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revision 69 by nigel, Sat Feb 24 21:40:18 2007 UTC revision 210 by ph10, Wed Aug 8 14:24:50 2007 UTC
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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4    Version 7.3 05-Jul-07
5    ---------------------
7     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
8        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
9        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
10        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
11        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
13          #include "pcre.h"
15        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
16        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
17        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
19     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
20        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
21        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
22        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
23        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
24        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
25        characters when looking for a newline.
27     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
29     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
30        in debug output.
32     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
33        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
35     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
37     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
38        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
39        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
40        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
41        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
42        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
43        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
44        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
45        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
46        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
47        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
48        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
49        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
51     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
52        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
53        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
54        problem was solved for the main library.
56     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
57        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
58        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
59        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
60        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
61        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
62        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
63        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
64        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
65        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
66        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
68    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
69        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
70        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
71        empty string.
73    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
74        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
75        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
76        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
77        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
78        cause memory overwriting.
80    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
81        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
82        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
83        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
84        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
85        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
87    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
88        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
89        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
91    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
92        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
94    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
97    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
98    ---------------------
100     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
101        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
103     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
104        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
106     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
108     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
109        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
110        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
111        usable with all link sizes.
113     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
114        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
115        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
116        in all cases.
118     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
120        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
121            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
123        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
124            to be opened parentheses.
126        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
127            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
129        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
130            is not part of it.
132        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
134        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
135            reference syntax.
137        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
138            alternative starts with the same number.
140        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
142     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
145     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
146        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
147        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
149     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
150        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
151        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
152        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
153        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
154        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
156    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
158    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
159        The report of the bug said:
161          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
162          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
163          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
165    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
166        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
169    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
170    ---------------------
172     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
173        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
174        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
175        on this.
177     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
178        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
179        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
180        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
181        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
182        alternative.
184     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
185        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
186        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
187        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
188        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
189        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
190        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
191        .br or .in.
193     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
194        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
195        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
196        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
198     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
199        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
200        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
201        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
203     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
204        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
205        copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
207     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
208        that is needed.
210     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
211        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
212        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
213        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
214        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
215        re-created.
217     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
218        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
219        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
220        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
221        some applications.
223        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
224        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
225        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
226        shared library.
228    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
230        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
232        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
233            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
235        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
236        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
237        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
239    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
240        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
241        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
242        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
243        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
244        before "make dist".
246    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
247        with Unicode property support.
249        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
250            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
251            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
252            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
253            were both the same length.
255        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
256            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
257            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
258            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
259            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
260            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
261            character.
263    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
265        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
266            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
267            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
268            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
269            relevant variables.
271        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
272            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
273            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
274            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
275            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
276            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
277            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
278            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
279            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
281    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
282        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
284    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
285        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
286        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
287        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
288        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
289        and then tried again after \r\n.
291    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
292        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
293        compare equal. This works on Linux.
295    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
296        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
298    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
299        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
300        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
301        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
302        it specially.
304    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
305        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
306        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
308    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
309        CRLF as a newline sequence.
311    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
312        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
313        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
315    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
317    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
320    Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
321    ---------------------
323     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
324        moving to gcc 4.1.1.
326     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
327        sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
328        seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
330     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
331        127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
332        default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
333        characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
334        to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
336        (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
337            other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
339        (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
340            it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
341            (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
343     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
344        required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
345        pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
346        length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
347        that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
348        either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
349        or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
350        size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
351        pcretest format) are:
353          /(?-x: )/x
354          /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
355          /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
356          /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
358        HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
359        is now done differently.
361     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
362        wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
363        more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
364        recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
365        for the FullMatch() function.
367     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
368        "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
369        that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
370        "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
372     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
373        was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
374        character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
375        line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
376        I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
378     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
379        C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
380        string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
381        argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
382        compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
383        reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
384        avoid this problem.
386     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
387        builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
388        instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
389        of them did).
391    10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
392        told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
393        5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
394        systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
395        now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
396        them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
398    11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
400    12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
401        of the options.
403    13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
404        and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
406    14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
408    15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
409        scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
410        on Linux.
412    16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
413        line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
414        necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
415        a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
416        than about 50K.
418    17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
419        amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
420        that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
421        OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
422        harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
423        have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
424        cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
425        enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
426        ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
427        tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
428        easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
429        depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
430        limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
431        runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
432        hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
434    18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
435        newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
436        pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
438    19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
439        matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
440        separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
441        repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
442        precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
444    20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
445        subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
446        previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
447        first character must be a, b, c, or d.
