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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.2 05-June-07  Version 8.13 30-Apr-2011
5    ------------------------
7    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
9    2.  Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
11    3.  Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
12        pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
13        in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
15    4.  There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
16        caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
17        different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
18        and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
19        (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
20        code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
21        2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
22        left).
24    5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
25        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
26        as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
27        the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
29    6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
30        now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
31        last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
32        enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
33        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
35    7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
36        pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
37        failure, the offset and reason code are output.
39    8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
40        over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
41        back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
42        two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
43        documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
44        behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
45        has been changed.
47    9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
48        of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
49        time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
50        7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
51        which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
52        argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
53        slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
54        (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
56    10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
57        calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
58        using pcre_exec().
60    11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
61        discovered and fixed:
63        (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
64        (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
65        ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
66        (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
67        (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
69    12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
70        function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
71        value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
73    13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
74        opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
75        ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
76        pick them up.
78    14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
79        synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
80        for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
81        and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
82        using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
83        study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
84        tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
85        "never study" - see 20 below).
87    15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
88        restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
89        correctly.
91    16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
92        empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
93        pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
94        match.
96    17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
97        and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
98        tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, not that there is
99        the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
100        no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
101        two optimizations have therefore been removed.
103    18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
104        matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
105        incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
107    19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
108        was incorrectly computed.
110    20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it *disables*
111        studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line. This is
112        necessary for one or two tests to keep the output identical in both cases.
114    21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
115        PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
117    22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
118        successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
119        capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
120        captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
121        group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
122        branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
123        positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions is not well defined
124        in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
126    23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
127        subject after a captured substring (to make it easier to tell which of a
128        number of identical substrings has been captured).
130    24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
131        if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
132        values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
133        "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
134        "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
135        refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
137    24. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
138        back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
139        (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
141    25. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
142        the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
143        direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
144        group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
145        1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
146        the recursion depth to 10.
148    26. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
149        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
150        argument validation and error reporting.
152    27. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
153        first character it looked at was a mark character.
155    28. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
156        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
158    29. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
159        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
160        not included in the return count.
162    30. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
163        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
164        Perl).
166    31. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
167        recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
169    32. If --only-matching or --colour was set on a pcregrep call whose pattern
170        had alternative anchored branches, the search for a second match in a line
171        was done as if at the line start. Thus, for example, /^01|^02/ incorrectly
172        matched the line "0102" twice. The same bug affected patterns that started
173        with a backwards assertion. For example /\b01|\b02/ also matched "0102"
174        twice.
176    33. Previously, PCRE did not allow quantification of assertions. However, Perl
177        does, and because of capturing effects, quantifying parenthesized
178        assertions may at times be useful. Quantifiers are now allowed for
179        parenthesized assertions.
181    34. A minor code tidy in pcre_compile() when checking options for \R usage.
184    Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
185    ------------------------
187    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
188        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
190    2.  On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
191        --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
192        particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
193        went into the wrong half of a long int.)
195    3.  If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
196        did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
197        of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
198        match.
200    4.  Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
201        -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
203    5.  In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
204        matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
205        match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
207    6.  Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
208        the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
209        to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
210        incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
212    7.  If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
213        function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
214        the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
215        reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
218    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
219    ------------------------
221    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
222        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
223        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
224        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
225        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
226        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
228    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
229        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
230        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
231        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
232        (*THEN).
234    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
235        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
236        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
237        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
239    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
240        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
241        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
242        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
243        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
244        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
245        (previously it gave "no match").
247    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
248        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
249        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
250        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
251        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
252        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
253        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
254        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
255        now correct.]
257    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
258        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
259        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
260        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
261        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
262        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
263        places in pcre_compile().
265    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
266        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
267        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
268        according to the set newline convention.
270    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
271        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
272        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
274    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
276    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
278    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
279        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
281    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
282        of pcregrep.
284    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
285        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
286        needed fixing:
288        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
289            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
290            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
292        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
293            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
294            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
295            than one byte was nonsense.)
297        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
298            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
300    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
301        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
302        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
303        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
304        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
306    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
307        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
308        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
310    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
311        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
313    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
314        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
315        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
316        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
317        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
318        release 2.5.4.
320    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
321        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
322        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
323        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
324        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
326    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
327        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
328        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
329        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
331    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
332        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
333        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
334        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
335        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
336        pcre_compile().
