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revision 73 by nigel, Sat Feb 24 21:40:30 2007 UTC revision 289 by ph10, Sun Dec 23 12:17:20 2007 UTC
# Line 5  The latest release of PCRE is always ava Line 5  The latest release of PCRE is always ava
5    
6    ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-xxx.tar.gz    ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-xxx.tar.gz
7    
8    There is a mailing list for discussion about the development of PCRE at
9    
10      pcre-dev@exim.org
11    
12  Please read the NEWS file if you are upgrading from a previous release.  Please read the NEWS file if you are upgrading from a previous release.
13    The contents of this README file are:
14    
15  PCRE has its own native API, but a set of "wrapper" functions that are based on    The PCRE APIs
16  the POSIX API are also supplied in the library libpcreposix. Note that this    Documentation for PCRE
17  just provides a POSIX calling interface to PCRE: the regular expressions    Contributions by users of PCRE
18  themselves still follow Perl syntax and semantics. The header file    Building PCRE on non-Unix systems
19  for the POSIX-style functions is called pcreposix.h. The official POSIX name is    Building PCRE on Unix-like systems
20  regex.h, but I didn't want to risk possible problems with existing files of    Retrieving configuration information on Unix-like systems
21  that name by distributing it that way. To use it with an existing program that    Shared libraries on Unix-like systems
22  uses the POSIX API, it will have to be renamed or pointed at by a link.    Cross-compiling on Unix-like systems
23      Using HP's ANSI C++ compiler (aCC)
24      Making new tarballs
25      Testing PCRE
26      Character tables
27      File manifest
28    
29    
30    The PCRE APIs
31    -------------
32    
33    PCRE is written in C, and it has its own API. The distribution also includes a
34    set of C++ wrapper functions (see the pcrecpp man page for details), courtesy
35    of Google Inc.
36    
37    In addition, there is a set of C wrapper functions that are based on the POSIX
38    regular expression API (see the pcreposix man page). These end up in the
39    library called libpcreposix. Note that this just provides a POSIX calling
40    interface to PCRE; the regular expressions themselves still follow Perl syntax
41    and semantics. The POSIX API is restricted, and does not give full access to
42    all of PCRE's facilities.
43    
44    The header file for the POSIX-style functions is called pcreposix.h. The
45    official POSIX name is regex.h, but I did not want to risk possible problems
46    with existing files of that name by distributing it that way. To use PCRE with
47    an existing program that uses the POSIX API, pcreposix.h will have to be
48    renamed or pointed at by a link.
49    
50  If you are using the POSIX interface to PCRE and there is already a POSIX regex  If you are using the POSIX interface to PCRE and there is already a POSIX regex
51  library installed on your system, you must take care when linking programs to  library installed on your system, as well as worrying about the regex.h header
52    file (as mentioned above), you must also take care when linking programs to
53  ensure that they link with PCRE's libpcreposix library. Otherwise they may pick  ensure that they link with PCRE's libpcreposix library. Otherwise they may pick
54  up the "real" POSIX functions of the same name.  up the POSIX functions of the same name from the other library.
55    
56    One way of avoiding this confusion is to compile PCRE with the addition of
57    -Dregcomp=PCREregcomp (and similarly for the other POSIX functions) to the
58    compiler flags (CFLAGS if you are using "configure" -- see below). This has the
59    effect of renaming the functions so that the names no longer clash. Of course,
60    you have to do the same thing for your applications, or write them using the
61    new names.
62    
63    
64    Documentation for PCRE
65    ----------------------
66    
67    If you install PCRE in the normal way on a Unix-like system, you will end up
68    with a set of man pages whose names all start with "pcre". The one that is just
69    called "pcre" lists all the others. In addition to these man pages, the PCRE
70    documentation is supplied in two other forms:
71    
72      1. There are files called doc/pcre.txt, doc/pcregrep.txt, and
73         doc/pcretest.txt in the source distribution. The first of these is a
74         concatenation of the text forms of all the section 3 man pages except
75         those that summarize individual functions. The other two are the text
76         forms of the section 1 man pages for the pcregrep and pcretest commands.
77         These text forms are provided for ease of scanning with text editors or
78         similar tools. They are installed in <prefix>/share/doc/pcre, where
79         <prefix> is the installation prefix (defaulting to /usr/local).
80    
81      2. A set of files containing all the documentation in HTML form, hyperlinked
82         in various ways, and rooted in a file called index.html, is distributed in
83         doc/html and installed in <prefix>/share/doc/pcre/html.
84    
85    
86  Contributions by users of PCRE  Contributions by users of PCRE
# Line 29  You can find contributions from PCRE use Line 90  You can find contributions from PCRE use
90    
91    ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/Contrib    ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/Contrib
92    
93  where there is also a README file giving brief descriptions of what they are.  There is a README file giving brief descriptions of what they are. Some are
94  Several of them provide support for compiling PCRE on various flavours of  complete in themselves; others are pointers to URLs containing relevant files.
95  Windows systems (I myself do not use Windows). Some are complete in themselves;  Some of this material is likely to be well out-of-date. Several of the earlier
96  others are pointers to URLs containing relevant files.  contributions provided support for compiling PCRE on various flavours of
97    Windows (I myself do not use Windows). Nowadays there is more Windows support
98    in the standard distribution, so these contibutions have been archived.
