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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 7.7 05-Mar-08  Version 8.12 11-Jan-2011
5    ------------------------
7    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
8        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
11    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
12    ------------------------
14    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
15        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
16        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
17        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
18        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
19        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
21    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
22        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
23        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
24        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
25        (*THEN).
27    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
28        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
29        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
30        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
32    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
33        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
34        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
35        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
36        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
37        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
38        (previously it gave "no match").
40    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
41        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
42        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
43        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
44        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
45        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
46        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
47        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
48        now correct.]
50    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
51        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
52        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
53        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
54        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
55        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
56        places in pcre_compile().
58    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
59        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
60        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
61        according to the set newline convention.
63    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
64        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
65        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
67    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
69    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
71    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
72        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
74    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
75        of pcregrep.
77    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
78        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
79        needed fixing:
81        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
82            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
83            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
85        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
86            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
87            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
88            than one byte was nonsense.)
90        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
91            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
93    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
94        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
95        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
96        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
97        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
99    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
100        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
101        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
103    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
104        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
106    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
107        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
108        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
109        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
110        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
111        release 2.5.4.
113    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
114        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
115        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
116        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
117        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
119    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
120        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
121        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
122        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
124    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
125        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
126        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
127        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
128        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
129        pcre_compile().
131    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
132        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
133        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
134        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
135        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
137    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
138        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
141    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
142    ------------------------
144    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
145        THEN.
147    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
149    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
150        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
151        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
153    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
154        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
155        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
157    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
158        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
160    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
161        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
162        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
163        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
164        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
166    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
168    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
169        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
170        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
172    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
173        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
174        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
175        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
177    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
179    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
180        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
181        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
182        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
183        (#976).
185    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
186        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
187        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
188        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
189        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
191    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
192        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
194    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
195        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
196        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
198    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
199        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
200        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
201        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
203    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
204        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
206    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
207        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
209    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
210        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
212    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
213        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
214        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
215        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
216        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
217        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
218        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
219        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
220        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
221        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
222        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
223        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
224        altogether.)
226    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
227        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
228        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
230    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
231        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
232        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
233        reference to the wrong subpattern.
236    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
237    ------------------------
239    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
241    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
242        configured.
244    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
245        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
247    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
248        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
250    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
251        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
252        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
253        referenced subpattern not found".
255    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
256        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
257        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
258        relevant global functions.
260    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
261        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
262        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
263        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
265    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
266        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
268    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
269        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
270        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
271        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
272        string.
274    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
276    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
277        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
278        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
279        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
281    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
282        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
283        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
284        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
285        decrease.
287    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
288        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
289        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
290        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
291        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
293    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
294        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
295        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
296        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
298    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
301    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
302    ------------------------
304    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
305        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
306        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
307        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
309    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
310        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
311        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
312        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
313        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
314        cause of this.)
316    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
317        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
318        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
319        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
320        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
322    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
323        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
324        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
327    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
328        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
329        stuff that is necessary.
331    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
332        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
334    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
335        as part of something else:
337        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
339        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
340            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
341            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
343        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
344            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
345            module.
347    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
348        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
349        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
350        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
351        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
352        double.
354    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
355        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
357    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
358        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
360          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
361              under Win32.
362          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
363              therefore missing the function definition.
364          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
365          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
366          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
368    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
369        messages were output:
371          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
372          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
373          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
375        I have done both of these things.
377    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
378        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
379        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
380        page.
382    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
383        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
384        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
385        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
386        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
387        used.
389    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
390        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
391        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
393    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
394        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
395        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
396        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
397        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
398        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
399        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
400        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
401        USPTR.
403    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
404        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
405        (FreeBSD).
407    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
408        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
409        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
410        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
411        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
413    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
414        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
415        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
416        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
417        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
418        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
419        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
420        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
421        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
422        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
423        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
424        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
425        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
426        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
429    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
430    ----------------------
432    1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
433        was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
434        being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
435        error.
437    2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
438        "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
439        in a Windows environment.
441    3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
442        zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
443        --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
444        counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
445        prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
446        more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
447        combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
449    4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
450        --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
451        but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
452        the old behaviour.
454    5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
455        recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
456        (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
457        which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
459    6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
460        libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
462    7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
463        when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
464        generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
465        is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
466        unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
467        program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
469    8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
470        was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
471        repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
472        which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
473        character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
474        result.
476    9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
477        requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
478        partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
479        slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
480        for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
481        PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
483    10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
484        synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
485        PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
486        and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
488    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
489        used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
490        given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
491        needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
492        string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
493        case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
494        final character ended with (*FAIL).
496    12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
497        if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
498        earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
499        example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
500        "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
501        "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
503    13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
504        changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
505        first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
506        starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
507        pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
508        matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
510    14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
511        so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
512        PCRE has not been installed from source.
514    15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
515        libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
516        library.
