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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07  Version 8.11 10-Oct-2010
5    ------------------------
7    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
8        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
9        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
10        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
11        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
12        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
14    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
15        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
16        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
17        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
18        (*THEN).
20    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
21        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
22        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
23        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
25    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
26        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
27        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
28        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
29        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
30        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
31        (previously it gave "no match").
33    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
34        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
35        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
36        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
37        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
38        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
39        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
40        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
41        now correct.]
43    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
44        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
45        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
46        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
47        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
48        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
49        places in pcre_compile().
51    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
52        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
53        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
54        according to the set newline convention.
56    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
57        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
58        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
60    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
62    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
65    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
66    ------------------------
68    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
69        THEN.
71    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
73    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
74        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
75        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
77    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
78        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
79        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
81    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
82        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
84    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
85        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
86        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
87        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
88        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
90    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
92    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
93        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
94        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
96    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
97        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
98        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
99        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
101    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
103    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
104        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
105        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
106        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
107        (#976).
109    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
110        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
111        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
112        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
113        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
115    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
116        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
118    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
119        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
120        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
122    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
123        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
124        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
125        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
127    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
128        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
130    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
131        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
133    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
134        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
136    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
137        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
138        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
139        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
140        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
141        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
142        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
143        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
144        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
145        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
146        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
147        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
148        altogether.)
150    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
151        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
152        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
154    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
155        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
156        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
157        reference to the wrong subpattern.
160    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
161    ------------------------
163    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
165    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
166        configured.
168    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
169        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
171    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
172        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
174    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
175        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
176        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
177        referenced subpattern not found".
179    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
180        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
181        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
182        relevant global functions.
184    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
185        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
186        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
187        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
189    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
190        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
192    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
193        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
194        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
195        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
196        string.
198    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
200    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
201        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
202        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
203        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
205    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
206        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
207        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
208        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
209        decrease.
211    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
212        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
213        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
214        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
215        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
217    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
218        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
219        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
220        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
222    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
225    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
226    ------------------------
228    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
229        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
230        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
231        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
233    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
234        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
235        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
236        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
237        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
238        cause of this.)
240    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
241        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
242        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
243        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
244        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
246    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
247        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
248        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
251    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
252        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
253        stuff that is necessary.
255    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
256        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
258    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
259        as part of something else:
261        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
263        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
264            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
265            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
267        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
268            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
269            module.
271    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
272        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
273        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
274        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
275        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
276        double.
278    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
279        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
281    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
282        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
284          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
285              under Win32.
286          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
287              therefore missing the function definition.
288          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
289          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
290          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
292    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
293        messages were output:
295          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
296          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
297          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
299        I have done both of these things.
301    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
302        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
303        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
304        page.
306    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
307        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
308        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
309        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
310        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
311        used.
313    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
314        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
315        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
317    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
318        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
319        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
320        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
321        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
322        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
323        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
324        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
325        USPTR.
327    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
328        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
329        (FreeBSD).
331    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
332        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
333        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
334        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
335        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
337    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
338        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
339        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
340        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
341        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
342        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
343        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
344        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
345        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
346        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
347        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
348        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
349        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
350        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
353    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
354    ----------------------
356    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
357        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
358        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
359        error.
361    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
362        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
363        in a Windows environment.
365    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
366        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
367        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
368        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
369        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
370        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
371        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
373    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
374        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
375        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
376        the old behaviour.
378    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
379        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
380        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
381        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
383    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
384        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
386    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
387        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
388        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
389        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
390        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
391        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
393    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
394        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
395        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
396        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
397        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
398        result.
400    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
401        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
402        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
403        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
404        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
405        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
407    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
408        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
409        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
410        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
412    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
413        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
414        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
415        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
416        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
417        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
418        final character ended with (*FAIL).
420    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
421        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
422        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
423        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
424        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
425        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
427    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
428        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
429        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
430        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
431        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
432        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
434    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
435        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
436        PCRE has not been installed from source.
438    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
439        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
440        library.
442    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
443        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
444        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
445        these options useful.
447    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
448        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
449        nmatch is forced to zero.
451    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
452        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
453        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
455    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
456        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
457        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
458        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
459        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
460        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
461        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
462        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
464    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
465        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
466        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
467        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
469    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
470        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
471        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
472        now given.
474    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
475        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
476        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
477        compatible with Perl.
479    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
480        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
482    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
483        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
484        does. Neither allows recursion.
486    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
487        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
488        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
489        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
490        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
491        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
492        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
493        pcre_fullinfo().
495    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
496        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
497        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
498        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
499        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
500        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
502    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
503        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
504        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
505        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
506        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
508    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
509        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
510        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
511        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
512        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
513        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
514        testing by number works.
517    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
518    ---------------------
520    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
521        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
522        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
523        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
524        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
525        pcretest is linked with readline.
527    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
528        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
529        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
530        but BOOL is not.
532    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
533        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
535    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
536        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
537        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
538        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
540    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
541        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
542        the same.
544    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
545        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
546        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
548    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
549        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
550        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
551        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
553    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
554        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
555        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
556        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
558    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
559        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
560        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
562    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
563        used for matching.
