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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 8.21  Version 8.33 xx-xxxx-201x
5  ------------  -------------------------
7    1.  Added 'U' to some constants that are compared to unsigned integers, to
8        avoid compiler signed/unsigned warnings. Added (int) casts to unsigned
9        variables that are added to signed variables, to ensure the result is
10        signed and can be negated.
12    2.  Applied patch by Daniel Richard G for quashing MSVC warnings to the
13        CMake config files.
15    3.  Revise the creation of config.h.generic so that all boolean macros are
16        #undefined, whereas non-boolean macros are #ifndef/#endif-ed. This makes
17        overriding via -D on the command line possible.
19    4.  Changing the definition of the variable "op" in pcre_exec.c from pcre_uchar
20        to unsigned int is reported to make a quite noticeable speed difference in
21        a specific Windows environment. Testing on Linux did also appear to show
22        some benefit (and it is clearly not harmful). Also fixed the definition of
23        Xop which should be unsigned.
25    5.  Related to (4), changing the definition of the intermediate variable cc
26        in repeated character loops from pcre_uchar to pcre_uint32 also gave speed
27        improvements.
29    6.  Fix forward search in JIT when link size is 3 or greater. Also removed some
30        unnecessary spaces.
32    7.  Adjust autogen.sh and configure.ac to lose warnings given by automake 1.12
33        and later.
35    8.  Fix two buffer over read issues in 16 and 32 bit modes. Affects JIT only.
37    9.  Optimizing fast_forward_start_bits in JIT.
39    10. Adding experimental support for callouts in JIT, and fixing some
40        issues revealed during this work. Namely:
42        (a) Unoptimized capturing brackets incorrectly reset on backtrack.
44        (b) Minimum length was not checked before the matching is started.
46        WARNING: Callouts are not release ready! <- this line needs to be removed when it is.
49    Version 8.32 30-November-2012
50    -----------------------------
52    1.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for first character search and single
53        character iterators.
55    2.  Supporting IBM XL C compilers for PPC architectures in the JIT compiler.
56        Patch by Daniel Richard G.
58    3.  Single character iterator optimizations in the JIT compiler.
60    4.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for character ranges.
62    5.  Rename the "leave" variable names to "quit" to improve WinCE compatibility.
63        Reported by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
65    6.  The PCRE_STARTLINE bit, indicating that a match can occur only at the start
66        of a line, was being set incorrectly in cases where .* appeared inside
67        atomic brackets at the start of a pattern, or where there was a subsequent
68        *PRUNE or *SKIP.
70    7.  Improved instruction cache flush for POWER/PowerPC.
71        Patch by Daniel Richard G.
73    8.  Fixed a number of issues in pcregrep, making it more compatible with GNU
74        grep:
76        (a) There is now no limit to the number of patterns to be matched.
78        (b) An error is given if a pattern is too long.
80        (c) Multiple uses of --exclude, --exclude-dir, --include, and --include-dir
81            are now supported.
83        (d) --exclude-from and --include-from (multiple use) have been added.
85        (e) Exclusions and inclusions now apply to all files and directories, not
86            just to those obtained from scanning a directory recursively.
88        (f) Multiple uses of -f and --file-list are now supported.
90        (g) In a Windows environment, the default for -d has been changed from
91            "read" (the GNU grep default) to "skip", because otherwise the presence
92            of a directory in the file list provokes an error.
94        (h) The documentation has been revised and clarified in places.
96    9.  Improve the matching speed of capturing brackets.
98    10. Changed the meaning of \X so that it now matches a Unicode extended
99        grapheme cluster.
101    11. Patch by Daniel Richard G to the autoconf files to add a macro for sorting
102        out POSIX threads when JIT support is configured.
104    12. Added support for PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED.
106    13. In the POSIX wrapper regcomp() function, setting re_nsub field in the preg
107        structure could go wrong in environments where size_t is not the same size
108        as int.
110    14. Applied user-supplied patch to pcrecpp.cc to allow PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK to be
111        set.
113    15. The EBCDIC support had decayed; later updates to the code had included
114        explicit references to (e.g.) \x0a instead of CHAR_LF. There has been a
115        general tidy up of EBCDIC-related issues, and the documentation was also
116        not quite right. There is now a test that can be run on ASCII systems to
117        check some of the EBCDIC-related things (but is it not a full test).
119    16. The new PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED option is now used by pcregrep, resulting
120        in a small tidy to the code.
122    17. Fix JIT tests when UTF is disabled and both 8 and 16 bit mode are enabled.
