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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 8.00 ??-???-??  Version 8.13 30-Apr-2011
5    ------------------------
7    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
9    2.  Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
11    3.  Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
12        pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
13        in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
15    4.  There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
16        caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
17        different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
18        and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
19        (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
20        code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
21        2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
22        left).
24    5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
25        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
26        as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
27        the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
29    6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
30        now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
31        last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
32        enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
33        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
35    7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
36        pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
37        failure, the offset and reason code are output.
39    8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
40        over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
41        back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
42        two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
43        documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
44        behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
45        has been changed.
47    9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
48        of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
49        time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
50        7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
51        which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
52        argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
53        slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
54        (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
56    10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
57        calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
58        using pcre_exec().
60    11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
61        discovered and fixed:
63        (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
64        (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
65        ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
66        (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
67        (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
69    12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
70        function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
71        value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
73    13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
74        opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
75        ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
76        pick them up.
78    14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
79        synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
80        for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
81        and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
82        using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
83        study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
84        tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
85        "never study" - see 20 below).
87    15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
88        restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
89        correctly.
91    16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
92        empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
93        pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
94        match.
96    17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
97        and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
98        tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, not that there is
99        the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
100        no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
101        two optimizations have therefore been removed.
103    18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
104        matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
105        incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
107    19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
108        was incorrectly computed.
110    20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it *disables*
111        studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line. This is
112        necessary for one or two tests to keep the output identical in both cases.
114    21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
115        PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
117    22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
118        successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
119        capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
120        captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
121        group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
122        branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
123        positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions is not well defined
124        in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
126    23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
127        subject after a captured substring (to make it easier to tell which of a
128        number of identical substrings has been captured).
130    24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
131        if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
132        values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
133        "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
134        "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
135        refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
137    24. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
138        back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
139        (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
141    25. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
142        the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
143        direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
144        group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
145        1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
146        the recursion depth to 10.
148    26. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
149        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
150        argument validation and error reporting.
152    27. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
153        first character it looked at was a mark character.
155    28. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
156        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
158    29. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
159        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
160        not included in the return count.
162    30. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
163        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
164        Perl).
167    Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
168    ------------------------
170    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
171        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
173    2.  On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
174        --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
175        particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
176        went into the wrong half of a long int.)
178    3.  If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
179        did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
180        of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
181        match.
183    4.  Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
184        -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
186    5.  In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
187        matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
188        match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
190    6.  Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
191        the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
192        to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
193        incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
195    7.  If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
196        function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
197        the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
198        reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
201    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
202    ------------------------
204    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
205        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
206        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
207        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
208        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
209        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
211    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
212        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
213        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
214        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
215        (*THEN).
217    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
218        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
219        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
220        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
222    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
223        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
224        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
225        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
226        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
227        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
228        (previously it gave "no match").
230    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
231        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
232        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
233        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
234        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
235        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
236        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
237        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
238        now correct.]
240    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
241        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
242        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
243        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
244        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
245        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
246        places in pcre_compile().
248    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
249        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
250        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
251        according to the set newline convention.
253    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
254        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
255        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
257    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
259    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
261    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
262        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
264    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
265        of pcregrep.
267    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
268        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
269        needed fixing:
271        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
272            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
273            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
275        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
276            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
277            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
278            than one byte was nonsense.)
280        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
281            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
283    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
284        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
285        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
286        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
287        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
289    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
290        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
291        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
293    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
294        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
296    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
297        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
298        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
299        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
300        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
301        release 2.5.4.
303    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
304        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
305        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
306        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
307        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
309    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
310        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
311        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
312        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
314    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
315        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
316        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
317        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
318        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
319        pcre_compile().
321    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
322        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
323        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
324        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
325        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
327    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
328        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
331    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
332    ------------------------
334    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
335        THEN.
337    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
339    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
340        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
341        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
343    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
344        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
345        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
347    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
348        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
350    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
351        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
352        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
353        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
354        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
356    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
358    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
359        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
360        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
362    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
363        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
364        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
365        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
367    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
369    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
370        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
371        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
372        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
373        (#976).