99  Building PCRE on a Unix-like system  
100  -----------------------------------  
101    Building PCRE on non-Unix systems
102    ---------------------------------
103    
104    For a non-Unix system, please read the comments in the file NON-UNIX-USE,
105    though if your system supports the use of "configure" and "make" you may be
106    able to build PCRE in the same way as for Unix-like systems. PCRE can also be
107    configured in many platform environments using the GUI facility of CMake's
108    CMakeSetup. It creates Makefiles, solution files, etc.
109    
110    PCRE has been compiled on many different operating systems. It should be
111    straightforward to build PCRE on any system that has a Standard C compiler and
112    library, because it uses only Standard C functions.
113    
114    
115    Building PCRE on Unix-like systems
116    ----------------------------------
117    
118    If you are using HP's ANSI C++ compiler (aCC), please see the special note
119    in the section entitled "Using HP's ANSI C++ compiler (aCC)" below.
120    
121    The following instructions assume the use of the widely used "configure, make,
122    make install" process. There is also some experimental support for "cmake" in
123    the PCRE distribution, but it is incomplete and not documented. However, if you
124    are a "cmake" user, you might want to try it.
125    
126  To build PCRE on a Unix-like system, first run the "configure" command from the  To build PCRE on a Unix-like system, first run the "configure" command from the
127  PCRE distribution directory, with your current directory set to the directory  PCRE distribution directory, with your current directory set to the directory
128  where you want the files to be created. This command is a standard GNU  where you want the files to be created. This command is a standard GNU
129  "autoconf" configuration script, for which generic instructions are supplied in  "autoconf" configuration script, for which generic instructions are supplied in
130  INSTALL.  the file INSTALL.
131    
132  Most commonly, people build PCRE within its own distribution directory, and in  Most commonly, people build PCRE within its own distribution directory, and in
133  this case, on many systems, just running "./configure" is sufficient, but the  this case, on many systems, just running "./configure" is sufficient. However,
134  usual methods of changing standard defaults are available. For example,  the usual methods of changing standard defaults are available. For example:
135    
136  CFLAGS='-O2 -Wall' ./configure --prefix=/opt/local  CFLAGS='-O2 -Wall' ./configure --prefix=/opt/local
137    
# Line 61  into /source/pcre/pcre-xxx, but you want Line 146  into /source/pcre/pcre-xxx, but you want
146  cd /build/pcre/pcre-xxx  cd /build/pcre/pcre-xxx
147  /source/pcre/pcre-xxx/configure  /source/pcre/pcre-xxx/configure
148    
149    PCRE is written in C and is normally compiled as a C library. However, it is
150    possible to build it as a C++ library, though the provided building apparatus
151    does not have any features to support this.
152    
153  There are some optional features that can be included or omitted from the PCRE  There are some optional features that can be included or omitted from the PCRE
154  library. You can read more about them in the pcrebuild man page.  library. You can read more about them in the pcrebuild man page.
155    
156    . If you want to suppress the building of the C++ wrapper library, you can add
157      --disable-cpp to the "configure" command. Otherwise, when "configure" is run,
158      it will try to find a C++ compiler and C++ header files, and if it succeeds,
159      it will try to build the C++ wrapper.
160    
161  . If you want to make use of the support for UTF-8 character strings in PCRE,  . If you want to make use of the support for UTF-8 character strings in PCRE,
162    you must add --enable-utf8 to the "configure" command. Without it, the code    you must add --enable-utf8 to the "configure" command. Without it, the code
163    for handling UTF-8 is not included in the library. (Even when included, it    for handling UTF-8 is not included in the library. (Even when included, it
164    still has to be enabled by an option at run time.)    still has to be enabled by an option at run time.)
165    
166  . You can build PCRE to recognized CR or NL as the newline character, instead  . If, in addition to support for UTF-8 character strings, you want to include
167    of whatever your compiler uses for "\n", by adding --newline-is-cr or    support for the \P, \p, and \X sequences that recognize Unicode character
168    --newline-is-nl to the "configure" command, respectively. Only do this if you    properties, you must add --enable-unicode-properties to the "configure"
169    really understand what you are doing. On traditional Unix-like systems, the    command. This adds about 30K to the size of the library (in the form of a
170    newline character is NL.    property table); only the basic two-letter properties such as Lu are
171      supported.
172    
173    . You can build PCRE to recognize either CR or LF or the sequence CRLF or any
174      of the preceding, or any of the Unicode newline sequences as indicating the
175      end of a line. Whatever you specify at build time is the default; the caller
176      of PCRE can change the selection at run time. The default newline indicator
177      is a single LF character (the Unix standard). You can specify the default
178      newline indicator by adding --enable-newline-is-cr or --enable-newline-is-lf
179      or --enable-newline-is-crlf or --enable-newline-is-anycrlf or
180      --enable-newline-is-any to the "configure" command, respectively.
181    
182      If you specify --enable-newline-is-cr or --enable-newline-is-crlf, some of
183      the standard tests will fail, because the lines in the test files end with
184      LF. Even if the files are edited to change the line endings, there are likely
185      to be some failures. With --enable-newline-is-anycrlf or
186      --enable-newline-is-any, many tests should succeed, but there may be some
187      failures.
