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revision 303 by ph10, Sun Jan 20 19:39:43 2008 UTC revision 428 by ph10, Mon Aug 31 17:10:26 2009 UTC
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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.6 19-Jan-08  Version 8.00 ??-???-??
5    ----------------------
7    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
8        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
9        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
10        error.
12    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
13        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
14        in a Windows environment.
16    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
17        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
18        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
19        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
20        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
21        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
22        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
24    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
25        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
26        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
27        the old behaviour.
29    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
30        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
31        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
32        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
34    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
35        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
37    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
38        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
39        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
40        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
41        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
42        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
44    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
45        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
46        repetition. Chaos could result.
48    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
49        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
50        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
51        slots in the offset vector, the offsets of the first-encountered partial
52        match are set in them when PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
54    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
55        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
56        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
57        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching, especially with
58        pcre_exec().
60    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
61        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
62        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
63        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
64        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
65        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
66        final character ended with (*FAIL).
68    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
69        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
70        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
71        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
72        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
73        "sbody" failed.
76    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
77    ---------------------
79    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
80        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
81        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
82        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
83        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
84        pcretest is linked with readline.
86    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
87        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
88        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
89        but BOOL is not.
91    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
92        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
94    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
95        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
96        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
97        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
99    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
100        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
101        the same.
103    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
104        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
105        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
107    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
108        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
109        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
110        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
112    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
113        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
114        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
115        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
117    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
118        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
119        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
121    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
122        used for matching.
124    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
125        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
127    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
129    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
131    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
133    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
134        wrapper.
136    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
137        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
138        string constants.
140    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
141        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
142        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
143        these, but not everybody uses configure.
145    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
146        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
147        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
148        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
149        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
150        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
152    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
153        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
155    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
156        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
157        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
158        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
159        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
160        error, in fact).
162    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
163        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
164        problem, but was untidy.
166    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
167        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
168        included within another project.
170    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
171        slightly modified by me:
173          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
174              not building pcregrep.
176          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
177              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
179    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
180        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
181        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
182        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
183        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
185    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
186        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
188    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
189        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
190        pre-defined.
192    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
194    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
195        in the configuration summary.
198    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
199    ---------------------
201    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
202        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
203        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
204        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
205        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
206        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
208    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
209        scripts.
211    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
212        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
213        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
215    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
216        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
217        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
219    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
220        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
221        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
222        truncation.
224    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
226    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
227        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
229    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
230        test 2 if it fails.
232    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
233        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
234        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
236    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
237        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
239    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
240        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
241        some environments:
243          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
245        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
247    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
248        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
249        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
250        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
251        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
253    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
254        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
256    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
257        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
258        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
260    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
261        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
263    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
265    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
266        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
268    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
270    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
271        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
272        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
273        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
276    Version 7.7 07-May-08
277    ---------------------
279    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
280        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
281        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
283    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
284        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
285        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
287    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
288        Lopes.
290    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
292        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
293            of files, instead of just to the final components.
295        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
296            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
297            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
298            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
299            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
300            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
302    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
303        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
305    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
306        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
307        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
309    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
310        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
312    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
313        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
314        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
316    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
318    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
319        matching function regexec().
321    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
322        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
323        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
324        Oniguruma does).
326    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
327        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
328        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
329        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
330        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
331        time.
333    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
334        to the way PCRE behaves:
336        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
338        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
339            (Perl fails the current match path).
341        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
342            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
343            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
344            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
345            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
346            of the DOTALL setting.
348    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
349        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
350        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
351        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
352        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
353        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
354        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
355        was subsequently set up correctly.)
357    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
358        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
359        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
360        (*FAIL).
362    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
363        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
364        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
365        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
366        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
367        on the OP_ANY path.
369    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
370        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
371        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
373    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
374        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
375        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
376        Daniel Bergström.
378    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
379        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
380        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
381        spotting this.
384    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
385  ---------------------  ---------------------
387  1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with  1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
388      codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer      codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
389      overflow.      overflow.
391  2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when  2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
392      HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.      HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
394  3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to  3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
395      bring them up to date and include new features.      bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
397        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
398        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
399        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
400        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
401        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
402            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
403        - Added readline support for pcretest.
404        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
406    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
407        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
408        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
409        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
410        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
411        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
412        Configure/Make.
414    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
415        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
416        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
417        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
419    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
420        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
421        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
423    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
424        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
425        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
426        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
427        trouble in some build environments.
429    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
432  Version 7.5 10-Jan-08  Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
433  ---------------------  ---------------------

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