518    16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
519        It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
520        is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
521        these options useful.
523    17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
524        value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
525        nmatch is forced to zero.
527    18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
528        the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
529        RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
531    19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
532        interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
533        subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
534        an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
535        subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
536        [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
537        over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
538        terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
540    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
541        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
542        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
543        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
545    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
546        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
547        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
548        now given.
550    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
551        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
552        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
553        compatible with Perl.
555    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
556        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
558    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
559        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
560        does. Neither allows recursion.
562    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
563        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
564        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
565        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
566        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
567        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
568        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
569        pcre_fullinfo().
571    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
572        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
573        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
574        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
575        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
576        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
578    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
579        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
580        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
581        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
582        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
584    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
585        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
586        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
587        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
588        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
589        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
590        testing by number works.
593    Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
594    ---------------------
596    1.  When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
597        (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
598        libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
599        libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
600        has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
601        pcretest is linked with readline.
603    2.  The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
604        "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
605        moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
606        but BOOL is not.
608    3.  The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
609        PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
611    4.  The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
612        hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
613        lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
614        wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
616    5.  In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
617        was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
618        the same.
620    6.  When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
621        each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
622        of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
624    7.  A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
625        doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
626        locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
627        seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
629    8.  The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
630        start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
631        correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
632        in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
634    9.  If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
635        condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
636        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
638    10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
639        used for matching.
641    11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
642        characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
644    12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
646    14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
648    15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
650    16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
651        wrapper.
653    17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
654        from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
655        string constants.
657    18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
658        SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
659        SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
660        these, but not everybody uses configure.
662    19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
663        recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
664        enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
665        (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
666        with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
667        nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
669    20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
670        exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
672    21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
673        leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
674        is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
675        vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
676        when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
677        error, in fact).
679    22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
680        heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
681        problem, but was untidy.
683    23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
684        CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
685        included within another project.
687    24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
688        slightly modified by me:
690          (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
691              not building pcregrep.
693          (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
694              if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
696    25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
697        duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
698        because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
699        taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
700        ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
702    26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
703        the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
705    27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
706        pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
707        pre-defined.
709    28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
711    29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
712        in the configuration summary.
715    Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
716    ---------------------
718    1.  Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
719        Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
720        stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
721        to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
722        distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
723        the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
725    2.  Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
726        scripts.
728    3.  Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
729        a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
730        or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
732    4.  Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
733        references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
734        It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
736    5.  In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
737        a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
738        non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
739        truncation.
741    6.  Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
743    7.  Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
744        pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
746    8.  Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
747        test 2 if it fails.
749    9.  Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
750        and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
751        allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
753    10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
754        the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
756    11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
757        could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
758        some environments:
760          printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
762        This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
764    12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
765        after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
766        pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
767        no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
768        pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
770    13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
771        exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
773    14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
774        the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
775        first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
777    15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
778        /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
780    16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
782    17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
783        pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
785    18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
787    19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
788        supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
789        there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
790        replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
793    Version 7.7 07-May-08
794  ---------------------  ---------------------
796  1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert  1.  Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
797      a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is      a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
798      done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.      done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
800  2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with  2.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
801      pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting      pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
802      it in the RE class.      it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
804  3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno  3.  Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
805      Lopes.      Lopes.
807  4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:  4.  Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
809      (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames      (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
810          of files, instead of just to the final components.          of files, instead of just to the final components.
812      (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were      (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
813          skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is          skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
814          inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the          inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
815          pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).          pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
816          The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just          The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
817          apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.          apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
819  5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used  5.  Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
820      --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.      --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
822  6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the  6.  Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
823      NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE      NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
824      doesn't support NULs in patterns.      doesn't support NULs in patterns.
826  7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in  7.  Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
827      pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.      pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
829  8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was  8.  Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
830      caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the      caused by fix #2  above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
831      first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)      first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
833  9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().  9.  Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
835    10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
836        matching function regexec().
838    11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
839        which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
840        references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
841        Oniguruma does).
843    12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
844        omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
845        was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
846        (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
847        pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
848        time.
850    13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
851        to the way PCRE behaves:
853        (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
855        (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
856            (Perl fails the current match path).
858        (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
859            first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
860            Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
861            never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
862            The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
863            of the DOTALL setting.
865    14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
866        non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
867        containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
868        non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
869        compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
870        existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
871        the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
872        was subsequently set up correctly.)
874    15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
875        it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
876        other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
877        (*FAIL).
879    16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
880        OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
881        cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
882        improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
883        OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
884        on the OP_ANY path.
886    17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
887        following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
888        HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
890    18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
891        ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
892        requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
893        Daniel Bergström.
895    19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
896        as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
897        any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
898        spotting this.
901  Version 7.6 28-Jan-08  Version 7.6 28-Jan-08

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