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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 8.13 30-Apr-2011  Version 8.31
5    -----------------------------
6    
7    1.  Fixing a wrong JIT test case and some compiler warnings.
8    
9    2.  Removed a bashism from the RunTest script.
10    
11    3.  Add a cast to pcre_exec.c to fix the warning "unary minus operator applied
12        to unsigned type, result still unsigned" that was given by an MS compiler
13        on encountering the code "-sizeof(xxx)".
14    
15    4.  Partial matching support is added to the JIT compiler.
16    
17    5.  Fixed several bugs concerned with partial matching of items that consist
18        of more than one character:
19    
20        (a) /^(..)\1/ did not partially match "aba" because checking references was
21            done on an "all or nothing" basis. This also applied to repeated
22            references.
23    
24        (b) \R did not give a hard partial match if \r was found at the end of the
25            subject.
26    
27        (c) \X did not give a hard partial match after matching one or more
28            characters at the end of the subject.
29    
30        (d) When newline was set to CRLF, a pattern such as /a$/ did not recognize
31            a partial match for the string "\r".
32    
33        (e) When newline was set to CRLF, the metacharacter "." did not recognize
34            a partial match for a CR character at the end of the subject string.
35    
36    6.  If JIT is requested using /S++ or -s++ (instead of just /S+ or -s+) when
37        running pcretest, the text "(JIT)" added to the output whenever JIT is
38        actually used to run the match.
39    
40    7.  Individual JIT compile options can be set in pcretest by following -s+[+]
41        or /S+[+] with a digit between 1 and 7.
42    
43    8.  OP_NOT now supports any UTF character not just single-byte ones.
44    
45    9.  (*MARK) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
46    
47    10. The command "./RunTest list" lists the available tests without actually
48        running any of them. (Because I keep forgetting what they all are.)
49    
50    11. Add PCRE_INFO_MAXLOOKBEHIND.
51    
52    
53    Version 8.30 04-February-2012
54    -----------------------------
55    
56    1.  Renamed "isnumber" as "is_a_number" because in some Mac environments this
57        name is defined in ctype.h.
58    
59    2.  Fixed a bug in fixed-length calculation for lookbehinds that would show up
60        only in quite long subpatterns.
61    
62    3.  Removed the function pcre_info(), which has been obsolete and deprecated
63        since it was replaced by pcre_fullinfo() in February 2000.
64    
65    4.  For a non-anchored pattern, if (*SKIP) was given with a name that did not
66        match a (*MARK), and the match failed at the start of the subject, a
67        reference to memory before the start of the subject could occur. This bug
68        was introduced by fix 17 of release 8.21.
69    
70    5.  A reference to an unset group with zero minimum repetition was giving
71        totally wrong answers (in non-JavaScript-compatibility mode). For example,
72        /(another)?(\1?)test/ matched against "hello world test". This bug was
73        introduced in release 8.13.
74    
75    6.  Add support for 16-bit character strings (a large amount of work involving
76        many changes and refactorings).
77    
78    7.  RunGrepTest failed on msys because \r\n was replaced by whitespace when the
79        command "pattern=`printf 'xxx\r\njkl'`" was run. The pattern is now taken
80        from a file.
81    
82    8.  Ovector size of 2 is also supported by JIT based pcre_exec (the ovector size
83        rounding is not applied in this particular case).
84    
85    9.  The invalid Unicode surrogate codepoints U+D800 to U+DFFF are now rejected
86        if they appear, or are escaped, in patterns.
87    
88    10. Get rid of a number of -Wunused-but-set-variable warnings.
89    
90    11. The pattern /(?=(*:x))(q|)/ matches an empty string, and returns the mark
91        "x". The similar pattern /(?=(*:x))((*:y)q|)/ did not return a mark at all.
92        Oddly, Perl behaves the same way. PCRE has been fixed so that this pattern
93        also returns the mark "x". This bug applied to capturing parentheses,
94        non-capturing parentheses, and atomic parentheses. It also applied to some
95        assertions.