188    
189    . By default, the sequence \R in a pattern matches any Unicode line ending
190      sequence. This is independent of the option specifying what PCRE considers to
191      be the end of a line (see above). However, the caller of PCRE can restrict \R
192      to match only CR, LF, or CRLF. You can make this the default by adding
193      --enable-bsr-anycrlf to the "configure" command (bsr = "backslash R").
194    
195  . When called via the POSIX interface, PCRE uses malloc() to get additional  . When called via the POSIX interface, PCRE uses malloc() to get additional
196    storage for processing capturing parentheses if there are more than 10 of    storage for processing capturing parentheses if there are more than 10 of
197    them. You can increase this threshold by setting, for example,    them in a pattern. You can increase this threshold by setting, for example,
198    
199    --with-posix-malloc-threshold=20    --with-posix-malloc-threshold=20
200    
201    on the "configure" command.    on the "configure" command.
202    
203  . PCRE has a counter which can be set to limit the amount of resources it uses.  . PCRE has a counter that can be set to limit the amount of resources it uses.
204    If the limit is exceeded during a match, the match fails. The default is ten    If the limit is exceeded during a match, the match fails. The default is ten
205    million. You can change the default by setting, for example,    million. You can change the default by setting, for example,
206    
207    --with-match-limit=500000    --with-match-limit=500000
208    
209    on the "configure" command. This is just the default; individual calls to    on the "configure" command. This is just the default; individual calls to
210    pcre_exec() can supply their own value. There is discussion on the pcreapi    pcre_exec() can supply their own value. There is more discussion on the
211    man page.    pcreapi man page.
212    
213    . There is a separate counter that limits the depth of recursive function calls
214      during a matching process. This also has a default of ten million, which is
215      essentially "unlimited". You can change the default by setting, for example,
216    
217      --with-match-limit-recursion=500000
218    
219      Recursive function calls use up the runtime stack; running out of stack can
220      cause programs to crash in strange ways. There is a discussion about stack
221      sizes in the pcrestack man page.
222    
223  . The default maximum compiled pattern size is around 64K. You can increase  . The default maximum compiled pattern size is around 64K. You can increase
224    this by adding --with-link-size=3 to the "configure" command. You can    this by adding --with-link-size=3 to the "configure" command. You can
225    increase it even more by setting --with-link-size=4, but this is unlikely    increase it even more by setting --with-link-size=4, but this is unlikely
226    ever to be necessary. If you build PCRE with an increased link size, test 2    ever to be necessary. Increasing the internal link size will reduce
227    (and 5 if you are using UTF-8) will fail. Part of the output of these tests    performance.
228    is a representation of the compiled pattern, and this changes with the link  
229    size.  . You can build PCRE so that its internal match() function that is called from
230      pcre_exec() does not call itself recursively. Instead, it uses memory blocks
231  . You can build PCRE so that its match() function does not call itself    obtained from the heap via the special functions pcre_stack_malloc() and
232    recursively. Instead, it uses blocks of data from the heap via special    pcre_stack_free() to save data that would otherwise be saved on the stack. To
233    functions pcre_stack_malloc() and pcre_stack_free() to save data that would    build PCRE like this, use
   otherwise be saved on the stack. To build PCRE like this, use  
234    
235    --disable-stack-for-recursion    --disable-stack-for-recursion
236    
237    on the "configure" command. PCRE runs more slowly in this mode, but it may be    on the "configure" command. PCRE runs more slowly in this mode, but it may be
238    necessary in environments with limited stack sizes.    necessary in environments with limited stack sizes. This applies only to the
239      pcre_exec() function; it does not apply to pcre_dfa_exec(), which does not
240      use deeply nested recursion. There is a discussion about stack sizes in the
241      pcrestack man page.
242    
243    . For speed, PCRE uses four tables for manipulating and identifying characters
244      whose code point values are less than 256. By default, it uses a set of
245      tables for ASCII encoding that is part of the distribution. If you specify
246    
247      --enable-rebuild-chartables
248    
249      a program called dftables is compiled and run in the default C locale when
250      you obey "make". It builds a source file called pcre_chartables.c. If you do
251      not specify this option, pcre_chartables.c is created as a copy of
252      pcre_chartables.c.dist. See "Character tables" below for further information.
253    
254    . It is possible to compile PCRE for use on systems that use EBCDIC as their
255      default character code (as opposed to ASCII) by specifying
256    
257      --enable-ebcdic
258    
259      This automatically implies --enable-rebuild-chartables (see above).
260    
261    . It is possible to compile pcregrep to use libz and/or libbz2, in order to
262      read .gz and .bz2 files (respectively), by specifying one or both of
263    
264      --enable-pcregrep-libz
265      --enable-pcregrep-libbz2
266    
267      Of course, the relevant libraries must be installed on your system.
268    
269    . It is possible to compile pcretest so that it links with the libreadline
270      library, by specifying
271    
272  The "configure" script builds five files:    --enable-pcretest-libreadline
273    
274      If this is done, when pcretest's input is from a terminal, it reads it using
275      the readline() function. This provides line-editing and history facilities.
276      Note that libreadline is GPL-licenced, so if you distribute a binary of
277      pcretest linked in this way, there may be licensing issues.
