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1 PCRETEST(1) PCRETEST(1)
2
3
4 NAME
5 pcretest - a program for testing Perl-compatible regular expressions.
6
7
8 SYNOPSIS
9
10 pcretest [options] [source] [destination]
11
12 pcretest was written as a test program for the PCRE regular expression
13 library itself, but it can also be used for experimenting with regular
14 expressions. This document describes the features of the test program;
15 for details of the regular expressions themselves, see the pcrepattern
16 documentation. For details of the PCRE library function calls and their
17 options, see the pcreapi documentation.
18
19
20 OPTIONS
21
22 -b Behave as if each regex has the /B (show bytecode) modifier;
23 the internal form is output after compilation.
24
25 -C Output the version number of the PCRE library, and all avail-
26 able information about the optional features that are
27 included, and then exit.
28
29 -d Behave as if each regex has the /D (debug) modifier; the
30 internal form and information about the compiled pattern is
31 output after compilation; -d is equivalent to -b -i.
32
33 -dfa Behave as if each data line contains the \D escape sequence;
34 this causes the alternative matching function,
35 pcre_dfa_exec(), to be used instead of the standard
36 pcre_exec() function (more detail is given below).
37
38 -help Output a brief summary these options and then exit.
39
40 -i Behave as if each regex has the /I modifier; information
41 about the compiled pattern is given after compilation.
42
43 -m Output the size of each compiled pattern after it has been
44 compiled. This is equivalent to adding /M to each regular
45 expression. For compatibility with earlier versions of
46 pcretest, -s is a synonym for -m.
47
48 -o osize Set the number of elements in the output vector that is used
49 when calling pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() to be osize. The
50 default value is 45, which is enough for 14 capturing subex-
51 pressions for pcre_exec() or 22 different matches for
52 pcre_dfa_exec(). The vector size can be changed for individ-
53 ual matching calls by including \O in the data line (see
54 below).
55
56 -p Behave as if each regex has the /P modifier; the POSIX wrap-
57 per API is used to call PCRE. None of the other options has
58 any effect when -p is set.
59
60 -q Do not output the version number of pcretest at the start of
61 execution.
62
63 -S size On Unix-like systems, set the size of the runtime stack to
64 size megabytes.
65
66 -t Run each compile, study, and match many times with a timer,
67 and output resulting time per compile or match (in millisec-
68 onds). Do not set -m with -t, because you will then get the
69 size output a zillion times, and the timing will be dis-
70 torted. You can control the number of iterations that are
71 used for timing by following -t with a number (as a separate
72 item on the command line). For example, "-t 1000" would iter-
73 ate 1000 times. The default is to iterate 500000 times.
74
75 -tm This is like -t except that it times only the matching phase,
76 not the compile or study phases.
77
78
79 DESCRIPTION
80
81 If pcretest is given two filename arguments, it reads from the first
82 and writes to the second. If it is given only one filename argument, it
83 reads from that file and writes to stdout. Otherwise, it reads from
84 stdin and writes to stdout, and prompts for each line of input, using
85 "re>" to prompt for regular expressions, and "data>" to prompt for data
86 lines.
87
88 When pcretest is built, a configuration option can specify that it
89 should be linked with the libreadline library. When this is done, if
90 the input is from a terminal, it is read using the readline() function.
91 This provides line-editing and history facilities. The output from the
92 -help option states whether or not readline() will be used.
93
94 The program handles any number of sets of input on a single input file.
95 Each set starts with a regular expression, and continues with any num-
96 ber of data lines to be matched against the pattern.
97
98 Each data line is matched separately and independently. If you want to
99 do multi-line matches, you have to use the \n escape sequence (or \r or
100 \r\n, etc., depending on the newline setting) in a single line of input
101 to encode the newline sequences. There is no limit on the length of
102 data lines; the input buffer is automatically extended if it is too
103 small.