96    
97    12. Stephen Kelly's patch to CMakeLists.txt allows it to parse the version
98        information out of configure.ac instead of relying on pcre.h.generic, which
99        is not stored in the repository.
100    
101    13. Applied Dmitry V. Levin's patch for a more portable method for linking with
102        -lreadline.
103    
104    14. ZH added PCRE_CONFIG_JITTARGET; added its output to pcretest -C.
105    
106    15. Applied Graycode's patch to put the top-level frame on the stack rather
107        than the heap when not using the stack for recursion. This gives a
108        performance improvement in many cases when recursion is not deep.
109    
110    16. Experimental code added to "pcretest -C" to output the stack frame size.
111    
112    
113    Version 8.21 12-Dec-2011
114    ------------------------
115    
116    1.  Updating the JIT compiler.
117    
118    2.  JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
119        are added as well.
120    
121    3.  Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
122        PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
123        calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
124    
125    4.  (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
126        parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
127        was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
128    
129    5.  Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
130        ECMA-262 standard.
131    
132    6.  Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
133        erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
134        This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
135    
136    7.  While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
137        incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
138        opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
139        corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
140        error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
141        length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
142        rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
143        (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
144        repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
145    
146    8.  A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
147        being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
148    
149    9.  A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
150        one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
151        (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
152        the first (A) could occur when it should not.
153    
154    10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
155    
156    11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
157    
158    12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
159        best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
160        is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
161    
162    13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
163    
164    14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
165        also gives an error.
166    
167    15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
168        it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
169        maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
170        internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
171        rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
172        the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
173        of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
174        the filling in of repeated forward references.
175    
176    16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
177        incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
178    
179    17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
180        in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
181        the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
182        /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
183        tested.
184    
185    18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
186        now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
187        is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
188        /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
189        "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
190        change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
191        returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
192        Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
193        refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
194        the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
195    
196    19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
197        subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
198    
199    21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
200        some warnings.
201    
202    22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
203        not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
204        subject string.
205    
206    23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
207        systems.
208    
209    24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
210        output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
211    
212    25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
213        an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
214        because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
215    
216    26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
217        "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
218        never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
219        complain.
220    
221    27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
222    
223    28. Fixed a possible uninitialized memory bug in pcre_jit_compile.c.
224    
225    29. Computation of memory usage for the table of capturing group names was
226        giving an unnecessarily large value.
227    
228    
229    Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
230    ------------------------
231    
232    1.  Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had
233        a POSIX class. After further experiments with Perl, which convinced me that
234        Perl has bugs and confusions, a closing square bracket is no longer allowed
235        in a POSIX name. This bug also affected patterns with classes that started
236        with full stops.
237    
238    2.  If a pattern such as /(a)b|ac/ is matched against "ac", there is no
239        captured substring, but while checking the failing first alternative,
240        substring 1 is temporarily captured. If the output vector supplied to
241        pcre_exec() was not big enough for this capture, the yield of the function
242        was still zero ("insufficient space for captured substrings"). This cannot
243        be totally fixed without adding another stack variable, which seems a lot
244        of expense for a edge case. However, I have improved the situation in cases
245        such as /(a)(b)x|abc/ matched against "abc", where the return code
246        indicates that fewer than the maximum number of slots in the ovector have
247        been set.
248    
249    3.  Related to (2) above: when there are more back references in a pattern than
250        slots in the output vector, pcre_exec() uses temporary memory during
251        matching, and copies in the captures as far as possible afterwards. It was
252        using the entire output vector, but this conflicts with the specification
253        that only 2/3 is used for passing back captured substrings. Now it uses
254        only the first 2/3, for compatibility. This is, of course, another edge
255        case.
256    
257    4.  Zoltan Herczeg's just-in-time compiler support has been integrated into the
258        main code base, and can be used by building with --enable-jit. When this is
259        done, pcregrep automatically uses it unless --disable-pcregrep-jit or the
260        runtime --no-jit option is given.