278    
279    The "configure" script builds the following files for the basic C library:
280    
281    . Makefile is the makefile that builds the library
282    . config.h contains build-time configuration options for the library
283    . pcre.h is the public PCRE header file
284    . pcre-config is a script that shows the settings of "configure" options
285    . libpcre.pc is data for the pkg-config command
286  . libtool is a script that builds shared and/or static libraries  . libtool is a script that builds shared and/or static libraries
287  . Makefile is built by copying Makefile.in and making substitutions.  . RunTest is a script for running tests on the basic C library
288  . config.h is built by copying config.in and making substitutions.  . RunGrepTest is a script for running tests on the pcregrep command
289  . pcre-config is built by copying pcre-config.in and making substitutions.  
290  . RunTest is a script for running tests  Versions of config.h and pcre.h are distributed in the PCRE tarballs under
291    the names config.h.generic and pcre.h.generic. These are provided for the
292  Once "configure" has run, you can run "make". It builds two libraries called  benefit of those who have to built PCRE without the benefit of "configure". If
293  libpcre and libpcreposix, a test program called pcretest, and the pcregrep  you use "configure", the .generic versions are not used.
294  command. You can use "make install" to copy these, the public header files  
295  pcre.h and pcreposix.h, and the man pages to appropriate live directories on  If a C++ compiler is found, the following files are also built:
296  your system, in the normal way.  
297    . libpcrecpp.pc is data for the pkg-config command
298  Running "make install" also installs the command pcre-config, which can be used  . pcrecpparg.h is a header file for programs that call PCRE via the C++ wrapper
299  to recall information about the PCRE configuration and installation. For  . pcre_stringpiece.h is the header for the C++ "stringpiece" functions
300  example,  
301    The "configure" script also creates config.status, which is an executable
302    script that can be run to recreate the configuration, and config.log, which
303    contains compiler output from tests that "configure" runs.
304    
305    Once "configure" has run, you can run "make". It builds two libraries, called
306    libpcre and libpcreposix, a test program called pcretest, a demonstration
307    program called pcredemo, and the pcregrep command. If a C++ compiler was found
308    on your system, "make" also builds the C++ wrapper library, which is called
309    libpcrecpp, and some test programs called pcrecpp_unittest,
310    pcre_scanner_unittest, and pcre_stringpiece_unittest. Building the C++ wrapper
311    can be disabled by adding --disable-cpp to the "configure" command.
312    
313    The command "make check" runs all the appropriate tests. Details of the PCRE
314    tests are given below in a separate section of this document.
315    
316    You can use "make install" to install PCRE into live directories on your
317    system. The following are installed (file names are all relative to the
318    <prefix> that is set when "configure" is run):
319    
320      Commands (bin):
321        pcretest
322        pcregrep
323        pcre-config
324    
325      Libraries (lib):
326        libpcre
327        libpcreposix
328        libpcrecpp (if C++ support is enabled)
329    
330      Configuration information (lib/pkgconfig):
331        libpcre.pc
332        libpcrecpp.pc (if C++ support is enabled)
333    
334      Header files (include):
335        pcre.h
336        pcreposix.h
337        pcre_scanner.h      )
338        pcre_stringpiece.h  ) if C++ support is enabled
339        pcrecpp.h           )
340        pcrecpparg.h        )
341    
342      Man pages (share/man/man{1,3}):
343        pcregrep.1
344        pcretest.1
345        pcre.3
346        pcre*.3 (lots more pages, all starting "pcre")
347    
348      HTML documentation (share/doc/pcre/html):
349        index.html
350        *.html (lots more pages, hyperlinked from index.html)
351    
352      Text file documentation (share/doc/pcre):
353        AUTHORS
354        COPYING
355        ChangeLog
356        LICENCE
357        NEWS
358        README
359        pcre.txt       (a concatenation of the man(3) pages)
360        pcretest.txt   the pcretest man page
361        pcregrep.txt   the pcregrep man page
362    
363    Note that the pcredemo program that is built by "configure" is *not* installed
364    anywhere. It is a demonstration for programmers wanting to use PCRE.
365    
366    If you want to remove PCRE from your system, you can run "make uninstall".
367    This removes all the files that "make install" installed. However, it does not
368    remove any directories, because these are often shared with other programs.
369    
370    
371    Retrieving configuration information on Unix-like systems
372    ---------------------------------------------------------
373    
374    Running "make install" installs the command pcre-config, which can be used to
375    recall information about the PCRE configuration and installation. For example:
376    
377    pcre-config --version    pcre-config --version
378    
379  prints the version number, and  prints the version number, and
380    
381   pcre-config --libs    pcre-config --libs
382    
383  outputs information about where the library is installed. This command can be  outputs information about where the library is installed. This command can be
384  included in makefiles for programs that use PCRE, saving the programmer from  included in makefiles for programs that use PCRE, saving the programmer from
385  having to remember too many details.  having to remember too many details.
386    
387    The pkg-config command is another system for saving and retrieving information
388    about installed libraries. Instead of separate commands for each library, a
389    single command is used. For example:
390    
391      pkg-config --cflags pcre
392    
393    The data is held in *.pc files that are installed in a directory called
394    <prefix>/lib/pkgconfig.