124    18. If the --only-matching (-o) option in pcregrep is specified multiple
125        times, each one causes appropriate output. For example, -o1 -o2 outputs the
126        substrings matched by the 1st and 2nd capturing parentheses. A separating
127        string can be specified by --om-separator (default empty).
129    19. Improving the first n character searches.
131    20. Turn case lists for horizontal and vertical white space into macros so that
132        they are defined only once.
134    21. This set of changes together give more compatible Unicode case-folding
135        behaviour for characters that have more than one other case when UCP
136        support is available.
138        (a) The Unicode property table now has offsets into a new table of sets of
139            three or more characters that are case-equivalent. The MultiStage2.py
140            script that generates these tables (the pcre_ucd.c file) now scans
141            CaseFolding.txt instead of UnicodeData.txt for character case
142            information.
144        (b) The code for adding characters or ranges of characters to a character
145            class has been abstracted into a generalized function that also handles
146            case-independence. In UTF-mode with UCP support, this uses the new data
147            to handle characters with more than one other case.
149        (c) A bug that is fixed as a result of (b) is that codepoints less than 256
150            whose other case is greater than 256 are now correctly matched
151            caselessly. Previously, the high codepoint matched the low one, but not
152            vice versa.
154        (d) The processing of \h, \H, \v, and \ in character classes now makes use
155            of the new class addition function, using character lists defined as
156            macros alongside the case definitions of 20 above.
158        (e) Caseless back references now work with characters that have more than
159            one other case.
161        (f) General caseless matching of characters with more than one other case
162            is supported.
164    22. Unicode character properties were updated from Unicode 6.2.0
166    23. Improved CMake support under Windows. Patch by Daniel Richard G.
168    24. Add support for 32-bit character strings, and UTF-32
170    25. Major JIT compiler update (code refactoring and bugfixing).
171        Experimental Sparc 32 support is added.
173    26. Applied a modified version of Daniel Richard G's patch to create
174        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic by "make" instead of in the
175        PrepareRelease script.
177    27. Added a definition for CHAR_NULL (helpful for the z/OS port), and use it in
178        pcre_compile.c when checking for a zero character.
180    28. Introducing a native interface for JIT. Through this interface, the compiled
181        machine code can be directly executed. The purpose of this interface is to
182        provide fast pattern matching, so several sanity checks are not performed.
183        However, feature tests are still performed. The new interface provides
184        1.4x speedup compared to the old one.
186    29. If pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() was called with a negative value for
187        the subject string length, the error given was PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which
188        was confusing. There is now a new error PCRE_ERROR_BADLENGTH for this case.
190    30. In 8-bit UTF-8 mode, pcretest failed to give an error for data codepoints
191        greater than 0x7fffffff (which cannot be represented in UTF-8, even under
192        the "old" RFC 2279). Instead, it ended up passing a negative length to
193        pcre_exec().
195    31. Add support for GCC's visibility feature to hide internal functions.
197    32. Running "pcretest -C pcre8" or "pcretest -C pcre16" gave a spurious error
198        "unknown -C option" after outputting 0 or 1.
200    33. There is now support for generating a code coverage report for the test
201        suite in environments where gcc is the compiler and lcov is installed. This
202        is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
204    34. If PCRE is built with --enable-valgrind, certain memory regions are marked
205        unaddressable using valgrind annotations, allowing valgrind to detect
206        invalid memory accesses. This is mainly for the benefit of the developers.
208    25. (*UTF) can now be used to start a pattern in any of the three libraries.
210    26. Give configure error if --enable-cpp but no C++ compiler found.
213    Version 8.31 06-July-2012
214    -------------------------
216    1.  Fixing a wrong JIT test case and some compiler warnings.
218    2.  Removed a bashism from the RunTest script.
220    3.  Add a cast to pcre_exec.c to fix the warning "unary minus operator applied
221        to unsigned type, result still unsigned" that was given by an MS compiler
222        on encountering the code "-sizeof(xxx)".
224    4.  Partial matching support is added to the JIT compiler.
226    5.  Fixed several bugs concerned with partial matching of items that consist
227        of more than one character:
229        (a) /^(..)\1/ did not partially match "aba" because checking references was
230            done on an "all or nothing" basis. This also applied to repeated
231            references.
233        (b) \R did not give a hard partial match if \r was found at the end of the
234            subject.
236        (c) \X did not give a hard partial match after matching one or more
237            characters at the end of the subject.
239        (d) When newline was set to CRLF, a pattern such as /a$/ did not recognize
240            a partial match for the string "\r".
242        (e) When newline was set to CRLF, the metacharacter "." did not recognize
243            a partial match for a CR character at the end of the subject string.
