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revision 89 by nigel, Sat Feb 24 21:41:27 2007 UTC revision 388 by ph10, Wed Mar 11 17:03:17 2009 UTC
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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4    Version 7.9 xx-xxx-09
5    ---------------------
7    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
8        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
9        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
10        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
11        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
12        pcretest is linked with readline.
14    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
15        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
16        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
17        but BOOL is not.
19    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
20        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RETURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
22    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
23        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
24        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
25        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
27    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
28        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
29        the same.
31    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
32        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
33        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
35    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
36        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
37        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
38        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
40    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
41        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
42        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
43        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
45    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group, PCRE
46        could crash during matching.
48    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
49        used for matching.
51    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
52        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
54    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
56    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
59    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
60    ---------------------
62    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
63        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
64        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
65        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
66        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
67        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
69    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
70        scripts.
72    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
73        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
74        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
76    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
77        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
78        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
80    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
81        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
82        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
83        truncation.
85    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
87    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
88        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
90    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
91        test 2 if it fails.
93    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
94        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
95        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
97    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
98        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
100    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
101        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
102        some environments:
104          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
106        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
108    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
109        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
110        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
111        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
112        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
114    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
115        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
117    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
118        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
119        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
121    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
122        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
124    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
126    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
127        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
129    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
131    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
132        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
133        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
134        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
137    Version 7.7 07-May-08
138    ---------------------
140    1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
141        a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
142        done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
144    2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
145        pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
146        it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
148    3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
149        Lopes.
151    4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
153        (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
154            of files, instead of just to the final components.
156        (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
157            skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
158            inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
159            pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
160            The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
161            apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
163    5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
164        --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
166    6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
167        NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
168        doesn't support NULs in patterns.
170    7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
171        pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
173    8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
174        caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
175        first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
177    9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
179    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
180        matching function regexec().
182    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
183        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
184        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
185        Oniguruma does).
187    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
188        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
189        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
190        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
191        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
192        time.
194    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
195        to the way PCRE behaves:
197        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
199        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
200            (Perl fails the current match path).
202        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
203            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
204            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
205            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
206            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
207            of the DOTALL setting.
209    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
210        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
211        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
212        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
213        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
214        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
215        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
216        was subsequently set up correctly.)
218    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
219        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
220        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
221        (*FAIL).
223    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
224        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
225        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
226        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
227        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
228        on the OP_ANY path.
230    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
231        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
232        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
234    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
235        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
236        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
237        Daniel Bergström.
239    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
240        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
241        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
242        spotting this.
245    Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
246    ---------------------
248    1.  A character class containing a very large number of characters with
249        codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
250        overflow.
252    2.  Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
253        HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
255    3.  Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
256        bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
258        - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
259        - Fixed a problem with static linking.
260        - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
261        - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
262        - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
263            HAVE_LONG_LONG.
264        - Added readline support for pcretest.
265        - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
267    4.  A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
268        "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
269        Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
270        affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
271        the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
272        when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
273        Configure/Make.
275    5.  Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
276        This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
277        exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
278        solves the problem, but it does no harm.
280    6.  Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
281        NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
282        with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
284    7.  Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
285        from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
286        of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
287        building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
288        trouble in some build environments.
290    8.  Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
293    Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
294    ---------------------
296    1.  Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
297        values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
299    2.  Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
300        Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
301        included.
303    3.  The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
304        [:^space:].
306    4.  PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
307        defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
308        I have changed it.
310    5.  The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
311        first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
312        first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
313        length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
314        expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
315        makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
316        was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
318    6.  The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
319        this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
320        digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
322    7.  Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
323        than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
324        This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
325        treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
326        seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
328    8.  Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
329        and messages.
331    9.  Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
332        "backspace".
334    10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
335        was moved elsewhere).
337    11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
338        which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
339        characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
340        It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
341        them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
342        thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
344          U+002b0 - U+002c1
345          U+0060c - U+0060d
346          U+0061e - U+00612
347          U+0064b - U+0065e
348          U+0074d - U+0076d
349          U+01800 - U+01805
350          U+01d00 - U+01d77
351          U+01d9b - U+01dbf
352          U+0200b - U+0200f
353          U+030fc - U+030fe
354          U+03260 - U+0327f
355          U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
356          U+10450 - U+1049d
358    12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
359        compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
360        line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
361        GNU grep.
363    13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
364        line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
365        does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
366        non-matching lines.
368    14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
370    15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
371        infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
372        being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
373        and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
375    16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
376        inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
377        INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
379    17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
380        character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
381        runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
382        are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
383        caused the error; without that there was no problem.
385    18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
387    19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
389    20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
390        RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
391        double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
392        later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
393        that check the return values (which was not done before).
