should avoid empty match checks in
321        such cases.
322    
323    12. In a caseless character class with UCP support, when a character with more
324        than one alternative case was not the first character of a range, not all
325        the alternative cases were added to the class. For example, s and \x{17f}
326        are both alternative cases for S: the class [RST] was handled correctly,
327        but [R-T] was not.
328    
329    13. The configure.ac file always checked for pthread support when JIT was
330        enabled. This is not used in Windows, so I have put this test inside a
331        check for the presence of windows.h (which was already tested for).
332    
333    14. Improve pattern prefix search by a simplified Boyer-Moore algorithm in JIT.
334        The algorithm provides a way to skip certain starting offsets, and usually
335        faster than linear prefix searches.
336    
337    15. Change 13 for 8.20 updated RunTest to check for the 'fr' locale as well
338        as for 'fr_FR' and 'french'. For some reason, however, it then used the
339        Windows-specific input and output files, which have 'french' screwed in.
340        So this could never have worked. One of the problems with locales is that
341        they aren't always the same. I have now updated RunTest so that it checks
342        the output of the locale test (test 3) against three different output
343        files, and it allows the test to pass if any one of them matches. With luck
344        this should make the test pass on some versions of Solaris where it was
345        failing. Because of the uncertainty, the script did not used to stop if
346        test 3 failed; it now does. If further versions of a French locale ever
347        come to light, they can now easily be added.
348    
349    16. If --with-pcregrep-bufsize was given a non-integer value such as "50K",
350        there was a message during ./configure, but it did not stop. This now
351        provokes an error. The invalid example in README has been corrected.
352        If a value less than the minimum is given, the minimum value has always
353        been used, but now a warning is given.
354    
355    17. If --enable-bsr-anycrlf was set, the special 16/32-bit test failed. This
356        was a bug in the test system, which is now fixed. Also, the list of various
357        configurations that are tested for each release did not have one with both
358        16/32 bits and --enable-bar-anycrlf. It now does.
359    
360    18. pcretest was missing "-C bsr" for displaying the \R default setting.
361    
362    19. Little endian PowerPC systems are supported now by the JIT compiler.
363    
364    20. The fast forward newline mechanism could enter to an infinite loop on
365        certain invalid UTF-8 input. Although we don't support these cases
366        this issue can be fixed by a performance optimization.
367    
368    21. Change 33 of 8.34 is not sufficient to ensure stack safety because it does
369        not take account if existing stack usage. There is now a new global
370        variable called pcre_stack_guard that can be set to point to an external
371        function to check stack availability. It is called at the start of
372        processing every parenthesized group.
373    
374    22. A typo in the code meant that in ungreedy mode the max/min qualifier
375        behaved like a min-possessive qualifier, and, for example, /a{1,3}b/U did
376        not match "ab".
377    
378    23. When UTF was disabled, the JIT program reported some incorrect compile
379        errors. These messages are silenced now.
380    
381    24. Experimental support for ARM-64 and MIPS-64 has been added to the JIT
382        compiler.
383    
384    25. Change all the temporary files used in RunGrepTest to be different to those
385        used by RunTest so that the tests can be run simultaneously, for example by
386        "make -j check".
387    
388    
389    Version 8.34 15-December-2013
390    -----------------------------
391    
392    1.  Add pcre[16|32]_jit_free_unused_memory to forcibly free unused JIT
393        executable memory. Patch inspired by Carsten Klein.
394    
395    2.  ./configure --enable-coverage defined SUPPORT_GCOV in config.h, although
396        this macro is never tested and has no effect, because the work to support
397        coverage involves only compiling and linking options and special targets in
398        the Makefile. The comment in config.h implied that defining the macro would
399        enable coverage support, which is totally false. There was also support for
400        setting this macro in the CMake files (my fault, I just copied it from
401        configure). SUPPORT_GCOV has now been removed.
402    
403    3.  Make a small performance improvement in strlen16() and strlen32() in
404        pcretest.
405    
406    4.  Change 36 for 8.33 left some unreachable statements in pcre_exec.c,
407        detected by the Solaris compiler (gcc doesn't seem to be able to diagnose
408        these cases). There was also one in pcretest.c.
409    
410    5.  Cleaned up a "may be uninitialized" compiler warning in pcre_exec.c.
411    
412    6.  In UTF mode, the code for checking whether a group could match an empty
413        string (which is used for indefinitely repeated groups to allow for
414        breaking an infinite loop) was broken when the group contained a repeated
415        negated single-character class with a character that occupied more than one
416        data item and had a minimum repetition of zero (for example, [^\x{100}]* in
417        UTF-8 mode). The effect was undefined: the group might or might not be
418        deemed as matching an empty string, or the program might have crashed.
419    
420    7.  The code for checking whether a group could match an empty string was not
421        recognizing that \h, \H, \v, \V, and \R must match a character.
422    
423    8.  Implemented PCRE_INFO_MATCH_EMPTY, which yields 1 if the pattern can match
424        an empty string. If it can, pcretest shows this in its information output.
425    
426    9.  Fixed two related bugs that applied to Unicode extended grapheme clusters
427        that were repeated with a maximizing qualifier (e.g. \X* or \X{2,5}) when
428        matched by pcre_exec() without using JIT:
429    
430        (a) If the rest of the pattern did not match after a maximal run of
431            grapheme clusters, the code for backing up to try with fewer of them
432            did not always back up over a full grapheme when characters that do not
433            have the modifier quality were involved, e.g. Hangul syllables.
434    
435        (b) If the match point in a subject started with modifier character, and
436            there was no match, the code could incorrectly back up beyond the match
437            point, and potentially beyond the first character in the subject,
438            leading to a segfault or an incorrect match result.
439    
440    10. A conditional group with an assertion condition could lead to PCRE
441        recording an incorrect first data item for a match if no other first data
442        item was recorded. For example, the pattern (?(?=ab)ab) recorded "a" as a
443        first data item, and therefore matched "ca" after "c" instead of at the
444        start.
445    
446    11. Change 40 for 8.33 (allowing pcregrep to find empty strings) showed up a
447        bug that caused the command "echo a | ./pcregrep -M '|a'" to loop.
448    
449    12. The source of pcregrep now includes z/OS-specific code so that it can be
450        compiled for z/OS as part of the special z/OS distribution.
451    
452    13. Added the -T and -TM options to pcretest.
453    
454    14. The code in pcre_compile.c for creating the table of named capturing groups
455        has been refactored. Instead of creating the table dynamically during the
456        actual compiling pass, the information is remembered during the pre-compile
457        pass (on the stack unless there are more than 20 named groups, in which
458        case malloc() is used) and the whole table is created before the actual
459        compile happens. This has simplified the code (it is now nearly 150 lines
460        shorter) and prepared the way for better handling of references to groups
461        with duplicate names.
462    
463    15. A back reference to a named subpattern when there is more than one of the
464        same name now checks them in the order in which they appear in the pattern.
465        The first one that is set is used for the reference. Previously only the
466        first one was inspected. This change makes PCRE more compatible with Perl.
467    
468    16. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.3.0.
469    
470    17. The compile-time code for auto-possessification has been refactored, based
471        on a patch by Zoltan Herczeg. It now happens after instead of during
472        compilation. The code is cleaner, and more cases are handled. The option
473        PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS is added for testing purposes, and the -O and /O
474        options in pcretest are provided to set it. It can also be set by
475        (*NO_AUTO_POSSESS) at the start of a pattern.
476    
477    18. The character VT has been added to the default ("C" locale) set of
478        characters that match \s and are generally treated as white space,
479        following this same change in Perl 5.18. There is now no difference between
480        "Perl space" and "POSIX space". Whether VT is treated as white space in
481        other locales depends on the locale.
482    
483    19. The code for checking named groups as conditions, either for being set or
484        for being recursed, has been refactored (this is related to 14 and 15
485        above). Processing unduplicated named groups should now be as fast at
486        numerical groups, and processing duplicated groups should be faster than
487        before.
488    
489    20. Two patches to the CMake build system, by Alexander Barkov:
490    
491          (1) Replace the "source" command by "." in CMakeLists.txt because
492              "source" is a bash-ism.
493    
494          (2) Add missing HAVE_STDINT_H and HAVE_INTTYPES_H to config-cmake.h.in;
495              without these the CMake build does not work on Solaris.
496    
497    21. Perl has changed its handling of \8 and \9. If there is no previously
498        encountered capturing group of those numbers, they are treated as the
499        literal characters 8 and 9 instead of a binary zero followed by the
500        literals. PCRE now does the same.
501    
502    22. Following Perl, added \o{} to specify codepoints in octal, making it
503        possible to specify values greater than 0777 and also making them
504        unambiguous.
505    
506    23. Perl now gives an error for missing closing braces after \x{... instead of
507        treating the string as literal. PCRE now does the same.
