/[pcre]/code/trunk/doc/pcrecompat.3
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revision 99 by ph10, Tue Mar 6 12:27:42 2007 UTC revision 447 by ph10, Tue Sep 15 18:17:54 2009 UTC
# Line 6  PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressio Line 6  PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressio
6  .sp  .sp
7  This document describes the differences in the ways that PCRE and Perl handle  This document describes the differences in the ways that PCRE and Perl handle
8  regular expressions. The differences described here are mainly with respect to  regular expressions. The differences described here are mainly with respect to
9  Perl 5.8, though PCRE version 7.0 contains some features that are expected to  Perl 5.8, though PCRE versions 7.0 and later contain some features that are
10  be in the forthcoming Perl 5.10.  in Perl 5.10.
11  .P  .P
12  1. PCRE has only a subset of Perl's UTF-8 and Unicode support. Details of what  1. PCRE has only a subset of Perl's UTF-8 and Unicode support. Details of what
13  it does have are given in the  it does have are given in the
# Line 81  treated as atomic groups in PCRE. This i Line 81  treated as atomic groups in PCRE. This i
81  strings when part of a pattern is repeated. For example, matching "aba" against  strings when part of a pattern is repeated. For example, matching "aba" against
82  the pattern /^(a(b)?)+$/ in Perl leaves $2 unset, but in PCRE it is set to "b".  the pattern /^(a(b)?)+$/ in Perl leaves $2 unset, but in PCRE it is set to "b".
83  .P  .P
84  11. PCRE provides some extensions to the Perl regular expression facilities.  11. PCRE does support Perl 5.10's backtracking verbs (*ACCEPT), (*FAIL), (*F),
85    (*COMMIT), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP), and (*THEN), but only in the forms without an
86    argument. PCRE does not support (*MARK).
87    .P
88    12. PCRE provides some extensions to the Perl regular expression facilities.
89  Perl 5.10 will include new features that are not in earlier versions, some of  Perl 5.10 will include new features that are not in earlier versions, some of
90  which (such as named parentheses) have been in PCRE for some time. This list is  which (such as named parentheses) have been in PCRE for some time. This list is
91  with respect to Perl 5.10:  with respect to Perl 5.10:
# Line 94  string. Perl requires them all to have t Line 98  string. Perl requires them all to have t
98  meta-character matches only at the very end of the string.  meta-character matches only at the very end of the string.
99  .sp  .sp
100  (c) If PCRE_EXTRA is set, a backslash followed by a letter with no special  (c) If PCRE_EXTRA is set, a backslash followed by a letter with no special
101  meaning is faulted. Otherwise, like Perl, the backslash is ignored. (Perl can  meaning is faulted. Otherwise, like Perl, the backslash is quietly ignored.
102  be made to issue a warning.)  (Perl can be made to issue a warning.)
103  .sp  .sp
104  (d) If PCRE_UNGREEDY is set, the greediness of the repetition quantifiers is  (d) If PCRE_UNGREEDY is set, the greediness of the repetition quantifiers is
105  inverted, that is, by default they are not greedy, but if followed by a  inverted, that is, by default they are not greedy, but if followed by a
# Line 104  question mark they are. Line 108  question mark they are.
108  (e) PCRE_ANCHORED can be used at matching time to force a pattern to be tried  (e) PCRE_ANCHORED can be used at matching time to force a pattern to be tried
109  only at the first matching position in the subject string.  only at the first matching position in the subject string.
110  .sp  .sp
111  (f) The PCRE_NOTBOL, PCRE_NOTEOL, PCRE_NOTEMPTY, and PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE  (f) The PCRE_NOTBOL, PCRE_NOTEOL, PCRE_NOTEMPTY, PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART, and
112  options for \fBpcre_exec()\fP have no Perl equivalents.  PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE options for \fBpcre_exec()\fP have no Perl equivalents.
113    .sp
114    (g) The \eR escape sequence can be restricted to match only CR, LF, or CRLF
115    by the PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF option.
116  .sp  .sp
117  (g) The callout facility is PCRE-specific.  (h) The callout facility is PCRE-specific.
118  .sp  .sp
119  (h) The partial matching facility is PCRE-specific.  (i) The partial matching facility is PCRE-specific.
120  .sp  .sp
121  (i) Patterns compiled by PCRE can be saved and re-used at a later time, even on  (j) Patterns compiled by PCRE can be saved and re-used at a later time, even on
122  different hosts that have the other endianness.  different hosts that have the other endianness.
123  .sp  .sp
124  (j) The alternative matching function (\fBpcre_dfa_exec()\fP) matches in a  (k) The alternative matching function (\fBpcre_dfa_exec()\fP) matches in a
125  different way and is not Perl-compatible.  different way and is not Perl-compatible.
126    .sp
127    (l) PCRE recognizes some special sequences such as (*CR) at the start of
128    a pattern that set overall options that cannot be changed within the pattern.
129  .  .
130  .  .
131  .SH AUTHOR  .SH AUTHOR
# Line 132  Cambridge CB2 3QH, England. Line 142  Cambridge CB2 3QH, England.
142  .rs  .rs
143  .sp  .sp
144  .nf  .nf
145  Last updated: 06 March 2007  Last updated: 15 September 2009
146  Copyright (c) 1997-2007 University of Cambridge.  Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge.
147  .fi  .fi

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