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revision 27 by nigel, Sat Feb 24 21:38:49 2007 UTC revision 446 by ph10, Tue Sep 15 10:49:50 2009 UTC
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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4    Version 8.00 ??-???-??
5    ----------------------
7    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
8        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
9        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
10        error.
12    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
13        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
14        in a Windows environment.
16    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
17        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
18        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
19        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
20        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
21        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
22        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
24    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
25        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
26        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
27        the old behaviour.
29    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
30        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
31        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
32        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
34    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
35        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
37    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
38        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
39        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
40        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
41        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
42        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
44    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
45        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
46        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
47        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
48        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
49        result.
51    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
52        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
53        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
54        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
55        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
56        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
58    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
59        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
60        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
61        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching, especially with
62        pcre_exec().
64    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
65        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
66        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
67        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
68        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
69        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
70        final character ended with (*FAIL).
72    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
73        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
74        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
75        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
76        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
77        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
79    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
80        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
81        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
82        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
83        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
84        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
86    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
87        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
88        PCRE has not been installed from source.
90    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
91        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
92        library.
94    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
95        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
96        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
97        these options useful.
99    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
100        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
101        nmatch is forced to zero.
103    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
104        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
105        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
107    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
108        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
109        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
110        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
111        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
112        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
113        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
114        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
116    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
117        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
118        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
119        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
121    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
122        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
123        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
124        now given.
127    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
128    ---------------------
130    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
131        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
132        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
133        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
134        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
135        pcretest is linked with readline.
137    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
138        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
139        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
140        but BOOL is not.
142    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
143        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
145    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
146        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
147        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
148        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
150    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
151        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
152        the same.
154    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
155        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
156        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
158    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
159        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
160        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
161        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
163    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
164        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
165        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
166        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
168    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
169        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
170        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
172    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
173        used for matching.
175    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
176        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
178    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
180    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
182    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
184    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
185        wrapper.
187    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
188        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
189        string constants.
191    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
192        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
193        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
194        these, but not everybody uses configure.
196    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
197        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
198        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
199        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
200        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
201        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
203    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
204        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
206    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
207        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
208        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
209        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
210        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
211        error, in fact).
213    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
214        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
215        problem, but was untidy.
217    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
218        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
219        included within another project.
221    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
222        slightly modified by me:
224          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
225              not building pcregrep.
227          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
228              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
230    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
231        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
232        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
233        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
234        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
236    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
237        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
239    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
240        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
241        pre-defined.
243    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
245    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
246        in the configuration summary.
249    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
250    ---------------------
252    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
253        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
254        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
255        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
256        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
257        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
259    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
260        scripts.
262    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
263        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
264        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
266    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
267        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
268        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
270    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
271        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
272        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
273        truncation.
275    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
277    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
278        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
280    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
281        test 2 if it fails.
283    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
284        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
285        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
287    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
288        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
290    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
291        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
292        some environments:
294          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
296        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
298    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
299        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
300        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
301        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
302        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
304    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
305        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
307    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
308        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
309        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
311    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
312        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
314    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
316    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
317        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
319    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
321    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
322        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
323        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
324        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
327    Version 7.7 07-May-08
328    ---------------------
330    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
331        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
332        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
334    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
335        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
336        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
338    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
339        Lopes.
341    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
343        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
344            of files, instead of just to the final components.
346        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
347            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
348            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
349            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
350            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
351            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
353    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
354        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
356    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
357        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
358        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
360    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
361        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
363    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
364        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
365        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
367    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
369    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
370        matching function regexec().
372    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
373        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
374        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
375        Oniguruma does).
377    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
378        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
379        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
380        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
381        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
382        time.
384    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
385        to the way PCRE behaves:
387        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
389        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
390            (Perl fails the current match path).
392        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
393            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
394            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
395            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
396            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
397            of the DOTALL setting.
399    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
400        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
401        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
402        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
403        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
404        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
405        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
406        was subsequently set up correctly.)
408    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
409        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
410        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
411        (*FAIL).
413    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
414        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
415        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
416        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
417        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
418        on the OP_ANY path.
420    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
421        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
422        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
424    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
425        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
426        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
427        Daniel Bergström.
429    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
430        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
431        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
432        spotting this.
435    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
436    ---------------------
438    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
439        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
440        overflow.
442    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
443        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
445    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
446        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
448        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
449        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
450        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
451        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
452        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
453            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
454        - Added readline support for pcretest.
455        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
457    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
458        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
459        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
460        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
461        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
462        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
463        Configure/Make.
465    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
466        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
467        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
468        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
470    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
471        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
472        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
474    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
475        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
476        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
477        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
478        trouble in some build environments.
480    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
483    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
484    ---------------------
486    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
487        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
489    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
490        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
491        included.
493    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
494        [:^space:].