395    21. Several CMake things:
397        (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
398            the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
400        (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
401            linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
405    22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
406        crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
407        UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
408        this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
409        newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
410        checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
411        account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
413    23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
414        character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
415        character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
416        allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
417        unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
418        names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
419        for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
420        class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
421        closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
422        diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
423        treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
424        Perl does, and where it didn't before.
426    24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
427        Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
430    Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
431    ---------------------
433    1.  Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
434        means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
435        LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
436        help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
437        the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
438        encountered.
440    2.  The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
441        of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
442        Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
443        moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
444        bits.
446    3.  The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
447        but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
448        control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
449        facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
450        start sets both bits.
452    4.  Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
453        matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
455    5.  doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
457    6.  Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
458        compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
460    7.  Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
461        strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
462        windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
463        reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
465    8.  Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
466        some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
468    9.  When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
469        sequence off the lines that it output.
471    10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
472        relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
473        using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
474        these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
475        dramatic:
477          Originally:                          290
478          After changing UCP table:            187
479          After changing error message table:   43
480          After changing table of "verbs"       36
481          After changing table of Posix names   22
483        Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
485    11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
486        unicode-properties was also set.
488    12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
490    13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
491        checked only for CRLF.
493    14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
495    15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
497    16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
498        and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
499        entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
501    17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
502        building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
505    Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
506    ---------------------
508     1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
509        line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
510        brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
511        installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
512        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
514          #include "pcre.h"
516        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
517        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
518        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
520     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
521        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
522        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
523        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
524        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
525        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
526        characters when looking for a newline.
528     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
530     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
531        in debug output.
533     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
534        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
536     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
538     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
539        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
540        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
541        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
542        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
543        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
544        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
545        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
546        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
547        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
548        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
549        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
550        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
552     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
553        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
554        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
555        problem was solved for the main library.
557     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
558        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
559        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
560        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
561        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
562        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
563        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
564        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
565        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
566        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
567        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
569    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
570        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
571        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
572        empty string.
574    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
575        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
576        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
577        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
578        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
579        cause memory overwriting.
581    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
582        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
583        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
584        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
585        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
586        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
588    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
589        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
590        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
592    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
593        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
595    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
597    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
598        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
599        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
600        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
601        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
603    16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
604        processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
605        backslash processing.
607    17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
608        for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
610    18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
611        caused an overrun.
613    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
614        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
615        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
616        whether the group could match an empty string).
618    20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
619        [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
621    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
623    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
624        reference during compilation.
626    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
627        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
628        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
629        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
630        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
631        the compiled data. Specifically:
633        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
634            length.
636        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
637            loops.
639        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
640            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
642        (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
644    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
645        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
647    25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
649    26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
650        character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
652    27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
653        \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
655    28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
656        break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
657        "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
658        characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
659        *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
660        the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
661        what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
662        of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
663        pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
664        there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
665        pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
667    29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
670    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
671    ---------------------
673     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
674        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
676     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
677        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
679     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
681     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
682        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
683        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
684        usable with all link sizes.
686     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
687        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
688        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
689        in all cases.
691     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
693        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
694            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
696        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
697            to be opened parentheses.
699        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
700            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
702        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
703            is not part of it.
705        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
707        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
708            reference syntax.
710        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
711            alternative starts with the same number.
713        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
715     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
718     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
719        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
720        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
722     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
723        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
724        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
725        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
726        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
727        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
729    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
731    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
732        The report of the bug said:
734          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
735          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
736          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
738    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
739        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
742    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
743    ---------------------
745     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
746        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
747        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
748        on this.
750     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
751        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
752        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
753        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
754        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
755        alternative.
757     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
758        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
759        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
760        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
761        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
762        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
763        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
764        .br or .in.
766     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
767        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
768        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
769        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
771     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
772        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
773        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
774        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
776     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
777        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
778        copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
780     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
781        that is needed.
783     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
784        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
785        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
786        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
787        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
788        re-created.
790     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
791        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
792        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
793        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
794        some applications.
796        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
797        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
798        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
799        shared library.
801    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
803        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
805        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
806            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
808        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
809        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
810        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
812    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
813        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
814        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
815        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
816        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
817        before "make dist".
819    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
820        with Unicode property support.
822        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
823            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
824            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
825            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
826            were both the same length.
828        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
829            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
830            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
831            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
832            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
833            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
834            character.
836    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
838        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
839            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
840            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
841            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
842            relevant variables.
844        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
845            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
846            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
847            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
848            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
849            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
850            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
851            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
852            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
854    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
855        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
857    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
858        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
859        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
860        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
861        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
862        and then tried again after \r\n.
864    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
865        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
866        compare equal. This works on Linux.
868    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
869        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
871    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
872        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
873        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
874        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
875        it specially.
877    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
878        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
879        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
881    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
882        CRLF as a newline sequence.
884    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
885        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
886        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
888    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
890    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
893    Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
894    ---------------------
896     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
897        moving to gcc 4.1.1.