395    
396    
397  Shared libraries on Unix-like systems  Shared libraries on Unix-like systems
398  -------------------------------------  -------------------------------------
399    
400  The default distribution builds PCRE as two shared libraries and two static  The default distribution builds PCRE as shared libraries and static libraries,
401  libraries, as long as the operating system supports shared libraries. Shared  as long as the operating system supports shared libraries. Shared library
402  library support relies on the "libtool" script which is built as part of the  support relies on the "libtool" script which is built as part of the
403  "configure" process.  "configure" process.
404    
405  The libtool script is used to compile and link both shared and static  The libtool script is used to compile and link both shared and static
# Line 154  built. The programs pcretest and pcregre Line 408  built. The programs pcretest and pcregre
408  libraries (by means of wrapper scripts in the case of shared libraries). When  libraries (by means of wrapper scripts in the case of shared libraries). When
409  you use "make install" to install shared libraries, pcregrep and pcretest are  you use "make install" to install shared libraries, pcregrep and pcretest are
410  automatically re-built to use the newly installed shared libraries before being  automatically re-built to use the newly installed shared libraries before being
411  installed themselves. However, the versions left in the source directory still  installed themselves. However, the versions left in the build directory still
412  use the uninstalled libraries.  use the uninstalled libraries.
413    
414  To build PCRE using static libraries only you must use --disable-shared when  To build PCRE using static libraries only you must use --disable-shared when
415  configuring it. For example  configuring it. For example:
416    
417  ./configure --prefix=/usr/gnu --disable-shared  ./configure --prefix=/usr/gnu --disable-shared
418    
# Line 166  Then run "make" in the usual way. Simila Line 420  Then run "make" in the usual way. Simila
420  build only shared libraries.  build only shared libraries.
421    
422    
423  Cross-compiling on a Unix-like system  Cross-compiling on Unix-like systems
424  -------------------------------------  ------------------------------------
425    
426  You can specify CC and CFLAGS in the normal way to the "configure" command, in  You can specify CC and CFLAGS in the normal way to the "configure" command, in
427  order to cross-compile PCRE for some other host. However, during the building  order to cross-compile PCRE for some other host. However, you should NOT
428  process, the dftables.c source file is compiled *and run* on the local host, in  specify --enable-rebuild-chartables, because if you do, the dftables.c source
429  order to generate the default character tables (the chartables.c file). It  file is compiled and run on the local host, in order to generate the inbuilt
430  therefore needs to be compiled with the local compiler, not the cross compiler.  character tables (the pcre_chartables.c file). This will probably not work,
431  You can do this by specifying CC_FOR_BUILD (and if necessary CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD)  because dftables.c needs to be compiled with the local compiler, not the cross
432  when calling the "configure" command. If they are not specified, they default  compiler.
433  to the values of CC and CFLAGS.  
434    When --enable-rebuild-chartables is not specified, pcre_chartables.c is created
435    by making a copy of pcre_chartables.c.dist, which is a default set of tables
436  Building on non-Unix systems  that assumes ASCII code. Cross-compiling with the default tables should not be
437  ----------------------------  a problem.
438    
439  For a non-Unix system, read the comments in the file NON-UNIX-USE, though if  If you need to modify the character tables when cross-compiling, you should
440  the system supports the use of "configure" and "make" you may be able to build  move pcre_chartables.c.dist out of the way, then compile dftables.c by hand and
441  PCRE in the same way as for Unix systems.  run it on the local host to make a new version of pcre_chartables.c.dist.
442    Then when you cross-compile PCRE this new version of the tables will be used.
443  PCRE has been compiled on Windows systems and on Macintoshes, but I don't know  
444  the details because I don't use those systems. It should be straightforward to  
445  build PCRE on any system that has a Standard C compiler, because it uses only  Using HP's ANSI C++ compiler (aCC)
446  Standard C functions.  ----------------------------------
447    
448    Unless C++ support is disabled by specifying the "--disable-cpp" option of the
449    "configure" script, you must include the "-AA" option in the CXXFLAGS
450    environment variable in order for the C++ components to compile correctly.
451    
452    Also, note that the aCC compiler on PA-RISC platforms may have a defect whereby
453    needed libraries fail to get included when specifying the "-AA" compiler
454    option. If you experience unresolved symbols when linking the C++ programs,
455    use the workaround of specifying the following environment variable prior to
456    running the "configure" script:
457    
458      CXXLDFLAGS="-lstd_v2 -lCsup_v2"
459    
460    
461    Making new tarballs
462    -------------------
463    
464    The command "make dist" creates three PCRE tarballs, in tar.gz, tar.bz2, and
465    zip formats. The command "make distcheck" does the same, but then does a trial
466    build of the new distribution to ensure that it works.
467    
468    If you have modified any of the man page sources in the doc directory, you
469    should first run the PrepareRelease script before making a distribution. This
470    script creates the .txt and HTML forms of the documentation from the man pages.
471    
472    
473  Testing PCRE  Testing PCRE
474  ------------  ------------
475    
476  To test PCRE on a Unix system, run the RunTest script that is created by the  To test the basic PCRE library on a Unix system, run the RunTest script that is
477  configuring process. (This can also be run by "make runtest", "make check", or  created by the configuring process. There is also a script called RunGrepTest
478  "make test".) For other systems, see the instructions in NON-UNIX-USE.  that tests the options of the pcregrep command. If the C++ wrapper library is
479    built, three test programs called pcrecpp_unittest, pcre_scanner_unittest, and
480  The script runs the pcretest test program (which is documented in its own man  pcre_stringpiece_unittest are also built.