508    
509    24. RunTest used to grumble if an inappropriate test was selected explicitly,
510        but just skip it when running all tests. This make it awkward to run ranges
511        of tests when one of them was inappropriate. Now it just skips any
512        inappropriate tests, as it always did when running all tests.
513    
514    25. If PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT and PCRE_UCP were set for a pattern that contained
515        character types such as \d or \w, too many callouts were inserted, and the
516        data that they returned was rubbish.
517    
518    26. In UCP mode, \s was not matching two of the characters that Perl matches,
519        namely NEL (U+0085) and MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR (U+180E), though they
520        were matched by \h. The code has now been refactored so that the lists of
521        the horizontal and vertical whitespace characters used for \h and \v (which
522        are defined only in one place) are now also used for \s.
523    
524    27. Add JIT support for the 64 bit TileGX architecture.
525        Patch by Jiong Wang (Tilera Corporation).
526    
527    28. Possessive quantifiers for classes (both explicit and automatically
528        generated) now use special opcodes instead of wrapping in ONCE brackets.
529    
530    29. Whereas an item such as A{4}+ ignored the possessivenes of the quantifier
531        (because it's meaningless), this was not happening when PCRE_CASELESS was
532        set. Not wrong, but inefficient.
533    
534    30. Updated perltest.pl to add /u (force Unicode mode) when /W (use Unicode
535        properties for \w, \d, etc) is present in a test regex. Otherwise if the
536        test contains no characters greater than 255, Perl doesn't realise it
537        should be using Unicode semantics.
538    
539    31. Upgraded the handling of the POSIX classes [:graph:], [:print:], and
540        [:punct:] when PCRE_UCP is set so as to include the same characters as Perl
541        does in Unicode mode.
542    
543    32. Added the "forbid" facility to pcretest so that putting tests into the
544        wrong test files can sometimes be quickly detected.
545    
546    33. There is now a limit (default 250) on the depth of nesting of parentheses.
547        This limit is imposed to control the amount of system stack used at compile
548        time. It can be changed at build time by --with-parens-nest-limit=xxx or
549        the equivalent in CMake.
550    
551    34. Character classes such as [A-\d] or [a-[:digit:]] now cause compile-time
552        errors. Perl warns for these when in warning mode, but PCRE has no facility
553        for giving warnings.
554    
555    35. Change 34 for 8.13 allowed quantifiers on assertions, because Perl does.
556        However, this was not working for (?!) because it is optimized to (*FAIL),
557        for which PCRE does not allow quantifiers. The optimization is now disabled
558        when a quantifier follows (?!). I can't see any use for this, but it makes
559        things uniform.
560    
561    36. Perl no longer allows group names to start with digits, so I have made this
562        change also in PCRE. It simplifies the code a bit.
563    
564    37. In extended mode, Perl ignores spaces before a + that indicates a
565        possessive quantifier. PCRE allowed a space before the quantifier, but not
566        before the possessive +. It now does.
567    
568    38. The use of \K (reset reported match start) within a repeated possessive
569        group such as (a\Kb)*+ was not working.
570    
571    40. Document that the same character tables must be used at compile time and
572        run time, and that the facility to pass tables to pcre_exec() and
573        pcre_dfa_exec() is for use only with saved/restored patterns.
574    
575    41. Applied Jeff Trawick's patch CMakeLists.txt, which "provides two new
576        features for Builds with MSVC:
577    
578        1. Support pcre.rc and/or pcreposix.rc (as is already done for MinGW
579           builds). The .rc files can be used to set FileDescription and many other
580           attributes.
581    
582        2. Add an option (-DINSTALL_MSVC_PDB) to enable installation of .pdb files.
583           This allows higher-level build scripts which want .pdb files to avoid
584           hard-coding the exact files needed."
585    
586    42. Added support for [[:<:]] and [[:>:]] as used in the BSD POSIX library to
587        mean "start of word" and "end of word", respectively, as a transition aid.
588    
589    43. A minimizing repeat of a class containing codepoints greater than 255 in
590        non-UTF 16-bit or 32-bit modes caused an internal error when PCRE was
591        compiled to use the heap for recursion.
592    
593    44. Got rid of some compiler warnings for unused variables when UTF but not UCP
594        is configured.
595    
596    
597    Version 8.33 28-May-2013
598    ------------------------
599    
600    1.  Added 'U' to some constants that are compared to unsigned integers, to
601        avoid compiler signed/unsigned warnings. Added (int) casts to unsigned
602        variables that are added to signed variables, to ensure the result is
603        signed and can be negated.
604    
605    2.  Applied patch by Daniel Richard G for quashing MSVC warnings to the
606        CMake config files.
607    
608    3.  Revise the creation of config.h.generic so that all boolean macros are
609        #undefined, whereas non-boolean macros are #ifndef/#endif-ed. This makes
610        overriding via -D on the command line possible.
611    
612    4.  Changing the definition of the variable "op" in pcre_exec.c from pcre_uchar
613        to unsigned int is reported to make a quite noticeable speed difference in
614        a specific Windows environment. Testing on Linux did also appear to show
615        some benefit (and it is clearly not harmful). Also fixed the definition of
616        Xop which should be unsigned.
617    
618    5.  Related to (4), changing the definition of the intermediate variable cc
619        in repeated character loops from pcre_uchar to pcre_uint32 also gave speed
620        improvements.
621    
622    6.  Fix forward search in JIT when link size is 3 or greater. Also removed some
623        unnecessary spaces.
624    
625    7.  Adjust autogen.sh and configure.ac to lose warnings given by automake 1.12
626        and later.
627    
628    8.  Fix two buffer over read issues in 16 and 32 bit modes. Affects JIT only.
629    
630    9.  Optimizing fast_forward_start_bits in JIT.
631    
632    10. Adding support for callouts in JIT, and fixing some issues revealed
633        during this work. Namely:
634    
635        (a) Unoptimized capturing brackets incorrectly reset on backtrack.
636    
637        (b) Minimum length was not checked before the matching is started.
638    
639    11. The value of capture_last that is passed to callouts was incorrect in some
640        cases when there was a capture on one path that was subsequently abandoned
641        after a backtrack. Also, the capture_last value is now reset after a
642        recursion, since all captures are also reset in this case.
643    
644    12. The interpreter no longer returns the "too many substrings" error in the
645        case when an overflowing capture is in a branch that is subsequently
646        abandoned after a backtrack.
647    
648    13. In the pathological case when an offset vector of size 2 is used, pcretest
649        now prints out the matched string after a yield of 0 or 1.
650    
651    14. Inlining subpatterns in recursions, when certain conditions are fulfilled.
652        Only supported by the JIT compiler at the moment.
653    
654    15. JIT compiler now supports 32 bit Macs thanks to Lawrence Velazquez.
655    
656    16. Partial matches now set offsets[2] to the "bumpalong" value, that is, the
657        offset of the starting point of the matching process, provided the offsets
658        vector is large enough.
659    
660    17. The \A escape now records a lookbehind value of 1, though its execution
661        does not actually inspect the previous character. This is to ensure that,
662        in partial multi-segment matching, at least one character from the old
663        segment is retained when a new segment is processed. Otherwise, if there
664        are no lookbehinds in the pattern, \A might match incorrectly at the start
665        of a new segment.
666    
667    18. Added some #ifdef __VMS code into pcretest.c to help VMS implementations.
668    
669    19. Redefined some pcre_uchar variables in pcre_exec.c as pcre_uint32; this
670        gives some modest performance improvement in 8-bit mode.
671    
672    20. Added the PCRE-specific property \p{Xuc} for matching characters that can
673        be expressed in certain programming languages using Universal Character
674        Names.
675    
676    21. Unicode validation has been updated in the light of Unicode Corrigendum #9,
677        which points out that "non characters" are not "characters that may not
678        appear in Unicode strings" but rather "characters that are reserved for
679        internal use and have only local meaning".
680    
681    22. When a pattern was compiled with automatic callouts (PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT) and
682        there was a conditional group that depended on an assertion, if the
683        assertion was false, the callout that immediately followed the alternation
684        in the condition was skipped when pcre_exec() was used for matching.
685    
686    23. Allow an explicit callout to be inserted before an assertion that is the
687        condition for a conditional group, for compatibility with automatic
688        callouts, which always insert a callout at this point.
689    
690    24. In 8.31, (*COMMIT) was confined to within a recursive subpattern. Perl also
691        confines (*SKIP) and (*PRUNE) in the same way, and this has now been done.
692    
693    25. (*PRUNE) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
694    
695    26. Fix infinite loop when /(?<=(*SKIP)ac)a/ is matched against aa.
696    
697    27. Fix the case where there are two or more SKIPs with arguments that may be
698        ignored.
699    
700    28. (*SKIP) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
701    
702    29. (*THEN) is now supported by the JIT compiler.
703    
704    30. Update RunTest with additional test selector options.
