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Revision 219 - (show annotations)
Thu Aug 16 11:46:40 2007 UTC (14 years, 2 months ago) by ph10
File size: 137343 byte(s)
Fixed bug with repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode.
1 ChangeLog for PCRE
2 ------------------
4 Version 7.3 09-Aug-07
5 ---------------------
7 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
8 line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
9 brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
10 installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
11 compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
13 #include "pcre.h"
15 I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
16 different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
17 by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
19 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
20 when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
21 character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
22 characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
23 of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
24 not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
25 characters when looking for a newline.
27 3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
29 4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
30 in debug output.
32 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
33 long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
35 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
37 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
38 parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
39 limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
40 this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
41 expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
42 when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
43 immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
44 feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
45 string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
46 optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
47 checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
48 from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
49 explicit limit, but more stack is used.
51 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
52 syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
53 pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
54 problem was solved for the main library.
56 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
57 the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
58 limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
59 set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
60 32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
61 are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
62 Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
63 made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
64 dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
65 length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
66 the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
68 10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
69 duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
70 functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
71 empty string.
73 11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
74 instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
75 because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
76 terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
77 regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
78 cause memory overwriting.
80 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
81 string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
82 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
83 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
84 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
85 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
87 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
88 past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
89 set, for example "\x8aBCD".
91 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
92 (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
94 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
96 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
97 This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
98 the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
99 full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
100 does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
102 16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
103 processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
104 backslash processing.
106 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
107 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
109 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
110 caused an overrun.
112 19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
113 something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
114 unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
115 whether the group could match an empty string).
117 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
118 [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
120 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
122 22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
123 reference during compilation.
125 23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
126 expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
127 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
128 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
129 with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
130 the compiled data. Specifically:
132 (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
133 length.
135 (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
136 loops.
138 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
139 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
141 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
142 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
145 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
146 ---------------------
148 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
149 which is apparently normally available under Windows.
151 2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
152 to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
154 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
156 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
157 was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
158 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
159 usable with all link sizes.
161 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
162 stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
163 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
164 in all cases.
166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
168 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
169 recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
171 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
172 to be opened parentheses.
174 (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
175 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
177 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
178 is not part of it.
180 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
182 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
183 reference syntax.
185 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
186 alternative starts with the same number.
188 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
190 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
193 8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
194 terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
195 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
197 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
198 hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
199 phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
200 bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
201 alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
202 workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
204 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
206 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
207 The report of the bug said:
209 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
210 pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
211 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
213 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
214 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
217 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
218 ---------------------
220 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
221 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
222 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
223 on this.
225 2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
226 for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
227 are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
228 was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
229 approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
230 alternative.
232 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
233 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
234 people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
235 concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
236 removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
237 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
238 HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
239 .br or .in.
241 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
242 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
243 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
244 Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
246 5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
247 Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
248 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
249 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
251 6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
252 to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
253 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
255 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
256 that is needed.
258 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
259 as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
260 maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
261 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
262 to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
263 re-created.
265 9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
266 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
267 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
268 support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
269 some applications.
271 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
272 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
273 called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
274 shared library.
276 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
278 (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
280 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
281 a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
283 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
284 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
285 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
287 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
288 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
289 pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
290 pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
291 case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
292 before "make dist".
294 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
295 with Unicode property support.
297 (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
298 character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
299 some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
300 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
301 were both the same length.
303 (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
304 recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
305 the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
306 while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
307 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
308 erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
309 character.
311 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
313 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
314 is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
315 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
316 this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
317 relevant variables.
319 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
320 with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
321 for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
322 other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
323 there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
324 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
325 I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
326 offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
327 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
329 14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
330 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
332 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
333 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
334 This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
335 ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
336 that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
337 and then tried again after \r\n.
339 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
340 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
341 compare equal. This works on Linux.
343 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
344 as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
346 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
347 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
348 was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
349 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
350 it specially.
352 20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
353 extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
354 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
356 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
357 CRLF as a newline sequence.
359 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
360 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
361 I have nevertheless tidied it up.
363 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
365 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
368 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
369 ---------------------
371 1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
372 moving to gcc 4.1.1.
