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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.1 12-Mar-07  Version 8.11 10-Oct-2010
5    ------------------------
7    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
8        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
9        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
10        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
11        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
12        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
15    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
16    ------------------------
18    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
19        THEN.
21    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
23    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
24        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
25        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
27    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
28        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
29        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
31    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
32        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
34    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
35        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
36        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
37        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
38        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
40    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
42    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
43        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
44        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
46    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
47        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
48        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
49        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
51    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
53    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
54        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
55        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
56        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
57        (#976).
59    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
60        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
61        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
62        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
63        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
65    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
66        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
68    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
69        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
70        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
72    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
73        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
74        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
75        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
77    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
78        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
80    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
81        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
83    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
84        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
86    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
87        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
88        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
89        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
90        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
91        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
92        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
93        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
94        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
95        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
96        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
97        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
98        altogether.)
100    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
101        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
102        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
104    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
105        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
106        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
107        reference to the wrong subpattern.
110    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
111    ------------------------
113    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
115    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
116        configured.
118    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
119        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
121    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
122        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
124    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
125        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
126        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
127        referenced subpattern not found".
129    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
130        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
131        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
132        relevant global functions.
134    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
135        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
136        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
137        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
139    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
140        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
142    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
143        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
144        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
145        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
146        string.
148    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
150    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
151        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
152        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
153        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
155    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
156        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
157        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
158        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
159        decrease.
161    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
162        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
163        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
164        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
165        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
167    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
168        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
169        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
170        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
172    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
175    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
176    ------------------------
178    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
179        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
180        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
181        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
183    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
184        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
185        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
186        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
187        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
188        cause of this.)
190    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
191        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
192        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
193        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
194        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
196    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
197        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
198        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
201    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
202        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
203        stuff that is necessary.
205    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
206        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
208    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
209        as part of something else:
211        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
213        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
214            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
215            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
217        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
218            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
219            module.
221    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
222        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
223        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
224        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
225        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
226        double.
228    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
229        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
231    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
232        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
234          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
235              under Win32.
236          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
237              therefore missing the function definition.
238          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
239          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
240          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
242    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
243        messages were output:
245          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
246          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
247          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
249        I have done both of these things.
251    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
252        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
253        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
254        page.
256    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
257        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
258        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
259        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
260        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
261        used.
263    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
264        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
265        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
267    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
268        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
269        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
270        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
271        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
272        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
273        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
274        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
275        USPTR.
277    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
278        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
279        (FreeBSD).
281    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
282        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
283        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
284        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
285        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
287    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
288        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
289        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
290        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
291        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
292        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
293        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
294        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
295        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
296        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
297        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
298        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
299        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
300        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
303    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
304    ----------------------
306    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
307        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
308        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
309        error.
311    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
312        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
313        in a Windows environment.
315    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
316        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
317        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
318        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
319        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
320        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
321        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
323    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
324        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
325        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
326        the old behaviour.
328    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
329        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
330        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
331        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
333    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
334        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
336    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
337        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
338        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
339        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
340        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
341        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
343    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
344        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
345        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
346        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
347        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
348        result.
350    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
351        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
352        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
353        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
354        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
355        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
357    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
358        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
359        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
360        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
362    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
363        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
364        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
365        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
366        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
367        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
368        final character ended with (*FAIL).
370    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
371        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
372        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
373        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
374        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
375        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
377    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
378        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
379        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
380        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
381        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
382        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
384    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
385        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
386        PCRE has not been installed from source.
388    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
389        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
390        library.
392    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
393        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
394        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
395        these options useful.
397    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
398        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
399        nmatch is forced to zero.
401    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
402        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
403        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
405    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
406        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
407        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
408        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
409        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
410        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
411        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
412        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
414    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
415        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
416        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
417        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
419    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
420        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
421        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
422        now given.
424    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
425        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
426        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
427        compatible with Perl.
429    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
430        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
432    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
433        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
434        does. Neither allows recursion.
436    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
437        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
438        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
439        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
440        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
441        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
442        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
443        pcre_fullinfo().
445    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
446        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
447        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
448        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
449        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
450        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
452    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
453        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
454        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
455        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
456        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
458    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
459        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
460        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
461        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
462        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
463        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
464        testing by number works.
467    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
468    ---------------------
470    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
471        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
472        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
473        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
474        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
475        pcretest is linked with readline.
477    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
478        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
479        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
480        but BOOL is not.
482    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
483        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
485    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
486        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
487        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
488        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
490    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
491        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
492        the same.
494    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
495        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
496        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
498    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
499        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
500        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
501        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
503    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
504        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
505        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
506        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
508    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
509        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
510        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
512    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
513        used for matching.
515    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
516        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
518    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
520    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
522    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
524    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
525        wrapper.
527    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
528        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
529        string constants.
531    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
532        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
533        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
534        these, but not everybody uses configure.
536    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
537        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
538        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
539        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
540        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
541        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
543    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
544        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
546    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
547        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
548        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
549        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
550        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
551        error, in fact).
