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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4    Version 7.1 05-Mar-07
5    ---------------------
6    
7     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
8        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other autotools. There
9        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
10        on this.
11    
12     2. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
13        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
14        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
15        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
16        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
17        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The maintain/132html script that I use to
18        generate HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it
19        encounters .br or .in.
20    
21    
22    Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
23    ---------------------
24    
25     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
26        moving to gcc 4.1.1.
27    
28     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
29        sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
30        seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
31    
32     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
33        127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
34        default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
35        characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
36        to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
37    
38        (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
39            other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
40    
41        (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
42            it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
43            (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
44    
45     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
46        required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
47        pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
48        length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
49        that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
50        either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
51        or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
52        size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
53        pcretest format) are:
54    
55          /(?-x: )/x
56          /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
57          /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
58          /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
59    
60        HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
61        is now done differently.
62    
63     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
64        wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
65        more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
66        recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
67        for the FullMatch() function.
68    
69     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
70        "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
71        that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
72        "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
73    
74     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
75        was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
76        character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
77        line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
78        I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
79    
80     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
81        C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
82        string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
83        argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
84        compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
85        reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
86        avoid this problem.
87    
88     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
89        builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
90        instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
91        of them did).
92    
93    10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
94        told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
95        5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
96        systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
97        now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
98        them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
99    
100    11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
101    
102    12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
103        of the options.
104    
105    13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
106        and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
107    
108    14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
109    
110    15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
111        scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
112        on Linux.
113    
114    16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
115        line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
116        necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
117        a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
118        than about 50K.
119    
120    17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
121        amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
122        that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
123        OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
124        harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
125        have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
126        cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
127        enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
128        ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
129        tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
130        easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
131        depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
132        limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
133        runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
134        hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
135    
136    18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
137        newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
138        pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
139    
140    19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
141        matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
142        separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
143        repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
144        precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
145    
146    20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
147        subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
148        previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
149        first character must be a, b, c, or d.
150    
151    21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
152        a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
153        empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
154        For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
155        incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
156    
157    22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
158        option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
159        it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
160        -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
161        is the same as /B/I).
162    
163    23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
164        as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
165        or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
166        something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
167        is automatically "possessified".
168    
169    24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
170        went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
171        have affected the operation of pcre_study().
172    
173    25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
174        (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
175    
176    26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
177    
178    27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
179        them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
180        which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
181        from 23 above.
182    
183    28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
184        lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
185        the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
186        numbered groups.
187    
188    29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
189    
190    30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
191        building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
192    
193    31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
194        returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
195        loop, the loop is abandoned.
196    
197    32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
198        subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
199        the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
200        when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
201        escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
202    
203    33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
204        referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
205        been removed.
206    
207    34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
208        whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
209        previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
210        other formats are all retained for compatibility.
211    
212        (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
213            as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
214            also .NET compatible.
215    
216        (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
217            (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
218    
219        (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
220            \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
221            5.10, are also .NET compatible.
222    
223        (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
224            (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
225    
226        (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
227            groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
228            called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
229            is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
230    
231        (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
232            as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
233            recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
234            through the entire recursion stack.
235    
236        (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
237            negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
238    
239    35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
240        some "unreachable code" warnings.
241    
242    36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
243        things, this adds five new scripts.
244    
245    37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
246        There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
247        character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
248        hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
249    
250    38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
251        matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
252        this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as  ^(a()*)*  matched
253        against  aaaa  the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
254        separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
255        fixed.
256    
257    39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
258        capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
259        removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
260        The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
261        memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
262    
263    40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
264        sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
265        processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
266        mode.
267    
268    41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
269        report.
270    
271    42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
272        copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
273    
274    43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
275        couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
276        case.
277    
278    44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
279        variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
280        "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
281    
282    45. Arranged for dftables to add
283    
284          #include "pcre_internal.h"
285    
286        to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
287        definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
288        dead code stripping is activated.
289    
290    46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
291        newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
292        characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
293    
294    
295    Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
296    ---------------------
297    
298     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
299        been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
300        necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
301        default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
302    
303     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
304        testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
305        won't be NULL.)