374 2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
375 sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
376 seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
378 3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
379 127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
380 default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
381 characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
382 to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
384 (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
385 other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
387 (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
388 it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
389 (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
391 4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
392 required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
393 pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
394 length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
395 that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
396 either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
397 or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
398 size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
399 pcretest format) are:
401 /(?-x: )/x
402 /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
403 /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
404 /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
406 HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
407 is now done differently.
409 5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
410 wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
411 more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
412 recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
413 for the FullMatch() function.
415 6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
416 "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
417 that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
418 "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
420 7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
421 was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
422 character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
423 line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
424 I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
426 8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
427 C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
428 string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
429 argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
430 compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
431 reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
432 avoid this problem.
434 9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
435 builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
436 instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
437 of them did).
439 10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
440 told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
441 5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
442 systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
443 now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
444 them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
446 11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
448 12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
449 of the options.
451 13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
452 and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
454 14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
456 15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
457 scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
458 on Linux.
460 16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
461 line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
462 necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
463 a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
464 than about 50K.
466 17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
467 amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
468 that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
469 OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
470 harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
471 have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
472 cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
473 enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
474 ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
475 tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
476 easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
477 depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
478 limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
479 runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
480 hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
482 18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
483 newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
484 pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
486 19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
487 matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
488 separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
489 repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
490 precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
492 20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
493 subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
494 previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
495 first character must be a, b, c, or d.
497 21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
498 a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
499 empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
500 For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
501 incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
503 22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
504 option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
505 it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
506 -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
507 is the same as /B/I).
509 23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
510 as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
511 or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
512 something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
513 is automatically "possessified".
515 24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
516 went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
517 have affected the operation of pcre_study().
519 25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
520 (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
522 26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
524 27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
525 them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
526 which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
527 from 23 above.
529 28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
530 lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
531 the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
532 numbered groups.
534 29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
536 30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
537 building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
539 31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
540 returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
541 loop, the loop is abandoned.
543 32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
544 subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
545 the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
546 when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
547 escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
549 33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
550 referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
551 been removed.
553 34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
554 whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
555 previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
556 other formats are all retained for compatibility.
558 (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
559 as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
560 also .NET compatible.
562 (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
563 (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
565 (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
566 \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
567 5.10, are also .NET compatible.
569 (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
570 (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
572 (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
573 groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
574 called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
575 is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
577 (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
578 as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
579 recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
580 through the entire recursion stack.
582 (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
583 negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
585 35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
586 some "unreachable code" warnings.
588 36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
589 things, this adds five new scripts.
591 37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
592 There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
593 character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
594 hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
596 38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
597 matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
598 this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
599 against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
600 separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
601 fixed.
603 39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
604 capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
605 removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
606 The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
607 memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
609 40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
610 sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
611 processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
612 mode.
614 41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
615 report.
617 42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
618 copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
620 43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
621 couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
622 case.
624 44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
625 variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
626 "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
628 45. Arranged for dftables to add
630 #include "pcre_internal.h"
632 to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
633 definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
634 dead code stripping is activated.
636 46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
637 newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
638 characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
641 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
642 ---------------------
644 1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
645 been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
646 necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
647 default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
649 2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
650 testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
651 won't be NULL.)
653 3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
654 systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
655 was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
657 4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
658 containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
659 because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
660 [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
661 pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
662 [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
663 extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
664 previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
665 correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
667 5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
668 in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
669 compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
671 6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
672 between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
673 write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
674 byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
675 do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
676 can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
677 or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
678 "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
680 7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
681 the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
682 Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
683 the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
685 8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
686 a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
687 caused problems on 64-bit systems.
689 9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
690 instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
692 10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
693 length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
694 the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
695 long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
696 computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
697 the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
698 to 10,000.
700 11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
701 the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
702 length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
703 65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
704 could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
705 now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
707 12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
709 13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
710 Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
711 are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
713 14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
715 15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
716 pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
717 "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
719 16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
720 PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
721 or *.
723 17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
724 but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
725 correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
727 18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
728 class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
729 pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
730 in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
731 the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
732 letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
734 19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
735 over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
736 bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
737 output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
739 The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
740 is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
741 the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
742 instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
743 data.
745 Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
746 no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
747 Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
748 /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
749 Unicode string.
751 I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
752 the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
753 values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
754 translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
756 29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
757 and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
758 seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
759 a warning about an unused variable.