553    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
554        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
555        problem, but was untidy.
557    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
558        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
559        included within another project.
561    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
562        slightly modified by me:
564          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
565              not building pcregrep.
567          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
568              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
570    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
571        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
572        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
573        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
574        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
576    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
577        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
579    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
580        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
581        pre-defined.
583    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
585    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
586        in the configuration summary.
589    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
590    ---------------------
592    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
593        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
594        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
595        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
596        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
597        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
599    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
600        scripts.
602    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
603        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
604        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
606    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
607        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
608        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
610    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
611        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
612        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
613        truncation.
615    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
617    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
618        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
620    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
621        test 2 if it fails.
623    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
624        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
625        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
627    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
628        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
630    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
631        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
632        some environments:
634          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
636        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
638    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
639        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
640        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
641        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
642        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
644    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
645        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
647    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
648        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
649        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
651    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
652        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
654    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
656    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
657        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
659    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
661    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
662        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
663        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
664        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
667    Version 7.7 07-May-08
668    ---------------------
670    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
671        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
672        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
674    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
675        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
676        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
678    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
679        Lopes.
681    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
683        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
684            of files, instead of just to the final components.
686        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
687            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
688            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
689            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
690            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
691            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
693    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
694        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
696    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
697        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
698        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
700    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
701        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
703    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
704        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
705        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
707    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
709    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
710        matching function regexec().
712    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
713        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
714        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
715        Oniguruma does).
717    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
718        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
719        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
720        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
721        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
722        time.
724    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
725        to the way PCRE behaves:
727        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
729        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
730            (Perl fails the current match path).
732        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
733            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
734            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
735            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
736            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
737            of the DOTALL setting.
739    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
740        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
741        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
742        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
743        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
744        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
745        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
746        was subsequently set up correctly.)
748    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
749        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
750        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
751        (*FAIL).
753    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
754        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
755        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
756        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
757        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
758        on the OP_ANY path.
760    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
761        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
762        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
764    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
765        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
766        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
767        Daniel Bergström.
769    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
770        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
771        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
772        spotting this.
775    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
776    ---------------------
778    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
779        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
780        overflow.
782    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
783        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
785    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
786        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
788        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
789        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
790        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
791        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
792        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
793            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
794        - Added readline support for pcretest.
795        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
797    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
798        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
799        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
800        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
801        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
802        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
803        Configure/Make.
805    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
806        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
807        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
808        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
810    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
811        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
812        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
814    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
815        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
816        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
817        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
818        trouble in some build environments.
820    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
823    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
824    ---------------------
826    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
827        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
829    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
830        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
831        included.
833    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
834        [:^space:].
836    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
837        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
838        I have changed it.
840    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
841        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
842        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
843        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
844        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
845        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
846        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
848    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
849        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
850        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
852    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
853        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
854        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
855        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
856        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
858    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
859        and messages.
861    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
862        "backspace".
864    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
865        was moved elsewhere).
867    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
868        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
869        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
870        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
871        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
872        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
874          U+002b0 - U+002c1
875          U+0060c - U+0060d
876          U+0061e - U+00612
877          U+0064b - U+0065e
878          U+0074d - U+0076d
879          U+01800 - U+01805
880          U+01d00 - U+01d77
881          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
882          U+0200b - U+0200f
883          U+030fc - U+030fe
884          U+03260 - U+0327f
885          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
886          U+10450 - U+1049d
888    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
889        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
890        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
891        GNU grep.
893    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
894        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
895        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
896        non-matching lines.
898    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
900    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
901        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
902        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
903        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
905    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
906        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
907        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
909    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
910        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
911        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
912        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
913        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
915    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
917    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
919    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
920        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
921        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
922        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
923        that check the return values (which was not done before).
925    21. Several CMake things:
927        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
928            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
930        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
931            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
935    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
936        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
937        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
938        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
939        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
940        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
941        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
943    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
944        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
945        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
946        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
947        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
948        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
949        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
950        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
951        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
952        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
953        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
954        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
956    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
957        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
960    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
961    ---------------------
963    1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
964        means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
965        LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
966        help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
967        the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
968        encountered.
970    2.  The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
971        of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
972        Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
973        moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
974        bits.
976    3.  The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
977        but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
978        control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
979        facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
980        start sets both bits.
982    4.  Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
983        matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
985    5.  doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
987    6.  Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
988        compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
990    7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
991        strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
992        windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
993        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
995    8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
996        some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
998    9.  When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
999        sequence off the lines that it output.
1001    10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
1002        relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
1003        using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
1004        these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
1005        dramatic:
1007          Originally:                          290
1008          After changing UCP table:            187
1009          After changing error message table:   43
1010          After changing table of "verbs"       36
1011          After changing table of Posix names   22
1013        Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
1015    11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
1016        unicode-properties was also set.
1018    12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
1020    13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
1021        checked only for CRLF.