375    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
376        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
377        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
378        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
379        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
381    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
382        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
384    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
385        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
386        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
388    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
389        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
390        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
391        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
393    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
394        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
396    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
397        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
399    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
400        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
402    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
403        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
404        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
405        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
406        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
407        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
408        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
409        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
410        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
411        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
412        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
413        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
414        altogether.)
416    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
417        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
418        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
420    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
421        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
422        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
423        reference to the wrong subpattern.
426    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
427    ------------------------
429    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
431    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
432        configured.
434    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
435        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
437    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
438        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
440    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
441        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
442        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
443        referenced subpattern not found".
445    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
446        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
447        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
448        relevant global functions.
450    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
451        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
452        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
453        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
455    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
456        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
458    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
459        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
460        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
461        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
462        string.
464    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
466    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
467        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
468        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
469        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
471    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
472        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
473        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
474        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
475        decrease.
477    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
478        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
479        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
480        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
481        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
483    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
484        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
485        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
486        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
488    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
491    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
492    ------------------------
494    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
495        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
496        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
497        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
499    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
500        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
501        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
502        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
503        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
504        cause of this.)
506    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
507        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
508        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
509        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
510        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
512    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
513        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
514        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
517    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
518        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
519        stuff that is necessary.
521    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
522        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
524    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
525        as part of something else:
527        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
529        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
530            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
531            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
533        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
534            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
535            module.
537    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
538        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
539        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
540        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
541        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
542        double.
544    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
545        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
547    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
548        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
550          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
551              under Win32.
552          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
553              therefore missing the function definition.
554          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
555          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
556          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
558    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
559        messages were output:
561          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
562          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
563          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
565        I have done both of these things.
567    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
568        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
569        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
570        page.
572    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
573        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
574        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
575        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
576        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
577        used.
579    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
580        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
581        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
583    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
584        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
585        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
586        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
587        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
588        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
589        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
590        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
591        USPTR.
593    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
594        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
595        (FreeBSD).
597    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
598        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
599        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
600        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
601        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
603    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
604        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
605        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
606        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
607        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
608        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
609        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
610        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
611        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
612        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
613        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
614        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
615        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
616        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
619    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
620  ----------------------  ----------------------
622  1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes  1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
623      was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code      was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
624      being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in      being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
625      error.      error.
627  2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,  2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
628      "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests      "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
629      in a Windows environment.      in a Windows environment.
631  3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is  3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
632      zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when      zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
633      --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints      --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
634      counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just      counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
635      prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems      prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
636      more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the      more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
637      combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.      combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
639  4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as  4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
640      --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,      --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
641      but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving      but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
642      the old behaviour.      the old behaviour.
644  5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not  5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
645      recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern      recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
646      (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,      (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
647      which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.      which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
649  6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just  6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
650      libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.      libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
652  7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size  7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
653      when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that      when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
654      generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module      generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
655      is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of      is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
656      unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his      unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
657      program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.      program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
659    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
660        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
661        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
662        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
663        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
664        result.
666    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
667        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
668        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
669        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
670        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
671        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
673    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
674        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
675        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
676        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
678    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
679        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
680        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
681        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
682        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
683        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
684        final character ended with (*FAIL).
686    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
687        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
688        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
689        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
690        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
691        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
693    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
694        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
695        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
696        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
697        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
698        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
700    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
701        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
702        PCRE has not been installed from source.
704    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
705        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
706        library.
708    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
709        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
710        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
711        these options useful.
713    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
714        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
715        nmatch is forced to zero.
717    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
718        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
719        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
721    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
722        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
723        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
724        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
725        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
726        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
727        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
728        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
730    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
731        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
732        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
733        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
735    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
736        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
737        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
738        now given.
740    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
741        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
742        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
743        compatible with Perl.
745    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
746        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
748    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
749        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
750        does. Neither allows recursion.
752    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
753        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
754        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
755        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
756        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
757        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
758        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
759        pcre_fullinfo().
761    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
762        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
763        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
764        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
765        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
766        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
768    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
769        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
770        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
771        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
772        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
774    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
775        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
776        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
777        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
778        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
779        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
780        testing by number works.
783  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
784  ---------------------  ---------------------

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