104
105 An empty line signals the end of the data lines, at which point a new
106 regular expression is read. The regular expressions are given enclosed
107 in any non-alphanumeric delimiters other than backslash, for example:
108
109 /(a|bc)x+yz/
110
111 White space before the initial delimiter is ignored. A regular expres-
112 sion may be continued over several input lines, in which case the new-
113 line characters are included within it. It is possible to include the
114 delimiter within the pattern by escaping it, for example
115
116 /abc\/def/
117
118 If you do so, the escape and the delimiter form part of the pattern,
119 but since delimiters are always non-alphanumeric, this does not affect
120 its interpretation. If the terminating delimiter is immediately fol-
121 lowed by a backslash, for example,
122
123 /abc/\
124
125 then a backslash is added to the end of the pattern. This is done to
126 provide a way of testing the error condition that arises if a pattern
127 finishes with a backslash, because
128
129 /abc\/
130
131 is interpreted as the first line of a pattern that starts with "abc/",
132 causing pcretest to read the next line as a continuation of the regular
133 expression.
134
135
136 PATTERN MODIFIERS
137
138 A pattern may be followed by any number of modifiers, which are mostly
139 single characters. Following Perl usage, these are referred to below
140 as, for example, "the /i modifier", even though the delimiter of the
141 pattern need not always be a slash, and no slash is used when writing
142 modifiers. Whitespace may appear between the final pattern delimiter
143 and the first modifier, and between the modifiers themselves.
144
145 The /i, /m, /s, and /x modifiers set the PCRE_CASELESS, PCRE_MULTILINE,
146 PCRE_DOTALL, or PCRE_EXTENDED options, respectively, when pcre_com-
147 pile() is called. These four modifier letters have the same effect as
148 they do in Perl. For example:
149
150 /caseless/i
151
152 The following table shows additional modifiers for setting PCRE options
153 that do not correspond to anything in Perl:
154
155 /A PCRE_ANCHORED
156 /C PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT
157 /E PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY
158 /f PCRE_FIRSTLINE
159 /J PCRE_DUPNAMES
160 /N PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE
161 /U PCRE_UNGREEDY
162 /X PCRE_EXTRA
163 /<JS> PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT
164 /<cr> PCRE_NEWLINE_CR
165 /<lf> PCRE_NEWLINE_LF
166 /<crlf> PCRE_NEWLINE_CRLF
167 /<anycrlf> PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF
168 /<any> PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY
169 /<bsr_anycrlf> PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF
170 /<bsr_unicode> PCRE_BSR_UNICODE
171
172 Those specifying line ending sequences are literal strings as shown,
173 but the letters can be in either case. This example sets multiline
174 matching with CRLF as the line ending sequence:
175
176 /^abc/m<crlf>
177
178 Details of the meanings of these PCRE options are given in the pcreapi
179 documentation.
180
181 Finding all matches in a string
182
183 Searching for all possible matches within each subject string can be
184 requested by the /g or /G modifier. After finding a match, PCRE is
185 called again to search the remainder of the subject string. The differ-
186 ence between /g and /G is that the former uses the startoffset argument
187 to pcre_exec() to start searching at a new point within the entire
188 string (which is in effect what Perl does), whereas the latter passes
189 over a shortened substring. This makes a difference to the matching
190 process if the pattern begins with a lookbehind assertion (including \b
191 or \B).
192
193 If any call to pcre_exec() in a /g or /G sequence matches an empty
194 string, the next call is done with the PCRE_NOTEMPTY and PCRE_ANCHORED
195 flags set in order to search for another, non-empty, match at the same
196 point. If this second match fails, the start offset is advanced by
197 one, and the normal match is retried. This imitates the way Perl han-
198 dles such cases when using the /g modifier or the split() function.
199
200 Other modifiers
201
202 There are yet more modifiers for controlling the way pcretest operates.
203
204 The /+ modifier requests that as well as outputting the substring that
205 matched the entire pattern, pcretest should in addition output the
206 remainder of the subject string. This is useful for tests where the
207 subject contains multiple copies of the same substring.
208
209 The /B modifier is a debugging feature. It requests that pcretest out-
210 put a representation of the compiled byte code after compilation. Nor-
211 mally this information contains length and offset values; however, if
212 /Z is also present, this data is replaced by spaces. This is a special
213 feature for use in the automatic test scripts; it ensures that the same
214 output is generated for different internal link sizes.
215
216 The /L modifier must be followed directly by the name of a locale, for
217 example,
218
219 /pattern/Lfr_FR
220
221 For this reason, it must be the last modifier. The given locale is set,
222 pcre_maketables() is called to build a set of character tables for the
223 locale, and this is then passed to pcre_compile() when compiling the
224 regular expression. Without an /L modifier, NULL is passed as the
225 tables pointer; that is, /L applies only to the expression on which it
226 appears.
