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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 8.00 ??-???-??  Version 8.01 11-Dec-09
5    ----------------------
7    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
8        particular, this includes all (DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
9        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
10        subpatterns).
12    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
13        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
14        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
15        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
16        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
17        cause of this.)
19    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
20        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
21        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
22        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
23        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
25    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
26        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
27        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
30    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
31        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
32        stuff that is necessary.
34    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
35        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
37    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
38        as part of something else:
40        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
42        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
43            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
44            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
46        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
47            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
48            module.
50    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
51        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
52        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
53        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
54        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
55        double.
57    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
58        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
60    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
61        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
63          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
64            under Win32.
65          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
66            therefore missing the function definition.
67          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
68          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
69          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
72    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
73  ----------------------  ----------------------
75  1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes  1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
76      was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code      was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
77      being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in      being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
78      error.      error.
80  2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,  2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
81      "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests      "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
82      in a Windows environment.      in a Windows environment.
84    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
85        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
86        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
87        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
88        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
89        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
90        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
92    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
93        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
94        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
95        the old behaviour.
97    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
98        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
99        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
100        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
102    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
103        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
105    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
106        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
107        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
108        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
109        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
110        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
112    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
113        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
114        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
115        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
116        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
117        result.
119    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
120        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
121        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
122        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
123        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
124        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
126    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
127        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
128        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
129        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
131    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
132        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
133        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
134        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
135        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
136        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
137        final character ended with (*FAIL).
139    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
140        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
141        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
142        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
143        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
144        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
146    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
147        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
148        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
149        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
150        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
151        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
153    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
154        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
155        PCRE has not been installed from source.
157    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
158        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
159        library.
161    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
162        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
163        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
164        these options useful.
166    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
167        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
168        nmatch is forced to zero.
170    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
171        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
172        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
174    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
175        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
176        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
177        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
178        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
179        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
180        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
181        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
183    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
184        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
185        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
186        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
188    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
189        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
190        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
191        now given.
193    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
194        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
195        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
196        compatible with Perl.
198    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
199        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
201    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
202        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
203        does. Neither allows recursion.
205    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
206        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
207        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
208        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
209        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
210        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
211        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
212        pcre_fullinfo().
214    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
215        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
216        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
217        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
218        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
219        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
221    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
222        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
223        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
224        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
225        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
227    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
228        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
229        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
230        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
231        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
232        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
233        testing by number works.
236  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09

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