496    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
497        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
498        I have changed it.
500    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
501        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
502        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
503        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
504        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
505        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
506        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
508    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
509        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
510        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
512    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
513        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
514        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
515        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
516        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
518    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
519        and messages.
521    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
522        "backspace".
524    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
525        was moved elsewhere).
527    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
528        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
529        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
530        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
531        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
532        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
534          U+002b0 - U+002c1
535          U+0060c - U+0060d
536          U+0061e - U+00612
537          U+0064b - U+0065e
538          U+0074d - U+0076d
539          U+01800 - U+01805
540          U+01d00 - U+01d77
541          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
542          U+0200b - U+0200f
543          U+030fc - U+030fe
544          U+03260 - U+0327f
545          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
546          U+10450 - U+1049d
548    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
549        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
550        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
551        GNU grep.
553    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
554        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
555        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
556        non-matching lines.
558    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
560    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
561        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
562        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
563        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
565    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
566        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
567        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
569    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
570        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
571        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
572        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
573        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
575    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
577    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
579    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
580        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
581        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
582        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
583        that check the return values (which was not done before).
585    21. Several CMake things:
587        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
588            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
590        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
591            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
595    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
596        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
597        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
598        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
599        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
600        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
601        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
603    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
604        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
605        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
606        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
607        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
608        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
609        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
610        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
611        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
612        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
613        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
614        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
616    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
617        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
620    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
621    ---------------------
623    1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
624        means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
625        LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
626        help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
627        the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
628        encountered.
630    2.  The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
631        of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
632        Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
633        moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
634        bits.
636    3.  The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
637        but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
638        control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
639        facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
640        start sets both bits.
642    4.  Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
643        matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
645    5.  doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
647    6.  Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
648        compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
650    7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
651        strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
652        windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
653        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
655    8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
656        some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
658    9.  When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
659        sequence off the lines that it output.
661    10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
662        relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
663        using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
664        these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
665        dramatic:
667          Originally:                          290
668          After changing UCP table:            187
669          After changing error message table:   43
670          After changing table of "verbs"       36
671          After changing table of Posix names   22
673        Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
675    11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
676        unicode-properties was also set.
678    12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
680    13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
681        checked only for CRLF.
683    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
685    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
687    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
688        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
689        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
691    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
692        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
695    Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
696    ---------------------
698     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
699        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
700        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
701        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
702        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
704          #include "pcre.h"
706        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
707        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
708        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
710     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
711        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
712        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
713        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
714        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
715        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
716        characters when looking for a newline.
718     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
720     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
721        in debug output.
723     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
724        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
726     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
728     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
729        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
730        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
731        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
732        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
733        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
734        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
735        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
736        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
737        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
738        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
739        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
740        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
742     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
743        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
744        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
745        problem was solved for the main library.
747     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
748        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
749        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
750        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
751        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
752        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
753        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
754        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
755        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
756        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
757        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
759    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
760        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
761        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
762        empty string.
764    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
765        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
766        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
767        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
768        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
769        cause memory overwriting.
771    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
772        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
773        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
774        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
775        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
776        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
778    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
779        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
780        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
782    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
783        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
785    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
787    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
788        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
789        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
790        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
791        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
793    16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
794        processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
795        backslash processing.
797    17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
798        for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
800    18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
801        caused an overrun.
803    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
804        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
805        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
806        whether the group could match an empty string).
808    20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
809        [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
811    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
813    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
814        reference during compilation.
816    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
817        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
818        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
819        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
820        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
821        the compiled data. Specifically:
823        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
824            length.
826        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
827            loops.
829        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
830            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
832        (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
834    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
835        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
837    25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
839    26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
840        character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
842    27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
843        \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
845    28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
846        break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
847        "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
848        characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
849        *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
850        the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
851        what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
852        of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
853        pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
854        there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
855        pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
857    29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
860    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
861    ---------------------
863     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
864        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
866     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
867        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
869     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
871     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
872        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
873        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
874        usable with all link sizes.
876     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
877        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
878        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
879        in all cases.
881     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
883        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
884            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
886        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
887            to be opened parentheses.
889        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
890            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
892        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
893            is not part of it.
895        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
897        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
898            reference syntax.
900        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
901            alternative starts with the same number.
903        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
905     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
908     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
909        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
910        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
912     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
913        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
914        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
915        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
916        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
917        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
919    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
921    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
922        The report of the bug said:
924          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
925          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
926          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
928    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
929        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
932    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
933    ---------------------
935     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
936        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
937        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
938        on this.
940     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
941        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
942        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
943        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
944        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
945        alternative.
947     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
948        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
949        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
950        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
951        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
952        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
953        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
954        .br or .in.