761 21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
762 characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
763 [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
764 with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
765 pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
766 as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
767 caused an unnecessary match attempt.
769 22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
770 dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
771 byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
772 bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
773 significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
774 the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
775 the future.
777 23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
778 default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
779 via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
780 specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
782 24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
783 LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
785 25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
786 recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
788 26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
789 as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
790 the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
791 value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
792 error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
793 corruption" errors.
795 27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
796 advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
798 28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
799 difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
801 29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
803 \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
804 \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
805 -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
807 The -S option isn't available for Windows.
810 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
811 ---------------------
813 1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
814 in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
816 2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
817 because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
819 3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
820 not normally included in the compiled code.
823 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
824 ---------------------
826 1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
827 anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
828 point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
829 /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
831 2. Changes to pcregrep:
833 (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
834 to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
835 error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
837 probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
838 specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
839 If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
841 (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
842 output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
843 are now no different to any other data bytes.
845 (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
846 used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
847 been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
848 pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
850 (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
851 than they should have been.
853 (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
855 (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
856 accidentally printed for the final match.
858 (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
860 (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
861 that were found from directory arguments.
863 (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
865 (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
867 (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
869 (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
871 (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
872 is not present by default.
874 3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
875 items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
876 alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
877 outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
878 the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
879 possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
881 In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
882 been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
883 atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
885 4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
886 which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
887 the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
888 and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
889 when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
890 a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
891 separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
892 upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
894 5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
895 [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
896 permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
897 created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
898 Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
899 its own bitmap.
901 6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
902 It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
903 \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
904 subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
905 that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
906 be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
908 7. Patches from the folks at Google:
910 (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
911 real life, but is still worth protecting against".
913 (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
914 regular expressions".
916 (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
917 have it.
919 (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
920 "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
921 with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
923 (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
925 (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
927 8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
928 have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
929 contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
930 returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
932 9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
933 large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
934 returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
935 most likely cause subsequent chaos.
937 10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
939 11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
940 with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
941 ignored.
943 12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
944 provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
945 strings.
947 13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
948 C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
950 14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
951 (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
952 switch label when the default is to do nothing).
954 15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
955 library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
956 class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
958 16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
959 much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
960 to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
961 that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
962 for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
963 PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
964 defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
965 Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
966 SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
968 (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
969 I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
971 (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
972 but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
973 This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
974 (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
976 17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
977 of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
978 that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
979 the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
980 stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
981 when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
982 this functionality to the C++ interface.
984 18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
986 (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
988 (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
990 (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
991 which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
992 are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
993 characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
994 table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
995 considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
996 all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
997 number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
998 allow for more data.
1000 (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
1002 19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
1003 matching that character.
1005 20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
1006 (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
1007 reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
1008 happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
1009 there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
1011 21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
1012 allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
1013 compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
1014 \p or \P will have to recompile them.
1016 22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
1018 23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
1019 but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
1021 24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
1022 accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
1024 25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
1025 made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
1026 it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
1027 "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
1028 by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
1029 no longer a pcre.h.in file.
1031 However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
1032 well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
1033 release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
1034 the release number by grepping pcre.h.
1036 26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
1039 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
1040 ---------------------
1042 1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
1043 "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
1044 -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
1045 consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
1047 2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
1049 3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
1050 whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
1051 really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
1052 possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
1053 certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
1055 4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
1056 file's purpose clearer.
1058 5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
1061 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
1062 ---------------------
1064 1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
1066 2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
1068 (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
1069 tried to test it.
1071 (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
1072 changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
1074 (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
1076 (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
1077 backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
1078 versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
1079 this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
1081 3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
1082 (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
1083 necessary on certain architectures.
1085 4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
1086 those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
1087 within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
1088 "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
1089 symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
1090 available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
1091 find a way round (a) in the future.
1094 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
1095 ---------------------
1097 1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
1098 such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
1099 a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
1100 negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
1101 led to memory overwriting.
1103 2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
1105 3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
1106 operating environments where this matters.
1108 4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
1109 PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
1111 5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
1112 was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
1113 such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1114 compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1115 back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1116 not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1117 previous subpatterns.
1119 6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1120 versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1123 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1124 ---------------------
1126 1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1127 surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1129 2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1130 the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1131 cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1133 3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1134 allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1135 patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1136 just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1138 4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1139 from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1140 compile command.