481  page) on each of the testinput files (in the testdata directory) in turn,  
482  and compares the output with the contents of the corresponding testoutput file.  Both the scripts and all the program tests are run if you obey "make check" or
483  A file called testtry is used to hold the output from pcretest. To run pcretest  "make test". For other systems, see the instructions in NON-UNIX-USE.
484  on just one of the test files, give its number as an argument to RunTest, for  
485  example:  The RunTest script runs the pcretest test program (which is documented in its
486    own man page) on each of the testinput files in the testdata directory in
487    turn, and compares the output with the contents of the corresponding testoutput
488    files. A file called testtry is used to hold the main output from pcretest
489    (testsavedregex is also used as a working file). To run pcretest on just one of
490    the test files, give its number as an argument to RunTest, for example:
491    
492    RunTest 2    RunTest 2
493    
494  The first file can also be fed directly into the perltest script to check that  The first test file can also be fed directly into the perltest.pl script to
495  Perl gives the same results. The only difference you should see is in the first  check that Perl gives the same results. The only difference you should see is
496  few lines, where the Perl version is given instead of the PCRE version.  in the first few lines, where the Perl version is given instead of the PCRE
497    version.
498    
499  The second set of tests check pcre_fullinfo(), pcre_info(), pcre_study(),  The second set of tests check pcre_fullinfo(), pcre_info(), pcre_study(),
500  pcre_copy_substring(), pcre_get_substring(), pcre_get_substring_list(), error  pcre_copy_substring(), pcre_get_substring(), pcre_get_substring_list(), error
501  detection, and run-time flags that are specific to PCRE, as well as the POSIX  detection, and run-time flags that are specific to PCRE, as well as the POSIX
502  wrapper API. It also uses the debugging flag to check some of the internals of  wrapper API. It also uses the debugging flags to check some of the internals of
503  pcre_compile().  pcre_compile().
504    
505  If you build PCRE with a locale setting that is not the standard C locale, the  If you build PCRE with a locale setting that is not the standard C locale, the
# Line 241  is output to say why. If running this te Line 525  is output to say why. If running this te
525  in the comparison output, it means that locale is not available on your system,  in the comparison output, it means that locale is not available on your system,
526  despite being listed by "locale". This does not mean that PCRE is broken.  despite being listed by "locale". This does not mean that PCRE is broken.
527    
528    [If you are trying to run this test on Windows, you may be able to get it to
529    work by changing "fr_FR" to "french" everywhere it occurs. Alternatively, use
530    RunTest.bat. The version of RunTest.bat included with PCRE 7.4 and above uses
531    Windows versions of test 2. More info on using RunTest.bat is included in the
532    document entitled NON-UNIX-USE.]
533    
534  The fourth test checks the UTF-8 support. It is not run automatically unless  The fourth test checks the UTF-8 support. It is not run automatically unless
535  PCRE is built with UTF-8 support. To do this you must set --enable-utf8 when  PCRE is built with UTF-8 support. To do this you must set --enable-utf8 when
536  running "configure". This file can be also fed directly to the perltest script,  running "configure". This file can be also fed directly to the perltest script,
537  provided you are running Perl 5.8 or higher. (For Perl 5.6, a small patch,  provided you are running Perl 5.8 or higher. (For Perl 5.6, a small patch,
538  commented in the script, can be be used.)  commented in the script, can be be used.)
539    
540  The fifth and final file tests error handling with UTF-8 encoding, and internal  The fifth test checks error handling with UTF-8 encoding, and internal UTF-8
541  UTF-8 features of PCRE that are not relevant to Perl.  features of PCRE that are not relevant to Perl.
542    
543    The sixth test checks the support for Unicode character properties. It it not
544    run automatically unless PCRE is built with Unicode property support. To to
545    this you must set --enable-unicode-properties when running "configure".
546    
547    The seventh, eighth, and ninth tests check the pcre_dfa_exec() alternative
548    matching function, in non-UTF-8 mode, UTF-8 mode, and UTF-8 mode with Unicode
549    property support, respectively. The eighth and ninth tests are not run
550    automatically unless PCRE is build with the relevant support.
551    
552    
553  Character tables  Character tables
554  ----------------  ----------------
555    
556  PCRE uses four tables for manipulating and identifying characters. The final  For speed, PCRE uses four tables for manipulating and identifying characters
557  argument of the pcre_compile() function is a pointer to a block of memory  whose code point values are less than 256. The final argument of the
558  containing the concatenated tables. A call to pcre_maketables() can be used to  pcre_compile() function is a pointer to a block of memory containing the
559  generate a set of tables in the current locale. If the final argument for  concatenated tables. A call to pcre_maketables() can be used to generate a set
560  pcre_compile() is passed as NULL, a set of default tables that is built into  of tables in the current locale. If the final argument for pcre_compile() is
561  the binary is used.  passed as NULL, a set of default tables that is built into the binary is used.