705    
706    31. The way PCRE handles backtracking verbs has been changed in two ways.
707    
708        (1) Previously, in something like (*COMMIT)(*SKIP), COMMIT would override
709        SKIP. Now, PCRE acts on whichever backtracking verb is reached first by
710        backtracking. In some cases this makes it more Perl-compatible, but Perl's
711        rather obscure rules do not always do the same thing.
712    
713        (2) Previously, backtracking verbs were confined within assertions. This is
714        no longer the case for positive assertions, except for (*ACCEPT). Again,
715        this sometimes improves Perl compatibility, and sometimes does not.
716    
717    32. A number of tests that were in test 2 because Perl did things differently
718        have been moved to test 1, because either Perl or PCRE has changed, and
719        these tests are now compatible.
720    
721    32. Backtracking control verbs are now handled in the same way in JIT and
722        interpreter.
723    
724    33. An opening parenthesis in a MARK/PRUNE/SKIP/THEN name in a pattern that
725        contained a forward subroutine reference caused a compile error.
726    
727    34. Auto-detect and optimize limited repetitions in JIT.
728    
729    35. Implement PCRE_NEVER_UTF to lock out the use of UTF, in particular,
730        blocking (*UTF) etc.
731    
732    36. In the interpreter, maximizing pattern repetitions for characters and
733        character types now use tail recursion, which reduces stack usage.
734    
735    37. The value of the max lookbehind was not correctly preserved if a compiled
736        and saved regex was reloaded on a host of different endianness.
737    
738    38. Implemented (*LIMIT_MATCH) and (*LIMIT_RECURSION). As part of the extension
739        of the compiled pattern block, expand the flags field from 16 to 32 bits
740        because it was almost full.
741    
742    39. Try madvise first before posix_madvise.
743    
744    40. Change 7 for PCRE 7.9 made it impossible for pcregrep to find empty lines
745        with a pattern such as ^$. It has taken 4 years for anybody to notice! The
746        original change locked out all matches of empty strings. This has been
747        changed so that one match of an empty string per line is recognized.
748        Subsequent searches on the same line (for colouring or for --only-matching,
749        for example) do not recognize empty strings.
750    
751    41. Applied a user patch to fix a number of spelling mistakes in comments.
752    
753    42. Data lines longer than 65536 caused pcretest to crash.
754    
755    43. Clarified the data type for length and startoffset arguments for pcre_exec
756        and pcre_dfa_exec in the function-specific man pages, where they were
757        explicitly stated to be in bytes, never having been updated. I also added
758        some clarification to the pcreapi man page.
759    
760    44. A call to pcre_dfa_exec() with an output vector size less than 2 caused
761        a segmentation fault.
762    
763    
764    Version 8.32 30-November-2012
765    -----------------------------
766    
767    1.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for first character search and single
768        character iterators.
769    
770    2.  Supporting IBM XL C compilers for PPC architectures in the JIT compiler.
771        Patch by Daniel Richard G.
772    
773    3.  Single character iterator optimizations in the JIT compiler.
774    
775    4.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for character ranges.
776    
777    5.  Rename the "leave" variable names to "quit" to improve WinCE compatibility.
778        Reported by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
779    
780    6.  The PCRE_STARTLINE bit, indicating that a match can occur only at the start
781        of a line, was being set incorrectly in cases where .* appeared inside
782        atomic brackets at the start of a pattern, or where there was a subsequent
783        *PRUNE or *SKIP.
784    
785    7.  Improved instruction cache flush for POWER/PowerPC.
786        Patch by Daniel Richard G.
787    
788    8.  Fixed a number of issues in pcregrep, making it more compatible with GNU
789        grep:
790    
791        (a) There is now no limit to the number of patterns to be matched.
792    
793        (b) An error is given if a pattern is too long.
794    
795        (c) Multiple uses of --exclude, --exclude-dir, --include, and --include-dir
796            are now supported.
797    
798        (d) --exclude-from and --include-from (multiple use) have been added.
799    
800        (e) Exclusions and inclusions now apply to all files and directories, not
801            just to those obtained from scanning a directory recursively.
802    
803        (f) Multiple uses of -f and --file-list are now supported.
804    
805        (g) In a Windows environment, the default for -d has been changed from
806            "read" (the GNU grep default) to "skip", because otherwise the presence
807            of a directory in the file list provokes an error.
808    
809        (h) The documentation has been revised and clarified in places.
810    
811    9.  Improve the matching speed of capturing brackets.
812    
813    10. Changed the meaning of \X so that it now matches a Unicode extended
814        grapheme cluster.
815    
816    11. Patch by Daniel Richard G to the autoconf files to add a macro for sorting
817        out POSIX threads when JIT support is configured.
818    
819    12. Added support for PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED.
820    
821    13. In the POSIX wrapper regcomp() function, setting re_nsub field in the preg
822        structure could go wrong in environments where size_t is not the same size
823        as int.
824    
825    14. Applied user-supplied patch to pcrecpp.cc to allow PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK to be
826        set.
827    
828    15. The EBCDIC support had decayed; later updates to the code had included
829        explicit references to (e.g.) \x0a instead of CHAR_LF. There has been a
830        general tidy up of EBCDIC-related issues, and the documentation was also
831        not quite right. There is now a test that can be run on ASCII systems to
832        check some of the EBCDIC-related things (but is it not a full test).
833    
834    16. The new PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED option is now used by pcregrep, resulting
835        in a small tidy to the code.
836    
837    17. Fix JIT tests when UTF is disabled and both 8 and 16 bit mode are enabled.
838    
839    18. If the --only-matching (-o) option in pcregrep is specified multiple
840        times, each one causes appropriate output. For example, -o1 -o2 outputs the
841        substrings matched by the 1st and 2nd capturing parentheses. A separating
842        string can be specified by --om-separator (default empty).
843    
844    19. Improving the first n character searches.
845    
846    20. Turn case lists for horizontal and vertical white space into macros so that
847        they are defined only once.
848    
849    21. This set of changes together give more compatible Unicode case-folding
850        behaviour for characters that have more than one other case when UCP
851        support is available.
852    
853        (a) The Unicode property table now has offsets into a new table of sets of
854            three or more characters that are case-equivalent. The MultiStage2.py
855            script that generates these tables (the pcre_ucd.c file) now scans
856            CaseFolding.txt instead of UnicodeData.txt for character case
857            information.
858    
859        (b) The code for adding characters or ranges of characters to a character
860            class has been abstracted into a generalized function that also handles
861            case-independence. In UTF-mode with UCP support, this uses the new data
862            to handle characters with more than one other case.
863    
864        (c) A bug that is fixed as a result of (b) is that codepoints less than 256
865            whose other case is greater than 256 are now correctly matched
866            caselessly. Previously, the high codepoint matched the low one, but not
867            vice versa.
868    
869        (d) The processing of \h, \H, \v, and \ in character classes now makes use
870            of the new class addition function, using character lists defined as
871            macros alongside the case definitions of 20 above.
872    
873        (e) Caseless back references now work with characters that have more than
874            one other case.
875    
876        (f) General caseless matching of characters with more than one other case
877            is supported.
878    
879    22. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.2.0
880    
881    23. Improved CMake support under Windows. Patch by Daniel Richard G.
882    
883    24. Add support for 32-bit character strings, and UTF-32
884    
885    25. Major JIT compiler update (code refactoring and bugfixing).
886        Experimental Sparc 32 support is added.
887    
888    26. Applied a modified version of Daniel Richard G's patch to create
889        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic by "make" instead of in the
890        PrepareRelease script.
891    
892    27. Added a definition for CHAR_NULL (helpful for the z/OS port), and use it in
893        pcre_compile.c when checking for a zero character.
894    
895    28. Introducing a native interface for JIT. Through this interface, the compiled
896        machine code can be directly executed. The purpose of this interface is to
897        provide fast pattern matching, so several sanity checks are not performed.
898        However, feature tests are still performed. The new interface provides
899        1.4x speedup compared to the old one.
900    
901    29. If pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() was called with a negative value for
902        the subject string length, the error given was PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which
903        was confusing. There is now a new error PCRE_ERROR_BADLENGTH for this case.
904    
905    30. In 8-bit UTF-8 mode, pcretest failed to give an error for data codepoints
906        greater than 0x7fffffff (which cannot be represented in UTF-8, even under
907        the "old" RFC 2279). Instead, it ended up passing a negative length to
908        pcre_exec().
909    
910    31. Add support for GCC's visibility feature to hide internal functions.
911    
912    32. Running "pcretest -C pcre8" or "pcretest -C pcre16" gave a spurious error
913        "unknown -C option" after outputting 0 or 1.
914    
915    33. There is now support for generating a code coverage report for the test
916        suite in environments where gcc is the compiler and lcov is installed. This
917        is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
918    
919    34. If PCRE is built with --enable-valgrind, certain memory regions are marked
920        unaddressable using valgrind annotations, allowing valgrind to detect
921        invalid memory accesses. This is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
922    
923    25. (*UTF) can now be used to start a pattern in any of the three libraries.