1142 5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1143 in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1144 C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1145 but no suitable headers.
1147 6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1148 be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1149 retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1150 of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1152 7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1153 files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1154 wrapper.
1157 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1158 ---------------------
1160 1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1162 2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1163 didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1164 when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1165 not imported.
1167 3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1168 different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1169 below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1170 unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1171 statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1172 relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1173 one application and matched in another.
1175 The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1176 functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1177 the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1178 names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1179 with other external names.
1181 4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1182 a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1183 function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1184 problem.
1186 5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1187 including restarting after a partial match.
1189 6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1190 defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1191 code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1193 7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1195 8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1196 match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1197 the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1199 9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1200 would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1202 10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1204 (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1205 PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1206 something similar for -w.
1208 (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1210 (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1211 than one at a time available.
1213 (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1215 (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1216 over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1217 8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1218 for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1220 (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1222 -w, --word-regex(p)
1224 instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1225 because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1226 same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1227 automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1229 (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1230 option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1231 starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1233 (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1235 (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1236 the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1237 "<stdin>" was used.
1239 (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1240 stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1242 (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1243 two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1244 different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1246 (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1247 around matches be printed.
1249 (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1250 any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1252 (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1253 continue to scan other files.
1255 (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1256 greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1257 accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1258 -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1259 previously doing.
1261 (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1262 and exclusion when recursing.
1264 11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1265 Hopefully, it now does.
1267 12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1269 13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1271 14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1272 "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1273 world, but is set differently for Windows.
1275 15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1276 difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1277 integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1278 non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1279 error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1280 (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1281 wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1282 numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1283 compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1285 16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1286 prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1287 knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1289 17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1290 passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1291 match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1292 somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1293 both the P and the s flags.
1295 18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1297 19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1299 20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1300 it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1302 21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1304 22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1305 Electric Fence happy when testing.
1309 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1310 ---------------------
1312 1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1313 containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1314 is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1315 byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1317 2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1318 next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1319 item, and its length, respectively.
1321 3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1322 insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1323 pcretest to make use of this.
1325 4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1327 #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1328 _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1329 #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1331 have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1332 magic in relation to line terminators.
1334 5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1335 for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1337 6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1338 to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1339 to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1340 generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1341 compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1342 whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1343 generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1345 LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1346 seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1347 this hack in configure.in.
1349 7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1351 8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1352 were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1353 [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1354 POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1356 9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1357 to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1358 start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1359 patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1360 preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1361 character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1363 10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1364 starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1365 string were read.
1367 11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1368 users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1369 enough.)
1371 12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1372 in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1373 a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1374 program that might have everything at different addresses.
1376 13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1377 -R library as well as a -L library.
1379 14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1380 pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1381 that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1383 15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1384 via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1385 support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1386 inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1388 16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1389 compiled pattern.
1391 17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1392 instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1393 source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1394 read-only.
1396 18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1397 file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1398 Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1400 19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1401 pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1403 20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1405 (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1406 write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1407 This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1408 the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1409 written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1411 (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1412 compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1413 occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1414 pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1415 After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1416 usual.
1418 (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1419 and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1420 was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1422 21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1423 hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1425 As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
1426 pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
1427 to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
1428 other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
1430 22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
1431 now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
1432 would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
1433 NULL, a crash could occur.
1435 23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
1436 new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
1437 a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
1438 "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
1439 had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
1440 workstation).
1442 24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
1445 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
1446 ---------------------
1448 1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
1449 that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
1450 Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
1451 each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
1452 needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
1453 of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
1454 hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
1455 NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
1456 "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
1457 operating.
1459 To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
1460 functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
1461 pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
1462 and the size of block requested is always the same.
1464 The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
1465 PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
1466 -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
1468 A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
1469 obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
1470 to the output.
1472 2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
1473 what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
1475 3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
1476 been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
1477 to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
1478 PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
1479 this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
1480 When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
1481 PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
1483 4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
1484 that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
1485 containing "overlong sequences".
1487 5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
1488 I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
1489 should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
1490 through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
1492 6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
1493 some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
1495 7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
1496 prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
1497 so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
1499 8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
1501 9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
1502 size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
1503 moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
1505 10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
1506 special systems:
1508 (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
1509 (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
1510 is defined to be empty.