899     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
900        sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
901        seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
903     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
904        127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
905        default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
906        characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
907        to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
909        (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
910            other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
912        (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
913            it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
914            (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
916     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
917        required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
918        pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
919        length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
920        that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
921        either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
922        or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
923        size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
924        pcretest format) are:
926          /(?-x: )/x
927          /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
928          /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
929          /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
931        HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
932        is now done differently.
934     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
935        wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
936        more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
937        recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
938        for the FullMatch() function.
940     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
941        "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
942        that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
943        "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
945     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
946        was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
947        character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
948        line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
949        I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
951     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
952        C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
953        string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
954        argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
955        compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
956        reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
957        avoid this problem.
959     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
960        builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
961        instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
962        of them did).
964    10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
965        told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
966        5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
967        systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
968        now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
969        them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
971    11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
973    12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
974        of the options.
976    13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
977        and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
979    14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
981    15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
982        scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
983        on Linux.
985    16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
986        line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
987        necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
988        a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
989        than about 50K.
991    17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
992        amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
993        that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
994        OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
995        harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
996        have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
997        cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
998        enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
999        ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1000        tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1001        easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1002        depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1003        limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1004        runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1005        hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1007    18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1008        newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1009        pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1011    19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1012        matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1013        separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1014        repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1015        precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1017    20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1018        subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1019        previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1020        first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1022    21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1023        a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1024        empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1025        For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1026        incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1028    22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1029        option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1030        it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1031        -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1032        is the same as /B/I).
1034    23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1035        as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1036        or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1037        something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1038        is automatically "possessified".
1040    24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1041        went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1042        have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1044    25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1045        (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1047    26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1049    27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1050        them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1051        which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1052        from 23 above.
1054    28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1055        lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1056        the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1057        numbered groups.
1059    29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1061    30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1062        building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1064    31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1065        returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1066        loop, the loop is abandoned.
1068    32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1069        subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1070        the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1071        when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1072        escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1074    33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1075        referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1076        been removed.
1078    34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1079        whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1080        previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1081        other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1083        (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1084            as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1085            also .NET compatible.
1087        (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1088            (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1090        (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1091            \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1092            5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1094        (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1095            (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1097        (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1098            groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1099            called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1100            is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1102        (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1103            as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1104            recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1105            through the entire recursion stack.
1107        (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1108            negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1110    35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1111        some "unreachable code" warnings.
1113    36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1114        things, this adds five new scripts.
1116    37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1117        There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1118        character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1119        hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1121    38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1122        matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1123        this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as  ^(a()*)*  matched
1124        against  aaaa  the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1125        separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1126        fixed.
1128    39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1129        capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1130        removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1131        The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1132        memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1134    40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1135        sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1136        processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1137        mode.
1139    41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1140        report.
1142    42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1143        copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1145    43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1146        couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1147        case.
1149    44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1150        variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1151        "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1153    45. Arranged for dftables to add
1155          #include "pcre_internal.h"
1157        to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1158        definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1159        dead code stripping is activated.
1161    46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1162        newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1163        characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1166    Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1167    ---------------------
1169     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1170        been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1171        necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1172        default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1174     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1175        testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1176        won't be NULL.)
1178     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1179        systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1180        was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1182     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1183        containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1184        because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1185        [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1186        pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1187        [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1188        extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1189        previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1190        correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1192     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1193        in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1194        compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1196     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1197        between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1198        write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1199        byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1200        do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1201        can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1202        or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1203        "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1205     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1206        the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1207        Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1208        the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1210     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1211        a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1212        caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1214     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1215        instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1217    10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1218        length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1219        the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1220        long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1221        computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1222        the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1223        to 10,000.
1225    11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1226        the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1227        length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1228        65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1229        could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1230        now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1232    12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1234    13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1235        Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1236        are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1238    14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1240    15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1241        pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1242        "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1244    16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1245        PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1246        or *.
1248    17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1249        but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1250        correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1252    18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1253        class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1254        pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1255        in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1256        the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1257        letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1259    19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1260        over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1261        bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1262        output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1264          The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes.  That
1265          is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1266          the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1267          instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1268          data.
1270        Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1271        no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1272        Thus, in Perl, the pattern  /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1273        /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1274        Unicode string.
1276        I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1277        the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1278        values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1279        translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1281    29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1282        and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1283        seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1284        a warning about an unused variable.
1286    21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1287        characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1288        [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1289        with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1290        pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1291        as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1292        caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1294    22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1295        dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1296        byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1297        bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1298        significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1299        the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1300        the future.
1302    23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1303        default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1304        via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1305        specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1307    24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1308        LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1310    25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1311        recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1313    26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1314        as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1315        the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1316        value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1317        error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1318        corruption" errors.
1320    27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1321        advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1323    28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1324        difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1326    29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1328        \q<number>   in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1329        \Q<number>   in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1330        -S <number>  sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1332        The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1335  Version 6.6 06-Feb-06  Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1336  ---------------------  ---------------------

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