227
228 The /I modifier requests that pcretest output information about the
229 compiled pattern (whether it is anchored, has a fixed first character,
230 and so on). It does this by calling pcre_fullinfo() after compiling a
231 pattern. If the pattern is studied, the results of that are also out-
232 put.
233
234 The /D modifier is a PCRE debugging feature, and is equivalent to /BI,
235 that is, both the /B and the /I modifiers.
236
237 The /F modifier causes pcretest to flip the byte order of the fields in
238 the compiled pattern that contain 2-byte and 4-byte numbers. This
239 facility is for testing the feature in PCRE that allows it to execute
240 patterns that were compiled on a host with a different endianness. This
241 feature is not available when the POSIX interface to PCRE is being
242 used, that is, when the /P pattern modifier is specified. See also the
243 section about saving and reloading compiled patterns below.
244
245 The /S modifier causes pcre_study() to be called after the expression
246 has been compiled, and the results used when the expression is matched.
247
248 The /M modifier causes the size of memory block used to hold the com-
249 piled pattern to be output.
250
251 The /P modifier causes pcretest to call PCRE via the POSIX wrapper API
252 rather than its native API. When this is done, all other modifiers
253 except /i, /m, and /+ are ignored. REG_ICASE is set if /i is present,
254 and REG_NEWLINE is set if /m is present. The wrapper functions force
255 PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY always, and PCRE_DOTALL unless REG_NEWLINE is set.
256
257 The /8 modifier causes pcretest to call PCRE with the PCRE_UTF8 option
258 set. This turns on support for UTF-8 character handling in PCRE, pro-
259 vided that it was compiled with this support enabled. This modifier
260 also causes any non-printing characters in output strings to be printed
261 using the \x{hh...} notation if they are valid UTF-8 sequences.
262
263 If the /? modifier is used with /8, it causes pcretest to call
264 pcre_compile() with the PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK option, to suppress the
265 checking of the string for UTF-8 validity.
266
267
268 DATA LINES
269
270 Before each data line is passed to pcre_exec(), leading and trailing
271 whitespace is removed, and it is then scanned for \ escapes. Some of
272 these are pretty esoteric features, intended for checking out some of
273 the more complicated features of PCRE. If you are just testing "ordi-
274 nary" regular expressions, you probably don't need any of these. The
275 following escapes are recognized:
276
277 \a alarm (BEL, \x07)
278 \b backspace (\x08)
279 \e escape (\x27)
280 \f formfeed (\x0c)
281 \n newline (\x0a)
282 \qdd set the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT limit to dd
283 (any number of digits)
284 \r carriage return (\x0d)
285 \t tab (\x09)
286 \v vertical tab (\x0b)
287 \nnn octal character (up to 3 octal digits)
288 \xhh hexadecimal character (up to 2 hex digits)
289 \x{hh...} hexadecimal character, any number of digits
290 in UTF-8 mode
291 \A pass the PCRE_ANCHORED option to pcre_exec()
292 or pcre_dfa_exec()
293 \B pass the PCRE_NOTBOL option to pcre_exec()
294 or pcre_dfa_exec()
295 \Cdd call pcre_copy_substring() for substring dd
296 after a successful match (number less than 32)
297 \Cname call pcre_copy_named_substring() for substring
298 "name" after a successful match (name termin-
299 ated by next non alphanumeric character)
300 \C+ show the current captured substrings at callout
301 time
302 \C- do not supply a callout function
303 \C!n return 1 instead of 0 when callout number n is
304 reached
305 \C!n!m return 1 instead of 0 when callout number n is
306 reached for the nth time
307 \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout
308 data; this is used as the callout return value
309 \D use the pcre_dfa_exec() match function
310 \F only shortest match for pcre_dfa_exec()
311 \Gdd call pcre_get_substring() for substring dd
312 after a successful match (number less than 32)
313 \Gname call pcre_get_named_substring() for substring
314 "name" after a successful match (name termin-
315 ated by next non-alphanumeric character)
316 \L call pcre_get_substringlist() after a
317 successful match
318 \M discover the minimum MATCH_LIMIT and
319 MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION settings
320 \N pass the PCRE_NOTEMPTY option to pcre_exec()