956     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
957        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
958        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
959        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
961     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
962        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
963        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
964        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
966     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
967        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
968        copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
970     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
971        that is needed.
973     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
974        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
975        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
976        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
977        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
978        re-created.
980     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
981        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
982        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
983        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
984        some applications.
986        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
987        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
988        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
989        shared library.
991    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
993        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
995        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
996            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
998        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
999        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
1000        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
1002    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
1003        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
1004        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
1005        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
1006        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
1007        before "make dist".
1009    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
1010        with Unicode property support.
1012        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
1013            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
1014            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
1015            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
1016            were both the same length.
1018        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
1019            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
1020            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
1021            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
1022            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
1023            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
1024            character.
1026    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
1028        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
1029            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
1030            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
1031            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
1032            relevant variables.
1034        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
1035            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
1036            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
1037            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
1038            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
1039            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
1040            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
1041            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
1042            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
1044    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
1045        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
1047    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
1048        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
1049        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
1050        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
1051        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
1052        and then tried again after \r\n.
1054    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
1055        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
1056        compare equal. This works on Linux.
1058    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
1059        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
1061    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
1062        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
1063        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
1064        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
1065        it specially.
1067    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
1068        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
1069        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
1071    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
1072        CRLF as a newline sequence.
1074    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
1075        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
1076        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
1078    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
1080    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
1083    Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
1084    ---------------------
1086     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
1087        moving to gcc 4.1.1.
1089     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
1090        sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
1091        seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
1093     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
1094        127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
1095        default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
1096        characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
1097        to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
1099        (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
1100            other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
1102        (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
1103            it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
1104            (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
1106     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
1107        required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
1108        pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
1109        length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
1110        that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
1111        either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
1112        or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
1113        size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
1114        pcretest format) are:
1116          /(?-x: )/x
1117          /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
1118          /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
1119          /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
1121        HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
1122        is now done differently.
1124     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
1125        wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
1126        more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
1127        recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
1128        for the FullMatch() function.
1130     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
1131        "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
1132        that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
1133        "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
1135     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
1136        was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
1137        character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
1138        line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
1139        I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
1141     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
1142        C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
1143        string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
1144        argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
1145        compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
1146        reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
1147        avoid this problem.
1149     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
1150        builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
1151        instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
1152        of them did).
1154    10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
1155        told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
1156        5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
1157        systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
1158        now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
1159        them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
1161    11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
1163    12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
1164        of the options.
1166    13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
1167        and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
1169    14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
1171    15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
1172        scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
1173        on Linux.
1175    16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
1176        line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
1177        necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
1178        a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
1179        than about 50K.
1181    17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
1182        amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
1183        that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
1184        OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
1185        harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
1186        have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
1187        cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
1188        enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
1189        ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1190        tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1191        easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1192        depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1193        limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1194        runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1195        hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1197    18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1198        newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1199        pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1201    19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1202        matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1203        separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1204        repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1205        precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1207    20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1208        subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1209        previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1210        first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1212    21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1213        a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1214        empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1215        For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1216        incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1218    22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1219        option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1220        it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1221        -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1222        is the same as /B/I).
1224    23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1225        as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1226        or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1227        something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1228        is automatically "possessified".
1230    24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1231        went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1232        have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1234    25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1235        (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1237    26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1239    27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1240        them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1241        which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1242        from 23 above.
1244    28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1245        lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1246        the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1247        numbered groups.
1249    29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1251    30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1252        building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1254    31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1255        returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1256        loop, the loop is abandoned.
1258    32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1259        subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1260        the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1261        when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1262        escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1264    33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1265        referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1266        been removed.
1268    34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1269        whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1270        previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1271        other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1273        (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1274            as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1275            also .NET compatible.
1277        (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1278            (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1280        (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1281            \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1282            5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1284        (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1285            (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1287        (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1288            groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1289            called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1290            is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1292        (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1293            as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1294            recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1295            through the entire recursion stack.
1297        (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1298            negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1300    35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1301        some "unreachable code" warnings.
1303    36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1304        things, this adds five new scripts.
1306    37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1307        There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1308        character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1309        hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1311    38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1312        matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1313        this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as  ^(a()*)*  matched
1314        against  aaaa  the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1315        separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1316        fixed.
1318    39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1319        capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1320        removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1321        The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1322        memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1324    40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1325        sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1326        processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1327        mode.
1329    41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1330        report.
1332    42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1333        copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1335    43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1336        couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1337        case.
1339    44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1340        variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1341        "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1343    45. Arranged for dftables to add
1345          #include "pcre_internal.h"
1347        to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1348        definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1349        dead code stripping is activated.
1351    46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1352        newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1353        characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1356    Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1357    ---------------------
1359     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1360        been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1361        necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1362        default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1364     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1365        testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1366        won't be NULL.)
