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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
4  Version 8.20 23-Sep-2011  Version 8.32
5    ------------
7    1.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for first character search and single
8        character iterators.
10    2.  Supporting IBM XL C compilers for PPC architectures in the JIT compiler.
11        Patch by Daniel Richard G.
13    3.  Single character iterator optimizations in the JIT compiler.
15    4.  Improved JIT compiler optimizations for character ranges.
17    5.  Rename the "leave" variable names to "quit" to improve WinCE compatibility.
18        Reported by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
20    6.  The PCRE_STARTLINE bit, indicating that a match can occur only at the start
21        of a line, was being set incorrectly in cases where .* appeared inside
22        atomic brackets at the start of a pattern, or where there was a subsequent
23        *PRUNE or *SKIP.
25    7.  Improved instruction cache flush for POWER/PowerPC.
26        Patch by Daniel Richard G.
28    8.  Fixed a number of issues in pcregrep, making it more compatible with GNU
29        grep:
31        (a) There is now no limit to the number of patterns to be matched.
33        (b) An error is given if a pattern is too long.
35        (c) Multiple uses of --exclude, --exclude-dir, --include, and --include-dir
36            are now supported.
38        (d) --exclude-from and --include-from (multiple use) have been added.
40        (e) Exclusions and inclusions now apply to all files and directories, not
41            just to those obtained from scanning a directory recursively.
43        (f) Multiple uses of -f and --file-list are now supported.
45        (g) In a Windows environment, the default for -d has been changed from
46            "read" (the GNU grep default) to "skip", because otherwise the presence
47            of a directory in the file list provokes an error.
49        (h) The documentation has been revised and clarified in places.
51    9.  Improve the matching speed of capturing brackets.
53    10. Changed the meaning of \X so that it now matches a Unicode extended
54        grapheme cluster.
56    11. Patch by Daniel Richard G to the autoconf files to add a macro for sorting
57        out POSIX threads when JIT support is configured.
59    12. Added support for PCRE_STUDY_EXTRA_NEEDED.
61    13. In the POSIX wrapper regcomp() function, setting re_nsub field in the preg
62        structure could go wrong in environments where size_t is not the same size
63        as int.
67    Version 8.31 06-July-2012
68    -------------------------
70    1.  Fixing a wrong JIT test case and some compiler warnings.
72    2.  Removed a bashism from the RunTest script.
74    3.  Add a cast to pcre_exec.c to fix the warning "unary minus operator applied
75        to unsigned type, result still unsigned" that was given by an MS compiler
76        on encountering the code "-sizeof(xxx)".
78    4.  Partial matching support is added to the JIT compiler.
80    5.  Fixed several bugs concerned with partial matching of items that consist
81        of more than one character:
83        (a) /^(..)\1/ did not partially match "aba" because checking references was
84            done on an "all or nothing" basis. This also applied to repeated
85            references.
87        (b) \R did not give a hard partial match if \r was found at the end of the
88            subject.
90        (c) \X did not give a hard partial match after matching one or more
91            characters at the end of the subject.
93        (d) When newline was set to CRLF, a pattern such as /a$/ did not recognize
94            a partial match for the string "\r".
96        (e) When newline was set to CRLF, the metacharacter "." did not recognize
97            a partial match for a CR character at the end of the subject string.
99    6.  If JIT is requested using /S++ or -s++ (instead of just /S+ or -s+) when
100        running pcretest, the text "(JIT)" added to the output whenever JIT is
101        actually used to run the match.
103    7.  Individual JIT compile options can be set in pcretest by following -s+[+]
104        or /S+[+] with a digit between 1 and 7.
106    8.  OP_NOT now supports any UTF character not just single-byte ones.
108    9.  (*MARK) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
110    10. The command "./RunTest list" lists the available tests without actually
111        running any of them. (Because I keep forgetting what they all are.)