321 or pcre_dfa_exec()
322 \Odd set the size of the output vector passed to
323 pcre_exec() to dd (any number of digits)
324 \P pass the PCRE_PARTIAL option to pcre_exec()
325 or pcre_dfa_exec()
326 \Qdd set the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION limit to dd
327 (any number of digits)
328 \R pass the PCRE_DFA_RESTART option to pcre_dfa_exec()
329 \S output details of memory get/free calls during matching
330 \Z pass the PCRE_NOTEOL option to pcre_exec()
331 or pcre_dfa_exec()
332 \? pass the PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK option to
333 pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec()
334 \>dd start the match at offset dd (any number of digits);
335 this sets the startoffset argument for pcre_exec()
336 or pcre_dfa_exec()
337 \<cr> pass the PCRE_NEWLINE_CR option to pcre_exec()
338 or pcre_dfa_exec()
339 \<lf> pass the PCRE_NEWLINE_LF option to pcre_exec()
340 or pcre_dfa_exec()
341 \<crlf> pass the PCRE_NEWLINE_CRLF option to pcre_exec()
342 or pcre_dfa_exec()
343 \<anycrlf> pass the PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF option to pcre_exec()
344 or pcre_dfa_exec()
345 \<any> pass the PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY option to pcre_exec()
346 or pcre_dfa_exec()
347
348 The escapes that specify line ending sequences are literal strings,
349 exactly as shown. No more than one newline setting should be present in
350 any data line.
351
352 A backslash followed by anything else just escapes the anything else.
353 If the very last character is a backslash, it is ignored. This gives a
354 way of passing an empty line as data, since a real empty line termi-
355 nates the data input.
356
357 If \M is present, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several times, with dif-
358 ferent values in the match_limit and match_limit_recursion fields of
359 the pcre_extra data structure, until it finds the minimum numbers for
360 each parameter that allow pcre_exec() to complete. The match_limit num-
361 ber is a measure of the amount of backtracking that takes place, and
362 checking it out can be instructive. For most simple matches, the number
363 is quite small, but for patterns with very large numbers of matching
364 possibilities, it can become large very quickly with increasing length
365 of subject string. The match_limit_recursion number is a measure of how
366 much stack (or, if PCRE is compiled with NO_RECURSE, how much heap)
367 memory is needed to complete the match attempt.
368
369 When \O is used, the value specified may be higher or lower than the
370 size set by the -O command line option (or defaulted to 45); \O applies
371 only to the call of pcre_exec() for the line in which it appears.
372
373 If the /P modifier was present on the pattern, causing the POSIX wrap-
374 per API to be used, the only option-setting sequences that have any
375 effect are \B and \Z, causing REG_NOTBOL and REG_NOTEOL, respectively,
376 to be passed to regexec().
377
378 The use of \x{hh...} to represent UTF-8 characters is not dependent on
379 the use of the /8 modifier on the pattern. It is recognized always.
380 There may be any number of hexadecimal digits inside the braces. The
381 result is from one to six bytes, encoded according to the original
382 UTF-8 rules of RFC 2279. This allows for values in the range 0 to
383 0x7FFFFFFF. Note that not all of those are valid Unicode code points,
384 or indeed valid UTF-8 characters according to the later rules in RFC
385 3629.
386
387
388 THE ALTERNATIVE MATCHING FUNCTION
389
390 By default, pcretest uses the standard PCRE matching function,
391 pcre_exec() to match each data line. From release 6.0, PCRE supports an
392 alternative matching function, pcre_dfa_test(), which operates in a
393 different way, and has some restrictions. The differences between the
394 two functions are described in the pcrematching documentation.
395
396 If a data line contains the \D escape sequence, or if the command line
397 contains the -dfa option, the alternative matching function is called.
398 This function finds all possible matches at a given point. If, however,
399 the \F escape sequence is present in the data line, it stops after the
400 first match is found. This is always the shortest possible match.
401
402
403 DEFAULT OUTPUT FROM PCRETEST
404
405 This section describes the output when the normal matching function,
406 pcre_exec(), is being used.