1511 (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
1512 that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
1513 to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
1515 11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
1516 class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
1517 went into a loop.
1519 12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
1520 that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
1521 (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
1522 recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
1523 that was OK.
1525 13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
1526 buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
1527 1024, so long lines caused crashes.
1529 14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
1530 "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
1531 that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
1533 15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
1534 libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
1535 work.
1537 16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
1538 studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
1539 errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
1540 matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
1541 this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
1544 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
1545 ---------------------
1547 1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
1548 127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
1549 In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
1550 classes (slightly).
1552 2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
1553 might give a very teeny performance improvement.
1555 3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
1556 more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
1558 4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
1559 in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
1560 explicitly with libpcre.la.
1562 5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
1564 6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
1566 7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
1567 pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
1568 output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
1569 size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
1570 showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
1571 this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
1572 I have just removed it.
1574 8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
1575 Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
1576 standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
1578 9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
1579 callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
1580 complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
1581 pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
1582 rid of the warnings.
1584 10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
1585 both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
1586 is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
1587 string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
1589 11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
1591 -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
1592 to
1593 -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
1595 to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
1596 is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
1597 if it's wrong...
1600 Version 4.3 21-May-03
1601 ---------------------
1603 1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
1604 Makefile.
1606 2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
1608 (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
1610 (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
1611 lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
1612 but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
1613 reasonable.
1615 (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
1616 hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
1617 only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
1618 specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
1619 table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
1620 much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
1621 character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
1622 strings against \d.
1624 (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
1625 ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
1627 3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
1628 defined as "const".
1630 4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
1631 Electric Fenced for debugging.
1633 5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
1634 to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
1635 had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
1636 provoke a segmentation fault.
1638 6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
1639 to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
1641 7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
1642 UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
1643 contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
1644 area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
1645 back over UTF-8 characters.)
1648 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
1649 ---------------------
1651 1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
1653 2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
1654 [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
1655 [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
1656 [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
1657 * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
1659 Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
1660 set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
1661 compile-time but not at link-time
1662 [LINK]: use for linking executables only
1663 make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
1664 [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
1665 libraries
1666 [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
1667 [OBJEXT]: use throughout
1668 [EXEEXT]: use throughout
1669 <winshared>: new target
1670 <wininstall>: new target
1671 <dftables.o>: use native compiler
1672 <dftables>: use native linker
1673 <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
1674 <clean>: ditto
1675 <check>: ditto
1676 copy DLL to top builddir before testing
1678 As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
1679 to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
1680 in any case.
1682 3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
1684 . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
1685 match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
1687 . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
1688 a void * provoked a warning.
1690 . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
1691 and a few more missing casts.
1693 4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1694 option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
1695 and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
1697 5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1698 option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
1699 whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
1702 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
1703 ---------------------
1705 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
1706 needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
1707 required to support.
1709 2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
1710 be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
1712 3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
1713 first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
1714 CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
1715 compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
1716 analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
1718 4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
1719 apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
1720 linking step for the pcreposix library.
1722 5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
1723 name.
1725 6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
1726 literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
1727 ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
1728 saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
1729 Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
1730 megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
1731 amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
1733 7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
1734 first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
1735 right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
1736 fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
1737 follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
1738 fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
1739 unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
1742 Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
1743 ---------------------
1745 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
1746 extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
1747 all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
1749 2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
1751 3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
1752 the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
1753 from a single perltest script.
1755 4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
1756 by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
1757 whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
1758 class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
1760 5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
1761 space and tab.
1763 6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
1764 its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
1766 7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
1767 were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
1768 /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
1769 only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
1770 finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
1771 the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
1773 8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
1774 treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
1775 also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
1776 interpolation. Note the following examples:
1778 Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
1780 \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
1781 \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
1782 \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
1784 For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
1785 classes as well as outside them.
1787 9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
1788 floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
1789 (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
1790 signed/unsigned warnings.
1792 10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
1793 option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
1794 that job.
1796 11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
1797 "pcregrep -".
1799 12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
1800 Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
1801 documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
1802 as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
1803 item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
1804 greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
1805 greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
1807 13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
1808 the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
1809 subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
1810 was abstracted outside.
