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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07  Version 8.01 11-Dec-09
5    ----------------------
7    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
8        particular, this includes all (DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
9        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
10        subpatterns).
12    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
13        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
14        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
15        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
16        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
17        cause of this.)
19    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
20        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
21        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
22        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
23        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
25    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
26        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
27        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
30    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
31        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
32        stuff that is necessary.
34    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
35        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
37    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
38        as part of something else:
40        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
42        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
43            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
44            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
46        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
47            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
48            module.
50    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
51        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
52        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
53        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
54        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
55        double.
57    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
58        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
60    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
61        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
63          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
64            under Win32.
65          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
66            therefore missing the function definition.
67          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
68          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
69          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
71    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
72        messages were output:
74          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
75          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
76          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
78        I have done both of these things.
80    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
81        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
82        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
83        page.
85    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
86        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
87        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
88        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
89        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
90        used.
92    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
93        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
94        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
96    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
97        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
98        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
99        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
100        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
101        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
102        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
103        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
104        USPTR.
109    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
110    ----------------------
112    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
113        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
114        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
115        error.
117    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
118        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
119        in a Windows environment.
121    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
122        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
123        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
124        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
125        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
126        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
127        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
129    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
130        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
131        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
132        the old behaviour.
134    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
135        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
136        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
137        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
139    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
140        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
142    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
143        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
144        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
145        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
146        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
147        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
149    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
150        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
151        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
152        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
153        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
154        result.
156    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
157        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
158        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
159        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
160        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
161        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
163    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
164        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
165        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
166        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
168    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
169        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
170        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
171        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
172        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
173        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
174        final character ended with (*FAIL).
176    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
177        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
178        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
179        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
180        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
181        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
183    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
184        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
185        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
186        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
187        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
188        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
190    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
191        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
192        PCRE has not been installed from source.
194    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
195        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
196        library.
198    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
199        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
200        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
201        these options useful.
203    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
204        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
205        nmatch is forced to zero.
207    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
208        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
209        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
211    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
212        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
213        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
214        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
215        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
216        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
217        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
218        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
220    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
221        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
222        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
223        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
225    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
226        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
227        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
228        now given.
230    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
231        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
232        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
233        compatible with Perl.
235    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
236        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
238    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
239        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
240        does. Neither allows recursion.
242    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
243        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
244        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
245        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
246        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
247        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
248        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
249        pcre_fullinfo().
251    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
252        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
253        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
254        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
255        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
256        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
258    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
259        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
260        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
261        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
262        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
264    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
265        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
266        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
267        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
268        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
269        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
270        testing by number works.
273    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
274    ---------------------
276    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
277        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
278        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
279        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
280        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
281        pcretest is linked with readline.
283    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
284        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
285        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
286        but BOOL is not.
288    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
289        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
291    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
292        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
293        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
294        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
296    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
297        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
298        the same.
300    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
301        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
302        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
304    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
305        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
306        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
307        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
309    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
310        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
311        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
312        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
314    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
315        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
316        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
318    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
319        used for matching.
321    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
322        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
324    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
326    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
328    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
330    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
331        wrapper.
333    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
334        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
335        string constants.
337    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
338        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
339        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
340        these, but not everybody uses configure.
342    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
343        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
344        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
345        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
346        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
347        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
349    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
350        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
352    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
353        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
354        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
355        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
356        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
357        error, in fact).
359    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
360        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
361        problem, but was untidy.
363    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
364        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
365        included within another project.
367    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
368        slightly modified by me:
370          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
371              not building pcregrep.
373          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
374              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
376    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
377        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
378        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
379        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
380        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
382    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
383        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
385    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
386        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
387        pre-defined.
389    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
391    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
392        in the configuration summary.
395    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
396    ---------------------
398    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
399        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
400        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
401        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
402        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
403        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
405    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
406        scripts.
408    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
409        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
410        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
412    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
413        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
414        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
416    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
417        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
418        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
419        truncation.
421    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
423    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
424        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
426    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
427        test 2 if it fails.
