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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4    Version 7.2 01-May-07
5    ---------------------
7     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
8        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
10     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
11        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
13     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
15     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
16        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
17        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
18        usable with all link sizes.
20     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
21        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
22        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
23        in all cases.
25     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
27        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
28            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
30        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
31            to be opened parentheses.
33        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
34            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
36        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
37            is not part of it.
39     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
42     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
43        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
44        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
47    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
48    ---------------------
50     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
51        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
52        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
53        on this.
55     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
56        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
57        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
58        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
59        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
60        alternative.
62     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
63        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
64        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
65        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
66        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
67        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
68        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
69        .br or .in.
71     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
72        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
73        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
74        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
76     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
77        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
78        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
79        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
81     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
82        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
83        copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
85     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
86        that is needed.
88     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
89        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
90        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
91        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
92        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
93        re-created.
95     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
96        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
97        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
98        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
99        some applications.
101        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
102        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
103        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
104        shared library.
106    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
108        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
110        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
111            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
113        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
114        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
115        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
117    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
118        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
119        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
120        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
121        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
122        before "make dist".
124    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
125        with Unicode property support.
127        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
128            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
129            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
130            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
131            were both the same length.
133        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
134            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
135            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
136            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
137            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
138            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
139            character.
141    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
143        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
144            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
145            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
146            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
147            relevant variables.
149        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
150            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
151            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
152            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
153            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
154            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
155            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
156            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
157            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
159    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
160        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
162    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
163        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
164        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
165        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
166        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
167        and then tried again after \r\n.
169    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
170        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
171        compare equal. This works on Linux.
173    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
174        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
176    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
177        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
178        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
179        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
180        it specially.
182    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
183        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
184        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
186    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
187        CRLF as a newline sequence.
189    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
190        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
191        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
193    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
195    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
198    Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
199    ---------------------
201     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
202        moving to gcc 4.1.1.
204     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
205        sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
206        seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
208     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
209        127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
210        default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
211        characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
212        to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
214        (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
215            other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
217        (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
218            it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
219            (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
221     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
222        required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
223        pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
224        length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
225        that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
226        either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
227        or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
228        size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
229        pcretest format) are:
231          /(?-x: )/x
232          /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
233          /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
234          /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
236        HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
237        is now done differently.
239     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
240        wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
241        more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
242        recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
243        for the FullMatch() function.
245     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
246        "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
247        that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
248        "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
250     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
251        was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
252        character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
253        line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
254        I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
256     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
257        C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
258        string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
259        argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
260        compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
261        reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
262        avoid this problem.
264     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
265        builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
266        instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
267        of them did).
269    10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
270        told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
271        5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
272        systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
273        now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
274        them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
276    11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
278    12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
279        of the options.
281    13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
282        and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
284    14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
286    15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
287        scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
288        on Linux.
290    16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
291        line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
292        necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
293        a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
294        than about 50K.
296    17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
297        amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
298        that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
299        OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
300        harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
301        have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
302        cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
303        enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
304        ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
305        tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
306        easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
307        depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
308        limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
309        runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
310        hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
312    18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
313        newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
314        pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
316    19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
317        matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
318        separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
319        repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
320        precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
322    20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
323        subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
324        previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
325        first character must be a, b, c, or d.
327    21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
328        a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
329        empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
330        For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
331        incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
333    22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
334        option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
335        it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
336        -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
337        is the same as /B/I).
339    23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
340        as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
341        or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
342        something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
343        is automatically "possessified".
345    24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
346        went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
347        have affected the operation of pcre_study().
349    25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
350        (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
352    26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
354    27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
355        them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
356        which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
357        from 23 above.
359    28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
360        lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
361        the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
362        numbered groups.
364    29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
366    30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
367        building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
369    31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
370        returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
371        loop, the loop is abandoned.
373    32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
374        subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
375        the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
376        when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
377        escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
379    33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
380        referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
381        been removed.
383    34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
384        whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
385        previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
386        other formats are all retained for compatibility.
388        (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
389            as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
390            also .NET compatible.
392        (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
393            (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
395        (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
396            \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
397            5.10, are also .NET compatible.
399        (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
400            (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
402        (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
403            groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
404            called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
405            is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
407        (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
408            as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
409            recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
410            through the entire recursion stack.
412        (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
413            negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
415    35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
416        some "unreachable code" warnings.
418    36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
419        things, this adds five new scripts.
421    37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
422        There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
423        character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
424        hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
426    38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
427        matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
428        this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as  ^(a()*)*  matched
429        against  aaaa  the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
430        separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
431        fixed.
433    39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
434        capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
435        removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
436        The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
437        memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
439    40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
440        sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
441        processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
442        mode.
444    41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
445        report.
447    42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
448        copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
450    43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
451        couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
452        case.