1812 14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
1813 position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
1814 starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
1815 code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
1816 alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
1817 match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
1819 15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
1820 have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
1821 "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
1822 been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
1824 16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
1825 features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
1826 and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
1827 POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
1829 17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
1830 mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
1831 PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
1832 assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
1833 calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
1834 5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
1835 future.
1837 18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
1838 \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
1840 19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
1841 reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
1843 20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
1844 contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
1846 21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
1847 compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
1849 22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
1850 outside the source tree.
1852 23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
1853 subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
1854 happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
1856 24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
1857 without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
1858 much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
1859 strange effects.
1861 25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
1862 start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
1863 there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
1864 example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
1865 possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
1866 optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
1867 references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
1869 26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
1870 non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
1871 match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
1872 failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
1874 27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
1876 28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
1877 provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
1878 in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
1879 pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
1880 global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
1881 the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
1882 is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
1883 This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
1884 reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
1885 function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
1886 pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
1887 matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
1888 point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
1889 later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
1891 29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
1892 callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
1893 the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
1894 to vary what happens:
1896 \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
1897 \C- do not supply a callout function
1898 \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
1899 \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
1901 30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
1902 output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
1904 31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
1905 slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
1906 pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
1907 POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
1908 when configuring.
1910 32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
1911 few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
1912 storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
1913 links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
1914 configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
1915 debugging information about compiled patterns.
1917 33. Internal code re-arrangements:
1919 (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
1920 its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
1921 pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
1922 separate copies.
1924 (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
1925 internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
1927 (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
1928 code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
1929 definition of the opcodes.
1931 34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
1932 lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
1934 35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
1935 allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
1936 contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
1938 36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
1939 used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
1940 be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
1941 (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
1942 numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
1943 a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
1945 PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
1946 PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
1947 PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
1949 The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
1950 the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
1951 group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
1952 name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
1954 37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
1955 case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
1956 means that the same test output works with both.
1958 38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
1959 calling malloc() with a zero argument.
1961 39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
1962 optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
1963 numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
1964 fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
1965 relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
1966 the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
1967 31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
1969 40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
1970 of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
1971 not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
1972 can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
1973 way).
1975 41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
1976 that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
1977 failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
1978 PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
1980 42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
1981 function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
1982 limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
1983 obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
1984 circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
1985 string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
1986 large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
1988 (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
1989 to set a default value for the compiled library.
1991 (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
1992 a different value is set. See 45 below.
1994 If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
1996 43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
1997 of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
1998 what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
1999 The current list of available information is:
2003 The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
2004 otherwise it is set to zero.
2008 The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
2009 newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
2013 The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
2014 linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
2018 The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
2019 interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
2023 The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
2024 of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
2026 44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
2027 to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
2028 output it. The program then exits immediately.
2030 45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
2031 order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
2032 pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
2033 extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
2034 be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
2035 is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
2037 The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
2038 contains the following fields:
2040 flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
2041 study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
2042 match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
2043 call to pcre_exec()
2044 callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
2046 The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
2052 The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
2053 the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
2054 PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
2055 before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
2056 change to existing code.
2058 If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
2059 in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
2060 block.
2062 46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
2063 data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
2064 times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
2065 pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
2066 most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
2067 gets very large very quickly.
2069 47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
2070 returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
2071 pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
2072 pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
2073 created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
2074 pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
2075 pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
2077 48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
2078 because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
2079 is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
2080 components.)
2082 49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
2084 (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
2086 0 => success, carry on matching
2087 > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
2088 < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
2090 Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
2091 values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
2092 "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
2093 use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
2095 (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
2096 callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
2097 pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
2098 the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
2099 function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
2100 easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
2101 testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
2103 \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
2105 If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
2106 callout_data, it returns that value.
2108 50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
2109 there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
2110 $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
2112 51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
2113 has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
2114 with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
2115 one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
2116 only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
2117 notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
2119 (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
2120 a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
2121 character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
2122 match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
2124 (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
2125 "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
2126 character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
2128 (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
2129 mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
2131 (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
2132 singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
2133 PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
2134 digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
2135 and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
2137 (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
2138 greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
2140 (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
2141 PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
2143 52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
2144 PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
2145 retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
2146 value.)
2148 53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
2149 a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
2150 these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
2151 lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
2153 54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
2155 55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
2156 aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
2157 true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
2158 are faulted.
2160 56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
2161 calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
2162 which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
2163 default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
2164 you will need to set these values.