1368     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1369        systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1370        was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1372     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1373        containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1374        because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1375        [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1376        pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1377        [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1378        extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1379        previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1380        correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1382     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1383        in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1384        compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1386     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1387        between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1388        write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1389        byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1390        do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1391        can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1392        or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1393        "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1395     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1396        the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1397        Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1398        the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1400     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1401        a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1402        caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1404     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1405        instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1407    10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1408        length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1409        the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1410        long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1411        computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1412        the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1413        to 10,000.
1415    11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1416        the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1417        length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1418        65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1419        could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1420        now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1422    12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1424    13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1425        Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1426        are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1428    14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1430    15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1431        pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1432        "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1434    16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1435        PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1436        or *.
1438    17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1439        but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1440        correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1442    18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1443        class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1444        pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1445        in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1446        the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1447        letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1449    19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1450        over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1451        bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1452        output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1454          The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes.  That
1455          is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1456          the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1457          instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1458          data.
1460        Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1461        no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1462        Thus, in Perl, the pattern  /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1463        /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1464        Unicode string.
1466        I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1467        the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1468        values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1469        translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1471    29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1472        and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1473        seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1474        a warning about an unused variable.
1476    21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1477        characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1478        [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1479        with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1480        pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1481        as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1482        caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1484    22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1485        dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1486        byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1487        bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1488        significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1489        the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1490        the future.
1492    23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1493        default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1494        via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1495        specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1497    24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1498        LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1500    25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1501        recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1503    26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1504        as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1505        the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1506        value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1507        error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1508        corruption" errors.
1510    27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1511        advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1513    28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1514        difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1516    29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1518        \q<number>   in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1519        \Q<number>   in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1520        -S <number>  sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1522        The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1525    Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1526    ---------------------
1528     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1529        in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1531     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1532        because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1534     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1535        not normally included in the compiled code.
1538    Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1539    ---------------------
1541     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1542        anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1543        point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1544        /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1546     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1548        (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1549            to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1550            error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1551            PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
1552            probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1553            specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1554            If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1556        (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1557            output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1558            are now no different to any other data bytes.
1560        (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1561            used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1562            been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1563            pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1565        (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1566            than they should have been.
1568        (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1570        (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1571            accidentally printed for the final match.
1573        (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1575        (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1576            that were found from directory arguments.
1578        (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1580        (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1582        (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1584        (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1586        (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1587            is not present by default.
1589     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1590        items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1591        alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1592        outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1593        the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1594        possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1596        In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1597        been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1598        atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1600     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1601        which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1602        the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1603        and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1604        when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1605        a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1606        separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
1607        upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
1609     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
1610        [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
1611        permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
1612        created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
1613        Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
1614        its own bitmap.
1616     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
1617        It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
1618        \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
1619        subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
1620        that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
1621        be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
1623     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
1625          (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
1626          real life, but is still worth protecting against".
1628          (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
1629          regular expressions".
1631          (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
1632          have it.
1634          (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
1635          "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
1636          with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
1638          (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
1640          (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
1642     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
1643        have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
1644        contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
1645        returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
1647     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
1648        large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
1649        returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
1650        most likely cause subsequent chaos.
1652    10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
1654    11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
1655        with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
1656        ignored.
1658    12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
1659        provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
1660        strings.
1662    13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
1663        C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
1665    14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
1666        (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
1667        switch label when the default is to do nothing).
1669    15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
1670        library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
1671        class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
1673    16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
1674        much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
1675        to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
1676        that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
1677        for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
1678        PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
1679        defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
1680        Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
1681        SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
1683        (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
1684            I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
1686        (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
1687            but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
1688            This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
1689            (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
1691    17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
1692        of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
1693        that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
1694        the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
1695        stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
1696        when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
1697        this functionality to the C++ interface.
1699    18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
1701        (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
1703        (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
1705        (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
1706            which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
1707            are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
1708            characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
1709            table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
1710            considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
1711            all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
1712            number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
1713            allow for more data.
1715        (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
1717    19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
1718        matching that character.
1720    20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
1721        (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
1722        reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
1723        happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
1724        there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
1726    21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
1727        allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
1728        compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
1729        \p or \P will have to recompile them.
1731    22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
1733    23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
1734        but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
1736    24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
1737        accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
1739    25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
1740        made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
1741        it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
1742        "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
1743        by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
1744        no longer a pcre.h.in file.
1746        However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
1747        well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
1748        release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
1749        the release number by grepping pcre.h.
1751    26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
1754    Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
1755    ---------------------
1757     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
1758        "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
1759        -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
1760        consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
1762     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
1764     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
1765        whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
1766        really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
1767        possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
1768        certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
1770     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
1771        file's purpose clearer.