565    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
566        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
568    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
570    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
572    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
574    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
575        wrapper.
577    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
578        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
579        string constants.
581    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
582        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
583        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
584        these, but not everybody uses configure.
586    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
587        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
588        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
589        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
590        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
591        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
593    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
594        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
596    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
597        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
598        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
599        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
600        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
601        error, in fact).
603    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
604        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
605        problem, but was untidy.
607    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
608        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
609        included within another project.
611    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
612        slightly modified by me:
614          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
615              not building pcregrep.
617          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
618              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
620    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
621        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
622        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
623        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
624        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
626    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
627        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
629    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
630        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
631        pre-defined.
633    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
635    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
636        in the configuration summary.
639    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
640    ---------------------
642    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
643        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
644        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
645        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
646        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
647        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
649    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
650        scripts.
652    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
653        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
654        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
656    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
657        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
658        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
660    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
661        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
662        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
663        truncation.
665    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
667    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
668        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
670    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
671        test 2 if it fails.
673    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
674        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
675        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
677    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
678        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
680    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
681        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
682        some environments:
684          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
686        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
688    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
689        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
690        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
691        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
692        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
694    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
695        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
697    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
698        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
699        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
701    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
702        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
704    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
706    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
707        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
709    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
711    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
712        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
713        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
714        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
717    Version 7.7 07-May-08
718    ---------------------
720    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
721        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
722        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
724    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
725        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
726        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
728    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
729        Lopes.
731    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
733        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
734            of files, instead of just to the final components.
736        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
737            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
738            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
739            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
740            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
741            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
743    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
744        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
746    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
747        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
748        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
750    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
751        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
753    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
754        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
755        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
757    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
759    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
760        matching function regexec().
762    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
763        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
764        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
765        Oniguruma does).
767    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
768        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
769        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
770        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
771        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
772        time.
774    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
775        to the way PCRE behaves:
777        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
779        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
780            (Perl fails the current match path).
782        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
783            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
784            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
785            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
786            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
787            of the DOTALL setting.
789    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
790        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
791        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
792        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
793        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
794        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
795        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
796        was subsequently set up correctly.)
798    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
799        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
800        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
801        (*FAIL).
803    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
804        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
805        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
806        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
807        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
808        on the OP_ANY path.
810    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
811        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
812        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
814    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
815        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
816        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
817        Daniel Bergström.
819    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
820        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
821        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
822        spotting this.
825    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
826    ---------------------
828    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
829        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
830        overflow.
832    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
833        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
835    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
836        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
838        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
839        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
840        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
841        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
842        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
843            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
844        - Added readline support for pcretest.
845        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
847    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
848        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
849        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
850        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
851        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
852        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
853        Configure/Make.
855    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
856        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
857        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
858        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
860    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
861        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
862        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
864    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
865        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
866        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
867        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
868        trouble in some build environments.
870    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
873    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
874    ---------------------
876    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
877        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
879    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
880        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
881        included.
883    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
884        [:^space:].
886    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
887        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
888        I have changed it.
890    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
891        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
892        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
893        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
894        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
895        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
896        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
898    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
899        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
900        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
902    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
903        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
904        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
905        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
906        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
908    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
909        and messages.
911    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
912        "backspace".
914    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
915        was moved elsewhere).
917    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
918        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
919        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
920        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
921        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
922        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
924          U+002b0 - U+002c1
925          U+0060c - U+0060d
926          U+0061e - U+00612
927          U+0064b - U+0065e
928          U+0074d - U+0076d
929          U+01800 - U+01805
930          U+01d00 - U+01d77
931          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
932          U+0200b - U+0200f
933          U+030fc - U+030fe
934          U+03260 - U+0327f
935          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
936          U+10450 - U+1049d
938    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
939        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
940        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
941        GNU grep.
943    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
944        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
945        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
946        non-matching lines.
948    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
950    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
951        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
952        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
953        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
955    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
956        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
957        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
959    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
960        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
961        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
962        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
963        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
965    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
967    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
969    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
970        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
971        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
972        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
973        that check the return values (which was not done before).
975    21. Several CMake things:
977        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
978            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
980        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
981            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
985    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
986        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
987        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
988        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
989        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
990        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
991        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
993    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
994        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
995        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
996        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
997        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
998        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
999        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
1000        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
1001        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
1002        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
1003        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
1004        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
1006    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
1007        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
1010    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
1011  ---------------------  ---------------------
1013  1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This  1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
# Line 32  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07 Line 1038  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07
1038      compatibility, even though it is no longer used.      compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
1040  7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and  7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
1041      strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the      strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
1042      windows.h file is present (where different names are used).      windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
1043        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
1045  8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also  8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
1046      some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".      some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
# Line 63  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07 Line 1070  Version 7.4 10-Sep-07
1070  13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously  13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
1071      checked only for CRLF.      checked only for CRLF.
1073    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
1075    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
1077    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
1078        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
1079        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
1081    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
1082        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
1085  Version 7.3 28-Aug-07  Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
1086  ---------------------  ---------------------

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