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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4    Version 8.00 ??-???-??
5    ----------------------
7    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
8        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
9        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
10        error.
12    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
13        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
14        in a Windows environment.
16    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
17        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
18        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
19        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
20        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
21        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
22        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
24    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
25        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
26        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
27        the old behaviour.
29    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
30        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
31        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
32        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
34    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
35        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
37    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
38        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
39        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
40        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
41        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
42        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
44    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
45        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
46        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
47        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
48        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
49        result.
51    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
52        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
53        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
54        slots in the offset vector, the offsets of the first-encountered partial
55        match are set in them when PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
57    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
58        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
59        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
60        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching, especially with
61        pcre_exec().
63    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
64        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
65        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
66        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
67        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
68        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
69        final character ended with (*FAIL).
71    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
72        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
73        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
74        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
75        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
76        "sbody" failed.
78    13. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
79        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
80        PCRE has not been installed from source.
82    14. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
83        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
84        library.
86    15. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
87        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
88        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
89        these options useful.
92    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
93    ---------------------
95    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
96        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
97        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
98        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
99        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
100        pcretest is linked with readline.
102    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
103        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
104        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
105        but BOOL is not.
107    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
108        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
110    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
111        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
112        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
113        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
115    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
116        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
117        the same.
119    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
120        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
121        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
123    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
124        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
125        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
126        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
128    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
129        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
130        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
131        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
133    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
134        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
135        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
137    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
138        used for matching.
140    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
141        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
143    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
145    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
147    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
149    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
150        wrapper.
152    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
153        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
154        string constants.
156    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
157        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
158        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
159        these, but not everybody uses configure.
161    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
162        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
163        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
164        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
165        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
166        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
168    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
169        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
171    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
172        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
173        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
174        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
175        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
176        error, in fact).
178    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
179        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
180        problem, but was untidy.
182    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
183        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
184        included within another project.
186    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
187        slightly modified by me:
189          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
190              not building pcregrep.
192          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
193              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
195    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
196        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
197        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
198        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
199        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
201    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
202        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
204    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
205        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
206        pre-defined.
208    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
210    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
211        in the configuration summary.
214    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
215    ---------------------
217    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
218        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
219        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
220        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
221        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
222        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
224    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
225        scripts.
227    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
228        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
229        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
231    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
232        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
233        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
235    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
236        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
237        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
238        truncation.
240    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
242    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
243        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
245    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
246        test 2 if it fails.
248    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
249        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
250        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
252    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
253        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
255    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
256        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
257        some environments:
259          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
261        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
263    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
264        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
265        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
266        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
267        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
269    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
270        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
272    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
273        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
274        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
276    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
277        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
279    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
281    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
282        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
284    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
286    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
287        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
288        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
289        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
292    Version 7.7 07-May-08
293    ---------------------
295    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
296        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
297        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
299    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
300        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
301        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
303    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
304        Lopes.
306    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
308        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
309            of files, instead of just to the final components.
311        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
312            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
313            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
314            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
315            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
316            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
318    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
319        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
321    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
322        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
323        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
325    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
326        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
328    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
329        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
330        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
332    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
334    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
335        matching function regexec().
337    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
338        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
339        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
340        Oniguruma does).
342    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
343        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
344        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
345        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
346        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
347        time.
349    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
350        to the way PCRE behaves:
352        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
354        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
355            (Perl fails the current match path).
357        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
358            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
359            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
360            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
361            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
362            of the DOTALL setting.
364    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
365        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
366        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
367        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
368        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
369        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
370        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
371        was subsequently set up correctly.)
373    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
374        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
375        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
376        (*FAIL).
378    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
379        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
380        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
381        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
382        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
383        on the OP_ANY path.
385    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
386        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
387        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
389    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
390        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
391        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
392        Daniel Bergström.
394    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
395        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
396        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
397        spotting this.
400  Version 7.6 28-Jan-08  Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
401  ---------------------  ---------------------

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