2166 57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2169 Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2170 ---------------------
2172 1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2174 2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2175 build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2176 them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2179 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2180 ---------------------
2182 1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2183 bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2186 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2187 ---------------------
2189 1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2190 This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2191 this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2193 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2194 doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2195 isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2196 this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2199 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2200 ---------------------
2202 1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2203 offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2205 2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2206 the latest autoconf.
2209 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2210 ---------------------
2212 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2213 had been forgotten.
2215 2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2216 definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2217 private.
2219 3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2220 user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2221 by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2222 handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2223 file.
2225 4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2226 useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2227 relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2228 there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2230 5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2231 (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2232 (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2233 (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2234 (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2236 6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2237 argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2239 7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2240 the source directory.
2242 8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2243 options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2244 long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2246 9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2247 generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2248 in several of the .c files.
2250 10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2251 because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2252 by using separate calls to printf().
2254 11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2255 script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2256 systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2258 12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2259 absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2260 likewise updated the man page.
2262 13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2263 The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2266 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2267 ---------------------
2269 1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2271 2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2274 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2275 ---------------------
2277 1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2278 was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2279 lead to crashes in some systems.
2281 2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2282 the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2284 3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
2285 These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
2286 because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
2287 but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
2289 4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
2290 the Makefile.
2292 5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
2293 Makefile.
2295 6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
2296 command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
2298 7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
2300 8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
2301 RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
2302 the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
2303 out for the ar command.)
2306 Version 3.2 12-May-00
2307 ---------------------
2309 This is purely a bug fixing release.
2311 1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
2312 of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
2313 which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
2314 infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
2315 correctly.
2317 2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
2318 when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
2319 wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
2320 caused it to match further down the string than it should.
2322 3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
2323 was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
2324 systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
2326 4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
2327 were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
2329 while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
2330 to
2331 while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
2333 Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
2335 5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
2336 available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
2337 HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
2338 assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
2340 6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
2341 was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
2342 faster code anyway.
2345 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
2346 ---------------------
2348 The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
2349 the "install" target:
2351 (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
2353 (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
2356 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
2357 ---------------------
2359 1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
2360 pcretest).
2362 2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
2364 3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
2365 matches null strings.
2367 4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
2368 pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
2369 pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
2370 effect.
2372 5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
2373 captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
2374 required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
2375 the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
2377 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
2378 documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
2379 information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
2380 libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
2381 default.
2383 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
2384 09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
2385 less than 10.
2387 8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
2388 existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
2389 modification.
2391 9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
2392 return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
2393 function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
2395 10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
2396 Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
2398 11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
2399 adopting.
2402 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
2403 ----------------------
2405 1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
2406 trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
2407 the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
2409 2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
2410 and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
2411 of the subject.
2413 3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
2414 be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
2416 5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
2417 in GnuWin32 environments.
2420 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
2421 ----------------------
2423 1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
2424 the form of man page sources.
2426 2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
2427 In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
2428 C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
2430 3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
2431 should be (const char *).
2433 4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
2434 be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
2435 However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
2436 mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
2438 5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
2439 the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
2441 6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
2443 7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
2444 causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
2446 8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
2447 non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
2448 quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
2449 some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
2450 character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
2451 before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
2452 some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
2453 with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
2455 9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
2456 other alternatives are tried instead.
2459 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
2460 ----------------------
2462 1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
2463 space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
2464 64-bit systems.
2466 2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
2467 start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
2468 occurrences in a string.
2470 3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
2472 /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
2473 /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
2474 /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
2476 4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
2477 with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
2478 it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
2479 the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
2482 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
2483 ----------------------
2485 1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
2486 properly on 16-bit systems.
2488 2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
2489 when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
2490 anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
2491 not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
2492 DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
2493 must be retried after every newline in the subject.
2496 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
2497 ----------------------
2499 1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
2500 computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
2501 If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
2502 problem.
2504 2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
2505 pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
2507 3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
2508 compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
2509 pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
2510 ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
2513 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
2514 ----------------------
2516 1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
2518 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
2519 LICENCE file containing the conditions.
2521 3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
2522 Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
2523 pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
2524 the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
2526 4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
2527 match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
2530 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
2531 ----------------------
2533 1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
2534 their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
2536 2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
2537 compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
2538 fix the problem.