261    
262    5.  When the number of matches in a pcre_dfa_exec() run exactly filled the
263        ovector, the return from the function was zero, implying that there were
264        other matches that did not fit. The correct "exactly full" value is now
265        returned.
266    
267    6.  If a subpattern that was called recursively or as a subroutine contained
268        (*PRUNE) or any other control that caused it to give a non-standard return,
269        invalid errors such as "Error -26 (nested recursion at the same subject
270        position)" or even infinite loops could occur.
271    
272    7.  If a pattern such as /a(*SKIP)c|b(*ACCEPT)|/ was studied, it stopped
273        computing the minimum length on reaching *ACCEPT, and so ended up with the
274        wrong value of 1 rather than 0. Further investigation indicates that
275        computing a minimum subject length in the presence of *ACCEPT is difficult
276        (think back references, subroutine calls), and so I have changed the code
277        so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.
278    
279    8.  If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,
280        it was not handled as intended. [But see 16 below.]
281    
282    9.  Replaced RunTest.bat and CMakeLists.txt with improved versions provided by
283        Sheri Pierce.
284    
285    10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that
286        the first byte in a match must be "a".
287    
288    11. Change 17 for 8.13 increased the recursion depth for patterns like
289        /a(?:.)*?a/ drastically. I've improved things by remembering whether a
290        pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old
291        optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group
292        basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.
293    
294    12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This
295        broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space
296        character after the value is now allowed for.
297    
298    13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".
299        For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.
300    
301    14. If (*THEN) appeared in a group that was called recursively or as a
302        subroutine, it did not work as intended. [But see next item.]
303    
304    15. Consider the pattern /A (B(*THEN)C) | D/ where A, B, C, and D are complex
305        pattern fragments (but not containing any | characters). If A and B are
306        matched, but there is a failure in C so that it backtracks to (*THEN), PCRE
307        was behaving differently to Perl. PCRE backtracked into A, but Perl goes to
308        D. In other words, Perl considers parentheses that do not contain any |
309        characters to be part of a surrounding alternative, whereas PCRE was
310        treading (B(*THEN)C) the same as (B(*THEN)C|(*FAIL)) -- which Perl handles
311        differently. PCRE now behaves in the same way as Perl, except in the case
312        of subroutine/recursion calls such as (?1) which have in any case always
313        been different (but PCRE had them first :-).
314    
315    16. Related to 15 above: Perl does not treat the | in a conditional group as
316        creating alternatives. Such a group is treated in the same way as an
317        ordinary group without any | characters when processing (*THEN). PCRE has
318        been changed to match Perl's behaviour.
319    
320    17. If a user had set PCREGREP_COLO(U)R to something other than 1:31, the
321        RunGrepTest script failed.
322    
323    18. Change 22 for version 13 caused atomic groups to use more stack. This is
324        inevitable for groups that contain captures, but it can lead to a lot of
325        stack use in large patterns. The old behaviour has been restored for atomic
326        groups that do not contain any capturing parentheses.
327    
328    19. If the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE option was set for pcre_compile(), it did not
329        suppress the check for a minimum subject length at run time. (If it was
330        given to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() it did work.)
331    
332    20. Fixed an ASCII-dependent infelicity in pcretest that would have made it
333        fail to work when decoding hex characters in data strings in EBCDIC
334        environments.
335    
336    21. It appears that in at least one Mac OS environment, the isxdigit() function
337        is implemented as a macro that evaluates to its argument more than once,
338        contravening the C 90 Standard (I haven't checked a later standard). There
339        was an instance in pcretest which caused it to go wrong when processing
340        \x{...} escapes in subject strings. The has been rewritten to avoid using
341        things like p++ in the argument of isxdigit().