449    21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
450        a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
451        empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
452        For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
453        incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
455    22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
456        option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
457        it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
458        -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
459        is the same as /B/I).
461    23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
462        as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
463        or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
464        something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
465        is automatically "possessified".
467    24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
468        went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
469        have affected the operation of pcre_study().
471    25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
472        (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
474    26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
476    27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
477        them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
478        which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
479        from 23 above.
481    28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
482        lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
483        the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
484        numbered groups.
486    29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
488    30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
489        building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
491    31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
492        returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
493        loop, the loop is abandoned.
495    32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
496        subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
497        the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
498        when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
499        escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
501    33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
502        referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
503        been removed.
505    34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
506        whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
507        previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
508        other formats are all retained for compatibility.
510        (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
511            as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
512            also .NET compatible.
514        (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
515            (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
517        (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
518            \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
519            5.10, are also .NET compatible.
521        (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
522            (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
524        (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
525            groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
526            called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
527            is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
529        (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
530            as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
531            recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
532            through the entire recursion stack.
534        (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
535            negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
537    35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
538        some "unreachable code" warnings.
540    36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
541        things, this adds five new scripts.
543    37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
544        There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
545        character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
546        hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
548    38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
549        matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
550        this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as  ^(a()*)*  matched
551        against  aaaa  the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
552        separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
553        fixed.
555    39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
556        capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
557        removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
558        The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
559        memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
561    40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
562        sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
563        processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
564        mode.
566    41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
567        report.
569    42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
570        copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
572    43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
573        couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
574        case.
576    44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
577        variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
578        "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
580    45. Arranged for dftables to add
582          #include "pcre_internal.h"
584        to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
585        definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
586        dead code stripping is activated.
588    46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
589        newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
590        characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
593    Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
594    ---------------------
596     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
597        been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
598        necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
599        default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
601     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
602        testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
603        won't be NULL.)
605     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
606        systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
607        was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
609     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
610        containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
611        because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
612        [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
613        pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
614        [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
615        extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
616        previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
617        correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
619     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
620        in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
621        compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
623     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
624        between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
625        write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
626        byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
627        do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
628        can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
629        or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
630        "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
632     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
633        the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
634        Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
635        the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
637     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
638        a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
639        caused problems on 64-bit systems.
641     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
642        instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
644    10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
645        length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
646        the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
647        long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
648        computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
649        the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
650        to 10,000.
652    11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
653        the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
654        length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
655        65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
656        could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
657        now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
659    12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
661    13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
662        Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
663        are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
665    14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
667    15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
668        pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
669        "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
671    16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
672        PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
673        or *.
675    17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
676        but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
677        correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
679    18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
680        class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
681        pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
682        in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
683        the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
684        letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
686    19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
687        over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
688        bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
689        output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
691          The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes.  That
692          is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
693          the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
694          instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
695          data.
697        Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
698        no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
699        Thus, in Perl, the pattern  /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
700        /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
701        Unicode string.
703        I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
704        the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
705        values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
706        translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
708    29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
709        and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
710        seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
711        a warning about an unused variable.
713    21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
714        characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
715        [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
716        with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
717        pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
718        as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
719        caused an unnecessary match attempt.
721    22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
722        dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
723        byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
724        bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
725        significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
726        the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
727        the future.
729    23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
730        default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
731        via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
732        specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
734    24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
735        LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
737    25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
738        recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
740    26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
741        as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
742        the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
743        value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
744        error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
745        corruption" errors.
747    27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
748        advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
750    28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
751        difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
753    29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
755        \q<number>   in a data line sets the "match limit" value
756        \Q<number>   in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
757        -S <number>  sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
759        The -S option isn't available for Windows.
762    Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
763    ---------------------
765     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
766        in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
768     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
769        because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
771     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
772        not normally included in the compiled code.
775    Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
776    ---------------------
778     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
779        anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
780        point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
781        /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
783     2. Changes to pcregrep:
785        (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
786            to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
787            error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
788            PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
789            probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
790            specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
791            If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
793        (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
794            output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
795            are now no different to any other data bytes.
797        (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
798            used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
799            been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
800            pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
802        (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
803            than they should have been.