429    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
430        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
431        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
433    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
434        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
436    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
437        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
438        some environments:
440          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
442        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
444    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
445        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
446        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
447        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
448        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
450    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
451        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
453    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
454        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
455        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
457    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
458        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
460    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
462    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
463        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
465    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
467    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
468        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
469        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
470        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
473    Version 7.7 07-May-08
474    ---------------------
476    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
477        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
478        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
480    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
481        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
482        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
484    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
485        Lopes.
487    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
489        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
490            of files, instead of just to the final components.
492        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
493            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
494            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
495            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
496            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
497            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
499    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
500        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
502    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
503        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
504        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
506    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
507        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
509    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
510        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
511        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
513    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
515    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
516        matching function regexec().
518    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
519        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
520        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
521        Oniguruma does).
523    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
524        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
525        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
526        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
527        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
528        time.
530    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
531        to the way PCRE behaves:
533        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
535        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
536            (Perl fails the current match path).
538        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
539            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
540            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
541            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
542            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
543            of the DOTALL setting.
545    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
546        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
547        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
548        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
549        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
550        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
551        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
552        was subsequently set up correctly.)
554    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
555        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
556        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
557        (*FAIL).
559    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
560        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
561        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
562        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
563        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
564        on the OP_ANY path.
566    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
567        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
568        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
570    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
571        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
572        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
573        Daniel Bergström.
575    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
576        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
577        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
578        spotting this.
581    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
582    ---------------------
584    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
585        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
586        overflow.
588    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
589        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
591    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
592        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
594        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
595        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
596        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
597        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
598        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
599            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
600        - Added readline support for pcretest.
601        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
603    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
604        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
605        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
606        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
607        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
608        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
609        Configure/Make.
611    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
612        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
613        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
614        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
616    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
617        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
618        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
620    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
621        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
622        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
623        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
624        trouble in some build environments.
626    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
629    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
630    ---------------------
632    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
633        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
635    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
636        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
637        included.
639    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
640        [:^space:].
642    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
643        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
644        I have changed it.
646    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
647        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
648        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
649        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
650        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
651        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
652        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
654    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
655        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
656        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
658    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
659        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
660        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
661        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
662        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
664    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
665        and messages.
667    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
668        "backspace".
670    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
671        was moved elsewhere).
673    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
674        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
675        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
676        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
677        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
678        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
680          U+002b0 - U+002c1
681          U+0060c - U+0060d
682          U+0061e - U+00612
683          U+0064b - U+0065e
684          U+0074d - U+0076d
685          U+01800 - U+01805
686          U+01d00 - U+01d77
687          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
688          U+0200b - U+0200f
689          U+030fc - U+030fe
690          U+03260 - U+0327f
691          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
692          U+10450 - U+1049d
694    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
695        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
696        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
697        GNU grep.
699    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
700        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
701        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
702        non-matching lines.
704    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
706    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
707        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
708        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
709        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
711    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
712        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
713        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
715    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
716        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
717        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
718        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
719        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
721    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
723    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
725    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
726        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
727        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
728        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
729        that check the return values (which was not done before).
731    21. Several CMake things:
733        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
734            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
736        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
737            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
741    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
742        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
743        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
744        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
745        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
746        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
747        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
749    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
750        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
751        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
752        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
753        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
754        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
755        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
756        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
757        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
758        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
759        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
760        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
762    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
763        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
766    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
767  ---------------------  ---------------------
769  1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This  1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
# Line 32  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07 Line 794  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07
794      compatibility, even though it is no longer used.      compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
796  7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and  7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
797      strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the      strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
798      windows.h file is present (where different names are used).      windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
799        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
801  8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also  8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
802      some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".      some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
# Line 63  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07 Line 826  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07
826  13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously  13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
827      checked only for CRLF.      checked only for CRLF.
829    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
831    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
833    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
834        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
835        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
837    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
838        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
841  Version 7.3 28-Aug-07  Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
842  ---------------------  ---------------------

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