1773     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
1776    Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
1777    ---------------------
1779     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
1781     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
1783        (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
1784            tried to test it.
1786        (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
1787            changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
1789        (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
1791        (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
1792            backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
1793            versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
1794            this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
1796     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
1797        (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
1798        necessary on certain architectures.
1800     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
1801        those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
1802        within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
1803        "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
1804        symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
1805        available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
1806        find a way round (a) in the future.
1809    Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
1810    ---------------------
1812     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
1813        such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
1814        a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
1815        negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
1816        led to memory overwriting.
1818     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
1820     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
1821        operating environments where this matters.
1823     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
1824        PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
1826     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
1827        was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
1828        such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1829        compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1830        back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1831        not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1832        previous subpatterns.
1834     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1835        versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1838    Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1839    ---------------------
1841     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1842        surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1844     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1845        the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1846        cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1848     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1849        allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1850        patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1851        just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1853     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1854        from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1855        compile command.
1857     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1858        in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1859        C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1860        but no suitable headers.
1862     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1863        be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1864        retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1865        of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1867     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1868        files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1869        wrapper.
1872    Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1873    ---------------------
1875     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1877     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1878        didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1879        when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1880        not imported.
1882     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1883        different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1884        below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1885        unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1886        statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1887        relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1888        one application and matched in another.
1890        The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1891        functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1892        the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1893        names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1894        with other external names.
1896     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1897        a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1898        function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1899        problem.
1901     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1902        including restarting after a partial match.
1904     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1905        defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1906        code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1908     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1910     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1911        match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1912        the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1914     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1915        would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1917    10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1919        (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1920            PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1921            something similar for -w.
1923        (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1925        (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1926            than one at a time available.
1928        (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1930        (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1931            over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1932            8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1933            for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1935        (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1937              -w, --word-regex(p)
1939            instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1940            because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1941            same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1942            automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1944        (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1945            option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1946            starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1948        (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1950        (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1951            the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1952            "<stdin>" was used.
1954        (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1955            stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1957        (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1958            two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1959            different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1961        (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1962            around matches be printed.
1964        (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1965            any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1967        (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1968            continue to scan other files.
1970        (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1971            greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1972            accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1973            -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1974            previously doing.
1976        (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1977            and exclusion when recursing.
1979    11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1980        Hopefully, it now does.
1982    12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1984    13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1986    14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1987        "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1988        world, but is set differently for Windows.
1990    15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1991        difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1992        integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1993        non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1994        error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1995        (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1996        wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1997        numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1998        compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
2000    16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
2001        prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
2002        knows more about this stuff than I do.)
2004    17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
2005        passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
2006        match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
2007        somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
2008        both the P and the s flags.
2010    18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
2012    19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
2014    20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
2015        it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
2017    21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
2019    22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
2020        Electric Fence happy when testing.
2024    Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
2025    ---------------------
2027     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
2028        containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
2029        is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
2030        byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
2032     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
2033        next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
2034        item, and its length, respectively.
2036     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
2037        insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
2038        pcretest to make use of this.
2040     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
2042          #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
2043          _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
2044          #endif  /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
2046        have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
2047        magic in relation to line terminators.
2049     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
2050        for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
2052     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
2053        to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
2054        to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
2055        generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
2056        compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
2057        whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
2058        generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
2060        LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
2061        seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
2062        this hack in configure.in.
2064     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
2066     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
2067        were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
2068        [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
2069        POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
2071     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
2072        to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
2073        start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
2074        patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
2075        preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
2076        character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
2078    10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
2079        starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
2080        string were read.
2082    11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
2083        users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
2084        enough.)
2086    12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
2087        in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
2088        a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
2089        program that might have everything at different addresses.
2091    13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
2092        -R library as well as a -L library.
2094    14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
2095        pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
2096        that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
2098    15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
2099        via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
2100        support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
2101        inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
2103    16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
2104        compiled pattern.
2106    17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
2107        instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
2108        source directory was different from the building directory, and was
2109        read-only.
2111    18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
2112        file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
2113        Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
2115    19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
2116        pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
2118    20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
2120        (i)   A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
2121              write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
2122              This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
2123              the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
2124              written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
2126        (ii)  If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
2127              compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
2128              occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
2129              pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
2130              After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
2131              usual.
2133        (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
2134              and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
2135              was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
2137    21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
2138        hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
2140          As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
2141          pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
2142          to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
2143          other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
2145    22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
2146        now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
2147        would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
2148        NULL, a crash could occur.
2150    23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
2151        new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
2152        a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
2153        "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
2154        had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
2155        workstation).