562    
563  The source file called chartables.c contains the default set of tables. This is  The source file called pcre_chartables.c contains the default set of tables. By
564  not supplied in the distribution, but is built by the program dftables  default, this is created as a copy of pcre_chartables.c.dist, which contains
565  (compiled from dftables.c), which uses the ANSI C character handling functions  tables for ASCII coding. However, if --enable-rebuild-chartables is specified
566  such as isalnum(), isalpha(), isupper(), islower(), etc. to build the table  for ./configure, a different version of pcre_chartables.c is built by the
567  sources. This means that the default C locale which is set for your system will  program dftables (compiled from dftables.c), which uses the ANSI C character
568  control the contents of these default tables. You can change the default tables  handling functions such as isalnum(), isalpha(), isupper(), islower(), etc. to
569  by editing chartables.c and then re-building PCRE. If you do this, you should  build the table sources. This means that the default C locale which is set for
570  probably also edit Makefile to ensure that the file doesn't ever get  your system will control the contents of these default tables. You can change
571  re-generated.  the default tables by editing pcre_chartables.c and then re-building PCRE. If
572    you do this, you should take care to ensure that the file does not get
573    automatically re-generated. The best way to do this is to move
574    pcre_chartables.c.dist out of the way and replace it with your customized
575    tables.
576    
577    When the dftables program is run as a result of --enable-rebuild-chartables,
578    it uses the default C locale that is set on your system. It does not pay
579    attention to the LC_xxx environment variables. In other words, it uses the
580    system's default locale rather than whatever the compiling user happens to have
581    set. If you really do want to build a source set of character tables in a
582    locale that is specified by the LC_xxx variables, you can run the dftables
583    program by hand with the -L option. For example:
584    
585      ./dftables -L pcre_chartables.c.special
586    
587  The first two 256-byte tables provide lower casing and case flipping functions,  The first two 256-byte tables provide lower casing and case flipping functions,
588  respectively. The next table consists of three 32-byte bit maps which identify  respectively. The next table consists of three 32-byte bit maps which identify
589  digits, "word" characters, and white space, respectively. These are used when  digits, "word" characters, and white space, respectively. These are used when
590  building 32-byte bit maps that represent character classes.  building 32-byte bit maps that represent character classes for code points less
591    than 256.
592    
593  The final 256-byte table has bits indicating various character types, as  The final 256-byte table has bits indicating various character types, as
594  follows:  follows:
# Line 290  You should not alter the set of characte Line 604  You should not alter the set of characte
604  will cause PCRE to malfunction.  will cause PCRE to malfunction.
605    
606    
607  Manifest  File manifest
608  --------  -------------
609    
610  The distribution should contain the following files:  The distribution should contain the following files:
611    
612  (A) The actual source files of the PCRE library functions and their  (A) Source files of the PCRE library functions and their headers:
613      headers:  
614      dftables.c              auxiliary program for building pcre_chartables.c
615                                when --enable-rebuild-chartables is specified
616    
617    dftables.c            auxiliary program for building chartables.c    pcre_chartables.c.dist  a default set of character tables that assume ASCII
618    get.c                 )                              coding; used, unless --enable-rebuild-chartables is
619    maketables.c          )                              specified, by copying to pcre_chartables.c
620    study.c               ) source of  
621    pcre.c                )   the functions    pcreposix.c             )
622    pcreposix.c           )    pcre_compile.c          )
623    printint.c            )    pcre_config.c           )
624    pcre.in               "source" for the header for the external API; pcre.h    pcre_dfa_exec.c         )
625                            is built from this by "configure"    pcre_exec.c             )
626    pcreposix.h           header for the external POSIX wrapper API    pcre_fullinfo.c         )
627    internal.h            header for internal use    pcre_get.c              ) sources for the functions in the library,
628    config.in             template for config.h, which is built by configure    pcre_globals.c          )   and some internal functions that they use
629      pcre_info.c             )
630  (B) Auxiliary files:    pcre_maketables.c       )
631      pcre_newline.c          )
632    AUTHORS               information about the author of PCRE    pcre_ord2utf8.c         )
633    ChangeLog             log of changes to the code    pcre_refcount.c         )
634    INSTALL               generic installation instructions    pcre_study.c            )
635    LICENCE               conditions for the use of PCRE    pcre_tables.c           )
636    COPYING               the same, using GNU's standard name    pcre_try_flipped.c      )
637    Makefile.in           template for Unix Makefile, which is built by configure    pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c  )
638    NEWS                  important changes in this release    pcre_valid_utf8.c       )
639    NON-UNIX-USE          notes on building PCRE on non-Unix systems    pcre_version.c          )
640    README                this file    pcre_xclass.c           )
641    RunTest.in            template for a Unix shell script for running tests    pcre_printint.src       ) debugging function that is #included in pcretest,
642    config.guess          ) files used by libtool,                            )   and can also be #included in pcre_compile()
643    config.sub            )   used only when building a shared library    pcre.h.in               template for pcre.h when built by "configure"
644    configure             a configuring shell script (built by autoconf)    pcreposix.h             header for the external POSIX wrapper API
645    configure.in          the autoconf input used to build configure    pcre_internal.h         header for internal use
646    doc/Tech.Notes        notes on the encoding    ucp.h                   ) headers concerned with