245    6.  If JIT is requested using /S++ or -s++ (instead of just /S+ or -s+) when
246        running pcretest, the text "(JIT)" added to the output whenever JIT is
247        actually used to run the match.
249    7.  Individual JIT compile options can be set in pcretest by following -s+[+]
250        or /S+[+] with a digit between 1 and 7.
252    8.  OP_NOT now supports any UTF character not just single-byte ones.
254    9.  (*MARK) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
256    10. The command "./RunTest list" lists the available tests without actually
257        running any of them. (Because I keep forgetting what they all are.)
261    12. Applied a (slightly modified) user-supplied patch that improves performance
262        when the heap is used for recursion (compiled with --disable-stack-for-
263        recursion). Instead of malloc and free for each heap frame each time a
264        logical recursion happens, frames are retained on a chain and re-used where
265        possible. This sometimes gives as much as 30% improvement.
267    13. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a recursive subpattern
268        call.
270    14. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a positive assertion.
272    15. It is now possible to link pcretest with libedit as an alternative to
273        libreadline.
275    16. (*COMMIT) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
277    17. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.1.0.
279    18. Added --file-list option to pcregrep.
281    19. Added binary file support to pcregrep, including the -a, --binary-files,
282        -I, and --text options.
284    20. The madvise function is renamed for posix_madvise for QNX compatibility
285        reasons. Fixed by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
287    21. Fixed a bug for backward assertions with REVERSE 0 in the JIT compiler.
289    22. Changed the option for creating symbolic links for 16-bit man pages from
290        -s to -sf so that re-installing does not cause issues.
292    23. Support PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE in JIT as (*MARK) support requires it.
294    24. Fixed a very old bug in pcretest that caused errors with restarted DFA
295        matches in certain environments (the workspace was not being correctly
296        retained). Also added to pcre_dfa_exec() a simple plausibility check on
297        some of the workspace data at the beginning of a restart.
299    25. \s*\R was auto-possessifying the \s* when it should not, whereas \S*\R
300        was not doing so when it should - probably a typo introduced by SVN 528
301        (change 8.10/14).
303    26. When PCRE_UCP was not set, \w+\x{c4} was incorrectly auto-possessifying the
304        \w+ when the character tables indicated that \x{c4} was a word character.
305        There were several related cases, all because the tests for doing a table
306        lookup were testing for characters less than 127 instead of 255.
308    27. If a pattern contains capturing parentheses that are not used in a match,
309        their slots in the ovector are set to -1. For those that are higher than
310        any matched groups, this happens at the end of processing. In the case when
311        there were back references that the ovector was too small to contain
312        (causing temporary malloc'd memory to be used during matching), and the
313        highest capturing number was not used, memory off the end of the ovector
314        was incorrectly being set to -1. (It was using the size of the temporary
315        memory instead of the true size.)
317    28. To catch bugs like 27 using valgrind, when pcretest is asked to specify an
318        ovector size, it uses memory at the end of the block that it has got.
320    29. Check for an overlong MARK name and give an error at compile time. The
321        limit is 255 for the 8-bit library and 65535 for the 16-bit library.
323    30. JIT compiler update.
325    31. JIT is now supported on jailbroken iOS devices. Thanks for Ruiger
326        Rill for the patch.
328    32. Put spaces around SLJIT_PRINT_D in the JIT compiler. Required by CXX11.
330    33. Variable renamings in the PCRE-JIT compiler. No functionality change.
332    34. Fixed typos in pcregrep: in two places there was SUPPORT_LIBZ2 instead of
333        SUPPORT_LIBBZ2. This caused a build problem when bzip2 but not gzip (zlib)
334        was enabled.
336    35. Improve JIT code generation for greedy plus quantifier.
338    36. When /((?:a?)*)*c/ or /((?>a?)*)*c/ was matched against "aac", it set group
339        1 to "aa" instead of to an empty string. The bug affected repeated groups
340        that could potentially match an empty string.
342    37. Optimizing single character iterators in JIT.
344    38. Wide characters specified with \uxxxx in JavaScript mode are now subject to
345        the same checks as \x{...} characters in non-JavaScript mode. Specifically,
346        codepoints that are too big for the mode are faulted, and in a UTF mode,
347        disallowed codepoints are also faulted.
349    39. If PCRE was compiled with UTF support, in three places in the DFA
350        matcher there was code that should only have been obeyed in UTF mode, but
351        was being obeyed unconditionally. In 8-bit mode this could cause incorrect
352        processing when bytes with values greater than 127 were present. In 16-bit
353        mode the bug would be provoked by values in the range 0xfc00 to 0xdc00. In
354        both cases the values are those that cannot be the first data item in a UTF
355        character. The three items that might have provoked this were recursions,
356        possessively repeated groups, and atomic groups.