924    
925    26. Give configure error if --enable-cpp but no C++ compiler found.
926    
927    
928    Version 8.31 06-July-2012
929    -------------------------
930    
931    1.  Fixing a wrong JIT test case and some compiler warnings.
932    
933    2.  Removed a bashism from the RunTest script.
934    
935    3.  Add a cast to pcre_exec.c to fix the warning "unary minus operator applied
936        to unsigned type, result still unsigned" that was given by an MS compiler
937        on encountering the code "-sizeof(xxx)".
938    
939    4.  Partial matching support is added to the JIT compiler.
940    
941    5.  Fixed several bugs concerned with partial matching of items that consist
942        of more than one character:
943    
944        (a) /^(..)\1/ did not partially match "aba" because checking references was
945            done on an "all or nothing" basis. This also applied to repeated
946            references.
947    
948        (b) \R did not give a hard partial match if \r was found at the end of the
949            subject.
950    
951        (c) \X did not give a hard partial match after matching one or more
952            characters at the end of the subject.
953    
954        (d) When newline was set to CRLF, a pattern such as /a$/ did not recognize
955            a partial match for the string "\r".
956    
957        (e) When newline was set to CRLF, the metacharacter "." did not recognize
958            a partial match for a CR character at the end of the subject string.
959    
960    6.  If JIT is requested using /S++ or -s++ (instead of just /S+ or -s+) when
961        running pcretest, the text "(JIT)" added to the output whenever JIT is
962        actually used to run the match.
963    
964    7.  Individual JIT compile options can be set in pcretest by following -s+[+]
965        or /S+[+] with a digit between 1 and 7.
966    
967    8.  OP_NOT now supports any UTF character not just single-byte ones.
968    
969    9.  (*MARK) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
970    
971    10. The command "./RunTest list" lists the available tests without actually
972        running any of them. (Because I keep forgetting what they all are.)
973    
974    11. Add PCRE_INFO_MAXLOOKBEHIND.
975    
976    12. Applied a (slightly modified) user-supplied patch that improves performance
977        when the heap is used for recursion (compiled with --disable-stack-for-
978        recursion). Instead of malloc and free for each heap frame each time a
979        logical recursion happens, frames are retained on a chain and re-used where
980        possible. This sometimes gives as much as 30% improvement.
981    
982    13. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a recursive subpattern
983        call.
984    
985    14. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a positive assertion.
986    
987    15. It is now possible to link pcretest with libedit as an alternative to
988        libreadline.
989    
990    16. (*COMMIT) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
991    
992    17. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.1.0.
993    
994    18. Added --file-list option to pcregrep.
995    
996    19. Added binary file support to pcregrep, including the -a, --binary-files,
997        -I, and --text options.
998    
999    20. The madvise function is renamed for posix_madvise for QNX compatibility
1000        reasons. Fixed by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
1001    
1002    21. Fixed a bug for backward assertions with REVERSE 0 in the JIT compiler.
1003    
1004    22. Changed the option for creating symbolic links for 16-bit man pages from
1005        -s to -sf so that re-installing does not cause issues.
1006    
1007    23. Support PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE in JIT as (*MARK) support requires it.
1008    
1009    24. Fixed a very old bug in pcretest that caused errors with restarted DFA
1010        matches in certain environments (the workspace was not being correctly
1011        retained). Also added to pcre_dfa_exec() a simple plausibility check on
1012        some of the workspace data at the beginning of a restart.
1013    
1014    25. \s*\R was auto-possessifying the \s* when it should not, whereas \S*\R
1015        was not doing so when it should - probably a typo introduced by SVN 528
1016        (change 8.10/14).
1017    
1018    26. When PCRE_UCP was not set, \w+\x{c4} was incorrectly auto-possessifying the
1019        \w+ when the character tables indicated that \x{c4} was a word character.
1020        There were several related cases, all because the tests for doing a table
1021        lookup were testing for characters less than 127 instead of 255.
1022    
1023    27. If a pattern contains capturing parentheses that are not used in a match,
1024        their slots in the ovector are set to -1. For those that are higher than
1025        any matched groups, this happens at the end of processing. In the case when
1026        there were back references that the ovector was too small to contain
1027        (causing temporary malloc'd memory to be used during matching), and the
1028        highest capturing number was not used, memory off the end of the ovector
1029        was incorrectly being set to -1. (It was using the size of the temporary
1030        memory instead of the true size.)
1031    
1032    28. To catch bugs like 27 using valgrind, when pcretest is asked to specify an
1033        ovector size, it uses memory at the end of the block that it has got.
1034    
1035    29. Check for an overlong MARK name and give an error at compile time. The
1036        limit is 255 for the 8-bit library and 65535 for the 16-bit library.
1037    
1038    30. JIT compiler update.
1039    
1040    31. JIT is now supported on jailbroken iOS devices. Thanks for Ruiger
1041        Rill for the patch.
1042    
1043    32. Put spaces around SLJIT_PRINT_D in the JIT compiler. Required by CXX11.
1044    
1045    33. Variable renamings in the PCRE-JIT compiler. No functionality change.
1046    
1047    34. Fixed typos in pcregrep: in two places there was SUPPORT_LIBZ2 instead of
1048        SUPPORT_LIBBZ2. This caused a build problem when bzip2 but not gzip (zlib)
1049        was enabled.
1050    
1051    35. Improve JIT code generation for greedy plus quantifier.
1052    
1053    36. When /((?:a?)*)*c/ or /((?>a?)*)*c/ was matched against "aac", it set group
1054        1 to "aa" instead of to an empty string. The bug affected repeated groups
1055        that could potentially match an empty string.
1056    
1057    37. Optimizing single character iterators in JIT.
1058    
1059    38. Wide characters specified with \uxxxx in JavaScript mode are now subject to
1060        the same checks as \x{...} characters in non-JavaScript mode. Specifically,
1061        codepoints that are too big for the mode are faulted, and in a UTF mode,
1062        disallowed codepoints are also faulted.
1063    
1064    39. If PCRE was compiled with UTF support, in three places in the DFA
1065        matcher there was code that should only have been obeyed in UTF mode, but
1066        was being obeyed unconditionally. In 8-bit mode this could cause incorrect
1067        processing when bytes with values greater than 127 were present. In 16-bit
1068        mode the bug would be provoked by values in the range 0xfc00 to 0xdc00. In
1069        both cases the values are those that cannot be the first data item in a UTF
1070        character. The three items that might have provoked this were recursions,
1071        possessively repeated groups, and atomic groups.
1072    
1073    40. Ensure that libpcre is explicitly listed in the link commands for pcretest
1074        and pcregrep, because some OS require shared objects to be explicitly
1075        passed to ld, causing the link step to fail if they are not.
1076    
1077    41. There were two incorrect #ifdefs in pcre_study.c, meaning that, in 16-bit
1078        mode, patterns that started with \h* or \R* might be incorrectly matched.
1079    
1080    
1081    Version 8.30 04-February-2012
1082    -----------------------------
1083    
1084    1.  Renamed "isnumber" as "is_a_number" because in some Mac environments this
1085        name is defined in ctype.h.
1086    
1087    2.  Fixed a bug in fixed-length calculation for lookbehinds that would show up
1088        only in quite long subpatterns.
1089    
1090    3.  Removed the function pcre_info(), which has been obsolete and deprecated
1091        since it was replaced by pcre_fullinfo() in February 2000.
1092    
1093    4.  For a non-anchored pattern, if (*SKIP) was given with a name that did not
1094        match a (*MARK), and the match failed at the start of the subject, a
1095        reference to memory before the start of the subject could occur. This bug
1096        was introduced by fix 17 of release 8.21.
1097    
1098    5.  A reference to an unset group with zero minimum repetition was giving
1099        totally wrong answers (in non-JavaScript-compatibility mode). For example,
1100        /(another)?(\1?)test/ matched against "hello world test". This bug was
1101        introduced in release 8.13.
1102    
1103    6.  Add support for 16-bit character strings (a large amount of work involving
1104        many changes and refactorings).
1105    
1106    7.  RunGrepTest failed on msys because \r\n was replaced by whitespace when the
1107        command "pattern=`printf 'xxx\r\njkl'`" was run. The pattern is now taken
1108        from a file.
1109    
1110    8.  Ovector size of 2 is also supported by JIT based pcre_exec (the ovector size
1111        rounding is not applied in this particular case).
1112    
1113    9.  The invalid Unicode surrogate codepoints U+D800 to U+DFFF are now rejected
1114        if they appear, or are escaped, in patterns.
1115    
1116    10. Get rid of a number of -Wunused-but-set-variable warnings.