647    doc/*.3               man page sources for the PCRE functions    ucpinternal.h           )   Unicode property handling
648    doc/*.1               man page sources for pcregrep and pcretest    ucptable.h              ) (this one is the data table)
649    doc/html/*            HTML documentation  
650    doc/pcre.txt          plain text version of the man pages    config.h.in             template for config.h, which is built by "configure"
651    doc/pcretest.txt      plain text documentation of test program  
652    doc/perltest.txt      plain text documentation of Perl test program    pcrecpp.h               public header file for the C++ wrapper
653    install-sh            a shell script for installing files    pcrecpparg.h.in         template for another C++ header file
654    ltmain.sh             file used to build a libtool script    pcre_scanner.h          public header file for C++ scanner functions
655    pcretest.c            comprehensive test program    pcrecpp.cc              )
656    pcredemo.c            simple demonstration of coding calls to PCRE    pcre_scanner.cc         ) source for the C++ wrapper library
657    perltest              Perl test program  
658    pcregrep.c            source of a grep utility that uses PCRE    pcre_stringpiece.h.in   template for pcre_stringpiece.h, the header for the
659    pcre-config.in        source of script which retains PCRE information                              C++ stringpiece functions
660    testdata/testinput1   test data, compatible with Perl    pcre_stringpiece.cc     source for the C++ stringpiece functions
661    testdata/testinput2   test data for error messages and non-Perl things  
662    testdata/testinput3   test data for locale-specific tests  (B) Source files for programs that use PCRE:
663    testdata/testinput4   test data for UTF-8 tests compatible with Perl  
664    testdata/testinput5   test data for other UTF-8 tests    pcredemo.c              simple demonstration of coding calls to PCRE
665    testdata/testoutput1  test results corresponding to testinput1    pcregrep.c              source of a grep utility that uses PCRE
666    testdata/testoutput2  test results corresponding to testinput2    pcretest.c              comprehensive test program
667    testdata/testoutput3  test results corresponding to testinput3  
668    testdata/testoutput4  test results corresponding to testinput4  (C) Auxiliary files:
669    testdata/testoutput5  test results corresponding to testinput5  
670      132html                 script to turn "man" pages into HTML
671      AUTHORS                 information about the author of PCRE
672      ChangeLog               log of changes to the code
673      CleanTxt                script to clean nroff output for txt man pages
674      Detrail                 script to remove trailing spaces
675      HACKING                 some notes about the internals of PCRE
676      INSTALL                 generic installation instructions
677      LICENCE                 conditions for the use of PCRE
678      COPYING                 the same, using GNU's standard name
679      Makefile.in             ) template for Unix Makefile, which is built by
680                              )   "configure"
681      Makefile.am             ) the automake input that was used to create
682                              )   Makefile.in
683      NEWS                    important changes in this release
684      NON-UNIX-USE            notes on building PCRE on non-Unix systems
685      PrepareRelease          script to make preparations for "make dist"
686      README                  this file
687      RunTest                 a Unix shell script for running tests
688      RunGrepTest             a Unix shell script for pcregrep tests
689      aclocal.m4              m4 macros (generated by "aclocal")
690      config.guess            ) files used by libtool,
691      config.sub              )   used only when building a shared library
692      configure               a configuring shell script (built by autoconf)
693      configure.ac            ) the autoconf input that was used to build
694                              )   "configure" and config.h
695      depcomp                 ) script to find program dependencies, generated by
696                              )   automake
697      doc/*.3                 man page sources for the PCRE functions
698      doc/*.1                 man page sources for pcregrep and pcretest
699      doc/index.html.src      the base HTML page
700      doc/html/*              HTML documentation
701      doc/pcre.txt            plain text version of the man pages
702      doc/pcretest.txt        plain text documentation of test program
703      doc/perltest.txt        plain text documentation of Perl test program
704      install-sh              a shell script for installing files
705      libpcre.pc.in           template for libpcre.pc for pkg-config
706      libpcrecpp.pc.in        template for libpcrecpp.pc for pkg-config
707      ltmain.sh               file used to build a libtool script
708      missing                 ) common stub for a few missing GNU programs while
709                              )   installing, generated by automake
710      mkinstalldirs           script for making install directories
711      perltest.pl             Perl test program
712      pcre-config.in          source of script which retains PCRE information
713      pcrecpp_unittest.cc          )
714      pcre_scanner_unittest.cc     ) test programs for the C++ wrapper
715      pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc )
716      testdata/testinput*     test data for main library tests
717      testdata/testoutput*    expected test results
718      testdata/grep*          input and output for pcregrep tests
719    
720  (C) Auxiliary files for Win32 DLL  (D) Auxiliary files for cmake support
721    
722    dll.mk    CMakeLists.txt
723    pcre.def    config-cmake.h.in
724    
725  (D) Auxiliary file for VPASCAL  (E) Auxiliary files for VPASCAL
726    
727    makevp.bat    makevp.bat
728      makevp_c.txt
729      makevp_l.txt
730      pcregexp.pas
731    
732    (F) Auxiliary files for building PCRE "by hand"
733    
734      pcre.h.generic          ) a version of the public PCRE header file
735                              )   for use in non-"configure" environments
736      config.h.generic        ) a version of config.h for use in non-"configure"
737                              )   environments
738    
739    (F) Miscellaneous
740    
741      RunTest.bat            a script for running tests under Windows
742    
743  Philip Hazel <ph10@cam.ac.uk>  Philip Hazel
744  December 2003  Email local part: ph10
745    Email domain: cam.ac.uk
746    Last updated: 18 December 2007

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