338    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
339        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
340        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
341        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
342        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
344    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
345        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
348    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
349    ------------------------
351    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
352        THEN.
354    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
356    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
357        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
358        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
360    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
361        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
362        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
364    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
365        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
367    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
368        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
369        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
370        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
371        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
373    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
375    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
376        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
377        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
379    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
380        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
381        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
382        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
384    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
386    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
387        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
388        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
389        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
390        (#976).
392    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
393        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
394        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
395        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
396        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
398    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
399        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
401    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
402        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
403        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
405    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
406        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
407        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
408        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
410    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
411        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
413    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
414        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
416    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
417        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
419    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
420        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
421        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
422        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
423        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
424        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
425        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
426        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
427        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
428        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
429        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
430        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
431        altogether.)
433    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
434        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
435        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
437    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
438        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
439        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
440        reference to the wrong subpattern.
443    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
444    ------------------------
446    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
448    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
449        configured.
451    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
452        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
454    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
455        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
457    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
458        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
459        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
460        referenced subpattern not found".
462    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
463        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
464        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
465        relevant global functions.
467    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
468        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
469        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
470        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
472    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
473        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
475    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
476        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
477        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
478        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
479        string.
481    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
483    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
484        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
485        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
486        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
488    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
489        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
490        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
491        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
492        decrease.
494    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
495        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
496        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
497        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
498        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
500    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
501        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
502        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
503        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
505    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
508    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
509    ------------------------
511    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
512        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
513        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
514        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
516    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
517        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
518        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
519        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
520        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
521        cause of this.)
523    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
524        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
525        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
526        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
527        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
529    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
530        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
531        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
534    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
535        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
536        stuff that is necessary.
538    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
539        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
541    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
542        as part of something else:
544        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
546        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
547            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
548            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
550        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
551            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
552            module.
554    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
555        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
556        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
557        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
558        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
559        double.
561    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
562        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
564    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
565        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
567          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
568              under Win32.
569          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
570              therefore missing the function definition.
571          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
572          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
573          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
575    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
576        messages were output:
578          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
579          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
580          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
582        I have done both of these things.
584    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
585        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
586        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
587        page.
589    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
590        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
591        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
592        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
593        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
594        used.
596    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
597        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
598        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
600    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
601        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
602        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
603        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
604        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
605        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
606        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
607        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
608        USPTR.
610    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
611        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
612        (FreeBSD).
614    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
615        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
616        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
617        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
618        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
620    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
621        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
622        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
623        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
624        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
625        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
626        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
627        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
628        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
629        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
630        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
631        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
632        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
633        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
636    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
637    ----------------------
639    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
640        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
641        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
642        error.
644    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
645        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
646        in a Windows environment.
648    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
649        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
650        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
651        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
652        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
653        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
654        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
656    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
657        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
658        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
659        the old behaviour.
661    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
662        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
663        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
664        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
666    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
667        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
669    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
670        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
671        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
672        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
673        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
674        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
676    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
677        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
678        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
679        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
680        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
681        result.
683    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
684        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
685        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
686        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
687        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
688        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
690    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
691        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
692        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
693        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
695    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
696        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
697        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
698        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
699        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
700        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
701        final character ended with (*FAIL).
703    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
704        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
705        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
706        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
707        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
708        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
710    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
711        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
712        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
713        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
714        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
715        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
717    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
718        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
719        PCRE has not been installed from source.
721    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
722        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
723        library.
725    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
726        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
727        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
728        these options useful.
730    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
731        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
732        nmatch is forced to zero.
734    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
735        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
736        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
738    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
739        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
740        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
741        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
742        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
743        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
744        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
745        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
747    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
748        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
749        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
750        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
752    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
753        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
754        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
755        now given.
757    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
758        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
759        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
760        compatible with Perl.
762    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
763        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
765    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
766        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
767        does. Neither allows recursion.
769    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
770        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
771        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
772        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
773        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
774        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
775        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
776        pcre_fullinfo().
778    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
779        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
780        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
781        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
782        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
783        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
785    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
786        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
787        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
788        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
789        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
791    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
792        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
793        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
794        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
795        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
796        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
797        testing by number works.
800    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
801    ---------------------
803    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
804        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
805        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
806        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
807        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
808        pcretest is linked with readline.
810    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
811        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
812        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
813        but BOOL is not.
815    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
816        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
818    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
819        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
820        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
821        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
823    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
824        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
825        the same.