306    
307     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
308        systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
309        was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
310    
311     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
312        containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
313        because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
314        [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
315        pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
316        [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
317        extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
318        previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
319        correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
320    
321     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
322        in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
323        compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
324    
325     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
326        between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
327        write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
328        byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
329        do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
330        can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
331        or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
332        "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
333    
334     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
335        the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
336        Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
337        the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
338    
339     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
340        a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
341        caused problems on 64-bit systems.
342    
343     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
344        instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
345    
346    10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
347        length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
348        the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
349        long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
350        computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
351        the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
352        to 10,000.
353    
354    11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
355        the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
356        length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
357        65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
358        could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
359        now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
360    
361    12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
362    
363    13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
364        Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
365        are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
366    
367    14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
368    
369    15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
370        pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
371        "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
372    
373    16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
374        PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
375        or *.
376    
377    17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
378        but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
379        correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
380    
381    18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
382        class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
383        pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
384        in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
385        the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
386        letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
387    
388    19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
389        over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
390        bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
391        output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
392    
393          The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes.  That
394          is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
395          the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
396          instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
397          data.
398    
399        Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
400        no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
401        Thus, in Perl, the pattern  /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
402        /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
403        Unicode string.
404    
405        I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
406        the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
407        values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
408        translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
409    
410    29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
411        and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
412        seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
413        a warning about an unused variable.
414    
415    21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
416        characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
417        [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
418        with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
419        pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
420        as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
421        caused an unnecessary match attempt.
422    
423    22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
424        dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
425        byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
426        bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
427        significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
428        the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
429        the future.
430    
431    23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
432        default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
433        via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
434        specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
435    
436    24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
437        LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
438    
439    25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
440        recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
441    
442    26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
443        as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
444        the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
445        value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
446        error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
447        corruption" errors.
448    
449    27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
450        advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
451    
452    28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
453        difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
454    
455    29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
456    
457        \q<number>   in a data line sets the "match limit" value
458        \Q<number>   in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
459        -S <number>  sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
460    
461        The -S option isn't available for Windows.
462    
463    
464    Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
465    ---------------------
466    
467     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
468        in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
469    
470     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
471        because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
472    
473     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
474        not normally included in the compiled code.
475    
476    
477    Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
478    ---------------------
479    
480     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
481        anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
482        point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
483        /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
484    
485     2. Changes to pcregrep:
486    
487        (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
488            to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
489            error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
490            PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
491            probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
492            specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
493            If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
494    
495        (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
496            output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
497            are now no different to any other data bytes.
498    
499        (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
500            used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
501            been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
502            pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
503    
504        (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
505            than they should have been.
506    
507        (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
508    
509        (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
510            accidentally printed for the final match.
511    
512        (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
513    
514        (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
515            that were found from directory arguments.
516    
517        (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
518    
519        (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
520    
521        (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
522    
523        (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
524    
525        (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
526            is not present by default.
527    
528     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
529        items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
530        alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
531        outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
532        the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
533        possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
534    
535        In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
536        been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
537        atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
538    
539     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
540        which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
541        the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
542        and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
543        when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
544        a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
545        separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
546        upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
547    
548     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
549        [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
550        permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
551        created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
552        Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
553        its own bitmap.
554    
555     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
556        It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
557        \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
558        subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
559        that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
560        be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
561    
562     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
563    
564          (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
565          real life, but is still worth protecting against".
566    
567          (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
568          regular expressions".
569    
570          (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
571          have it.
572    
573          (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
574          "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
575          with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
576    
577          (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
578    
579          (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
580    
581     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
582        have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
583        contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
584        returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
585    
586     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
587        large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
588        returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
589        most likely cause subsequent chaos.
590    
591    10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
592    
593    11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
594        with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
595        ignored.
596    
597    12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
598        provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
599        strings.
600    
601    13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
602        C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
603    
604    14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
605        (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
606        switch label when the default is to do nothing).
607    
608    15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
609        library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
610        class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
611    
612    16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
613        much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
614        to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
615        that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
616        for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
617        PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
618        defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
619        Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
620        SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
621    
622        (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
623            I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
624    
625        (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
626            but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
627            This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
628            (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
629    
630    17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
631        of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
632        that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
633        the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
634        stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
635        when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
636        this functionality to the C++ interface.
