/[pcre]/code/trunk/doc/pcrecompat.3
ViewVC logotype

Diff of /code/trunk/doc/pcrecompat.3

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

revision 442 by ph10, Fri Sep 11 10:21:02 2009 UTC revision 457 by ph10, Sat Oct 3 16:24:08 2009 UTC
# Line 5  PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressio Line 5  PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressio
5  .rs  .rs
6  .sp  .sp
7  This document describes the differences in the ways that PCRE and Perl handle  This document describes the differences in the ways that PCRE and Perl handle
8  regular expressions. The differences described here are mainly with respect to  regular expressions. The differences described here are with respect to Perl
9  Perl 5.8, though PCRE versions 7.0 and later contain some features that are  5.10.
 in Perl 5.10.  
10  .P  .P
11  1. PCRE has only a subset of Perl's UTF-8 and Unicode support. Details of what  1. PCRE has only a subset of Perl's UTF-8 and Unicode support. Details of what
12  it does have are given in the  it does have are given in the
# Line 46  encountered by PCRE, an error is generat Line 45  encountered by PCRE, an error is generat
45  built with Unicode character property support. The properties that can be  built with Unicode character property support. The properties that can be
46  tested with \ep and \eP are limited to the general category properties such as  tested with \ep and \eP are limited to the general category properties such as
47  Lu and Nd, script names such as Greek or Han, and the derived properties Any  Lu and Nd, script names such as Greek or Han, and the derived properties Any
48  and L&.  and L&. PCRE does support the Cs (surrogate) property, which Perl does not; the
49    Perl documentation says "Because Perl hides the need for the user to understand
50    the internal representation of Unicode characters, there is no need to
51    implement the somewhat messy concept of surrogates."
52  .P  .P
53  7. PCRE does support the \eQ...\eE escape for quoting substrings. Characters in  7. PCRE does support the \eQ...\eE escape for quoting substrings. Characters in
54  between are treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $  between are treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $
# Line 66  The \eQ...\eE sequence is recognized bot Line 68  The \eQ...\eE sequence is recognized bot
68  .P  .P
69  8. Fairly obviously, PCRE does not support the (?{code}) and (??{code})  8. Fairly obviously, PCRE does not support the (?{code}) and (??{code})
70  constructions. However, there is support for recursive patterns. This is not  constructions. However, there is support for recursive patterns. This is not
71  available in Perl 5.8, but will be in Perl 5.10. Also, the PCRE "callout"  available in Perl 5.8, but it is in Perl 5.10. Also, the PCRE "callout"
72  feature allows an external function to be called during pattern matching. See  feature allows an external function to be called during pattern matching. See
73  the  the
74  .\" HREF  .\" HREF
# Line 75  the Line 77  the
77  documentation for details.  documentation for details.
78  .P  .P
79  9. Subpatterns that are called recursively or as "subroutines" are always  9. Subpatterns that are called recursively or as "subroutines" are always
80  treated as atomic groups in PCRE. This is like Python, but unlike Perl.  treated as atomic groups in PCRE. This is like Python, but unlike Perl. There
81    is a discussion of an example that explains this in more detail in the
82    .\" HTML <a href="pcrepattern.html#recursiondifference">
83    .\" </a>
84    section on recursion differences from Perl
85    .\"
86    in the
87    .\" HREF
88    \fBpcrepattern\fP
89    .\"
90    page.
91  .P  .P
92  10. There are some differences that are concerned with the settings of captured  10. There are some differences that are concerned with the settings of captured
93  strings when part of a pattern is repeated. For example, matching "aba" against  strings when part of a pattern is repeated. For example, matching "aba" against
# Line 83  the pattern /^(a(b)?)+$/ in Perl leaves Line 95  the pattern /^(a(b)?)+$/ in Perl leaves
95  .P  .P
96  11. PCRE does support Perl 5.10's backtracking verbs (*ACCEPT), (*FAIL), (*F),  11. PCRE does support Perl 5.10's backtracking verbs (*ACCEPT), (*FAIL), (*F),
97  (*COMMIT), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP), and (*THEN), but only in the forms without an  (*COMMIT), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP), and (*THEN), but only in the forms without an
98  argument. PCRE does not support (*MARK). If (*ACCEPT) is within capturing  argument. PCRE does not support (*MARK).
 parentheses, PCRE does not set that capture group; this is different to Perl.  
99  .P  .P
100  12. PCRE provides some extensions to the Perl regular expression facilities.  12. PCRE's handling of duplicate subpattern numbers and duplicate subpattern
101  Perl 5.10 will include new features that are not in earlier versions, some of  names is not as general as Perl's. This is a consequence of the fact the PCRE
102  which (such as named parentheses) have been in PCRE for some time. This list is  works internally just with numbers, using an external table to translate
103  with respect to Perl 5.10:  between numbers and names. The following are some specific differences:
104  .sp  .sp
105  (a) Although lookbehind assertions must match fixed length strings, each  (a) A pattern such as (?|(?<a>A)|(?<b)B), where the two capturing
106  alternative branch of a lookbehind assertion can match a different length of  parentheses have the same number but different names, is not supported, and
107  string. Perl requires them all to have the same length.  causes an error at compile time. If it were allowed, it would not be possible
108    to distinguish which parentheses matched, because both names map to capturing
109    subpattern number 1. To avoid this confusing situation, an error is given at
110    compile time.
111    .sp
112    (b) A condition test for a subpattern with a name that is duplicated gives
113    unpredictable results. For example, when the pattern
114    (?:(?<a>A)|(?<a>B))(?('a')...|...) is compiled (the PCRE_DUPNAMES option is
115    required), the condition test (?('a') is set to test whether subpattern 1 has
116    matched, ignoring subpattern 2, even though it has the same name.
117    .P
118    13. PCRE provides some extensions to the Perl regular expression facilities.
119    Perl 5.10 includes new features that are not in earlier versions of Perl, some
120    of which (such as named parentheses) have been in PCRE for some time. This list
121    is with respect to Perl 5.10:
122    .sp
123    (a) Although lookbehind assertions in PCRE must match fixed length strings,
124    each alternative branch of a lookbehind assertion can match a different length
125    of string. Perl requires them all to have the same length.
126  .sp  .sp
127  (b) If PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is set and PCRE_MULTILINE is not set, the $  (b) If PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is set and PCRE_MULTILINE is not set, the $
128  meta-character matches only at the very end of the string.  meta-character matches only at the very end of the string.
# Line 143  Cambridge CB2 3QH, England. Line 172  Cambridge CB2 3QH, England.
172  .rs  .rs
173  .sp  .sp
174  .nf  .nf
175  Last updated: 11 September 2009  Last updated: 03 October 2009
176  Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge.  Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge.
177  .fi  .fi

Legend:
Removed from v.442  
changed lines
  Added in v.457

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.5