115    12. Applied a (slightly modified) user-supplied patch that improves performance
116        when the heap is used for recursion (compiled with --disable-stack-for-
117        recursion). Instead of malloc and free for each heap frame each time a
118        logical recursion happens, frames are retained on a chain and re-used where
119        possible. This sometimes gives as much as 30% improvement.
121    13. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a recursive subpattern
122        call.
124    14. As documented, (*COMMIT) is now confined to within a positive assertion.
126    15. It is now possible to link pcretest with libedit as an alternative to
127        libreadline.
129    16. (*COMMIT) control verb is now supported by the JIT compiler.
131    17. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.1.0.
133    18. Added --file-list option to pcregrep.
135    19. Added binary file support to pcregrep, including the -a, --binary-files,
136        -I, and --text options.
138    20. The madvise function is renamed for posix_madvise for QNX compatibility
139        reasons. Fixed by Giuseppe D'Angelo.
141    21. Fixed a bug for backward assertions with REVERSE 0 in the JIT compiler.
143    22. Changed the option for creating symbolic links for 16-bit man pages from
144        -s to -sf so that re-installing does not cause issues.
146    23. Support PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE in JIT as (*MARK) support requires it.
148    24. Fixed a very old bug in pcretest that caused errors with restarted DFA
149        matches in certain environments (the workspace was not being correctly
150        retained). Also added to pcre_dfa_exec() a simple plausibility check on
151        some of the workspace data at the beginning of a restart.
153    25. \s*\R was auto-possessifying the \s* when it should not, whereas \S*\R
154        was not doing so when it should - probably a typo introduced by SVN 528
155        (change 8.10/14).
157    26. When PCRE_UCP was not set, \w+\x{c4} was incorrectly auto-possessifying the
158        \w+ when the character tables indicated that \x{c4} was a word character.
159        There were several related cases, all because the tests for doing a table
160        lookup were testing for characters less than 127 instead of 255.
162    27. If a pattern contains capturing parentheses that are not used in a match,
163        their slots in the ovector are set to -1. For those that are higher than
164        any matched groups, this happens at the end of processing. In the case when
165        there were back references that the ovector was too small to contain
166        (causing temporary malloc'd memory to be used during matching), and the
167        highest capturing number was not used, memory off the end of the ovector
168        was incorrectly being set to -1. (It was using the size of the temporary
169        memory instead of the true size.)
171    28. To catch bugs like 27 using valgrind, when pcretest is asked to specify an
172        ovector size, it uses memory at the end of the block that it has got.
174    29. Check for an overlong MARK name and give an error at compile time. The
175        limit is 255 for the 8-bit library and 65535 for the 16-bit library.
177    30. JIT compiler update.
179    31. JIT is now supported on jailbroken iOS devices. Thanks for Ruiger
180        Rill for the patch.
182    32. Put spaces around SLJIT_PRINT_D in the JIT compiler. Required by CXX11.
184    33. Variable renamings in the PCRE-JIT compiler. No functionality change.
186    34. Fixed typos in pcregrep: in two places there was SUPPORT_LIBZ2 instead of
187        SUPPORT_LIBBZ2. This caused a build problem when bzip2 but not gzip (zlib)
188        was enabled.
190    35. Improve JIT code generation for greedy plus quantifier.
192    36. When /((?:a?)*)*c/ or /((?>a?)*)*c/ was matched against "aac", it set group
193        1 to "aa" instead of to an empty string. The bug affected repeated groups
194        that could potentially match an empty string.
196    37. Optimizing single character iterators in JIT.
198    38. Wide characters specified with \uxxxx in JavaScript mode are now subject to
199        the same checks as \x{...} characters in non-JavaScript mode. Specifically,
200        codepoints that are too big for the mode are faulted, and in a UTF mode,
201        disallowed codepoints are also faulted.
203    39. If PCRE was compiled with UTF support, in three places in the DFA
204        matcher there was code that should only have been obeyed in UTF mode, but
205        was being obeyed unconditionally. In 8-bit mode this could cause incorrect
206        processing when bytes with values greater than 127 were present. In 16-bit
207        mode the bug would be provoked by values in the range 0xfc00 to 0xdc00. In
208        both cases the values are those that cannot be the first data item in a UTF
209        character. The three items that might have provoked this were recursions,
210        possessively repeated groups, and atomic groups.