2157    24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
2160    Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
2161    ---------------------
2163     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
2164        that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
2165        Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
2166        each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
2167        needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
2168        of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
2169        hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
2170        NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
2171        "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
2172        operating.
2174        To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
2175        functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
2176        pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
2177        and the size of block requested is always the same.
2179        The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
2180        PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
2181        -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
2183        A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
2184        obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
2185        to the output.
2187     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
2188        what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
2190     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
2191        been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
2192        to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
2193        PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
2194        this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
2195        When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
2196        PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
2198     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
2199        that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
2200        containing "overlong sequences".
2202     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
2203        I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
2204        should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
2205        through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
2207     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
2208        some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
2210     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
2211        prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
2212        so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
2214     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
2216     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
2217        size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
2218        moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
2220    10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
2221        special systems:
2223          (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
2224          (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
2225              is defined to be empty.
2226          (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
2227              that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
2228              to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
2230    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
2231        class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
2232        went into a loop.
2234    12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
2235        that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
2236        (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
2237        recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
2238        that was OK.
2240    13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
2241        buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
2242        1024, so long lines caused crashes.
2244    14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
2245        "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
2246        that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
2248    15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
2249        libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
2250        work.
2252    16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
2253        studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
2254        errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
2255        matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
2256        this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
2259    Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
2260    ---------------------
2262     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
2263        127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
2264        In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
2265        classes (slightly).
2267     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
2268        might give a very teeny performance improvement.
2270     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
2271        more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
2273     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
2274        in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
2275        explicitly with libpcre.la.
2277     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
2279     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
2281     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
2282        pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
2283        output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
2284        size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
2285        showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
2286        this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
2287        I have just removed it.
2289     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
2290        Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
2291        standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
2293     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
2294        callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
2295        complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
2296        pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
2297        rid of the warnings.
2299    10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
2300        both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
2301        is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
2302        string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
2304    11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
2306            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
2307        to
2308            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
2310        to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
2311        is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
2312        if it's wrong...
2315    Version 4.3 21-May-03
2316    ---------------------
2318    1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
2319       Makefile.
2321    2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
2323       (i)   The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
2325       (ii)  The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
2326             lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
2327             but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
2328             reasonable.
2330       (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
2331             hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
2332             only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
2333             specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
2334             table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
2335             much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
2336             character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
2337             strings against \d.
2339       (iv)  Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
2340             ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
2342    3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
2343       defined as "const".
2345    4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
2346       Electric Fenced for debugging.
2348    5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
2349       to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
2350       had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
2351       provoke a segmentation fault.
2353    6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
2354       to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
2356    7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
2357       UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
2358       contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
2359       area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
2360       back over UTF-8 characters.)
2363    Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
2364    ---------------------
2366    1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
2368    2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
2369         [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
2370         [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
2371         [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
2372         * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
2373           and BUILD_EXEEXT
2374         Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
2375         set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
2376           compile-time but not at link-time
2377         [LINK]: use for linking executables only
2378         make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
2379         [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
2380           libraries
2381         [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
2382         [OBJEXT]: use throughout
2383         [EXEEXT]: use throughout
2384         <winshared>: new target
2385         <wininstall>: new target
2386         <dftables.o>: use native compiler
2387         <dftables>: use native linker
2388         <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
2389         <clean>: ditto
2390         <check>: ditto
2391         copy DLL to top builddir before testing
2393       As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
2394       to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
2395       in any case.
2397    3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
2399       . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
2400         match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
2402       . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
2403         a void * provoked a warning.
2405       . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
2406         and a few more missing casts.
2408    4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2409       option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
2410       and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
2412    5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2413       option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
2414       whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
2417    Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
2418    ---------------------
2420    1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
2421    needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
2422    required to support.
2424    2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
2425    be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
2427    3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
2428    first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
2429    CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
2430    compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
2431    analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
2433    4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
2434    apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
2435    linking step for the pcreposix library.
2437    5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
2438    name.
2440    6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
2441    literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
2442    ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
2443    saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
2444    Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
2445    megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
2446    amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
2448    7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
2449    first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
2450    right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
2451    fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
2452    follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
2453    fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
2454    unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
2457    Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
2458    ---------------------
2460    1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
2461    extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
2462    all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
2464    2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2466    3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2467    the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2468    from a single perltest script.
2470    4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2471    by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2472    whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2473    class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2475    5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2476    space and tab.
2478    6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2479    its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2481    7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2482    were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2483    /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2484    only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2485    finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2486    the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2488    8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2489    treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2490    also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2491    interpolation. Note the following examples:
2493        Pattern            PCRE matches      Perl matches
2495        \Qabc$xyz\E        abc$xyz           abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2496        \Qabc\$xyz\E       abc\$xyz          abc\$xyz
2497        \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E   abc$xyz           abc$xyz
2499    For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2500    classes as well as outside them.
2502    9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2503    floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2504    (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2505    signed/unsigned warnings.