358    40. Ensure that libpcre is explicitly listed in the link commands for pcretest
359        and pcregrep, because some OS require shared objects to be explicitly
360        passed to ld, causing the link step to fail if they are not.
362    41. There were two incorrect #ifdefs in pcre_study.c, meaning that, in 16-bit
363        mode, patterns that started with \h* or \R* might be incorrectly matched.
366    Version 8.30 04-February-2012
367    -----------------------------
369    1.  Renamed "isnumber" as "is_a_number" because in some Mac environments this
370        name is defined in ctype.h.
372    2.  Fixed a bug in fixed-length calculation for lookbehinds that would show up
373        only in quite long subpatterns.
375    3.  Removed the function pcre_info(), which has been obsolete and deprecated
376        since it was replaced by pcre_fullinfo() in February 2000.
378    4.  For a non-anchored pattern, if (*SKIP) was given with a name that did not
379        match a (*MARK), and the match failed at the start of the subject, a
380        reference to memory before the start of the subject could occur. This bug
381        was introduced by fix 17 of release 8.21.
383    5.  A reference to an unset group with zero minimum repetition was giving
384        totally wrong answers (in non-JavaScript-compatibility mode). For example,
385        /(another)?(\1?)test/ matched against "hello world test". This bug was
386        introduced in release 8.13.
388    6.  Add support for 16-bit character strings (a large amount of work involving
389        many changes and refactorings).
391    7.  RunGrepTest failed on msys because \r\n was replaced by whitespace when the
392        command "pattern=`printf 'xxx\r\njkl'`" was run. The pattern is now taken
393        from a file.
395    8.  Ovector size of 2 is also supported by JIT based pcre_exec (the ovector size
396        rounding is not applied in this particular case).
398    9.  The invalid Unicode surrogate codepoints U+D800 to U+DFFF are now rejected
399        if they appear, or are escaped, in patterns.
401    10. Get rid of a number of -Wunused-but-set-variable warnings.
403    11. The pattern /(?=(*:x))(q|)/ matches an empty string, and returns the mark
404        "x". The similar pattern /(?=(*:x))((*:y)q|)/ did not return a mark at all.
405        Oddly, Perl behaves the same way. PCRE has been fixed so that this pattern
406        also returns the mark "x". This bug applied to capturing parentheses,
407        non-capturing parentheses, and atomic parentheses. It also applied to some
408        assertions.
410    12. Stephen Kelly's patch to CMakeLists.txt allows it to parse the version
411        information out of configure.ac instead of relying on pcre.h.generic, which
412        is not stored in the repository.
414    13. Applied Dmitry V. Levin's patch for a more portable method for linking with
415        -lreadline.
417    14. ZH added PCRE_CONFIG_JITTARGET; added its output to pcretest -C.
419    15. Applied Graycode's patch to put the top-level frame on the stack rather
420        than the heap when not using the stack for recursion. This gives a
421        performance improvement in many cases when recursion is not deep.
423    16. Experimental code added to "pcretest -C" to output the stack frame size.
426    Version 8.21 12-Dec-2011
427    ------------------------
429  1.  Updating the JIT compiler.  1.  Updating the JIT compiler.
431    2.  JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
432        are added as well.
434    3.  Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
435        PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
436        calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
438    4.  (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
439        parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
440        was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
442    5.  Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
443        ECMA-262 standard.
445    6.  Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
446        erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
447        This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
449    7.  While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
450        incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
451        opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
452        corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
453        error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
454        length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
455        rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
456        (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
457        repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
459    8.  A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
460        being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
462    9.  A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
463        one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
464        (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
465        the first (A) could occur when it should not.
467    10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
469    11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
471    12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
472        best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
473        is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
475    13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
477    14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
478        also gives an error.
480    15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
481        it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
482        maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
483        internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
484        rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
485        the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
486        of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
487        the filling in of repeated forward references.
489    16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
490        incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
492    17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
493        in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
494        the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
495        /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
496        tested.
498    18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
499        now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
500        is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
501        /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
502        "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
503        change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
504        returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
505        Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
506        refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
507        the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
509    19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
510        subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
512    21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
513        some warnings.
515    22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
516        not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
517        subject string.
519    23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
520        systems.
522    24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
523        output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
525    25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
526        an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
527        because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
529    26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
530        "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
531        never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
532        complain.
534    27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
536    28. Fixed a possible uninitialized memory bug in pcre_jit_compile.c.
538    29. Computation of memory usage for the table of capturing group names was
539        giving an unnecessarily large value.
542  Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011  Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
543  ------------------------  ------------------------

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