1117    
1118    11. The pattern /(?=(*:x))(q|)/ matches an empty string, and returns the mark
1119        "x". The similar pattern /(?=(*:x))((*:y)q|)/ did not return a mark at all.
1120        Oddly, Perl behaves the same way. PCRE has been fixed so that this pattern
1121        also returns the mark "x". This bug applied to capturing parentheses,
1122        non-capturing parentheses, and atomic parentheses. It also applied to some
1123        assertions.
1124    
1125    12. Stephen Kelly's patch to CMakeLists.txt allows it to parse the version
1126        information out of configure.ac instead of relying on pcre.h.generic, which
1127        is not stored in the repository.
1128    
1129    13. Applied Dmitry V. Levin's patch for a more portable method for linking with
1130        -lreadline.
1131    
1132    14. ZH added PCRE_CONFIG_JITTARGET; added its output to pcretest -C.
1133    
1134    15. Applied Graycode's patch to put the top-level frame on the stack rather
1135        than the heap when not using the stack for recursion. This gives a
1136        performance improvement in many cases when recursion is not deep.
1137    
1138    16. Experimental code added to "pcretest -C" to output the stack frame size.
1139    
1140    
1141    Version 8.21 12-Dec-2011
1142    ------------------------
1143    
1144    1.  Updating the JIT compiler.
1145    
1146    2.  JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
1147        are added as well.
1148    
1149    3.  Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
1150        PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
1151        calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
1152    
1153    4.  (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
1154        parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
1155        was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
1156    
1157    5.  Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
1158        ECMA-262 standard.
1159    
1160    6.  Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
1161        erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
1162        This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
1163    
1164    7.  While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
1165        incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
1166        opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
1167        corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
1168        error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
1169        length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
1170        rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
1171        (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
1172        repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
1173    
1174    8.  A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
1175        being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
1176    
1177    9.  A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
1178        one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
1179        (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
1180        the first (A) could occur when it should not.
1181    
1182    10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
1183    
1184    11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
1185    
1186    12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
1187        best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
1188        is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
1189    
1190    13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
1191    
1192    14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
1193        also gives an error.
1194    
1195    15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
1196        it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
1197        maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
1198        internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
1199        rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
1200        the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
1201        of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
1202        the filling in of repeated forward references.
1203    
1204    16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
1205        incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
1206    
1207    17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
1208        in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
1209        the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
1210        /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
1211        tested.
1212    
1213    18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
1214        now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
1215        is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
1216        /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
1217        "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
1218        change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
1219        returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
1220        Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
1221        refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
1222        the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
1223    
1224    19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
1225        subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
1226    
1227    21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
1228        some warnings.
1229    
1230    22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
1231        not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
1232        subject string.
1233    
1234    23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
1235        systems.
1236    
1237    24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
1238        output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
1239    
1240    25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
1241        an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
1242        because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
1243    
1244    26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
1245        "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
1246        never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
1247        complain.
1248    
1249    27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
1250    
1251    28. Fixed a possible uninitialized memory bug in pcre_jit_compile.c.
1252    
1253    29. Computation of memory usage for the table of capturing group names was
1254        giving an unnecessarily large value.
1255    
1256    
1257    Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
1258    ------------------------
1259    
1260    1.  Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had
1261        a POSIX class. After further experiments with Perl, which convinced me that
1262        Perl has bugs and confusions, a closing square bracket is no longer allowed
1263        in a POSIX name. This bug also affected patterns with classes that started
1264        with full stops.
1265    
1266    2.  If a pattern such as /(a)b|ac/ is matched against "ac", there is no
1267        captured substring, but while checking the failing first alternative,
1268        substring 1 is temporarily captured. If the output vector supplied to
1269        pcre_exec() was not big enough for this capture, the yield of the function
1270        was still zero ("insufficient space for captured substrings"). This cannot
1271        be totally fixed without adding another stack variable, which seems a lot
1272        of expense for a edge case. However, I have improved the situation in cases
1273        such as /(a)(b)x|abc/ matched against "abc", where the return code
1274        indicates that fewer than the maximum number of slots in the ovector have
1275        been set.
1276    
1277    3.  Related to (2) above: when there are more back references in a pattern than
1278        slots in the output vector, pcre_exec() uses temporary memory during
1279        matching, and copies in the captures as far as possible afterwards. It was
1280        using the entire output vector, but this conflicts with the specification
1281        that only 2/3 is used for passing back captured substrings. Now it uses
1282        only the first 2/3, for compatibility. This is, of course, another edge
1283        case.
1284    
1285    4.  Zoltan Herczeg's just-in-time compiler support has been integrated into the
1286        main code base, and can be used by building with --enable-jit. When this is
1287        done, pcregrep automatically uses it unless --disable-pcregrep-jit or the
1288        runtime --no-jit option is given.
1289    
1290    5.  When the number of matches in a pcre_dfa_exec() run exactly filled the
1291        ovector, the return from the function was zero, implying that there were
1292        other matches that did not fit. The correct "exactly full" value is now
1293        returned.
1294    
1295    6.  If a subpattern that was called recursively or as a subroutine contained
1296        (*PRUNE) or any other control that caused it to give a non-standard return,
1297        invalid errors such as "Error -26 (nested recursion at the same subject
1298        position)" or even infinite loops could occur.
1299    
1300    7.  If a pattern such as /a(*SKIP)c|b(*ACCEPT)|/ was studied, it stopped
1301        computing the minimum length on reaching *ACCEPT, and so ended up with the
1302        wrong value of 1 rather than 0. Further investigation indicates that
1303        computing a minimum subject length in the presence of *ACCEPT is difficult
1304        (think back references, subroutine calls), and so I have changed the code
1305        so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.
1306    
1307    8.  If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,
1308        it was not handled as intended. [But see 16 below.]
1309    
1310    9.  Replaced RunTest.bat and CMakeLists.txt with improved versions provided by
1311        Sheri Pierce.
1312    
1313    10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that
1314        the first byte in a match must be "a".
1315    
1316    11. Change 17 for 8.13 increased the recursion depth for patterns like
1317        /a(?:.)*?a/ drastically. I've improved things by remembering whether a
1318        pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old
1319        optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group
1320        basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.
1321    
1322    12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This
1323        broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space
1324        character after the value is now allowed for.
1325    
1326    13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".
1327        For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.
1328    
1329    14. If (*THEN) appeared in a group that was called recursively or as a
1330        subroutine, it did not work as intended. [But see next item.]
1331    
1332    15. Consider the pattern /A (B(*THEN)C) | D/ where A, B, C, and D are complex
1333        pattern fragments (but not containing any | characters). If A and B are
1334        matched, but there is a failure in C so that it backtracks to (*THEN), PCRE
1335        was behaving differently to Perl. PCRE backtracked into A, but Perl goes to
1336        D. In other words, Perl considers parentheses that do not contain any |
1337        characters to be part of a surrounding alternative, whereas PCRE was
1338        treading (B(*THEN)C) the same as (B(*THEN)C|(*FAIL)) -- which Perl handles
1339        differently. PCRE now behaves in the same way as Perl, except in the case
1340        of subroutine/recursion calls such as (?1) which have in any case always
1341        been different (but PCRE had them first :-).
1342    
1343    16. Related to 15 above: Perl does not treat the | in a conditional group as
1344        creating alternatives. Such a group is treated in the same way as an
1345        ordinary group without any | characters when processing (*THEN). PCRE has
1346        been changed to match Perl's behaviour.
1347    
1348    17. If a user had set PCREGREP_COLO(U)R to something other than 1:31, the
1349        RunGrepTest script failed.
1350    
1351    18. Change 22 for version 13 caused atomic groups to use more stack. This is
1352        inevitable for groups that contain captures, but it can lead to a lot of
1353        stack use in large patterns. The old behaviour has been restored for atomic
1354        groups that do not contain any capturing parentheses.
1355    
1356    19. If the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE option was set for pcre_compile(), it did not
1357        suppress the check for a minimum subject length at run time. (If it was
1358        given to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() it did work.)
1359    
1360    20. Fixed an ASCII-dependent infelicity in pcretest that would have made it
1361        fail to work when decoding hex characters in data strings in EBCDIC
1362        environments.
1363    
1364    21. It appears that in at least one Mac OS environment, the isxdigit() function
1365        is implemented as a macro that evaluates to its argument more than once,
1366        contravening the C 90 Standard (I haven't checked a later standard). There
1367        was an instance in pcretest which caused it to go wrong when processing
1368        \x{...} escapes in subject strings. The has been rewritten to avoid using
1369        things like p++ in the argument of isxdigit().
1370    
1371    
1372    Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011
1373    ------------------------
1374    
1375    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
1376    
1377    2.  Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
1378    
1379    3.  Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
1380        pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
1381        in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
1382    
1383    4.  There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
1384        caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
1385        different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
1386        and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
1387        (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
1388        code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
1389        2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
1390        left).