342    
343    
344    Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011
345  ------------------------  ------------------------
346    
347  1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.  1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
# Line 20  Version 8.13 30-Apr-2011 Line 360  Version 8.13 30-Apr-2011
360      code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a      code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
361      2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data      2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
362      left).      left).
363    
364  5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by  5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
365      pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long      pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
366      as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of      as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
367      the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.      the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
368    
369  6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is  6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
370      now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the      now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
371      last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small      last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
372      enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with      enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
373      pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().      pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
374    
375  7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when  7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
376      pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check      pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
377      failure, the offset and reason code are output.      failure, the offset and reason code are output.
378    
379  8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards  8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
380      over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped      over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
381      back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the      back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
382      two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the      two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
383      documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the      documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
384      behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour      behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
385      has been changed.      has been changed.
386    
387  9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling  9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
388      of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile      of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
389      time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version      time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
390      7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,      7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
391      which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less      which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
392      argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements      argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
393      slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern      slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
394      (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.      (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
395    
396  10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive  10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
397      calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when      calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
398      using pcre_exec().      using pcre_exec().
399    
400  11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were  11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
401      discovered and fixed:      discovered and fixed:
402    
403      (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).      (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
404      (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.      (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
405      ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.      ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
406      (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.      (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
407      (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.      (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
408    
409  12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()  12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
410      function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a      function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
411      value in a variable in the "match data" data block.      value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
412    
413  13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for  13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
414      opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new      opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
415      ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should      ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
416      pick them up.      pick them up.
417    
418  14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old  14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
419      synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study      synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
420      for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i      for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
421      and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still      and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
422      using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without      using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
423      study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard      study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
424      tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as      tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
425      "never study" - see 20 below).      "never study" - see 20 below).
426    
427  15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the  15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
428      restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening      restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
429      correctly.      correctly.
430    
431  16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an  16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
432      empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole      empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
433      pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no      pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
434      match.      match.
435    
436  17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,  17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
437      and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used      and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
438      tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, not that there is      tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, now that there is
439      the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is      the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
440      no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These      no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
441      two optimizations have therefore been removed.      two optimizations have therefore been removed. [But see 8.20/11 above.]
442    
443  18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always  18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
444      matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be      matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
445      incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.      incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
446    
447  19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length  19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
448      was incorrectly computed.      was incorrectly computed.
449    
450  20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it *disables*  20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it now
451      studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line. This is      *disables* studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line
452      necessary for one or two tests to keep the output identical in both cases.      (see 14 above). This is necessary for one or two tests to keep the output
453        identical in both cases.
454    
455  21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and  21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
456      PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.      PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
457    
458  22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was  22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
459      successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the      successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
460      capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later      capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
461      captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing      captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
462      group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-      group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
463      branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to      branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
464      positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions is not well defined      positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions does not happen
465      in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.      in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
466    
467  23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the  23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
468      subject after a captured substring (to make it easier to tell which of a      subject after a captured substring, to make it easier to tell which of a
469      number of identical substrings has been captured).      number of identical substrings has been captured.
470    
471  24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that  24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
472      if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured      if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
473      values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against      values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
474      "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as      "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
475      "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code      "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
476      refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.      refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
477    
478  24. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed  25. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
479      back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if      back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
480      (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.      (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
481    
482  25. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,  26. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
483      the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling      the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
484      direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where      direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
485      group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group      group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
486      1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting      1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
487      the recursion depth to 10.      the recursion depth to 10.
488    
489    27. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
490        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
491        argument validation and error reporting.
492    
493    28. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
494        first character it looked at was a mark character.
495    
496    29. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
497        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
498    
499    30. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
500        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
501        not included in the return count.