2507    10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2508    option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2509    that job.
2511    11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2512    "pcregrep -".
2514    12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2515    Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2516    documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2517    as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2518    item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2519    greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2520    greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2522    13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2523    the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2524    subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2525    was abstracted outside.
2527    14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2528    position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2529    starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2530    code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2531    alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2532    match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2534    15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2535    have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2536    "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2537    been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2539    16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2540    features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2541    and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2542    POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2544    17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2545    mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2546    PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2547    assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2548    calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2549    5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2550    future.
2552    18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2553    \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2555    19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2556    reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2558    20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2559    contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2561    21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2562    compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2564    22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2565    outside the source tree.
2567    23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2568    subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2569    happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2571    24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2572    without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2573    much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2574    strange effects.
2576    25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2577    start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2578    there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2579    example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2580    possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2581    optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2582    references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2584    26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2585    non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2586    match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2587    failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2589    27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2591    28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2592    provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2593    in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2594    pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2595    global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2596    the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2597    is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2598    This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2599    reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2600    function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2601    pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2602    matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2603    point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2604    later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2606    29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
2607    callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
2608    the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
2609    to vary what happens:
2611        \C+         in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
2612        \C-         do not supply a callout function
2613        \C!n        return 1 when callout number n is reached
2614        \C!n!m      return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
2616    30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
2617    output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
2619    31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
2620    slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
2621    pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
2622    POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
2623    when configuring.
2625    32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
2626    few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
2627    storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
2628    links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
2629    configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
2630    debugging information about compiled patterns.
2632    33. Internal code re-arrangements:
2634    (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
2635        its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
2636        pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
2637        separate copies.
2639    (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
2640        internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
2642    (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
2643        code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
2644        definition of the opcodes.
2646    34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
2647    lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
2649    35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
2650    allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
2651    contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
2653    36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
2654    used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
2655    be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
2656    (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
2657    numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
2658    a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
2660      PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE        yields the size of each entry in the map
2661      PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT            yields the number of entries
2662      PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE            yields a pointer to the map.
2664    The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
2665    the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
2666    group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
2667    name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
2669    37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
2670    case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
2671    means that the same test output works with both.
2673    38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
2674    calling malloc() with a zero argument.
2676    39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
2677    optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
2678    numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
2679    fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
2680    relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
2681    the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
2682    31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
2684    40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
2685    of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
2686    not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
2687    can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
2688    way).
2690    41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
2691    that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
2692    failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
2693    PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
2695    42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
2696    function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
2697    limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
2698    obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
2699    circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
2700    string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
2701    large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
2703    (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
2704        to set a default value for the compiled library.
2706    (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
2707        a different value is set. See 45 below.
2709    If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
2711    43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
2712    of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
2713    what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
2714    The current list of available information is:
2716      PCRE_CONFIG_UTF8
2718    The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
2719    otherwise it is set to zero.
2723    The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
2724    newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
2728    The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
2729    linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
2733    The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
2734    interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
2738    The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
2739    of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
2741    44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
2742    to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
2743    output it. The program then exits immediately.
2745    45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
2746    order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
2747    pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
2748    extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
2749    be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
2750    is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
2752    The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
2753    contains the following fields:
2755      flags         a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
2756      study_data    opaque data from pcre_study()
2757      match_limit   a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
2758                      call to pcre_exec()
2759      callout_data  data for callouts (see 49 below)
2761    The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
2767    The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
2768    the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
2769    PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
2770    before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
2771    change to existing code.
2773    If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
2774    in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
2775    block.
2777    46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
2778    data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
2779    times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
2780    pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
2781    most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
2782    gets very large very quickly.
2784    47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
2785    returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
2786    pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
2787    pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
2788    created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
2789    pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
2790    pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
2792    48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
2793    because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
2794    is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
2795    components.)
2797    49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
2799    (i)  A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
2801           0  =>  success, carry on matching
2802         > 0  =>  failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
2803         < 0  =>  serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
2805         Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
2806         values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
2807         "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
2808         use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
2810    (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
2811         callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
2812         pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
2813         the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
2814         function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
2815         easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
2816         testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
2818           \C*n        pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
2820         If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
2821         callout_data, it returns that value.
2823    50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
2824    there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
2825    $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
2827    51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
2828    has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
2829    with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
2830    one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
2831    only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
2832    notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
2834    (i)   A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
2835          a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
2836          character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
2837          match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
2839    (ii)  A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
2840          "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
2841          character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
2843    (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
2844          mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
2846    (iv)  The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
2847          singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
2848          PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
2849          digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
2850          and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
2852    (v)   Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
2853          greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
2855    (vi)  pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
2856          PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
2858    52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
2859    PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
2860    retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
2861    value.)