637    
638    18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
639    
640        (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
641    
642        (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
643    
644        (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
645            which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
646            are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
647            characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
648            table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
649            considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
650            all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
651            number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
652            allow for more data.
653    
654        (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
655    
656    19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
657        matching that character.
658    
659    20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
660        (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
661        reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
662        happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
663        there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
664    
665    21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
666        allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
667        compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
668        \p or \P will have to recompile them.
669    
670    22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
671    
672    23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
673        but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
674    
675    24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
676        accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
677    
678    25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
679        made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
680        it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
681        "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
682        by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
683        no longer a pcre.h.in file.
684    
685        However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
686        well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
687        release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
688        the release number by grepping pcre.h.
689    
690    26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
691    
692    
693    Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
694    ---------------------
695    
696     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
697        "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
698        -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
699        consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
700    
701     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
702    
703     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
704        whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
705        really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
706        possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
707        certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
708    
709     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
710        file's purpose clearer.
711    
712     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
713    
714    
715    Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
716    ---------------------
717    
718     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
719    
720     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
721    
722        (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
723            tried to test it.
724    
725        (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
726            changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
727    
728        (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
729    
730        (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
731            backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
732            versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
733            this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
734    
735     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
736        (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
737        necessary on certain architectures.
738    
739     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
740        those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
741        within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
742        "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
743        symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
744        available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
745        find a way round (a) in the future.
746    
747    
748    Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
749    ---------------------
750    
751     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
752        such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
753        a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
754        negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
755        led to memory overwriting.
756    
757     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
758    
759     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
760        operating environments where this matters.
761    
762     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
763        PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
764    
765     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
766        was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
767        such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
768        compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
769        back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
770        not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
771        previous subpatterns.
772    
773     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
774        versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
775    
776    
777    Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
778    ---------------------
779    
780     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
781        surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
782    
783     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
784        the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
785        cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
786    
787     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
788        allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
789        patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
790        just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
791    
792     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
793        from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
794        compile command.
795    
796     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
797        in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
798        C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
799        but no suitable headers.
800    
801     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
802        be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
803        retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
804        of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
805    
806     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
807        files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
808        wrapper.
809    
810    
811    Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
812    ---------------------
813    
814     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
815    
816     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
817        didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
818        when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
819        not imported.
820    
821     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
822        different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
823        below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
824        unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
825        statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
826        relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
827        one application and matched in another.
828    
829        The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
830        functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
831        the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
832        names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
833        with other external names.
834    
835     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
836        a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
837        function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
838        problem.
839    
840     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
841        including restarting after a partial match.
842    
843     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
844        defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
845        code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
846    
847     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
848    
849     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
850        match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
851        the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
852    
853     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
854        would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
855    
856    10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
857    
858        (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
859            PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
860            something similar for -w.
861    
862        (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
863    
864        (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
865            than one at a time available.
866    
867        (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
868    
869        (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
870            over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
871            8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
872            for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
873    
874        (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
875    
876              -w, --word-regex(p)
877    
878            instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
879            because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
880            same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
881            automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
882    
883        (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
884            option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
885            starting with a hyphen, for instance.
886    
887        (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
888    
889        (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
890            the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
891            "<stdin>" was used.
892    
893        (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
894            stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
895    
896        (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
897            two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
898            different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
899    
900        (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
901            around matches be printed.
902    
903        (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
904            any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
905    
906        (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
907            continue to scan other files.
908    
909        (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
910            greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
911            accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
912            -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
913            previously doing.
914    
915        (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
916            and exclusion when recursing.
917    
918    11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
919        Hopefully, it now does.
920    
921    12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
922    
923    13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
924    
925    14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
926        "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
927        world, but is set differently for Windows.
928    
929    15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
930        difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
931        integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
932        non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
933        error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
934        (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
935        wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
936        numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
937        compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
938    
939    16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
940        prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
941        knows more about this stuff than I do.)
942    
943    17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
944        passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
945        match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
946        somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
947        both the P and the s flags.
948    
949    18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
950    
951    19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
952    
953    20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
954        it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
955    
956    21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
957    
958    22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
959        Electric Fence happy when testing.
960    
961    
962    
963    Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
964    ---------------------
965    
966     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
967        containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
968        is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
969        byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
970    
971     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
972        next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
973        item, and its length, respectively.