1391    
1392    5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
1393        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
1394        as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
1395        the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
1396    
1397    6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
1398        now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
1399        last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
1400        enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
1401        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
1402    
1403    7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
1404        pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
1405        failure, the offset and reason code are output.
1406    
1407    8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
1408        over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
1409        back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
1410        two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
1411        documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
1412        behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
1413        has been changed.
1414    
1415    9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
1416        of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
1417        time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
1418        7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
1419        which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
1420        argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
1421        slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
1422        (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
1423    
1424    10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
1425        calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
1426        using pcre_exec().
1427    
1428    11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
1429        discovered and fixed:
1430    
1431        (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
1432        (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
1433        ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
1434        (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
1435        (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
1436    
1437    12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
1438        function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
1439        value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
1440    
1441    13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
1442        opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
1443        ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
1444        pick them up.
1445    
1446    14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
1447        synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
1448        for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
1449        and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
1450        using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
1451        study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
1452        tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
1453        "never study" - see 20 below).
1454    
1455    15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
1456        restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
1457        correctly.
1458    
1459    16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
1460        empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
1461        pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
1462        match.
1463    
1464    17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
1465        and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
1466        tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, now that there is
1467        the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
1468        no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
1469        two optimizations have therefore been removed. [But see 8.20/11 above.]
1470    
1471    18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
1472        matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
1473        incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
1474    
1475    19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
1476        was incorrectly computed.
1477    
1478    20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it now
1479        *disables* studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line
1480        (see 14 above). This is necessary for one or two tests to keep the output
1481        identical in both cases.
1482    
1483    21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
1484        PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
1485    
1486    22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
1487        successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
1488        capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
1489        captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
1490        group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
1491        branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
1492        positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions does not happen
1493        in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
1494    
1495    23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
1496        subject after a captured substring, to make it easier to tell which of a
1497        number of identical substrings has been captured.
1498    
1499    24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
1500        if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
1501        values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
1502        "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
1503        "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
1504        refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
1505    
1506    25. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
1507        back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
1508        (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
1509    
1510    26. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
1511        the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
1512        direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
1513        group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
1514        1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
1515        the recursion depth to 10.
1516    
1517    27. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
1518        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
1519        argument validation and error reporting.
1520    
1521    28. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
1522        first character it looked at was a mark character.
1523    
1524    29. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
1525        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
1526    
1527    30. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
1528        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
1529        not included in the return count.
1530    
1531    31. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
1532        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
1533        Perl).
1534    
1535    32. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
1536        recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
1537    
1538    33. If --only-matching or --colour was set on a pcregrep call whose pattern
1539        had alternative anchored branches, the search for a second match in a line
1540        was done as if at the line start. Thus, for example, /^01|^02/ incorrectly
1541        matched the line "0102" twice. The same bug affected patterns that started
1542        with a backwards assertion. For example /\b01|\b02/ also matched "0102"
1543        twice.
1544    
1545    34. Previously, PCRE did not allow quantification of assertions. However, Perl
1546        does, and because of capturing effects, quantifying parenthesized
1547        assertions may at times be useful. Quantifiers are now allowed for
1548        parenthesized assertions.
1549    
1550    35. A minor code tidy in pcre_compile() when checking options for \R usage.
1551    
1552    36. \g was being checked for fancy things in a character class, when it should
1553        just be a literal "g".
1554    
1555    37. PCRE was rejecting [:a[:digit:]] whereas Perl was not. It seems that the
1556        appearance of a nested POSIX class supersedes an apparent external class.
1557        For example, [:a[:digit:]b:] matches "a", "b", ":", or a digit. Also,
1558        unescaped square brackets may also appear as part of class names. For
1559        example, [:a[:abc]b:] gives unknown class "[:abc]b:]". PCRE now behaves
1560        more like Perl. (But see 8.20/1 above.)
1561    
1562    38. PCRE was giving an error for \N with a braced quantifier such as {1,} (this
1563        was because it thought it was \N{name}, which is not supported).
1564    
1565    39. Add minix to OS list not supporting the -S option in pcretest.
1566    
1567    40. PCRE tries to detect cases of infinite recursion at compile time, but it
1568        cannot analyze patterns in sufficient detail to catch mutual recursions
1569        such as ((?1))((?2)). There is now a runtime test that gives an error if a
1570        subgroup is called recursively as a subpattern for a second time at the
1571        same position in the subject string. In previous releases this might have
1572        been caught by the recursion limit, or it might have run out of stack.
1573    
1574    41. A pattern such as /(?(R)a+|(?R)b)/ is quite safe, as the recursion can
1575        happen only once. PCRE was, however incorrectly giving a compile time error
1576        "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because it cannot analyze the
1577        pattern in sufficient detail. The compile time test no longer happens when
1578        PCRE is compiling a conditional subpattern, but actual runaway loops are
1579        now caught at runtime (see 40 above).
1580    
1581    42. It seems that Perl allows any characters other than a closing parenthesis
1582        to be part of the NAME in (*MARK:NAME) and other backtracking verbs. PCRE
1583        has been changed to be the same.
1584    
1585    43. Updated configure.ac to put in more quoting round AC_LANG_PROGRAM etc. so
1586        as not to get warnings when autogen.sh is called. Also changed
1587        AC_PROG_LIBTOOL (deprecated) to LT_INIT (the current macro).
1588    
1589    44. To help people who use pcregrep to scan files containing exceedingly long
1590        lines, the following changes have been made:
1591    
1592        (a) The default value of the buffer size parameter has been increased from
1593            8K to 20K. (The actual buffer used is three times this size.)
1594    
1595        (b) The default can be changed by ./configure --with-pcregrep-bufsize when
1596            PCRE is built.
1597    
1598        (c) A --buffer-size=n option has been added to pcregrep, to allow the size
1599            to be set at run time.
1600    
1601        (d) Numerical values in pcregrep options can be followed by K or M, for
1602            example --buffer-size=50K.
1603    
1604        (e) If a line being scanned overflows pcregrep's buffer, an error is now
1605            given and the return code is set to 2.
1606    
1607    45. Add a pointer to the latest mark to the callout data block.
1608    
1609    46. The pattern /.(*F)/, when applied to "abc" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
1610        partial match of an empty string instead of no match. This was specific to
1611        the use of ".".
1612    
1613    47. The pattern /f.*/8s, when applied to "for" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
1614        complete match instead of a partial match. This bug was dependent on both
1615        the PCRE_UTF8 and PCRE_DOTALL options being set.
1616    
1617    48. For a pattern such as /\babc|\bdef/ pcre_study() was failing to set up the
1618        starting byte set, because \b was not being ignored.
1619    
1620    
1621    Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
1622    ------------------------
1623    
1624    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
1625        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
1626    
1627    2.  On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
1628        --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
1629        particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
1630        went into the wrong half of a long int.)
1631    
1632    3.  If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
1633        did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
1634        of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
1635        match.
1636    
1637    4.  Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
1638        -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
1639    
1640    5.  In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
1641        matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
1642        match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
1643    
1644    6.  Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
1645        the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
1646        to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
1647        incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
1648    
1649    7.  If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
1650        function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
1651        the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
1652        reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
1653    
1654    
1655    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
1656    ------------------------
1657    
1658    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
1659        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
1660        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
1661        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
1662        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
1663        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
1664    
1665    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
1666        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
1667        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
1668        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
1669        (*THEN).
1670    
1671    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
1672        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
1673        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
1674        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
1675    
1676    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
1677        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
1678        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
1679        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
1680        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
1681        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
1682        (previously it gave "no match").
1683    
1684    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
1685        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
1686        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
1687        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
1688        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
1689        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
1690        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
1691        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
1692        now correct.]
1693    
1694    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
1695        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
1696        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
1697        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
1698        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
1699        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
1700        places in pcre_compile().
1701    
1702    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
1703        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
1704        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
1705        according to the set newline convention.
1706    
1707    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
1708        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
1709        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
1710    
1711    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
1712    
1713    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
1714    
1715    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
1716        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
1717    
1718    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
1719        of pcregrep.
1720    
1721    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
1722        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
1723        needed fixing:
1724    
1725        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
1726            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
1727            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
1728    
1729        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
1730            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
1731            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
1732            than one byte was nonsense.)
1733    
1734        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
1735            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
1736    
1737    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
1738        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
1739        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
1740        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
1741        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
1742    
1743    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
1744        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
1745        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
1746    
1747    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
1748        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
1749    
1750    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
1751        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
1752        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
1753        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
1754        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
1755        release 2.5.4.
1756    
1757    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
1758        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
1759        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
1760        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
1761        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
1762    
1763    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
1764        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
1765        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
1766        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
1767    
1768    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
1769        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
1770        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
1771        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
1772        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
1773        pcre_compile().