2863    53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
2864    a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
2865    these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
2866    lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
2868    54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
2870    55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
2871    aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
2872    true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
2873    are faulted.
2875    56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
2876    calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
2877    which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
2878    default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
2879    you will need to set these values.
2881    57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2884    Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2885    ---------------------
2887    1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2889    2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2890    build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2891    them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2894    Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2895    ---------------------
2897    1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2898    bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2901    Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2902    ---------------------
2904    1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2905    This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2906    this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2908    2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2909    doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2910    isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2911    this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2914    Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2915    ---------------------
2917    1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2918    offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2920    2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2921    the latest autoconf.
2924    Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2925    ---------------------
2927    1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2928    had been forgotten.
2930    2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2931    definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2932    private.
2934    3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2935    user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2936    by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2937    handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2938    file.
2940    4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2941    useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2942    relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2943    there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2945    5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2946       (i)   Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2947       (ii)  Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2948       (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2949       (iv)  Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2951    6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2952    argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2954    7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2955    the source directory.
2957    8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2958    options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2959    long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2961    9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2962    generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2963    in several of the .c files.
2965    10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2966    because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2967    by using separate calls to printf().
2969    11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2970    script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2971    systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2973    12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2974    absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2975    likewise updated the man page.
2977    13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2978    The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2981    Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2982    ---------------------
2984    1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2986    2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2989    Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2990    ---------------------
2992    1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2993    was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2994    lead to crashes in some systems.
2996    2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2997    the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2999    3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
3000    These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
3001    because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
3002    but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
3004    4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
3005    the Makefile.
3007    5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
3008    Makefile.
3010    6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
3011    command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
3013    7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
3015    8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
3016    RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
3017    the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
3018    out for the ar command.)
3021    Version 3.2 12-May-00
3022    ---------------------
3024    This is purely a bug fixing release.
3026    1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
3027    of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
3028    which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
3029    infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
3030    correctly.
3032    2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
3033    when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
3034    wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
3035    caused it to match further down the string than it should.
3037    3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
3038    was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
3039    systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
3041    4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
3042    were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
3044      while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
3045    to
3046      while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
3048    Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
3050    5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
3051    available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
3052    HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
3053    assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
3055    6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
3056    was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
3057    faster code anyway.
3060    Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
3061    ---------------------
3063    The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
3064    the "install" target:
3066    (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
3068    (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
3071    Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
3072    ---------------------
3074    1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
3075    pcretest).
3077    2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
3079    3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
3080    matches null strings.
3082    4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
3083    pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
3084    pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
3085    effect.
3087    5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
3088    captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
3089    required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
3090    the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
3092    6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
3093    documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
3094    information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
3095    libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
3096    default.
3098    7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
3099    09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
3100    less than 10.
3102    8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
3103    existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
3104    modification.
3106    9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
3107    return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
3108    function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
3110    10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
3111    Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
3113    11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
3114    adopting.
3117    Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
3118    ----------------------
3120    1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
3121    trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
3122    the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
3124    2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
3125    and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
3126    of the subject.
3128    3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
3129    be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
3131    5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
3132    in GnuWin32 environments.
3135    Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
3136    ----------------------
3138    1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
3139    the form of man page sources.
3141    2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
3142    In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
3143    C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
3145    3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
3146    should be (const char *).
3148    4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
3149    be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
3150    However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
3151    mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
3153    5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
3154    the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
3156    6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
3158    7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
3159    causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
3161    8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
3162    non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
3163    quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
3164    some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
3165    character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
3166    before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
3167    some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
3168    with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
3170    9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
3171    other alternatives are tried instead.
3174    Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
3175    ----------------------
3177    1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
3178    space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
3179    64-bit systems.
3181    2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
3182    start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
3183    occurrences in a string.
3185    3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
3187       /+   outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
3188       /g   loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
3189       /G   loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
3191    4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
3192    with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
3193    it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
3194    the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
3197    Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
3198    ----------------------
3200    1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
3201    properly on 16-bit systems.
3203    2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
3204    when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
3205    anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
3206    not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
3207    DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
3208    must be retried after every newline in the subject.
3211    Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
3212    ----------------------
3214    1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
3215    computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
3216    If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
3217    problem.
3219    2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
3220    pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
3222    3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
3223    compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
3224    pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
3225    ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
3228    Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
3229    ----------------------
3231    1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
3233    2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
3234    LICENCE file containing the conditions.
3236    3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
3237    Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
3238    pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
3239    the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
3241    4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
3242    match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
3245  Version 2.02 14-Jan-99  Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
3246  ----------------------  ----------------------

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