/[pcre]/code/trunk/doc/pcrecompat.3
ViewVC logotype

Diff of /code/trunk/doc/pcrecompat.3

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

revision 442 by ph10, Fri Sep 11 10:21:02 2009 UTC revision 518 by ph10, Tue May 18 15:47:01 2010 UTC
# Line 5  PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressio Line 5  PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressio
5  .rs  .rs
6  .sp  .sp
7  This document describes the differences in the ways that PCRE and Perl handle  This document describes the differences in the ways that PCRE and Perl handle
8  regular expressions. The differences described here are mainly with respect to  regular expressions. The differences described here are with respect to Perl
9  Perl 5.8, though PCRE versions 7.0 and later contain some features that are  5.10/5.11.
 in Perl 5.10.  
10  .P  .P
11  1. PCRE has only a subset of Perl's UTF-8 and Unicode support. Details of what  1. PCRE has only a subset of Perl's UTF-8 and Unicode support. Details of what
12  it does have are given in the  it does have are given in the
# Line 46  encountered by PCRE, an error is generat Line 45  encountered by PCRE, an error is generat
45  built with Unicode character property support. The properties that can be  built with Unicode character property support. The properties that can be
46  tested with \ep and \eP are limited to the general category properties such as  tested with \ep and \eP are limited to the general category properties such as
47  Lu and Nd, script names such as Greek or Han, and the derived properties Any  Lu and Nd, script names such as Greek or Han, and the derived properties Any
48  and L&.  and L&. PCRE does support the Cs (surrogate) property, which Perl does not; the
49    Perl documentation says "Because Perl hides the need for the user to understand
50    the internal representation of Unicode characters, there is no need to
51    implement the somewhat messy concept of surrogates."
52  .P  .P
53  7. PCRE does support the \eQ...\eE escape for quoting substrings. Characters in  7. PCRE does support the \eQ...\eE escape for quoting substrings. Characters in
54  between are treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $  between are treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $
# Line 66  The \eQ...\eE sequence is recognized bot Line 68  The \eQ...\eE sequence is recognized bot
68  .P  .P
69  8. Fairly obviously, PCRE does not support the (?{code}) and (??{code})  8. Fairly obviously, PCRE does not support the (?{code}) and (??{code})
70  constructions. However, there is support for recursive patterns. This is not  constructions. However, there is support for recursive patterns. This is not
71  available in Perl 5.8, but will be in Perl 5.10. Also, the PCRE "callout"  available in Perl 5.8, but it is in Perl 5.10. Also, the PCRE "callout"
72  feature allows an external function to be called during pattern matching. See  feature allows an external function to be called during pattern matching. See
73  the  the
74  .\" HREF  .\" HREF
# Line 75  the Line 77  the
77  documentation for details.  documentation for details.
78  .P  .P
79  9. Subpatterns that are called recursively or as "subroutines" are always  9. Subpatterns that are called recursively or as "subroutines" are always
80  treated as atomic groups in PCRE. This is like Python, but unlike Perl.  treated as atomic groups in PCRE. This is like Python, but unlike Perl. There
81    is a discussion of an example that explains this in more detail in the
82    .\" HTML <a href="pcrepattern.html#recursiondifference">
83    .\" </a>
84    section on recursion differences from Perl
85    .\"
86    in the
87    .\" HREF
88    \fBpcrepattern\fP
89    .\"
90    page.
91  .P  .P
92  10. There are some differences that are concerned with the settings of captured  10. There are some differences that are concerned with the settings of captured
93  strings when part of a pattern is repeated. For example, matching "aba" against  strings when part of a pattern is repeated. For example, matching "aba" against
94  the pattern /^(a(b)?)+$/ in Perl leaves $2 unset, but in PCRE it is set to "b".  the pattern /^(a(b)?)+$/ in Perl leaves $2 unset, but in PCRE it is set to "b".
95  .P  .P
96  11. PCRE does support Perl 5.10's backtracking verbs (*ACCEPT), (*FAIL), (*F),  11. PCRE's handling of duplicate subpattern numbers and duplicate subpattern
97  (*COMMIT), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP), and (*THEN), but only in the forms without an  names is not as general as Perl's. This is a consequence of the fact the PCRE
98  argument. PCRE does not support (*MARK). If (*ACCEPT) is within capturing  works internally just with numbers, using an external table to translate
99  parentheses, PCRE does not set that capture group; this is different to Perl.  between numbers and names. In particular, a pattern such as (?|(?<a>A)|(?<b)B),
100    where the two capturing parentheses have the same number but different names,
101    is not supported, and causes an error at compile time. If it were allowed, it
102    would not be possible to distinguish which parentheses matched, because both
103    names map to capturing subpattern number 1. To avoid this confusing situation,
104    an error is given at compile time.
105  .P  .P
106  12. PCRE provides some extensions to the Perl regular expression facilities.  12. PCRE provides some extensions to the Perl regular expression facilities.
107  Perl 5.10 will include new features that are not in earlier versions, some of  Perl 5.10 includes new features that are not in earlier versions of Perl, some
108  which (such as named parentheses) have been in PCRE for some time. This list is  of which (such as named parentheses) have been in PCRE for some time. This list
109  with respect to Perl 5.10:  is with respect to Perl 5.10:
110  .sp  .sp
111  (a) Although lookbehind assertions must match fixed length strings, each  (a) Although lookbehind assertions in PCRE must match fixed length strings,
112  alternative branch of a lookbehind assertion can match a different length of  each alternative branch of a lookbehind assertion can match a different length
113  string. Perl requires them all to have the same length.  of string. Perl requires them all to have the same length.
114  .sp  .sp
115  (b) If PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is set and PCRE_MULTILINE is not set, the $  (b) If PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is set and PCRE_MULTILINE is not set, the $
116  meta-character matches only at the very end of the string.  meta-character matches only at the very end of the string.
# Line 143  Cambridge CB2 3QH, England. Line 160  Cambridge CB2 3QH, England.
160  .rs  .rs
161  .sp  .sp
162  .nf  .nf
163  Last updated: 11 September 2009  Last updated: 12 May 2010
164  Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge.  Copyright (c) 1997-2010 University of Cambridge.
165  .fi  .fi

Legend:
Removed from v.442  
changed lines
  Added in v.518

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.5