827    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
828        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
829        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
831    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
832        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
833        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
834        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
836    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
837        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
838        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
839        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
841    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
842        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
843        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
845    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
846        used for matching.
848    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
849        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
851    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
853    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
855    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
857    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
858        wrapper.
860    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
861        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
862        string constants.
864    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
865        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
866        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
867        these, but not everybody uses configure.
869    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
870        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
871        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
872        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
873        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
874        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
876    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
877        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
879    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
880        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
881        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
882        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
883        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
884        error, in fact).
886    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
887        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
888        problem, but was untidy.
890    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
891        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
892        included within another project.
894    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
895        slightly modified by me:
897          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
898              not building pcregrep.
900          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
901              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
903    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
904        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
905        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
906        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
907        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
909    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
910        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
912    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
913        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
914        pre-defined.
916    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
918    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
919        in the configuration summary.
922    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
923    ---------------------
925    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
926        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
927        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
928        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
929        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
930        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
932    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
933        scripts.
935    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
936        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
937        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
939    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
940        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
941        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
943    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
944        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
945        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
946        truncation.
948    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
950    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
951        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
953    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
954        test 2 if it fails.
956    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
957        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
958        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
960    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
961        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
963    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
964        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
965        some environments:
967          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
969        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
971    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
972        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
973        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
974        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
975        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
977    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
978        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
980    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
981        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
982        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
984    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
985        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
987    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
989    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
990        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
992    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
994    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
995        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
996        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
997        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
1000    Version 7.7 07-May-08
1001    ---------------------
1003    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
1004        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
1005        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
1007    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
1008        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
1009        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
1011    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
1012        Lopes.
1014    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
1016        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
1017            of files, instead of just to the final components.
1019        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
1020            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
1021            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
1022            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
1023            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
1024            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
1026    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
1027        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
1029    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
1030        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
1031        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
1033    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
1034        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
1036    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
1037        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
1038        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
1040    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
1042    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
1043        matching function regexec().
1045    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
1046        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
1047        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
1048        Oniguruma does).
1050    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
1051        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
1052        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
1053        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
1054        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
1055        time.
1057    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
1058        to the way PCRE behaves:
1060        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
1062        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
1063            (Perl fails the current match path).
1065        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
1066            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
1067            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
1068            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
1069            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
1070            of the DOTALL setting.
1072    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
1073        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
1074        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
1075        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
1076        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
1077        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
1078        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
1079        was subsequently set up correctly.)
1081    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
1082        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
1083        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
1084        (*FAIL).
1086    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
1087        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
1088        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
1089        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
1090        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
1091        on the OP_ANY path.
1093    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
1094        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
1095        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
1097    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
1098        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
1099        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
1100        Daniel Bergström.
1102    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
1103        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
1104        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
1105        spotting this.
1108    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
1109    ---------------------
1111    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
1112        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
1113        overflow.
1115    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
1116        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
1118    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
1119        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
1121        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
1122        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
1123        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
1124        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
1125        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
1126            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
1127        - Added readline support for pcretest.
1128        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
1130    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
1131        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
1132        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
1133        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
1134        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
1135        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
1136        Configure/Make.
1138    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
1139        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
1140        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
1141        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
1143    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
1144        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
1145        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
1147    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
1148        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
1149        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
1150        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
1151        trouble in some build environments.
1153    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
1156    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
1157    ---------------------
1159    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
1160        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
1162    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
1163        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
1164        included.
1166    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
1167        [:^space:].
1169    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
1170        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
1171        I have changed it.
1173    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
1174        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
1175        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
1176        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
1177        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
1178        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
1179        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
1181    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
1182        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
1183        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
1185    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
1186        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
1187        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
1188        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
1189        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
1191    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
1192        and messages.
1194    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
1195        "backspace".
1197    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
1198        was moved elsewhere).
1200    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
1201        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
1202        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
1203        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
1204        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
1205        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
1207          U+002b0 - U+002c1
1208          U+0060c - U+0060d
1209          U+0061e - U+00612
1210          U+0064b - U+0065e
1211          U+0074d - U+0076d
1212          U+01800 - U+01805
1213          U+01d00 - U+01d77
1214          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
1215          U+0200b - U+0200f
1216          U+030fc - U+030fe
1217          U+03260 - U+0327f
1218          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
1219          U+10450 - U+1049d
1221    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
1222        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
1223        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
1224        GNU grep.
1226    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
1227        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
1228        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
1229        non-matching lines.