502    
503    31. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
504        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
505        Perl).
506    
507    32. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
508        recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
509    
510    33. If --only-matching or --colour was set on a pcregrep call whose pattern
511        had alternative anchored branches, the search for a second match in a line
512        was done as if at the line start. Thus, for example, /^01|^02/ incorrectly
513        matched the line "0102" twice. The same bug affected patterns that started
514        with a backwards assertion. For example /\b01|\b02/ also matched "0102"
515        twice.
516    
517    34. Previously, PCRE did not allow quantification of assertions. However, Perl
518        does, and because of capturing effects, quantifying parenthesized
519        assertions may at times be useful. Quantifiers are now allowed for
520        parenthesized assertions.
521    
522    35. A minor code tidy in pcre_compile() when checking options for \R usage.
523    
524    36. \g was being checked for fancy things in a character class, when it should
525        just be a literal "g".
526    
527    37. PCRE was rejecting [:a[:digit:]] whereas Perl was not. It seems that the
528        appearance of a nested POSIX class supersedes an apparent external class.
529        For example, [:a[:digit:]b:] matches "a", "b", ":", or a digit. Also,
530        unescaped square brackets may also appear as part of class names. For
531        example, [:a[:abc]b:] gives unknown class "[:abc]b:]". PCRE now behaves
532        more like Perl. (But see 8.20/1 above.)
533    
534    38. PCRE was giving an error for \N with a braced quantifier such as {1,} (this
535        was because it thought it was \N{name}, which is not supported).
536    
537    39. Add minix to OS list not supporting the -S option in pcretest.
538    
539    40. PCRE tries to detect cases of infinite recursion at compile time, but it
540        cannot analyze patterns in sufficient detail to catch mutual recursions
541        such as ((?1))((?2)). There is now a runtime test that gives an error if a
542        subgroup is called recursively as a subpattern for a second time at the
543        same position in the subject string. In previous releases this might have
544        been caught by the recursion limit, or it might have run out of stack.
545    
546    41. A pattern such as /(?(R)a+|(?R)b)/ is quite safe, as the recursion can
547        happen only once. PCRE was, however incorrectly giving a compile time error
548        "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because it cannot analyze the
549        pattern in sufficient detail. The compile time test no longer happens when
550        PCRE is compiling a conditional subpattern, but actual runaway loops are
551        now caught at runtime (see 40 above).
552    
553    42. It seems that Perl allows any characters other than a closing parenthesis
554        to be part of the NAME in (*MARK:NAME) and other backtracking verbs. PCRE
555        has been changed to be the same.
556    
557    43. Updated configure.ac to put in more quoting round AC_LANG_PROGRAM etc. so
558        as not to get warnings when autogen.sh is called. Also changed
559        AC_PROG_LIBTOOL (deprecated) to LT_INIT (the current macro).
560    
561    44. To help people who use pcregrep to scan files containing exceedingly long
562        lines, the following changes have been made:
563    
564        (a) The default value of the buffer size parameter has been increased from
565            8K to 20K. (The actual buffer used is three times this size.)
566    
567        (b) The default can be changed by ./configure --with-pcregrep-bufsize when
568            PCRE is built.
569    
570        (c) A --buffer-size=n option has been added to pcregrep, to allow the size
571            to be set at run time.
572    
573        (d) Numerical values in pcregrep options can be followed by K or M, for
574            example --buffer-size=50K.
575    
576        (e) If a line being scanned overflows pcregrep's buffer, an error is now
577            given and the return code is set to 2.
578    
579    45. Add a pointer to the latest mark to the callout data block.
580    
581    46. The pattern /.(*F)/, when applied to "abc" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
582        partial match of an empty string instead of no match. This was specific to
583        the use of ".".
584    
585    47. The pattern /f.*/8s, when applied to "for" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
586        complete match instead of a partial match. This bug was dependent on both
587        the PCRE_UTF8 and PCRE_DOTALL options being set.
588    
589    48. For a pattern such as /\babc|\bdef/ pcre_study() was failing to set up the
590        starting byte set, because \b was not being ignored.
591    
592    
593  Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011  Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
594  ------------------------  ------------------------

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