454    44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
455        variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
456        "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
458    45. Arranged for dftables to add
460          #include "pcre_internal.h"
462        to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
463        definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
464        dead code stripping is activated.
466    46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
467        newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
468        characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
471    Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
472    ---------------------
474     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
475        been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
476        necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
477        default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
479     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
480        testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
481        won't be NULL.)
483     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
484        systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
485        was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
487     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
488        containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
489        because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
490        [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
491        pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
492        [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
493        extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
494        previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
495        correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
497     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
498        in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
499        compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
501     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
502        between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
503        write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
504        byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
505        do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
506        can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
507        or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
508        "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
510     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
511        the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
512        Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
513        the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
515     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
516        a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
517        caused problems on 64-bit systems.
519     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
520        instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
522    10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
523        length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
524        the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
525        long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
526        computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
527        the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
528        to 10,000.
530    11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
531        the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
532        length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
533        65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
534        could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
535        now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
537    12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
539    13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
540        Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
541        are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
543    14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
545    15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
546        pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
547        "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
549    16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
550        PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
551        or *.
553    17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
554        but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
555        correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
557    18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
558        class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
559        pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
560        in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
561        the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
562        letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
564    19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
565        over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
566        bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
567        output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
569          The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes.  That
570          is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
571          the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
572          instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
573          data.
575        Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
576        no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
577        Thus, in Perl, the pattern  /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
578        /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
579        Unicode string.
581        I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
582        the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
583        values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
584        translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
586    29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
587        and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
588        seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
589        a warning about an unused variable.
591    21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
592        characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
593        [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
594        with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
595        pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
596        as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
597        caused an unnecessary match attempt.
599    22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
600        dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
601        byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
602        bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
603        significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
604        the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
605        the future.
607    23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
608        default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
609        via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
610        specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
612    24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
613        LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
615    25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
616        recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
618    26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
619        as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
620        the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
621        value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
622        error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
623        corruption" errors.
625    27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
626        advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
628    28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
629        difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
631    29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
633        \q<number>   in a data line sets the "match limit" value
634        \Q<number>   in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
635        -S <number>  sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
637        The -S option isn't available for Windows.
640    Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
641    ---------------------
643     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
644        in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
646     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
647        because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
649     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
650        not normally included in the compiled code.
653    Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
654    ---------------------
656     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
657        anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
658        point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
659        /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
661     2. Changes to pcregrep:
663        (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
664            to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
665            error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
666            PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
667            probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
668            specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
669            If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
671        (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
672            output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
673            are now no different to any other data bytes.
675        (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
676            used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
677            been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
678            pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
680        (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
681            than they should have been.
683        (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
685        (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
686            accidentally printed for the final match.
688        (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
690        (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
691            that were found from directory arguments.
693        (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
695        (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
697        (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
699        (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
701        (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
702            is not present by default.
704     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
705        items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
706        alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
707        outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
708        the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
709        possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
711        In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
712        been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
713        atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
715     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
716        which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
717        the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
718        and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
719        when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
720        a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
721        separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
722        upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
724     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
725        [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
726        permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
727        created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
728        Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
729        its own bitmap.
731     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
732        It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
733        \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
734        subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
735        that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
736        be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
738     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
740          (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
741          real life, but is still worth protecting against".
743          (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
744          regular expressions".
746          (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
747          have it.
749          (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
750          "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
751          with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
753          (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
755          (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
757     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
758        have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
759        contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
760        returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
762     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
763        large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
764        returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
765        most likely cause subsequent chaos.
767    10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
769    11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
770        with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
771        ignored.
773    12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
774        provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
775        strings.
777    13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
778        C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
780    14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
781        (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
782        switch label when the default is to do nothing).
784    15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
785        library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
786        class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
788    16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
789        much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
790        to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
791        that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
792        for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
793        PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
794        defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
795        Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
796        SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
798        (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
799            I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
801        (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
802            but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
803            This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
804            (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
806    17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
807        of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
808        that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
809        the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
810        stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
811        when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
812        this functionality to the C++ interface.
814    18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
816        (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
818        (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
820        (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
821            which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
822            are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
823            characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
824            table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
825            considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
826            all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
827            number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
828            allow for more data.
830        (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
832    19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
833        matching that character.
835    20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
836        (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
837        reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
838        happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
839        there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
841    21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
842        allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
843        compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
844        \p or \P will have to recompile them.
846    22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
848    23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
849        but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
851    24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
852        accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
854    25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
855        made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
856        it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
857        "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
858        by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
859        no longer a pcre.h.in file.
861        However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
862        well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
863        release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
864        the release number by grepping pcre.h.
866    26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
869    Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
870    ---------------------
872     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
873        "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
874        -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
875        consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
877     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
879     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
880        whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
881        really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
882        possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
883        certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
885     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
886        file's purpose clearer.
888     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
891  Version 6.3 15-Aug-05  Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
892  ---------------------  ---------------------

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