1774    
1775    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
1776        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
1777        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
1778        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
1779        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
1780    
1781    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
1782        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
1783    
1784    
1785    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
1786    ------------------------
1787    
1788    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
1789        THEN.
1790    
1791    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
1792    
1793    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
1794        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
1795        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
1796    
1797    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
1798        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
1799        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
1800    
1801    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
1802        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
1803    
1804    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
1805        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
1806        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
1807        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
1808        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
1809    
1810    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
1811    
1812    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
1813        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
1814        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
1815    
1816    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
1817        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
1818        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
1819        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
1820    
1821    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
1822    
1823    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
1824        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
1825        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
1826        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
1827        (#976).
1828    
1829    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
1830        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
1831        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
1832        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
1833        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
1834    
1835    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
1836        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
1837    
1838    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
1839        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
1840        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
1841    
1842    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
1843        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
1844        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
1845        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
1846    
1847    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
1848        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
1849    
1850    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
1851        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
1852    
1853    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
1854        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
1855    
1856    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
1857        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
1858        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
1859        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
1860        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
1861        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
1862        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
1863        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
1864        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
1865        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
1866        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
1867        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
1868        altogether.)
1869    
1870    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
1871        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
1872        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
1873    
1874    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
1875        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
1876        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
1877        reference to the wrong subpattern.
1878    
1879    
1880    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
1881    ------------------------
1882    
1883    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
1884    
1885    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
1886        configured.
1887    
1888    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
1889        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
1890    
1891    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
1892        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
1893    
1894    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
1895        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
1896        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
1897        referenced subpattern not found".
1898    
1899    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
1900        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
1901        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
1902        relevant global functions.
1903    
1904    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
1905        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
1906        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
1907        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
1908    
1909    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
1910        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
1911    
1912    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
1913        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
1914        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
1915        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
1916        string.
1917    
1918    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
1919    
1920    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
1921        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
1922        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
1923        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
1924    
1925    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
1926        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
1927        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
1928        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
1929        decrease.
1930    
1931    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
1932        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
1933        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
1934        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
1935        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
1936    
1937    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
1938        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
1939        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
1940        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
1941    
1942    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
1943    
1944    
1945    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
1946    ------------------------
1947    
1948    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
1949        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
1950        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
1951        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
1952    
1953    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
1954        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
1955        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
1956        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
1957        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
1958        cause of this.)
1959    
1960    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
1961        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
1962        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
1963        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
1964        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
1965    
1966    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
1967        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
1968        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
1969        PCRE_ERROR_DFA_UITEM.
1970    
1971    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
1972        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
1973        stuff that is necessary.
1974    
1975    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
1976        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
1977    
1978    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
1979        as part of something else:
1980    
1981        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
1982    
1983        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
1984            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
1985            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
1986    
1987        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
1988            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
1989            module.
1990    
1991    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
1992        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
1993        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
1994        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
1995        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
1996        double.
1997    
1998    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
1999        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
2000    
2001    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
2002        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
2003    
2004          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
2005              under Win32.
2006          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
2007              therefore missing the function definition.
2008          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
2009          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
2010          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
2011    
2012    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
2013        messages were output:
2014    
2015          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
2016          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
2017          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
2018    
2019        I have done both of these things.
2020    
2021    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
2022        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
2023        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
2024        page.
2025    
2026    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
2027        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
2028        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
2029        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
2030        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
2031        used.
2032    
2033    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
2034        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
2035        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
2036    
2037    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
2038        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
2039        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
2040        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
2041        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
2042        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
2043        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
2044        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
2045        USPTR.
2046    
2047    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
2048        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
2049        (FreeBSD).
2050    
2051    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
2052        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
2053        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
2054        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
2055        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
2056    
2057    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
2058        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
2059        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
2060        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
2061        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
2062        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
2063        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
2064        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
2065        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
2066        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
2067        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
2068        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
2069        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
2070        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
2071    
2072    
2073    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
2074    ----------------------
2075    
2076    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
2077        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
2078        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
2079        error.
2080    
2081    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
2082        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
2083        in a Windows environment.
2084    
2085    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
2086        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
2087        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
2088        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
2089        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
2090        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
2091        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
2092    
2093    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
2094        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
2095        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
2096        the old behaviour.
2097    
2098    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
2099        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
2100        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
2101        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
2102    
2103    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
2104        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
2105    
2106    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
2107        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
2108        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
2109        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
2110        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
2111        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
2112    
2113    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
2114        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
2115        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
2116        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
2117        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
2118        result.
2119    
2120    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
2121        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
2122        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
2123        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
2124        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
2125        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
2126    
2127    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
2128        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
2129        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
2130        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
2131    
2132    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
2133        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
2134        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
2135        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
2136        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
2137        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
2138        final character ended with (*FAIL).
2139    
2140    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
2141        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
2142        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
2143        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
2144        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
2145        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
2146    
2147    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
2148        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
2149        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
2150        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
2151        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
2152        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
2153    
2154    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
2155        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
2156        PCRE has not been installed from source.
2157    
2158    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
2159        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
2160        library.
2161    
2162    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
2163        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
2164        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
2165        these options useful.
2166    
2167    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
2168        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
2169        nmatch is forced to zero.
2170    
2171    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
2172        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
2173        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
2174    
2175    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
2176        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
2177        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
2178        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
2179        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
2180        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
2181        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
2182        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
2183    
2184    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
2185        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
2186        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
2187        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
2188    
2189    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
2190        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
2191        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
2192        now given.
2193    
2194    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
2195        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
2196        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
2197        compatible with Perl.
2198    
2199    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
2200        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
2201    
2202    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
2203        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
2204        does. Neither allows recursion.
2205    
2206    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
2207        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
2208        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
2209        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
2210        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
2211        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
2212        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
2213        pcre_fullinfo().
2214    
2215    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
2216        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
2217        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
2218        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
2219        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
2220        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
2221    
2222    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
2223        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
2224        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
2225        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
2226        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
2227    
2228    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
2229        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
2230        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
2231        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
2232        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
2233        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
2234        testing by number works.
2235    
2236    
2237    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
2238    ---------------------
2239    
2240    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
2241        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
2242        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
2243        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
2244        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
2245        pcretest is linked with readline.
2246    
2247    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
2248        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
2249        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
2250        but BOOL is not.
2251    
2252    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
2253        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
2254    
2255    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
2256        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
2257        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
2258        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
2259    
2260    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
2261        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
2262        the same.
2263    
2264    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
2265        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
2266        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
2267    
2268    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
2269        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
2270        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
2271        seems to be how GNU grep behaves. [But see later change 40 for release
2272        8.33.]
2273    
2274    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
2275        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
2276        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
2277        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
2278    
2279    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
2280        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
2281        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
2282    
2283    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
2284        used for matching.
2285    
2286    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
2287        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
2288    
2289    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
2290    
2291    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
2292    
2293    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
2294    
2295    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
2296        wrapper.
2297    
2298    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
2299        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
2300        string constants.
2301    
2302    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
2303        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
2304        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
2305        these, but not everybody uses configure.
2306    
2307    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
2308        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
2309        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
2310        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
2311        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
2312        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
2313    
2314    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
2315        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
2316    
2317    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
2318        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
2319        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
2320        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
2321        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
2322        error, in fact).
2323    
2324    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
2325        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
2326        problem, but was untidy.
2327    
2328    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
2329        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
2330        included within another project.
2331    
2332    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
2333        slightly modified by me:
2334    
2335          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
2336              not building pcregrep.
2337    
2338          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
2339              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
2340    
2341    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
2342        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
2343        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
2344        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
2345        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
2346    
2347    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
2348        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
2349    
2350    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
2351        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
2352        pre-defined.
2353    
2354    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
2355    
2356    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
2357        in the configuration summary.
2358    
2359    
2360    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
2361    ---------------------
2362    
2363    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
2364        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
2365        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
2366        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
2367        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
2368        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
2369    
2370    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
2371        scripts.
2372    
2373    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
2374        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
2375        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
2376    
2377    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
2378        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
2379        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
2380    
2381    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
2382        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
2383        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
2384        truncation.
2385    
2386    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
2387    
2388    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
2389        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
2390    
2391    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
2392        test 2 if it fails.
2393    
2394    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
2395        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
2396        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
2397    
2398    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
2399        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
2400    
2401    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
2402        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
2403        some environments:
2404    
2405          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
2406    
2407        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
2408    
2409    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
2410        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
2411        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
2412        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
2413        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
2414    
2415    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
2416        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
2417    
2418    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
2419        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
2420        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
2421    
2422    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
2423        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
2424    
2425    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
2426    
2427    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
2428        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
2429    
2430    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
2431    
2432    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
2433        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
2434        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
2435        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
2436    
2437    
2438    Version 7.7 07-May-08
2439    ---------------------
2440    
2441    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
2442        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
2443        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
2444    
2445    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
2446        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
2447        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
2448    
2449    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
2450        Lopes.
2451    
2452    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
2453    
2454        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
2455            of files, instead of just to the final components.