805        (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
807        (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
808            accidentally printed for the final match.
810        (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
812        (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
813            that were found from directory arguments.
815        (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
817        (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
819        (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
821        (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
823        (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
824            is not present by default.
826     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
827        items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
828        alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
829        outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
830        the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
831        possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
833        In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
834        been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
835        atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
837     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
838        which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
839        the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
840        and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
841        when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
842        a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
843        separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
844        upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
846     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
847        [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
848        permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
849        created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
850        Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
851        its own bitmap.
853     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
854        It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
855        \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
856        subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
857        that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
858        be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
860     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
862          (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
863          real life, but is still worth protecting against".
865          (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
866          regular expressions".
868          (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
869          have it.
871          (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
872          "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
873          with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
875          (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
877          (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
879     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
880        have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
881        contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
882        returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
884     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
885        large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
886        returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
887        most likely cause subsequent chaos.
889    10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
891    11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
892        with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
893        ignored.
895    12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
896        provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
897        strings.
899    13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
900        C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
902    14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
903        (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
904        switch label when the default is to do nothing).
906    15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
907        library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
908        class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
910    16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
911        much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
912        to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
913        that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
914        for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
915        PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
916        defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
917        Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
918        SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
920        (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
921            I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
923        (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
924            but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
925            This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
926            (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
928    17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
929        of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
930        that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
931        the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
932        stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
933        when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
934        this functionality to the C++ interface.
936    18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
938        (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
940        (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
942        (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
943            which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
944            are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
945            characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
946            table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
947            considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
948            all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
949            number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
950            allow for more data.
952        (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
954    19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
955        matching that character.
957    20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
958        (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
959        reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
960        happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
961        there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
963    21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
964        allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
965        compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
966        \p or \P will have to recompile them.
968    22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
970    23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
971        but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
973    24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
974        accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
976    25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
977        made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
978        it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
979        "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
980        by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
981        no longer a pcre.h.in file.
983        However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
984        well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
985        release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
986        the release number by grepping pcre.h.
988    26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
991    Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
992    ---------------------
994     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
995        "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
996        -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
997        consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
999     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
1001     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
1002        whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
1003        really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
1004        possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
1005        certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
1007     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
1008        file's purpose clearer.
1010     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
1013    Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
1014    ---------------------
1016     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
1018     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
1020        (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
1021            tried to test it.
1023        (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
1024            changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
1026        (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
1028        (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
1029            backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
1030            versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
1031            this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
1033     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
1034        (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
1035        necessary on certain architectures.
1037     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
1038        those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
1039        within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
1040        "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
1041        symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
1042        available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
1043        find a way round (a) in the future.
1046    Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
1047    ---------------------
1049     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
1050        such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
1051        a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
1052        negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
1053        led to memory overwriting.
1055     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
1057     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
1058        operating environments where this matters.
1060     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
1061        PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
1063     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
1064        was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
1065        such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1066        compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1067        back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1068        not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1069        previous subpatterns.
1071     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1072        versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1075    Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1076    ---------------------
1078     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1079        surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1081     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1082        the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1083        cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1085     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1086        allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1087        patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1088        just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1090     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1091        from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1092        compile command.
1094     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1095        in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1096        C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1097        but no suitable headers.
1099     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1100        be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1101        retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1102        of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1104     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1105        files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1106        wrapper.
1109    Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1110    ---------------------
1112     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1114     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1115        didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1116        when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1117        not imported.
1119     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1120        different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1121        below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1122        unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1123        statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1124        relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1125        one application and matched in another.
1127        The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1128        functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1129        the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1130        names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1131        with other external names.
1133     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1134        a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1135        function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1136        problem.
1138     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1139        including restarting after a partial match.
1141     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1142        defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1143        code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1145     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1147     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1148        match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1149        the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1151     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1152        would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1154    10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1156        (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1157            PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1158            something similar for -w.
1160        (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1162        (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1163            than one at a time available.
1165        (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1167        (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1168            over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1169            8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1170            for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1172        (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1174              -w, --word-regex(p)
1176            instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1177            because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1178            same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1179            automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1181        (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1182            option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1183            starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1185        (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1187        (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1188            the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1189            "<stdin>" was used.
1191        (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1192            stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1194        (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1195            two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1196            different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1198        (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1199            around matches be printed.