1231    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
1233    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
1234        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
1235        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
1236        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
1238    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
1239        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
1240        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
1242    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
1243        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
1244        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
1245        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
1246        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
1248    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
1250    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
1252    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
1253        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
1254        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
1255        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
1256        that check the return values (which was not done before).
1258    21. Several CMake things:
1260        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
1261            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
1263        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
1264            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
1268    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
1269        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
1270        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
1271        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
1272        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
1273        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
1274        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
1276    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
1277        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
1278        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
1279        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
1280        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
1281        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
1282        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
1283        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
1284        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
1285        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
1286        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
1287        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
1289    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
1290        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
1293    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
1294    ---------------------
1296    1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
1297        means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
1298        LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
1299        help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
1300        the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
1301        encountered.
1303    2.  The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
1304        of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
1305        Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
1306        moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
1307        bits.
1309    3.  The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
1310        but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
1311        control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
1312        facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
1313        start sets both bits.
1315    4.  Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
1316        matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
1318    5.  doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
1320    6.  Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
1321        compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
1323    7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
1324        strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
1325        windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
1326        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
1328    8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
1329        some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
1331    9.  When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
1332        sequence off the lines that it output.
1334    10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
1335        relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
1336        using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
1337        these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
1338        dramatic:
1340          Originally:                          290
1341          After changing UCP table:            187
1342          After changing error message table:   43
1343          After changing table of "verbs"       36
1344          After changing table of Posix names   22
1346        Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
1348    11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
1349        unicode-properties was also set.
1351    12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
1353    13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
1354        checked only for CRLF.
1356    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
1358    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
1360    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
1361        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
1362        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
1364    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
1365        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
1368    Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
1369    ---------------------
1371     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
1372        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
1373        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
1374        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
1375        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
1377          #include "pcre.h"
1379        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
1380        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
1381        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
1383     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
1384        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
1385        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
1386        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
1387        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
1388        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
1389        characters when looking for a newline.
1391     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
1393     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
1394        in debug output.
1396     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
1397        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
1399     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
1401     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
1402        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
1403        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
1404        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
1405        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
1406        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
1407        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
1408        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
1409        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
1410        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
1411        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
1412        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
1413        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
1415     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
1416        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
1417        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
1418        problem was solved for the main library.
1420     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
1421        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
1422        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
1423        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
1424        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
1425        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
1426        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
1427        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
1428        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
1429        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
1430        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
1432    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
1433        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
1434        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
1435        empty string.
1437    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
1438        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
1439        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
1440        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
1441        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
1442        cause memory overwriting.
1444    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
1445        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
1446        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
1447        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
1448        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
1449        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
1451    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
1452        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
1453        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
1455    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
1456        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
1458    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
1460    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
1461        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
1462        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
1463        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
1464        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
1466    16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
1467        processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
1468        backslash processing.
1470    17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
1471        for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
1473    18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
1474        caused an overrun.
1476    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
1477        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
1478        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
1479        whether the group could match an empty string).
1481    20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
1482        [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
1484    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
1486    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
1487        reference during compilation.
1489    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
1490        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
1491        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
1492        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
1493        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
1494        the compiled data. Specifically:
1496        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
1497            length.
1499        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
1500            loops.
1502        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
1503            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
1505        (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
1507    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
1508        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
1510    25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
1512    26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
1513        character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
1515    27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
1516        \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
1518    28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
1519        break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
1520        "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
1521        characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
1522        *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
1523        the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
1524        what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
1525        of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
1526        pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
1527        there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
1528        pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
1530    29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
1533    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
1534  ---------------------  ---------------------
1536   1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,   1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
# Line 40  Version 7.2 05-June-07 Line 1569  Version 7.2 05-June-07
1570      (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of      (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
1571          reference syntax.          reference syntax.
1573      (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each      (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
1574          alternative starts with the same number.          alternative starts with the same number.
1576        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
1578   7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and   7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
# Line 58  Version 7.2 05-June-07 Line 1589  Version 7.2 05-June-07
1589      alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of      alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
1590      workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.      workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
1592    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
1594    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
1595        The report of the bug said:
1597          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
1598          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
1599          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
1601    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
1602        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
1605  Version 7.1 24-Apr-07  Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
1606  ---------------------  ---------------------

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