2456    
2457        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
2458            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
2459            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
2460            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
2461            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
2462            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
2463    
2464    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
2465        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
2466    
2467    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
2468        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
2469        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
2470    
2471    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
2472        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
2473    
2474    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
2475        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
2476        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
2477    
2478    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
2479    
2480    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
2481        matching function regexec().
2482    
2483    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
2484        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
2485        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
2486        Oniguruma does).
2487    
2488    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
2489        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
2490        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
2491        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
2492        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
2493        time.
2494    
2495    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
2496        to the way PCRE behaves:
2497    
2498        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
2499    
2500        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
2501            (Perl fails the current match path).
2502    
2503        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
2504            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
2505            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
2506            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
2507            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
2508            of the DOTALL setting.
2509    
2510    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
2511        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
2512        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
2513        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
2514        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
2515        existence of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
2516        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
2517        was subsequently set up correctly.)
2518    
2519    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
2520        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
2521        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
2522        (*FAIL).
2523    
2524    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
2525        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
2526        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
2527        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
2528        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
2529        on the OP_ANY path.
2530    
2531    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
2532        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
2533        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
2534    
2535    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
2536        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
2537        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
2538        Daniel Bergström.
2539    
2540    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
2541        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
2542        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
2543        spotting this.
2544    
2545    
2546    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
2547    ---------------------
2548    
2549    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
2550        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
2551        overflow.
2552    
2553    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
2554        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
2555    
2556    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
2557        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
2558    
2559        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
2560        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
2561        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
2562        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
2563        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
2564            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
2565        - Added readline support for pcretest.
2566        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
2567    
2568    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
2569        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
2570        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
2571        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
2572        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
2573        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
2574        Configure/Make.
2575    
2576    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
2577        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
2578        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
2579        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
2580    
2581    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
2582        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
2583        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
2584    
2585    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
2586        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
2587        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
2588        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
2589        trouble in some build environments.
2590    
2591    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
2592    
2593    
2594    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
2595    ---------------------
2596    
2597    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
2598        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
2599    
2600    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
2601        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
2602        included.
2603    
2604    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
2605        [:^space:].
2606    
2607    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
2608        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
2609        I have changed it.
2610    
2611    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
2612        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
2613        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
2614        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
2615        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
2616        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
2617        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
2618    
2619    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
2620        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
2621        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
2622    
2623    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
2624        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
2625        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
2626        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
2627        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
2628    
2629    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
2630        and messages.
2631    
2632    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
2633        "backspace".
2634    
2635    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
2636        was moved elsewhere).
2637    
2638    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
2639        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
2640        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
2641        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
2642        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
2643        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
2644    
2645          U+002b0 - U+002c1
2646          U+0060c - U+0060d
2647          U+0061e - U+00612
2648          U+0064b - U+0065e
2649          U+0074d - U+0076d
2650          U+01800 - U+01805
2651          U+01d00 - U+01d77
2652          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
2653          U+0200b - U+0200f
2654          U+030fc - U+030fe
2655          U+03260 - U+0327f
2656          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
2657          U+10450 - U+1049d
2658    
2659    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
2660        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
2661        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
2662        GNU grep.
2663    
2664    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
2665        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
2666        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
2667        non-matching lines.
2668    
2669    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
2670    
2671    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
2672        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
2673        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
2674        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
2675    
2676    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
2677        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
2678        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
2679    
2680    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
2681        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
2682        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
2683        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
2684        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
2685    
2686    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
2687    
2688    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
2689    
2690    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
2691        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
2692        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
2693        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
2694        that check the return values (which was not done before).
2695    
2696    21. Several CMake things:
2697    
2698        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
2699            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
2700    
2701        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
2702            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
2703    
2704        (3) Added PCRE_SUPPORT_LIBREADLINE, PCRE_SUPPORT_LIBZ, PCRE_SUPPORT_LIBBZ2.
2705    
2706    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
2707        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
2708        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
2709        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
2710        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
2711        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
2712        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
2713    
2714    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
2715        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
2716        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
2717        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
2718        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
2719        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
2720        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
2721        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
2722        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
2723        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
2724        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
2725        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
2726    
2727    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
2728        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
2729    
2730    
2731    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
2732    ---------------------
2733    
2734    1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
2735        means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
2736        LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
2737        help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
2738        the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
2739        encountered.
2740    
2741    2.  The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
2742        of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
2743        Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
2744        moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
2745        bits.
2746    
2747    3.  The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
2748        but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
2749        control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
2750        facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
2751        start sets both bits.
2752    
2753    4.  Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
2754        matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
2755    
2756    5.  doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
2757    
2758    6.  Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
2759        compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
2760    
2761    7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
2762        strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
2763        windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
2764        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
2765    
2766    8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
2767        some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
2768    
2769    9.  When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
2770        sequence off the lines that it output.
2771    
2772    10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
2773        relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
2774        using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
2775        these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
2776        dramatic:
2777    
2778          Originally:                          290
2779          After changing UCP table:            187
2780          After changing error message table:   43
2781          After changing table of "verbs"       36
2782          After changing table of Posix names   22
2783    
2784        Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
2785    
2786    11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
2787        unicode-properties was also set.
2788    
2789    12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
2790    
2791    13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
2792        checked only for CRLF.
2793    
2794    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
2795    
2796    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
2797    
2798    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
2799        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
2800        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
2801    
2802    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
2803        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
2804    
2805    
2806    Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
2807    ---------------------
2808    
2809     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
2810        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
2811        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
2812        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
2813        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
2814    
2815          #include "pcre.h"
2816    
2817        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
2818        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
2819        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
2820    
2821     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
2822        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
2823        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
2824        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
2825        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
2826        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
2827        characters when looking for a newline.
2828    
2829     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
2830    
2831     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
2832        in debug output.
2833    
2834     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
2835        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
2836    
2837     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
2838    
2839     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
2840        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
2841        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
2842        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
2843        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
2844        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
2845        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
2846        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
2847        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
2848        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
2849        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
2850        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
2851        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
2852    
2853     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
2854        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
2855        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
2856        problem was solved for the main library.
2857    
2858     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
2859        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
2860        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
2861        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
2862        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
2863        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
2864        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
2865        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
2866        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
2867        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
2868        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
2869    
2870    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
2871        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
2872        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
2873        empty string.
2874    
2875    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
2876        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
2877        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
2878        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
2879        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
2880        cause memory overwriting.
2881    
2882    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
2883        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
2884        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
2885        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
2886        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
2887        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
2888    
2889    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
2890        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
2891        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
2892    
2893    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
2894        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
2895    
2896    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
2897    
2898    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
2899        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
2900        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
2901        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
2902        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
2903    
2904    16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
2905        processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
2906        backslash processing.
2907    
2908    17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
2909        for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
2910    
2911    18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
2912        caused an overrun.
2913    
2914    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
2915        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
2916        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
2917        whether the group could match an empty string).
2918    
2919    20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
2920        [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
2921    
2922    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
2923    
2924    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
2925        reference during compilation.
2926    
2927    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
2928        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
2929        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
2930        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
2931        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
2932        the compiled data. Specifically:
2933    
2934        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
2935            length.
2936    
2937        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
2938            loops.
2939    
2940        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
2941            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
2942    
2943        (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
2944    
2945    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
2946        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
2947    
2948    25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
2949    
2950    26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
2951        character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
2952    
2953    27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
2954        \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
2955    
2956    28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
2957        break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
2958        "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
2959        characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
2960        *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
2961        the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
2962        what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
2963        of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
2964        pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
2965        there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
2966        pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
2967    
2968    29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
2969    
2970    
2971    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
2972  ---------------------  ---------------------
2973    
2974   1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,   1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
2975      which is apparently normally available under Windows.      which is apparently normally available under Windows.
2976    
2977   2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt   2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
2978      to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.      to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
2979    
2980     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
2981    
2982     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
2983        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
2984        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
2985        usable with all link sizes.
2986    
2987     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
2988        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
2989        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
2990        in all cases.
2991    
2992     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
2993    
2994        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
2995            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
2996    
2997        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
2998            to be opened parentheses.
2999    
3000        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
3001            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
3002    
3003        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
3004            is not part of it.
3005    
3006        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
3007    
3008        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
3009            reference syntax.
3010    
3011        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
3012            alternative starts with the same number.
3013    
3014        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
3015    
3016     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
3017        PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED.
3018    
3019     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
3020        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
3021        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
3022    
3023     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
3024        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
3025        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
3026        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
3027        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
3028        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
3029    
3030    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
3031    
3032    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
3033        The report of the bug said:
3034    
3035          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
3036          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
3037          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
3038    
3039    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
3040        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
3041    
3042    
3043  Version 7.1 24-Apr-07  Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
3044  ---------------------  ---------------------

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