1201        (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1202            any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1204        (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1205            continue to scan other files.
1207        (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1208            greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1209            accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1210            -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1211            previously doing.
1213        (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1214            and exclusion when recursing.
1216    11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1217        Hopefully, it now does.
1219    12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1221    13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1223    14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1224        "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1225        world, but is set differently for Windows.
1227    15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1228        difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1229        integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1230        non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1231        error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1232        (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1233        wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1234        numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1235        compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1237    16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1238        prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1239        knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1241    17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1242        passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1243        match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1244        somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1245        both the P and the s flags.
1247    18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1249    19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1251    20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1252        it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1254    21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1256    22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1257        Electric Fence happy when testing.
1261    Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1262    ---------------------
1264     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1265        containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1266        is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1267        byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1269     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1270        next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1271        item, and its length, respectively.
1273     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1274        insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1275        pcretest to make use of this.
1277     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1279          #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1280          _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1281          #endif  /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1283        have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1284        magic in relation to line terminators.
1286     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1287        for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1289     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1290        to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1291        to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1292        generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1293        compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1294        whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1295        generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1297        LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1298        seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1299        this hack in configure.in.
1301     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1303     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1304        were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1305        [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1306        POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1308     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1309        to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1310        start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1311        patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1312        preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1313        character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1315    10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1316        starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1317        string were read.
1319    11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1320        users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1321        enough.)
1323    12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1324        in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1325        a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1326        program that might have everything at different addresses.
1328    13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1329        -R library as well as a -L library.
1331    14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1332        pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1333        that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1335    15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1336        via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1337        support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1338        inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1340    16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1341        compiled pattern.
1343    17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1344        instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1345        source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1346        read-only.
1348    18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1349        file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1350        Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1352    19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1353        pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1355    20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1357        (i)   A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1358              write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1359              This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1360              the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1361              written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1363        (ii)  If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1364              compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1365              occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1366              pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1367              After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1368              usual.
1370        (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1371              and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1372              was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1374    21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1375        hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1377          As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
1378          pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
1379          to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
1380          other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
1382    22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
1383        now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
1384        would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
1385        NULL, a crash could occur.
1387    23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
1388        new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
1389        a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
1390        "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
1391        had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
1392        workstation).
1394    24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
1397    Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
1398    ---------------------
1400     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
1401        that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
1402        Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
1403        each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
1404        needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
1405        of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
1406        hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
1407        NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
1408        "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
1409        operating.
1411        To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
1412        functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
1413        pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
1414        and the size of block requested is always the same.
1416        The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
1417        PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
1418        -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
1420        A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
1421        obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
1422        to the output.
1424     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
1425        what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
1427     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
1428        been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
1429        to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
1430        PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
1431        this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
1432        When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
1433        PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
1435     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
1436        that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
1437        containing "overlong sequences".
1439     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
1440        I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
1441        should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
1442        through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
1444     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
1445        some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
1447     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
1448        prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
1449        so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
1451     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
1453     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
1454        size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
1455        moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
1457    10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
1458        special systems:
1460          (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
1461          (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
1462              is defined to be empty.
1463          (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
1464              that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
1465              to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
1467    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
1468        class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
1469        went into a loop.
1471    12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
1472        that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
1473        (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
1474        recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
1475        that was OK.
1477    13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
1478        buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
1479        1024, so long lines caused crashes.
1481    14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
1482        "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
1483        that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
1485    15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
1486        libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
1487        work.
1489    16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
1490        studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
1491        errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
1492        matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
1493        this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
1496    Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
1497    ---------------------
1499     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
1500        127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
1501        In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
1502        classes (slightly).
1504     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
1505        might give a very teeny performance improvement.
1507     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
1508        more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
1510     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
1511        in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
1512        explicitly with libpcre.la.
1514     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
1516     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
1518     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
1519        pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
1520        output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
1521        size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
1522        showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
1523        this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
1524        I have just removed it.
1526     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
1527        Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
1528        standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
1530     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
1531        callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
1532        complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
1533        pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
1534        rid of the warnings.
1536    10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
1537        both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
1538        is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
1539        string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
1541    11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
1543            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
1544        to
1545            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
1547        to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
1548        is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
1549        if it's wrong...
1552  Version 4.3 21-May-03  Version 4.3 21-May-03
1553  ---------------------  ---------------------

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