212    40. Ensure that libpcre is explicitly listed in the link commands for pcretest
213        and pcregrep, because some OS require shared objects to be explicitly
214        passed to ld, causing the link step to fail if they are not.
216    41. There were two incorrect #ifdefs in pcre_study.c, meaning that, in 16-bit
217        mode, patterns that started with \h* or \R* might be incorrectly matched.
220    Version 8.30 04-February-2012
221    -----------------------------
223    1.  Renamed "isnumber" as "is_a_number" because in some Mac environments this
224        name is defined in ctype.h.
226    2.  Fixed a bug in fixed-length calculation for lookbehinds that would show up
227        only in quite long subpatterns.
229    3.  Removed the function pcre_info(), which has been obsolete and deprecated
230        since it was replaced by pcre_fullinfo() in February 2000.
232    4.  For a non-anchored pattern, if (*SKIP) was given with a name that did not
233        match a (*MARK), and the match failed at the start of the subject, a
234        reference to memory before the start of the subject could occur. This bug
235        was introduced by fix 17 of release 8.21.
237    5.  A reference to an unset group with zero minimum repetition was giving
238        totally wrong answers (in non-JavaScript-compatibility mode). For example,
239        /(another)?(\1?)test/ matched against "hello world test". This bug was
240        introduced in release 8.13.
242    6.  Add support for 16-bit character strings (a large amount of work involving
243        many changes and refactorings).
245    7.  RunGrepTest failed on msys because \r\n was replaced by whitespace when the
246        command "pattern=`printf 'xxx\r\njkl'`" was run. The pattern is now taken
247        from a file.
249    8.  Ovector size of 2 is also supported by JIT based pcre_exec (the ovector size
250        rounding is not applied in this particular case).
252    9.  The invalid Unicode surrogate codepoints U+D800 to U+DFFF are now rejected
253        if they appear, or are escaped, in patterns.
255    10. Get rid of a number of -Wunused-but-set-variable warnings.
257    11. The pattern /(?=(*:x))(q|)/ matches an empty string, and returns the mark
258        "x". The similar pattern /(?=(*:x))((*:y)q|)/ did not return a mark at all.
259        Oddly, Perl behaves the same way. PCRE has been fixed so that this pattern
260        also returns the mark "x". This bug applied to capturing parentheses,
261        non-capturing parentheses, and atomic parentheses. It also applied to some
262        assertions.
264    12. Stephen Kelly's patch to CMakeLists.txt allows it to parse the version
265        information out of configure.ac instead of relying on pcre.h.generic, which
266        is not stored in the repository.
268    13. Applied Dmitry V. Levin's patch for a more portable method for linking with
269        -lreadline.
271    14. ZH added PCRE_CONFIG_JITTARGET; added its output to pcretest -C.
273    15. Applied Graycode's patch to put the top-level frame on the stack rather
274        than the heap when not using the stack for recursion. This gives a
275        performance improvement in many cases when recursion is not deep.
277    16. Experimental code added to "pcretest -C" to output the stack frame size.
280    Version 8.21 12-Dec-2011
281    ------------------------
283    1.  Updating the JIT compiler.
285    2.  JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
286        are added as well.
288    3.  Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
289        PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
290        calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
292    4.  (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
293        parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
294        was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
296    5.  Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
297        ECMA-262 standard.
299    6.  Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
300        erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
301        This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
303    7.  While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
304        incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
305        opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
306        corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
307        error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
308        length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
309        rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
310        (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
311        repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
313    8.  A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
314        being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
316    9.  A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
317        one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
318        (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
319        the first (A) could occur when it should not.
321    10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
323    11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
325    12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
326        best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
327        is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
329    13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
331    14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
332        also gives an error.