407
408 When a match succeeds, pcretest outputs the list of captured substrings
409 that pcre_exec() returns, starting with number 0 for the string that
410 matched the whole pattern. Otherwise, it outputs "No match" or "Partial
411 match" when pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH or PCRE_ERROR_PAR-
412 TIAL, respectively, and otherwise the PCRE negative error number. Here
413 is an example of an interactive pcretest run.
414
415 $ pcretest
416 PCRE version 7.0 30-Nov-2006
417
418 re> /^abc(\d+)/
419 data> abc123
420 0: abc123
421 1: 123
422 data> xyz
423 No match
424
425 Note that unset capturing substrings that are not followed by one that
426 is set are not returned by pcre_exec(), and are not shown by pcretest.
427 In the following example, there are two capturing substrings, but when
428 the first data line is matched, the second, unset substring is not
429 shown. An "internal" unset substring is shown as "<unset>", as for the
430 second data line.
431
432 re> /(a)|(b)/
433 data> a
434 0: a
435 1: a
436 data> b
437 0: b
438 1: <unset>
439 2: b
440
441 If the strings contain any non-printing characters, they are output as
442 \0x escapes, or as \x{...} escapes if the /8 modifier was present on
443 the pattern. See below for the definition of non-printing characters.
444 If the pattern has the /+ modifier, the output for substring 0 is fol-
445 lowed by the the rest of the subject string, identified by "0+" like
446 this:
447
448 re> /cat/+
449 data> cataract
450 0: cat
451 0+ aract
452
453 If the pattern has the /g or /G modifier, the results of successive
454 matching attempts are output in sequence, like this:
455
456 re> /\Bi(\w\w)/g
457 data> Mississippi
458 0: iss
459 1: ss
460 0: iss
461 1: ss
462 0: ipp
463 1: pp
464
465 "No match" is output only if the first match attempt fails.
466
467 If any of the sequences \C, \G, or \L are present in a data line that
468 is successfully matched, the substrings extracted by the convenience
469 functions are output with C, G, or L after the string number instead of
470 a colon. This is in addition to the normal full list. The string length
471 (that is, the return from the extraction function) is given in paren-
472 theses after each string for \C and \G.
473
474 Note that whereas patterns can be continued over several lines (a plain
475 ">" prompt is used for continuations), data lines may not. However new-
476 lines can be included in data by means of the \n escape (or \r, \r\n,
477 etc., depending on the newline sequence setting).
478
479
480 OUTPUT FROM THE ALTERNATIVE MATCHING FUNCTION
481
482 When the alternative matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), is used (by
483 means of the \D escape sequence or the -dfa command line option), the
484 output consists of a list of all the matches that start at the first
485 point in the subject where there is at least one match. For example:
486
487 re> /(tang|tangerine|tan)/
488 data> yellow tangerine\D
489 0: tangerine
490 1: tang
491 2: tan
492
493 (Using the normal matching function on this data finds only "tang".)
494 The longest matching string is always given first (and numbered zero).
495
496 If /g is present on the pattern, the search for further matches resumes
497 at the end of the longest match. For example:
498
499 re> /(tang|tangerine|tan)/g
500 data> yellow tangerine and tangy sultana\D
501 0: tangerine
502 1: tang
503 2: tan
504 0: tang
505 1: tan
506 0: tan
507
508 Since the matching function does not support substring capture, the
509 escape sequences that are concerned with captured substrings are not
510 relevant.
511
512
513 RESTARTING AFTER A PARTIAL MATCH
514
515 When the alternative matching function has given the PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL
516 return, indicating that the subject partially matched the pattern, you
517 can restart the match with additional subject data by means of the \R
518 escape sequence. For example:
519
520 re> /^\d?\d(jan|feb|mar|apr|may|jun|jul|aug|sep|oct|nov|dec)\d\d$/
521 data> 23ja\P\D
522 Partial match: 23ja
523 data> n05\R\D
524 0: n05
525
526 For further information about partial matching, see the pcrepartial
527 documentation.