2540 3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
2541 calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
2542 default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
2543 times.
2545 4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
2547 5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
2548 a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
2551 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
2552 ----------------------
2554 1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
2555 to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
2556 is passed, the default tables are used.
2559 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
2560 ----------------------
2562 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
2563 it any more.
2565 2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
2567 3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
2569 4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
2570 end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
2571 very end of the subject.
2573 5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
2575 6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
2576 DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
2577 localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
2579 7. Add other new features from 5.005:
2581 $(?<= positive lookbehind
2582 $(?<! negative lookbehind
2583 (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
2584 such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
2585 (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
2586 (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
2588 A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
2589 captured string.
2591 8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
2592 consequential on the addition of new assertions.
2594 9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
2595 are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
2596 runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
2598 10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
2600 11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
2601 discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
2602 have now been fixed.
2605 Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
2606 ----------------------
2608 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
2609 value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
2610 program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
2611 containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
2614 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
2615 ----------------------
2617 1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
2619 2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
2620 latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
2623 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
2624 ----------------------
2626 1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
2627 repeat of a potentially empty string).
2630 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
2631 ----------------------
2633 1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
2635 2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
2638 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
2639 ----------------------
2641 1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
2642 PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
2645 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
2646 ----------------------
2648 1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
2650 2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
2651 input syntax.
2653 3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
2654 matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
2655 that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
2657 4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
2659 5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
2660 vector was exactly big enough.
2662 6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
2664 7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
2665 setjmp(). Now fixed.
2668 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
2669 ----------------------
2671 1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
2672 diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
2673 on some systems.
2675 2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
2676 it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
2677 also an independent variable.
2679 3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
2681 4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
2682 fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
2683 the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
2684 optimized code for single-character negative classes.
2686 5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
2688 + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
2690 + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
2691 the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
2692 it does no harm).
2694 + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
2695 most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
2696 allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
2698 + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
2699 pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
2701 6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
2702 from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
2704 7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
2705 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
2706 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
2707 which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
2709 8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
2710 form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
2711 curly-bracketed repeats.
2714 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
2715 ----------------------
2717 1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
2719 2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
2720 'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
2721 variable warnings.
2723 3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
2725 4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
2728 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
2729 ----------------------
2731 1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
2732 like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
2734 2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
2735 as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
2738 Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
2739 ----------------------
2741 1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
2742 memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
2744 2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
2747 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
2748 ----------------------
2750 1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
2751 initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
2752 of the memory it had got.
2754 2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
2757 Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
2758 ----------------------
2760 1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
2761 back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
2764 Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
2765 ----------------------
2767 1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
2769 2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
2771 3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
2772 fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
2773 escape sequence".
2775 4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
2777 5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
2779 6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
2780 pcretest.
2783 Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
2784 ----------------------
2786 1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
2788 2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
2789 unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
2790 where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
2792 3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
2793 pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
2794 identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
2795 of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
2796 the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
2797 backreferences always work.
2799 4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
2801 (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
2802 to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
2804 (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
2805 PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
2806 mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
2808 (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
2809 the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
2810 or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
2811 escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
2812 even if it is a single digit.
2814 (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
2815 unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
2816 escapes.
2818 (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
2819 pattern).
2821 5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
2822 than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
2824 6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
2825 bit map always.
2827 7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
2828 internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
2831 Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
2832 ----------------------
2834 1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
2835 \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
2836 real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
2839 Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
2840 ----------------------
2842 1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
2843 containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
2844 same for all threads.
2846 2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
2847 anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
2850 Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
2851 ----------------------
2853 1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
2855 2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
2856 but not actually doing anything yet.
2858 3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
2859 as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
2861 4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
2862 all possible positions.
2864 5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
2865 compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
2866 function is split off.
2868 6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
2869 by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
2870 now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
2871 toupper() in the code.
2873 7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
2874 make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
2875 set them directly.
2878 Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
2879 ----------------------
2881 1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
2882 (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
2884 2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
2885 the pattern were in upper case.
2887 3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
2889 4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
2891 5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
2892 PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
2893 pass them.
2895 6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
2897 7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
2898 pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
2900 8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
2901 options, and the first character, if set.
2903 9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
2906 Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
2907 ----------------------
2909 1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
2910 match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
2912 2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
2913 a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
2914 Perl does - treats the match as successful.
2916 ****


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