334    15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
335        it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
336        maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
337        internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
338        rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
339        the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
340        of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
341        the filling in of repeated forward references.
343    16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
344        incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
346    17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
347        in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
348        the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
349        /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
350        tested.
352    18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
353        now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
354        is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
355        /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
356        "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
357        change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
358        returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
359        Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
360        refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
361        the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
363    19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
364        subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
366    21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
367        some warnings.
369    22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
370        not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
371        subject string.
373    23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
374        systems.
376    24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
377        output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
379    25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
380        an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
381        because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
383    26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
384        "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
385        never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
386        complain.
388    27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
390    28. Fixed a possible uninitialized memory bug in pcre_jit_compile.c.
392    29. Computation of memory usage for the table of capturing group names was
393        giving an unnecessarily large value.
396    Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
397  ------------------------  ------------------------
399  1.  Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had  1.  Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had
# Line 52  Version 8.20 23-Sep-2011 Line 444  Version 8.20 23-Sep-2011
444      so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.      so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.
446  8.  If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,  8.  If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,
447      it was not handled as intended.      it was not handled as intended. [But see 16 below.]
449  9.  Replaced RunTest.bat with the much improved version provided by Sheri  9.  Replaced RunTest.bat and CMakeLists.txt with improved versions provided by
450      Pierce.      Sheri Pierce.
452  10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that  10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that
453      the first byte in a match must be "a".      the first byte in a match must be "a".
# Line 65  Version 8.20 23-Sep-2011 Line 457  Version 8.20 23-Sep-2011
457      pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old      pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old
458      optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group      optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group
459      basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.      basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.
461  12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This  12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This
462      broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space      broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space
463      after the value is now allowed for.      character after the value is now allowed for.
465  13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".  13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".
466      For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.      For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.
468    14. If (*THEN) appeared in a group that was called recursively or as a
469        subroutine, it did not work as intended. [But see next item.]
471    15. Consider the pattern /A (B(*THEN)C) | D/ where A, B, C, and D are complex
472        pattern fragments (but not containing any | characters). If A and B are
473        matched, but there is a failure in C so that it backtracks to (*THEN), PCRE
474        was behaving differently to Perl. PCRE backtracked into A, but Perl goes to
475        D. In other words, Perl considers parentheses that do not contain any |
476        characters to be part of a surrounding alternative, whereas PCRE was
477        treading (B(*THEN)C) the same as (B(*THEN)C|(*FAIL)) -- which Perl handles
478        differently. PCRE now behaves in the same way as Perl, except in the case
479        of subroutine/recursion calls such as (?1) which have in any case always
480        been different (but PCRE had them first :-).
482    16. Related to 15 above: Perl does not treat the | in a conditional group as
483        creating alternatives. Such a group is treated in the same way as an
484        ordinary group without any | characters when processing (*THEN). PCRE has
485        been changed to match Perl's behaviour.
487    17. If a user had set PCREGREP_COLO(U)R to something other than 1:31, the
488        RunGrepTest script failed.
490    18. Change 22 for version 13 caused atomic groups to use more stack. This is
491        inevitable for groups that contain captures, but it can lead to a lot of
492        stack use in large patterns. The old behaviour has been restored for atomic
493        groups that do not contain any capturing parentheses.
495    19. If the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE option was set for pcre_compile(), it did not
496        suppress the check for a minimum subject length at run time. (If it was
497        given to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() it did work.)
499    20. Fixed an ASCII-dependent infelicity in pcretest that would have made it
500        fail to work when decoding hex characters in data strings in EBCDIC
501        environments.
503    21. It appears that in at least one Mac OS environment, the isxdigit() function
504        is implemented as a macro that evaluates to its argument more than once,
505        contravening the C 90 Standard (I haven't checked a later standard). There
506        was an instance in pcretest which caused it to go wrong when processing
507        \x{...} escapes in subject strings. The has been rewritten to avoid using
508        things like p++ in the argument of isxdigit().
511  Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011  Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011

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