974    
975     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
976        insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
977        pcretest to make use of this.
978    
979     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
980    
981          #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
982          _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
983          #endif  /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
984    
985        have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
986        magic in relation to line terminators.
987    
988     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
989        for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
990    
991     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
992        to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
993        to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
994        generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
995        compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
996        whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
997        generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
998    
999        LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1000        seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1001        this hack in configure.in.
1002    
1003     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1004    
1005     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1006        were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1007        [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1008        POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1009    
1010     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1011        to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1012        start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1013        patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1014        preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1015        character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1016    
1017    10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1018        starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1019        string were read.
1020    
1021    11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1022        users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1023        enough.)
1024    
1025    12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1026        in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1027        a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1028        program that might have everything at different addresses.
1029    
1030    13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1031        -R library as well as a -L library.
1032    
1033    14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1034        pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1035        that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1036    
1037    15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1038        via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1039        support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1040        inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1041    
1042    16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1043        compiled pattern.
1044    
1045    17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1046        instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1047        source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1048        read-only.
1049    
1050    18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1051        file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1052        Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1053    
1054    19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1055        pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1056    
1057    20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1058    
1059        (i)   A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1060              write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1061              This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1062              the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1063              written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1064    
1065        (ii)  If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1066              compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1067              occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1068              pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1069              After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1070              usual.
1071    
1072        (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1073              and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1074              was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1075    
1076    21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1077        hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1078    
1079          As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
1080          pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
1081          to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
1082          other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
1083    
1084    22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
1085        now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
1086        would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
1087        NULL, a crash could occur.
1088    
1089    23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
1090        new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
1091        a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
1092        "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
1093        had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
1094        workstation).
1095    
1096    24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
1097    
1098    
1099    Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
1100    ---------------------
1101    
1102     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
1103        that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
1104        Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
1105        each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
1106        needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
1107        of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
1108        hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
1109        NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
1110        "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
1111        operating.
1112    
1113        To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
1114        functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
1115        pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
1116        and the size of block requested is always the same.
1117    
1118        The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
1119        PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
1120        -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
1121    
1122        A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
1123        obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
1124        to the output.
1125    
1126     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
1127        what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
1128    
1129     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
1130        been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
1131        to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
1132        PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
1133        this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
1134        When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
1135        PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
1136    
1137     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
1138        that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
1139        containing "overlong sequences".
1140    
1141     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
1142        I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
1143        should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
1144        through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
1145    
1146     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
1147        some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
1148    
1149     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
1150        prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
1151        so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
1152    
1153     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
1154    
1155     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
1156        size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
1157        moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
1158    
1159    10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
1160        special systems:
1161    
1162          (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
1163          (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
1164              is defined to be empty.
1165          (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
1166              that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
1167              to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
1168    
1169    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
1170        class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
1171        went into a loop.
1172    
1173    12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
1174        that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
1175        (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
1176        recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
1177        that was OK.
1178    
1179    13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
1180        buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
1181        1024, so long lines caused crashes.
1182    
1183    14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
1184        "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
1185        that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
1186    
1187    15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
1188        libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
1189        work.
1190    
1191    16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
1192        studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
1193        errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
1194        matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
1195        this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
1196    
1197    
1198    Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
1199    ---------------------
1200    
1201     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
1202        127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
1203        In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
1204        classes (slightly).
1205    
1206     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
1207        might give a very teeny performance improvement.
1208    
1209     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
1210        more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
1211    
1212     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
1213        in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
1214        explicitly with libpcre.la.
1215    
1216     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
1217    
1218     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
1219    
1220     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
1221        pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
1222        output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
1223        size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
1224        showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
1225        this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
1226        I have just removed it.
1227    
1228     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
1229        Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
1230        standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
1231    
1232     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
1233        callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
1234        complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
1235        pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
1236        rid of the warnings.
1237    
1238    10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
1239        both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
1240        is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
1241        string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
1242    
1243    11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
1244    
1245            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
1246        to
1247            -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
1248    
1249        to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
1250        is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
1251        if it's wrong...
1252    
1253    
1254  Version 4.3 21-May-03  Version 4.3 21-May-03
1255  ---------------------  ---------------------
1256    

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