1023    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
1025    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
1027    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
1028        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
1029        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
1031    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
1032        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
1035    Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
1036    ---------------------
1038     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
1039        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
1040        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
1041        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
1042        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
1044          #include "pcre.h"
1046        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
1047        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
1048        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
1050     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
1051        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
1052        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
1053        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
1054        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
1055        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
1056        characters when looking for a newline.
1058     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
1060     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
1061        in debug output.
1063     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
1064        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
1066     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
1068     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
1069        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
1070        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
1071        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
1072        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
1073        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
1074        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
1075        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
1076        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
1077        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
1078        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
1079        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
1080        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
1082     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
1083        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
1084        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
1085        problem was solved for the main library.
1087     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
1088        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
1089        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
1090        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
1091        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
1092        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
1093        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
1094        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
1095        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
1096        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
1097        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
1099    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
1100        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
1101        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
1102        empty string.
1104    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
1105        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
1106        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
1107        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
1108        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
1109        cause memory overwriting.
1111    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
1112        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
1113        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
1114        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
1115        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
1116        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
1118    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
1119        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
1120        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
1122    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
1123        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
1125    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
1127    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
1128        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
1129        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
1130        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
1131        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
1133    16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
1134        processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
1135        backslash processing.
1137    17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
1138        for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
1140    18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
1141        caused an overrun.
1143    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
1144        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
1145        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
1146        whether the group could match an empty string).
1148    20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
1149        [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
1151    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
1153    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
1154        reference during compilation.
1156    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
1157        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
1158        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
1159        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
1160        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
1161        the compiled data. Specifically:
1163        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
1164            length.
1166        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
1167            loops.
1169        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
1170            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
1172        (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
1174    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
1175        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
1177    25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
1179    26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
1180        character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
1182    27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
1183        \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
1185    28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
1186        break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
1187        "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
1188        characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
1189        *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
1190        the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
1191        what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
1192        of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
1193        pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
1194        there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
1195        pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
1197    29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
1200    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
1201    ---------------------
1203     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
1204        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
1206     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
1207        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
1209     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
1211     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
1212        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
1213        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
1214        usable with all link sizes.
1216     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
1217        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
1218        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
1219        in all cases.
1221     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
1223        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
1224            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
1226        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
1227            to be opened parentheses.
1229        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
1230            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
1232        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
1233            is not part of it.
1235        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
1237        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
1238            reference syntax.
1240        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
1241            alternative starts with the same number.
1243        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
1245     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
1248     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
1249        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
1250        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
1252     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
1253        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
1254        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
1255        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
1256        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
1257        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
1259    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
1261    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
1262        The report of the bug said:
1264          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
1265          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
1266          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
1268    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
1269        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
1272    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
1273  ---------------------  ---------------------
1275   1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one   1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
# Line 26  Version 7.1 12-Mar-07 Line 1294  Version 7.1 12-Mar-07
1294      .br or .in.      .br or .in.
1296   4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also   4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
1297      arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name      arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
1298      config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without      config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
1299      Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).      Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
1301   5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan   5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
1302      Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated      Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
1303      makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files !compile.txt,      makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
1304      !linklib.txt, and pcregexp.pas.      makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
1306   6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out   6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
1307      to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his      to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
# Line 63  Version 7.1 12-Mar-07 Line 1331  Version 7.1 12-Mar-07
1331  10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:  10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
1333      (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.      (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
1335      (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true      (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
1336          a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.          a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
1338      The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither      The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
1339      memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that      memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
1340      is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.      is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
1342  11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,  11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
1343      and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man      and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
1344      pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates      pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
1345      pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter      pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
1346      case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run      case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
1347      before "make dist".      before "make dist".
1349  12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching  12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
1350      with Unicode property support.      with Unicode property support.
1352      (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the      (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
1353          character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are          character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
1354          some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to          some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
1355          back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they          back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
1356          were both the same length.          were both the same length.
1358      (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for      (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
1359          recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for          recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
1360          the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match          the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
1361          while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved          while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
1362          matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an          matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
1363          erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original          erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
1364          character.          character.
1366  13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:  13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
1368      (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there      (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
1369          is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on          is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
1370          values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did          values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
1371          this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the          this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
1372          relevant variables.          relevant variables.
1374      (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode      (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
1375          with length and offset values. This means that the output is different          with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
1376          for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes          for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
1377          other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,          other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
1378          there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and          there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
1379          failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,          failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
1380          I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and          I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
1381          offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent          offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
1382          of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)          of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
1384  14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a  14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
1385      segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.      segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
1387    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
1388        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
1389        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
1390        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
1391        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
1392        and then tried again after \r\n.
1394    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
1395        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
1396        compare equal. This works on Linux.
1398    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
1399        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
1401    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
1402        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
1403        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
1404        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
1405        it specially.
1407    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
1408        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
1409        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
1411    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
1412        CRLF as a newline sequence.
1414    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
1415        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
1416        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
1418    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
1420    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
1423  Version 7.0 19-Dec-06  Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
1424  ---------------------  ---------------------

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