528
529
530 CALLOUTS
531
532 If the pattern contains any callout requests, pcretest's callout func-
533 tion is called during matching. This works with both matching func-
534 tions. By default, the called function displays the callout number, the
535 start and current positions in the text at the callout time, and the
536 next pattern item to be tested. For example, the output
537
538 --->pqrabcdef
539 0 ^ ^ \d
540
541 indicates that callout number 0 occurred for a match attempt starting
542 at the fourth character of the subject string, when the pointer was at
543 the seventh character of the data, and when the next pattern item was
544 \d. Just one circumflex is output if the start and current positions
545 are the same.
546
547 Callouts numbered 255 are assumed to be automatic callouts, inserted as
548 a result of the /C pattern modifier. In this case, instead of showing
549 the callout number, the offset in the pattern, preceded by a plus, is
550 output. For example:
551
552 re> /\d?[A-E]\*/C
553 data> E*
554 --->E*
555 +0 ^ \d?
556 +3 ^ [A-E]
557 +8 ^^ \*
558 +10 ^ ^
559 0: E*
560
561 The callout function in pcretest returns zero (carry on matching) by
562 default, but you can use a \C item in a data line (as described above)
563 to change this.
564
565 Inserting callouts can be helpful when using pcretest to check compli-
566 cated regular expressions. For further information about callouts, see
567 the pcrecallout documentation.
568
569
570 NON-PRINTING CHARACTERS
571
572 When pcretest is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern,
573 bytes other than 32-126 are always treated as non-printing characters
574 are are therefore shown as hex escapes.
575
576 When pcretest is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject
577 string, it behaves in the same way, unless a different locale has been
578 set for the pattern (using the /L modifier). In this case, the
579 isprint() function to distinguish printing and non-printing characters.
580
581
582 SAVING AND RELOADING COMPILED PATTERNS
583
584 The facilities described in this section are not available when the
585 POSIX inteface to PCRE is being used, that is, when the /P pattern mod-
586 ifier is specified.
587
588 When the POSIX interface is not in use, you can cause pcretest to write
589 a compiled pattern to a file, by following the modifiers with > and a
590 file name. For example:
591
592 /pattern/im >/some/file
593
594 See the pcreprecompile documentation for a discussion about saving and
595 re-using compiled patterns.
596
597 The data that is written is binary. The first eight bytes are the
598 length of the compiled pattern data followed by the length of the
599 optional study data, each written as four bytes in big-endian order
600 (most significant byte first). If there is no study data (either the
601 pattern was not studied, or studying did not return any data), the sec-
602 ond length is zero. The lengths are followed by an exact copy of the
603 compiled pattern. If there is additional study data, this follows imme-
604 diately after the compiled pattern. After writing the file, pcretest
605 expects to read a new pattern.
606
607 A saved pattern can be reloaded into pcretest by specifing < and a file
608 name instead of a pattern. The name of the file must not contain a <
609 character, as otherwise pcretest will interpret the line as a pattern
610 delimited by < characters. For example:
611
612 re> </some/file
613 Compiled regex loaded from /some/file
614 No study data
615
616 When the pattern has been loaded, pcretest proceeds to read data lines
617 in the usual way.
618
619 You can copy a file written by pcretest to a different host and reload
620 it there, even if the new host has opposite endianness to the one on
621 which the pattern was compiled. For example, you can compile on an i86
622 machine and run on a SPARC machine.
623
624 File names for saving and reloading can be absolute or relative, but
625 note that the shell facility of expanding a file name that starts with
626 a tilde (~) is not available.
627
628 The ability to save and reload files in pcretest is intended for test-
629 ing and experimentation. It is not intended for production use because
630 only a single pattern can be written to a file. Furthermore, there is
631 no facility for supplying custom character tables for use with a
632 reloaded pattern. If the original pattern was compiled with custom
633 tables, an attempt to match a subject string using a reloaded pattern
634 is likely to cause pcretest to crash. Finally, if you attempt to load
635 a file that is not in the correct format, the result is undefined.
636
637
638 SEE ALSO
639
640 pcre(3), pcreapi(3), pcrecallout(3), pcrematching(3), pcrepartial(d),
641 pcrepattern(3), pcreprecompile(3).
642
643
644 AUTHOR
645
646 Philip Hazel
647 University Computing Service
648 Cambridge CB2 3QH, England.
649
650
651 REVISION
652
653 Last updated: 12 April 2008
654 Copyright (c) 1997-2008 University of Cambridge.

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